SEPTEMBER 13, 2014 EDITION OF EDMUND’S COMMUNITY COURIER

CHANDLER BAND

by Barb Chandler

Chandlers-Band-Cushings

Bands come and go, but Chandler’s band continues to make music today.

In 1833 the Chandler band, known as the Portland band, had its start. When D.H. Chandler became the conductor in 1843 it was renamed the Chandler Band. Under Chandler’s leadership the band became one of the finest performing bands of its kind.

In 1861 at the request of General Francais Fessenden the members of the Chandler’s band were mustered into service of the Union Army serving until the end of the Civil War and have received accolades for their musical talent:

A COMPLIMENT TO CHANDLER AN HIS BAND

“The band of the 10th Maine Regiment is composed of musicians residing in Portland and vicinity, and its leader is Mr. D.H. Chandler of this city. In the Martinsburg Virginia we find the following in relation to this band: The 10th Maine Regimental band came up from Harper’s Ferry to attend the Union meeting Saturday night last. For this kindness they have the unfeigned thanks of our citizens. They discoursed the most excellent music to the delight of all who heard them. After the meeting adjourned they serenaded the venerable Judge Pendelton, now in his 84th year, though weak and feeble physically his patriotism has suffered no decay with accumulating years. They also complimented Com. Boarman, one of our leading Union citizens, with a serenade. We hope they will visit us again.” Source: Wednesday, April 30, 1862, Portland Daily Advertiser, Page 2  

After the war the band played at both public and private venues. Since 1875 it has played for Bowdoin College commencements, led this country’s Centennial Celebration Parade in 1876, playing at the Bicentennial Celebration Parade in 1976 at Concord, Mass.

Chandlers-Band-Cushings

Chandler’s Band, Portland, 1898 – Maine Historical Society

Click on this link https://archive.org/details/VeteransMemorialBridgeDedicationCeremony to watch the Chandler Band play during the dedication ceremony of the new Veterans Memorial Bridge connecting Portland and South Portland in 2012.

The founder and conductor, Daniel H. Chandler(1818-1902) who was born in New Hampshire and is the son of Daniel(1754-?) and Sarah Danforth Chandler(1784-1860) is probably not in the Edmund Chandler line.

Source: Chandler’s Band http://www.chandlersband.com/

PRIVATE SETH CHANDLER WELCH

by Barb Chandler

Seth Welch(1839-1862), son of Thomas and Angerona Chandler Welch, enlisted in Company B 11th Infantry Regiment Maine on 8 November 1861. He died in June 1862 at Savage Station Virginia.

According to a document found on Fold 3 Seth became sick while on duty near Chicken-howling Railroad Bridge in Virginia and was taken to the regimental hospital in the Bradley house being very sick with pneumonia and inflammation of the lungs. On the 27th or 28th of June he was sent to Savage Station where he was captured by the enemy and soon after died.

battleDuring the Civil War Savage Station was a field hospital, located in Henrico County Virginia on what was the Richmond and York River Railroads. A battle between Union and Confederate soldiers was fought there on June 29, 1862. Union forces were overwhelmed and withdrew abandoning supplies and more than 2, 5000 wounded soldiers in the field hospital. More than likely Seth was one of the soldiers who were abandoned. He was taken prisoner and died at Savage Station, Virginia.

After Battle of Savage's Station.png. Savage Station, Va. Field hospital after the battle. (Gibson, James F., photographer).

Savage Station, Va. Field hospital after the battle. (Gibson, James F., photographer).

Seth’s lineage is; Edmund Chandler>Joseph Chandler>Capt. John Chandler>Jonathan Chandler>Ichabod Chandler>Ichabod Chandler,Jr.>Angerona Chandler Welch

MERCY CHANDLER TYLER

by Barb Chandler

Overlooking the Siskyou mountains, in a tree-lined meadows with an abundant water supply Thomas Stephen(1810-1880) and Mercy Chandler Tyler(1812-1899) made their home. They lived on a farm in Tyler Gulch in of Scott’s Valley, Siskyou, California.

Scott Valley California

                                           Scott Valley California

Thomas and their oldest son, Justin, worked on the farm, and tended the apple orchard while Mercy probably raised vegetables for the family garden as part of her household chores.

Both Thomas and Mercy had New England roots. Thomas was born in Massachusetts and Mercy was born in Maine. They were married at Turner Maine in 1833. Their first two children, Justin Spalding Tyler(1834-1906) and Elizabeth Ober Tyler Sperry(1836-1876) were born in Maine.

The family moved to Illinois in 1837 where the rest of their children were born; Sarah Jane(1839-1851), Julia Ann Tyler Wike(1844-1915), Charles Alonzo “Charley” Tyler(1858-1931), Alvira “Vi” Tyler Thomas(1844-1910), Emma Urania Tyler(1851-1924), and Harriet Marie “Hattie” Tyler Thomas(1852-1881).

The Tyler’s traveled from their home in Illinois to California in 1867 with three of their children and joined their oldest son Justin who had moved to the state during the gold rush.

Mercy died 17 April 1899:

THE LATE MRS. MERCY TYLER

Mrs Mercy Tyler, the deceased, was born in Minot, State of Maine, on the 19th day of February, 1812. Her maiden name was Chandler, and she was the third of a family of eleven children. Her parents were of American birth, and her father during her infancy was a soldier in the war of 1812.

For 21 years her home was in Minot. Then she went to Turner, Maine, where in 1833, she was married to Mr. Thomas S. Tyler by Rev. Mr. Greely. In 1837 she removed with her husband and two children to Griggsville, Ill., where they lived until 1869. During their residence in Illinois six children were born into their home. In 1869, accompanied by three of their children, they removed to California and located with their oldest son on the property now owned by Mr. Wm Grider in Sciad Valley, and from there they in 1871 removed to Scott Valley. Mr Tyler died January 4, 1880, since which time Mrs Tyler made her home with her youngest son Charles Tyler, a few miles from Fort Jones.

Of the eight children of the deceased, five still live, i.e. Mr J.S. Tyler, Mrs J. Wike of Illinois, Mrs Thomas of Shasta Valley, Mrs A. Milne of Scott Bar and Mr Charles Tyler of our own community. Four of the surviving children are with us today. She leaves behind thirty-seven grand children and twenty great grandchildren.

For years, or since the age of 19, she has been a devoted member of the Methodist Episcopal Church, having joined the church at Bath, Maine, in 1831. From Bath she received a certificate of membership, and was transferred to the church at Griggsville, Ill., and by letter from Griggsville, she became a member of the M.E. Church in Fort Jones. As her Pastor, it has been for me to pray with her in her late home, and her sightless eyes would fill with tears as she unite with me before the Father’s throne. She rested from her labors on April 17th, 1899, in Shasta Valley, where she was visiting her daughter.

Mrs Tyler’s remains were taken from the home of her daughter Mrs Alvira Thomas in Shasta Valley, near Montague, to the Methodist Church in Fort Jones, followed by her children, grand children and great grandchildren, and many friends, and laid in the Fort Jones cemetery by the side of her husband who died January 4th, 1880.” Source: April 26, 1899 Scott Valley News.

Mercy’s lineage is;

Mercy Chandler>Jonathan Chandler+Mercy Hall>Nathaniel Chandler>Ruth Fish>>Jonathan Chandler+Rebecca Packard>Capt. John Chandler+Bethiah Rickard>Edmund Chandler+Elizabeth Alden**>Joseph Chandler+Mercy unknown>Edmund, the immigrant+unknown.

Anthony and Emma Taylor Milne

Anthony and Emma Taylor Milne – Picture donated by Rory McNeil

Milne Family

                         Milne Family – Picture donated by Rory McNeil

Wilke and Tyler's

Top: George Washing Wilke and Julia Tyler Wilke Bottom: Thomas Stephen Tyler and Mercy Chandler Tyler

george and lola tyler

George and Lola Tyler. – Picture donated by Rory McNeil

Mercy Chandler Tyler—>Charles Alonzo Tyler—>Thomas George Tyler—>Rita Tyler McNeil—>Rory

Thanks to Rory McNeil for providing the information and pictures that appeared in this article. Mercy is her great great grandmother. If you would like to connect with another Mercy ancestor Rory’s email is; rorymc@snowcrest.net

 Do you have an idea for a story you’d like to see? Or, an ancestor you’d like to have featured. Please contact Barb at barb95831@gmail.com

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AUGUST 26th, 2014 EDITION OF EDMUND’S COMMUNITY COURIER

CHANDLER/LINCOLN CONNECTION

by Barb Chandler

lincoln

Are you an ancestor of Abraham Lincoln? Perhaps these clues may help you decide.

This letter by Mary Alice Chandler Kelly(1878-1969), daughter of James S.(1836-1908) and Lucetta Miller Chandler(1836-1928), had been circulating in my family for years;

“My grandmother, Nancy Hanks Miller(1794-1873), was a cousin of Abraham Lincoln’s mother. Both had the name of Nancy Hanks. Grandfather Billie Miller and Nancy Hanks were married in Kentucky. The came with the Lincolns to Illinois. From there they came to Iowa settling a few miles from New London and Mt. Pleasant. They had 13 children and raised two others. Mother(Luicetta) was born after the family came to Iowa, June 25 1836. She was the first white girl born in Pleasant Grove Township.

Grandmother played a vital part in Lincoln’s life by weaving material and making his clothes, not by machine but by hand; also nursing him through typhoid fever.”

While I was researching another one of James Chandler’s children; Nancy Chandler Chadwick(1860-1937). I found more information about a Chandler/Lincoln connection in this addition to her obituary;

In making application for membership in the Journal’s Three-Quarter Century club last summer, Mrs. Chadwick gave this information on the blank where space was provided for any specially interesting facts about the life of the applicant: My grandmother and Abraham Lincoln’s mother were cousins both named Nancy Hanks. My grandmother’s name was Nancy Hanks Miller. Abe Lincoln was employed to teach the district school in the Miller neighborhood. Naturally he went to live at the home of my grandmother. While there he fenced my grandfather’s land. He also split rails for jeans to make his pants and my grandmother wove the goods and made the pants. My mother’s older sister had a dress bought of Lincoln when he peddled goods. He drove a horse and wagon at that time.” Source: Washington Evening Journal dated 25 January 1937

I wanted to find some verifiable information connecting the Chandler family to Abraham Lincoln, and hit pay dirt when I found this letter penned by William Miller, husband of Nancy Hanks Miller;


William Miller to Abraham Lincoln, Wednesday, May 11, 1864 (Promotion for Elisha Wright)
From William Miller to Abraham Lincoln [With Endorsement by Lincoln]1, May 11, 1864

New London
Henry County Iowa
11th May, 1864

My dear Sir

You may not reccollect an old man now tottering on the verge of the grave — then living in Macon County Illinois who wore the name of William Miller and married your Cousin Nancy Hanks

With the keenest remembrances of old times I will never forget Your visits to my humble home which you will reccollect although plain was free as the air to yourself. Providence has far exceeded your expectations and mine in placing you in the great White House. Whilst age has made me feeble When in Illinois, I was so well acquainted with you that I could venture to talk to you about everything and I hope your elevation to place has not changed your native kindness

You will perhaps reccollect Aunt Nancy’s Sister, Celia Hanks, she You will reccollect married John. D. Wright who afterwards came to Des Moisnes Iowa– John was our County Surveyor was a member of the Legislature and of the State Convention which formed Our Constitution and was withal a very honest clever man

Poor Celia died about twenty years ago when her twin Children, Elisha and Electa were one month old– I took them children and raised them. Elisha had a very good Education and clerked in a Store until the war broke out and then he volunteered to go to the war to help Cousin Abe (as we all call you) preserve the Country Elisha is a good sensible honest trust worthy boy, and has been in many hard fights. And is a good Soldier I want him to get promotion after so much fighting and suffering He is worthy of a place in the Regular Army as Lieutenant and will in such position never disgrace his Kinsman who can easily give him the appointment he so richly deserves He is a private in Company K. 19th Iowa Infantry

I need not add more which will tire You, I am now upwards of seventy and have to get a friend to write for me as I dictate as I am feeble.

I feel anxious before I die to do something for my dear relative Elisha and feel sure that you will do this for me.

Aunt Nancy is feeble like myself. She joins in my love

to you that God will bless you

in this great time of

trouble

I am your Cousin

Affectionatily

William Miller

[ Endorsed by Lincoln:]

William Miller — Bill Miller

[Note 1 Miller was married to Nancy Hanks, a daughter of Lincoln’s great uncle William Hanks. Her brother was Lincoln’s cousin and Indiana companion, John Hanks. Elisha Wright, in whose behalf Miller writes, did not receive a commission in the U. S. Army, but he was considered for the position as secretary for the Montana Territory. See Lincoln, Memorandum on Montana Patronage, [June 1864].]

Source: Abraham Lincoln Papers at the Library of Congress. Transcribed and Annotated by the Lincoln Studies Center, Knox College. Galesburg, Illinois. http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/r?ammem/mal:@field%28DOCID+@lit%28d3298900%29%29

The Chandler/Lincoln connection comes through James S. Chandler’s marriage to Lucetta Miller.

James S. and Lucetta Miller Chandler

James S. and Lucetta Miller Chandler

 

James S Chandler’s lineage is ; Edmund Chandler >Joseph Chandler >Edmund Chandler > Capt. John Chandler > Jonathan Chandler > Ichabod Chandler > Elihu Chandler > James S Chandler

Are you a distant cousin many times removed to Lincoln? If you have researched this line I would love to hear the stories you have found.

FREEMAN CHANDLER JR. SHEEP RANCHER

by Barb Chandler

siskiyou

Siskiyou County(red dot)

Freeman Chandler Jr.(1828-1900), son of Freeman(1801-?) and Esther Austin Chandler(1797-?), owned a large sheep ranch on Willow Creek in Siskiyou County California. Freeman raised and ran sheep on the Willow Creek mountain area, Chandler Glade being one of his camps. Evidence remains of a ditch he started to convert water down the hill to their ranch.

To see a  map of Chandler Glade click this link: http://california.hometownlocator.com/maps/bigmap,n,chandler%20glade,fid,258196.cfm

Source: Biography of Freeman Chandler, Jr. found on a family tree at Ancestry.c0m

CHANDLER OKLAHOMA LAND RUN OF 1891

by Barb Chandler

Did one of our ancestors try to stake a claim in Chandler, named for Judge George Chandler who was a Congressman and commissioner of the Washington Land Office.

images

Chandler Oklahoma(red dot).

During the time of the Chandler land run Levi Jason Chandler(1838-1901), son of Sylavanus(1799-1882) and Sarah Harlow Chandler(1803-1880), was relocating from Iowa to Oklahoma. In the 1880 census he was living in Troy, Iowa, and in 1900 census he lived in the town of Miami Oklahoma.

levi jason chandler

Levi Jason Chandler

Perhaps Levi was one of the riders that this newspaper article describes:

IT WAS A WILD RUSH. HOW SETTLERS ENDERED THE TOWN SITE OF CHANDLER-MANY REPORTED KILLED.

Gutherie, O.T., Septembe 29-”Couriers who have arrived here this afternoon gave the following particulars and horrible details which attended the opening of the government town site of Chandler in the Sac and Fox reservation, which was opened to settlement on week ago:

The town site was opened to settlement at 12 o’clock yesterday, and the scene which followed the volley of musketry which announced the opening of the town site was amazing.

A mass of 3,000 excited men and women, intent upon securing a lot, had gathered about the boundary of the town. Some were on horses or broncos and others on foot, stripped of all superfluous clothing, each carrying a sharpened stick with the name and notice of the lot taken thereon, all strung to the highest pitch of excitement.

At 12:00 o’clock sharp the signal was given and with a mighty yell from 3,000 throats, and admid the cracking of whips and volleys of oaths, shouts, and curses, a conglomerate mass of men and women, on horseback and foot, rushed like manics for the town lots. The clambered up the steep cliff.

LIKE SOLIDERS CHARGING A FORTRESS.

The line was one mile long on each side and half-mile long on each end. The rush was toward lot 38 which was reserved for a courthouse.

As the angles of the advancing lines met many riders were unhorsed and hurled pell mell into the road. Many persons are reported killed and others as having received severe injuries. Miss Daisy, a representative of the Guthrie News, was thrown from her horse at the beginning of the race and striking her head on a rock was killed. The excited and merciless crowd had no time to attend the dying and rode over the body of the unfortunate woman, until it was recognized by a friend who took it out of the surging mass of humanity.

As there were three or four times as many people as there were lots the result could be easily foretold. There are from three to six claimants for a great many of the good lots tonight. On every hand can be heard curses. It will take considerable time to adjust these differences. An Indian killed a white man over a quarrel in one of the tents were liquor was being sold.” Source: Wednesday September 30, 1891, Daily Inter Ocean(Chicago, Ill.), VolumneXX, Issue 190, page 1.

Whether Levi Chandler was part of this or not is a matter of speculation. The land rush is a page from our history that describes what people went through to settle our country.

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July 19th Edition of Edmund’s Community Courier

 

     I’m planning to put articles on the Courier more frequently. If you would like to receive a notification by email rather than waiting for an announcement as soon as an article is added please add your email by click on “Email subscription”on the right hand side of the page . Thanks Barb Chandler

Template

    GENOGRAMS FOR THE GENEALOGIST by Barb Chandler

     Family Systems Theory is being applied by genealogists to gain self-knowledge and insight into their family dynamics through diagramming behavioral patterns of ancestors using a Genogram.

     A Genogram is a diagram outlining the history of the behavior patterns such as; abuse, alcoholism, or domestic violence, of a family over several generations.

     It’s amazing the insight a person can gain by using a Georgram. I am a former crisis therapist trained in Family Systems Theory and whenever I opened cases, I used a Genogram to help me understand the family as a whole. I had a hard time believing that something as simple could help me so much.

Should you should decide to use a Genogram to gain insight into your families functioning; understanding the basic concepts of Family Systems is helpful.

     If you watched the PBS series in the 1980’s “On The Family” hosted by John Bradshaw you’ve been exposed to Family Systems Theory. During this series; Bradshaw talked about the family unit and how each member plays a role to reduce tension in order to maintain stability. Bradshaw used a mobile to illustrate the primary concept of this theory; that families generate a field of energy that impacts every member.

     The primary goal of the family unit is to maintain stability by reducing tension, each member of the family has their role to play in this endeavor according to their birth order. In general it has been found that the first child acquires the values and goals of the parents, the second child acquires the griefs of the parents, the third child acquires the unresolved conflicts between the parents, and the fourth child will acquire the unresolved conflicts of the entire family system; the fifth child will behave as a first child, sixth as a second, and so on.

     The other way a family reduces tension and maintains stability is to pass their dysfunctional behavior on to future generations. For example, the wife is profoundly depressed and lies in bed all day. Her husband, in addition to his work schedule, does the cooking, etc. This change in roles establishes a new equilibrium in the family which can lead to dysfunction since the husband may not be able to maintain this new role over a long period. In order to reduce tension and maintain stability their dysfunctional behavior is passed on to future generations.

     To illustrate how Systems Theory can be applied to genealogy; I’ll use my research as an example. When I discovered a newspaper article stating my gg grandparents divorced because of “extreme cruelty.” I felt that by digging further into this family I might gain some insight into my own family. In light of the newspaper article and other facts obtained it became clear that this family had many issues which more than likely were never resolved and in order to maintain stability passed it on to other generations. Gathering this information helped me explain probable reasons for the behavior of my immediate family.

     WikiHow at http://www.wikihow.com/Make-a-Genogram gives detailed instructions on how to make your own Genogram . There are also a number of “how to” videos on YouTube.

     I’ve described Family Systems in a nutshell. If you would like to learn more Bowen Family System Theory and Practice is a very good resource, and can be found at: http://www.familysystemstraining.com/papers/bowen-illustration-and-critique.html

10440783_293448027481449_1786213804153387686_n

     I have been preparing descendency lists on Chandlers beginning with Ichabod’s children, I’m finding some interesting information which I plan to put on the newsletter periodically. I would love,  to see more stories about your Chandler ancestors or genealogy in general from the membership. Please consider sending these to me. My email is barb95831@gmail.com Thanks.

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Edmund’s Community Courier April 24, 2014

news-flash

Hi everyone,
Our web master and founder, James, will be updating our ECFA web site.
First, our membership list. Nearly all of you have renewed your membership, but there are a few stragglers.  If you intend to remain in our group, please send your dues to our treasurer, Bob. Otherwise I will have to delete your name from our Membership List.
The list includes lineages and e-mail addresses for our members. It is organized by family groups so I hope will be easy to find members who are the most closely related to you.
The updated list will go into the MEMBERS’ ONLY section so only members will have access to the list. It will not be available to the public. If you don’t wish to have your e-mail address listed, let me know.
Also amongst several other stories to be updated is our BRICK WALL list. If you have a Chandler brick wall, please send it James at romans12jc@gmail.com to add to the list.
We have been in talks with our Chandler Family Association  liaison about our annual problems with our internet server for our web site. Our server is paid every year on time, but they can’t seem to figure that out without a lengthy struggle with them.  We have also had our site go down a couple of times because of our server.
We are going to be looking into using the same internet server as the CFA uses. The Chandler DNA Project is sponsored by both our group and the CFA, but the project page is on our web site.
As I mentioned previously, the CFA originally began many years ago as a group dedicated to descendants of John Chandler of 1610 Jamestown.  Research over the years and  DNA testing showed that there were dozens of Chandler families who did not descend from John Chandler in their group.
So now the CFA is moving toward having chapters of different Chandler families under the umbrella of the CFA.  We are exploring joining in an affiliation with them, but would keep our own identity and projects so there would not be a material change in what we do.  An affiliation would avoid duplication of research and server problems.  It would also provide us with back-up structure and an additional place to house our research so it would not be dependent on so few.
Here is their link:
We will keep you all posted on our talks with them and if any of you have suggestions or comments please let us know.
Lastly a little TV news.  The Revolutionary War is finally getting a little TV time with “Turn.”  It is on AMC. It is about a ring of Revolutionary War spies known as the Culper Ring who really existed.  They probably were in liaison with the Committees of Correspondence, but I haven’t seen the show yet so can’t say for sure. I believe that it takes place in the Middle States.
“Salem” is on WGN America.  I don’t get that cable channel, but it takes place during the witch hunts. The LA Times reviewer admired the costumes, but not the show that much. From what I read, it is not historically accurate and has gone the fad route of fixating on witches.
Until next time, happy hunting!
Carol

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EDMUND’S COMMUNITY COURIER WINTER/SPRING 2014

images 

Chandler research marches on as usual and as usual instead of taking a straight line into the current topic, this time the Revolutionary War (although I did get there!), the path led to assisting in further research into Joseph’s will and his son Edmund’s inventory (half of our group descends from Joseph), the hunt for Edmund’s origins through DNA testing, breaking down more brick walls and making new discoveries, and more which are all featured in this issue.

Our Revolutionary War series continues with Part 2, “The Stirrings of Revolution: the Committees of Correspondence and Safety” of which two of our Chandlers were members. They were brothers Perez Chandler of Duxbury, who we will feature this issue, and Peleg Chandler of New Gloucester, Maine, who we will feature next issue.

I am working on a “Revolutionary War Timeline” which, as research progresses, I hope to add the various Chandler Revolutionary War veterans and Patriots to their place in the Timeline. At end of the series I hope to post the Timeline.

Next issue, in addition to Peleg Chandler, we hope to move on to military or Patriotic service by other Edmund descendants. Benjamin Chandler descendants have not been forgotten as we plan to feature Capt. Jonathan Chandler of the Battle of Bennington and some of the New Hampshire Chandlers in future issues. Judah Chandler will reappear as well as he participated in the capture of the British ship Margaretta in the Battle of Machias.

Also, Billie’s story of “The War of Richard Jenkins’ Ear” will be featured. Yes, this was a real war, ill-fated and ill advised, which Nathaniel Chandler was caught up in.

index1A reminder to those who are members of the ECFA, renewal notices have gone out. Dues go to maintaining the website, DNA research, and hopefully soon to re-vamp and update the website. Our member, Dick, is pushing DNA research into England and we want to be ready to provide funds for tests or upgrades if need be.

HELP NEEDED

indexIf any of you have any tech skills such as knowledge about web sites or Rootsmagic that would also help. A lot!

Lastly, if any of you have pictures, stories, small or big, involving Chandlers please send them to me or to Barb for the Courier.

DNA NEWS

The search continues for DNA matches with the Edmund Chandler family in England. Currently we are waiting for test results for a Chandler testee from Essex, England whose lineage traces back to William Candler who was born in the 1700s. It was also a hot bed of religious dissent during Edmund’s time and Edmund was a dissenter which is why he left England. While a match wouldn’t necessarily tell us who Edmund descended from it would give us the likely place that he came from.

We struck out with a testee from Buckinghamshire, England, but we are not giving up on Buckinghamshire yet as that one testee may not be representative of all of the Chandlers in that area.

We found out about Buckinghamshire Chandlers from Orland Chandler, who has just rejoined our group. Buckinghamshire first interested Orland as a possibility for Edmund’s origins as the Chandlers who lived there were blacksmiths and a few years later they became famous for their bell making foundry. Those bells still ring today. There were also at least two Edmund Chandlers from the same era as our Edmund and there were also religious dissenters in the area so you can see why the Edmund Chandler research radar went on high alert.

As Dick wrote, this kind of research is a roller-coaster ride as we have had hopes raised and dashed in the past. If the Essex testee’s comes back as promising, the ECFA will pay for the upgrade if need be.

The video above shows the  raising the 2nd bell at Mentmore so that it can be rung for full circle change-ringing. This ring of 5 bells was cast by Chandler of Drayton Parslow in 1668 and installed in the timber frame which was made at the same time. The bells have never been removed from the tower or re-tuned, so sound as they did when they were first installed.

Monastic building at Coggeshall abbey.

Monastic building at Coggeshall abbey.

Coggeshall – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The town where William Candler came from in Essex, England

 ECFA NEWS

Books by Our Members

The Genealogy and Real Estate of Joseph Chandler, Sr. of Duxbury, Massachusetts”

Our member, Billie, is still revising and expanding her book “The Genealogy and Real Estate of Joseph Chandler, Sr. of Duxbury, Massachusetts: With Proof of the Identity of his Grandson Capt. John Chandler.” She is adding new maps and adding more information about Joseph’s family. When it is finished a copy will be posted in our Members’ Only section.

Since the last issue, I assisted Billie with research into Plymouth Colonial law and dissecting Joseph’s will and son Edmund’s inventory. We have a copy of both Joseph’s will and Edmund’s inventory in the “Genealogy of Edward Small” in our Members’ Only library. She traced the real estate after identifying it by searching over 400 deeds, but there were still points in Joseph’s will and Edmund’s inventory that remained confusing especially dealing with the houses. There were issues involving Joseph and Edmund that were intertwined which made research complicated. There were also land transactions outside of the will and inventory which Billie has traced and which are now more fully explained and will be added as a chapter in the book. Billie’s work involved finding out who owned the land, and who had life estates, and who ended up with the land, and what Edmund’s assets and debts truly were.

This research, added with Billie’ prior monumental tracing of the land further supports that Capt. John was the son of Edmund and Elizabeth (Alden) Chandler.

 “The Immigrant,”

Our member, Al, is also in the process of editing his historical novel, “The Immigrant,” which is scheduled to be published this year. This book does not involve a Chandler, but his ancestor, John Law, who was taken prisoner at the battle of Dunbar, Scotland and endured a death march to Durham Cathedral and then expelled from the country. He was shipped, along with many other Scottish prisoners, to Boston. England dealt with the rebellious Scots by shipping them to New England, so if you have an early Maine ancestor of Scottish descent that is how he may have gotten here as that is where they ended up.

There is a sort-of Chandler connection in that the ship John Law was transported was named the Unity. Over a hundred years later there was another ship, also named “Unity”, which was involved in the capture of the British ship, Margaretta, at the beginning of the Revolutionary War. Judah Chandler was a Patriot involved in the capture of the Margaretta.

 New Members

This time we have a returning member and a new member.

We welcome back Orland Chandler who is back in full swing with Chandler research. In addition to his Buckinghamshire research, he was the one who discovered that Edmund, the immigrant had, a son named John, who died on the way to the Barbados. This discovery has been attributed others, but it came originally from Orland. Orland has a double connection to Edmund. Orland descends from both Capt. John Chandler and Nathaniel Chandler. Orland’s Capt. John line starting with Orland is:

Orland Chandler>Archie Donald Chandler>Hamer Lorenzo Chandler>Samuel Poole Chandler, Jr.>Rev. Samuel Poole>John Chandler, Jr.>Jonathan Chandler>Capt. John Chandler>Edmund Chandler>Joseph Chandler>Edmund Chandler, the immigrant.

His Nathaniel Chandler line is the same until we get to John Chandler, Jr. John Chandler, Jr. married his third cousin Mercy Sprague. Starting with that Mercy it is:

Mercy Sprague>Mercy (Chandler) Sprague>Nathaniel Chandler>Edmund Chandler>Joseph Chandler>Edmund Chandler, the immigrant.

Orland is not the only one with a double Chandler connection. I descend from both Edmund and Roger (who may be related to Edmund) and our member Cynthia, descends from Edmund and a Southern Chandler. Figuring that out took a lot of research!

We also welcome, new member, another Barbara Chandler. This Barbara is from Kingston, Mass, a neighbor of Duxbury. Her husband has deep Chandler roots in Duxbury and was the fire chief there. Her late father-in-law, Raymond P. Chandler, was a selectman and an athletic field is named after him. We hope to get picture of the field.

Her husband’s line is starting with his father is:

Raymond P. Chandler>Parker B. Chandler>Alden Chandler>Isaac Chandler>Ephraim Chandler>Nathaniel Chandler>Philip Chandler>Joseph Chandler>Joseph Chandler>Edmund Chandler, the immigrant.

 THE PLAQUE

No, it hasn’t been forgotten and we are still ready and willing to go forward with it. Unfortunately, there has been foot dragging by the town and the fellow in Duxbury who was enthusiastic about the Chandler research died. As I wrote previously, the Chandlers were a major family in the development of the town. Joseph Chandler originally owned what became the heart of the town –cemetery, church, town government buildings and more. There is still the Chandlerville area, a Chandler elementary school, Chandler Street and the aforementioned athletic field.

The good news is that our new member, Barbara, lives nearby and hopefully will be able to assist Billie in getting the plaque approved and placed.

 THE CHANDLER FAMILY ASSOCIATION

index

As many of you are aware of, the CFA is our sister group. They now include not only Chandlers who descended from John Chandler of 1610 Jamestown, Virginia, but all Chandlers other than those who descend from Edmund. We would like to explore further contact and relationships with the CFA as it could help streamline Chandler research. We will keep our ECFA members posted on what we find out and will have discussions with our members in the future on how we should proceed.

 THE WEB SITE

web-designI have been trying to get a web site guru lined up amidst all of the other Chandler projects since last year. I did find someone, but have not yet heard back. If that does not work out, I will have to find someone else. Our web site does need updating and I am trying to find someone to re-vamp and it and make it easy to add updates.

 RESEARCH TIPS

NEW NAME OR ORIGINAL PLACE NAME?

One of the dilemmas that genealogists face is how to fill in birth and marriage places, etc. when the name of the place changed. The genealogy standard is to list it by the name that was used at the time. However, this can be confusing for non-genealogy relatives or even fellow genealogists if they are not familiar with the history of the area. That is how you may find your ancestor lived in maybe two different states and perhaps several different counties and towns, but never moved.

What seems like a more sensible approach is to list both the name of the place at the time the event occurred and the present name. That approach would seem to eliminate a lot of confusion.

The article “A Proposed Standard for Names, Dates and Places in a Genealogical Database” by Gary Mokotoff is an excellent discussion of the issue. Unfortunately, the article has disappeared from its former internet home, but as it is popular in genealogy circles you may be able to find it somewhere on the net.

 

POUNDS, PENCES, HALF PENNIES

  proofset

Generally speaking, understanding the old British monetary system, which began after the Norman Conquest in 1026 when the pound was divided into twenty shillings, is not a concern. The system was used until 1971.

However, you may be faced with it, if you have to figure out a will or estate inventory as Billie and I did when working on the Joseph Chandler project. Pounds, shillings, pences, guineas, farthings, etc. are all in oddball amounts which make for fun figuring for math lovers and hair pulling for the math impaired. Here is the link that explains the old British system:

Understanding old British money – pounds, shillings and pence

WHAT’S NEW AT FAMILYSEARCH

index

They are continuing to add new vital records and features, so check back periodically. They also have much more research material online and news updates. More and more books have been digitized and some will eventually be posted online.

More genealogy programs including Rootsmagic and Legacy can now be directly linked to the Familysearch web site making the transfer of information direct. You can check to see if your program will link with them.

They also have a toll free help line. For this issue, I fruitlessly looked for a family tree. I gave up and called them. They have assistants located at their home computers waiting to help people. After no wait! I was connected to a fellow in British Columbia, Canada.

I was told that it turns out that they have their old family trees (you remember those error ridden things) archived in one section. If you want to see the new interactive and correctable ones they are in a separate section. You have to sign up to see this section. It is free and nobody bothers you once you sign up. You can also keep a Source Box at Familysearch to place your Familysearch “finds” from vital records, censuses and the like.

I didn’t bother to sign in which is why I couldn’t find that elusive family tree, but the help line assistant guided me right back to it.

Other free services can be found at the Family History Centers which are located worldwide. You can access Ancestry.com, Heritage Quest and Find My Past (UK) FREE on their computers. Check their web site www.familysearch.org to find a location near you.

From home and for free, you can access their “Wiki. They are like Wikipedia and some are terrific and some are not and not every place or topic has a Wiki yet. The maps are helpful. Here are a couple of samples.

Grafton County, New Hampshire | Learn | FamilySearch.org

Danville, Maine | Learn | FamilySearch.org

TV NEWS

PLYMOUTH

The TV mini-series, tentatively titled “Plymouth” is still a go with NBC. It will be produced by Mark Burnett, of “Survivor” and “The Bible” fame. It will cover the voyage of the Mayflower and the settling of Plymouth Colony. It is still in development and is not yet in production (I got that from Mark Burnett Productions). TV and film production are perilous voyages themselves with many projects being sunk along the way, but things are looking good right now for “Plymouth.” I will keep you posted. Edmund didn’t arrive until c. 1630 so probably a little late to include him, but if the production covers a lengthy period of the Plymouth Colony, and if we are lucky, he may be included as he was appointed Constable in 1636/37.

WHO DO YOU THINK YOU ARE?

wdytya-aus

The TLC cable network has renewed this genealogy series and has ordered 10 new episodes for 2014. This is the show that traces the family trees of celebrities. They do show the actual places where their celebrity guests’ ancestors are from and you do get a glimpse of the places, libraries and courthouses where the historical papers are trotted out to view, although we don’t get to see the multitude of researchers toiling away in the archives or slogging through graveyards. Air dates for 2014 have not yet been announced.

THE STIRRINGS OF REVOLUTION

images1

The Committees of Correspondence and Safety

The beginning of the Revolutionary War era began in 1763 after the French and Indian War. This war ended the French threat to the American Colonies, but the war’s expense and the expectation of future defense expenses caused the British to decide that the American colonists should pay more taxes.

The series of taxes the British imposed plus other laws exerting British control of the colonies caused rising protest and anger amongst the colonists. The colonists felt that they were being denied their rights as Englishmen hence the rallying cry” “No taxation without representation!”

This taxation and trampling of rights by the British caused Samuel Adams, in 1772, to persuade the Boston town meeting to form a Committee of Correspondence which prepared and sent a statement of rights and grievances to the other towns. Committees had been formed previously, but only temporarily and only for grievances about a specific issue. The idea of such a Committee spread throughout the colonies and soon most towns had a permanent Committee of Correspondence to keep in touch with other towns over grievances with the British and later to serve as a shadow government opposing the British.

 Two of our Chandlers, brothers Perez Chandler of Duxbury, Massachusetts and Peleg Chandler of New Gloucester, then Massachusetts and now Maine, were appointed to serve on their local Committees of Correspondence and later Safety. Town records have not been researched to find out what specific actions they took, but we do know in general how the Committees of Correspondence and Safety functioned. Later as war broke out they became known as Committees of Safety. The Committees of Safety functioned as local governments and had the power to call out the local minutemen and muster the militia when needed and punish those who did not respond.

In the early days of the Revolutionary period the first job of the Committees was to disseminate information to the local townspeople as Samuel Adams and others felt it was imperative to have an informed citizenry. News was spread to the farthest edges of the colonies by ships and couriers on horseback in handwritten letters and printed pamphlets. Many the Committee members were also members of colonial legislative assemblies and many were active in the secret Sons of Liberty.

samuel adamsThe Committees became the leaders of the American resistance to British actions at first in opposing and protesting British taxes and policies and later the Committees led the war effort on both a state and local level. It was the colonial and local Committees who took charge in reviewing merchant records looking for those who tried to defy the boycott, declared by Congress, of imported British goods and then they published the names of said merchants. They encouraged the colonists to buy American and avoid luxuries from England. The Boston Tea Party and other “Tea Parties” such as the one in Marshfield which adjoined Duxbury were instigated by the Committees of Correspondence and Safety.

Strident objections and warnings about British rule proliferated. In 1775 New Hampshire’s residents were warned by the Provincial Congress that “Tyranny already begins to waive its banners in your borders, and to threaten these once happy regions with infamous and destestable slavery.”

The Committees became a shadow government organized by Patriot leaders operating under nose of England and ultimately the First Continental Congress emerged from them. About 7,000 to 8,000 men Patriots served on these Committees. Loyalists were excluded. They set up espionage networks to ferret out those who were disloyal to the cause and they displaced Royal officials which led to the toppling of the entire Royal government in each of the colonies. By the end of 1774 and early 1775, the Committees supervised elections of provincial conventions which took over the operation of the colonial government. Once war broke out, it was the Committees who supervised the local militia’s response to the British threat.

The Committees became the brains and structure behind the Revolution and without them, instead of a Revolution, there would only have been separate and uncoordinated protests and uprisings which would have undoubtedly been quashed by the British.

From the shadow governments of the Committees came the beginnings of what was to become the government of the United States.

SOURCES AND ITEMS OF INTEREST:

Coming of the American Revolution: The Committees of Correspondence

Committee of correspondence – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

SparkNotes: Samuel Adams: Section 8: Committee of Correspondence

Committees of Correspondence | American Revolution | 1773 | Boston Tea Party Ships and Museum

Committee of Safety: Definition from Answers.com

http://www.committee.org/PCOS11Massachusetts.htm Information on the Committees of Safety

http://nationalhumanitiescenter.org/pds/makingrev/crisis/text6/bostonpamphlet.pdf The Boston Pamphlet produced by the Boston Committee of Correspondence

Samuel Adams – American Revolution – HISTORY.com A very nice reenactment video of the Sons of Liberty and the founding of the Committees of Correspondence

PEREZ CHANDLER

Philip>Joseph>Joseph>Edmund, the immigrant

July 10, 1730-Jan. 28, 1800

L33PerezChandler

Perez Chandler supported the Revolutionary cause by serving on the Duxbury Committee of Correspondence and Safety. He was selected on March 17, 1777. That might sound a quill pen pushing job, safely tucked away in a Meeting House, but it was a job that involved both risk and intelligence. The Committees of Correspondence and Safety, were the brains of the Revolutionary War effort, communicating and coordinating with other towns at with at first protests then later war planning and strategy. The Revolution never would have succeeded without that “shadow government” network.

As leaders they would have been the first ones to be sought by the British and probably the first to have been charged with treason and maybe hanged if the war had been won by the British.

Perez was 47 years old when he was appointed to the Committee. He may not have participated as a soldier in the Revolution, but he was a soldier when he was younger during the French and Indian Wars. Those wars were expensive and which was one of the causes of the British trying to extract more taxes out of the colonists which in turn led to the cry of “No taxation without representation” which in turn acted one of the catalysts for the Revolution.

The Duxbury town records may have a record of exactly what Perez did, but it is also possible that records were not kept or were destroyed lest fall into the hands of the British. The records would have to be searched to find out. We do know in general what the Committees did (see accompanying story).

We do know that there was a Liberty Pole in Duxbury, which was the site of protests against the British and there was a “Tea Party” in neighboring Marshfield, the most Tory town in New England, which may have involved the Committee that Perez served on. To read about the Liberty Pole, go to our back issues of the Courier on our web site.

The name Perez seems like an unusual name for a Revolutionary War New Englander as it sounds Spanish. However, Perez, like most of the forenames used in the Plymouth Colony, which included Duxbury, came from the Bible and not even England much less Spain.

According to the online, “Baby Name Wizard,” Perez, also spelled Pharez or Peretz, was the son of Judah and Tamar and means “burst forth” or “breakthrough.”

The Spanish name Perez is related to the Greek word for rock which puts it in the same group as Peter, Pierre, Petra and Pedro.

Perez was not the only Perez in Duxbury as he had a son and a grandson named Perez Chandler and there were others who were not Chandlers whose forenames were also Perez.

Perez was the son of Philip Chandler and Rebecca Phillips. Philip was unique in that he was the only son of Joseph and Martha (Hunt) Chandler to remain in Duxbury. Joseph moved to North Yarmouth, Maine (then still part of Massachusetts) in 1727 with the rest of his family following him a couple of years later. Joseph was a prosperous blacksmith like his father, Joseph, Sr. It may have been the need for land for his many sons that inspired him to leave Duxbury for the then wilderness of Maine to start anew.

Joseph sold his home and land to eldest son, Philip who remained in Duxbury although at one time Philip may also have seriously considered moving to North Yarmouth as he owned land there. Philip’s son, Peleg (to be featured next issue) and daughter Elizabeth, also moved to Maine. The rest of Philip’s children, including Perez, remained in Duxbury or nearby Kingston.

According to Duxbury vital records, Perez married Rhoda Wadsworth Dec. 24, 1793. Most of their children also stayed in Duxbury with the exception of sons Benjamin and Seth B. who moved to Maine where they practiced medicine.

There is a small hand-crafted notebook, which includes genealogy, created by Asenath Chandler, Perez’ daughter, at the Duxbury Rural Historical Society Library located in Duxbury, Massachusetts. Also in the collection are receipts, copies of deeds, etc. To see the list click on the source link below.

SOURCES;

Chandler Collections | Drew Archival Library

Located in the Duxbury Rural Historical Society in Duxbury, Massachusetts

www.edmundchandler.com Picture of Perez’ gravestone from Members’ Only section and family genealogy and information

 

THOSE BRICK WALLS COME TUMBLIN’ DOWN

By

Carol May

broken-brick-wall

Since the last Courier, several brick walls of many years standing came down. The first was Charles Chandler, then my Rebecca Chandler, another Rebecca Chandler and two Charlotte Chandlers!

Charles Chandler

Charles>Abner, Jr.>Abner>Joseph>Benjamin>Edmund, the immigrant.

One of the earliest members of our group, you may remember her as East Coast Barbara, (there have been three Barbara Chandlers in our group!) was stuck with only a hunch and a few clues that her Charles Chandler descended from Edmund. Finally, due to both new records added to www.familysearch.org and DNA testing she was able to confirm the connection. Here is Charles Chandler’s line starting with Charles: Charles>Abner, Jr.>Abner>Joseph>Benjamin>Edmund, the immigrant. Charles was born in Piermont, New Hampshire, home of many of the Benjamin Chandler line.

The Rebecca Chandlers

The second wall to come down was my own. I learned over the years that there were FOUR Rebecca Chandlers of Minot/Poland, Maine. Our member, Elsie, and I had identified two of them as the daughters of brothers Nathaniel and John Chandler (>Jonathan>Capt. John>Edmund>Joseph>Edmund, the immigrant), but I was left with a parentless Rebecca Chandler and a brick wall.

Then I figured out that there was probably a third Rebecca Chandler who was the daughter of Abel and Sarah (Weston) Chandler of Duxbury, then of New Hampshire and finally, Minot, Maine (There were four Abel Chandlers, but that is another story).

Circumstantial evidence began mounting up, naming patterns, tally marks in the censuses for a girl her age, marriage in Minot, home of Abel’s family, the family ties between Rebecca and Marcellus Augustus Weston Chandler, a proven grandson of Abel Chandler, all pointed to Rebecca being Abel’s daughter and Marcellus’ aunt.

Both Rebecca and Marcellus moved to Brunswick, Maine. Rebecca’s son, Abiezer, and Marcellus married sisters. Abiezer named his daughter Ellen Weston Snow and his son Marcellus. Both Marcellus and Abiezer were buried in the same cemetery. With all of this circumstantial evidence, I thought that I had at last found my Rebecca Chandler’s family.

As I mentioned in a previous issue, I had stumbled upon a since defunct web site which included a snippet of information that said that Rebecca Chandler was the daughter of Jonathan Chandler and that she had died in Brunswick. There was no direct source information other than it, and all of the other “info bits” on the site, was taken from a variety of old sources.

My Rebecca died in Brunswick, Maine, but I first dismissed Jonathan as her father as an error as I thought all of the Jonathan Chandlers in the Minot/Poland area had been accounted for.

Then uh oh! I had come across and was working on the “other” Jonathan Chandler family, when it occurred to me that this Jonathan could be the father of my Rebecca Chandler.

Neither Abel nor Jonathan’s children could be found in birth records and the censuses consisted of only tally marks and my Rebecca fit into the censuses for both of them. Both families had to be reconstructed circumstantially. The information was also conflicting. In the1880 census Abiezer’s mother’s birthplace was listed as Maine, not Massachusetts where Abel’s family was originally from. The marriage records for my Rebecca and Jonathan Snow said that she was a resident of Minot, Maine where Abel and family moved to and not Poland where Jonathan and family moved to.

Now I was sitting on top of my brick wall with two alternatives — Rebecca, daughter of Abel or Rebecca, daughter of Jonathan with circumstantial evidence for both sides.

Our member, Steve, had taken pictures of the Empire Cemetery in Poland, Maine. Buried there were, I believe, were several of Jonathan Chandler’s children. In the same plot and row there was Jonathan Chandler, Jr. and his wife Cynthia (Lane) Chandler and Jonathan and Rebecca Lane. Jonathan Chandler Jr. married Cynthia Lane, sister of Jonathan Lane, so it seemed quite possible that Rebecca Lane could have been the sister of Jonathan Chandler, Jr. In those days it was quite common for brothers to marry sisters from another family. If this were true this Rebecca would be Rebecca #4!

By now I also had a flimsy clue from a family tree full of mistakes that indicated that she could be a Chandler but even the creator of the tree was iffy about it. If Rebecca Lane was indeed Rebecca Chandler #4 then by default, Rebecca Chandler #3 was my Rebecca and the daughter of Abel and Sarah (Weston) Chandler.

Our member and uber researcher, Billie, offered to help. I explained that the tie breaker lay with being able to figure out if the mysterious Rebecca Lane’s maiden name was Chandler.

Almost simultaneously, both Billie and I, giving it one last shot, came across separate vital records that proved that this Rebecca Chandler was indeed the wife of Jonathan Lane and therefore, not my Rebecca who married Jonathan Snow. Death records for two of Jonathan and Rebecca Lane’s children, John C. and Eliza, both gave Jonathan Lane and Rebecca Chandler as their parents and as a bonus I even got the place of Rebecca’s birth on one of the records — North Yarmouth, Maine, original home of Jonathan Chandler and his family.

So by default, and with circumstantial evidence and after an exhaustive search of the Minot/Poland Maine Chandlers, I believe that my Rebecca Chandler was the daughter of Abel and Sarah (Weston) Chandler. Again, please note that the evidence is still circumstantial. Her line is below:

Rebecca Chandler #3

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Rebecca Snow (1787-1844)

Rebecca>Abel*>John>Joseph>Benjamin>Edmund, the immigrant.

Maine Genealogy Archives: Marriage Records of Rev. Jonathan Scott of Poland and Minot, 1796-1819

And here is the line for the Rebecca Chandler, daughter of Jonathan Chandler of North Yarmouth, who later moved to Poland, Maine, starting with Rebecca:

Rebecca Chandler #4

rebecca lane

Rebecca Lane (1795-1847)

Rebecca>Jonathan*>Judah>Joseph>Joseph> Edmund, the immigrant.

Person Details for Jonithen Lane in entry for Eliza A Raynard, “Maine, Vital Records, 1670-1907 ” — FamilySearch.org

“Maine, Vital Records, 1670-1907 ,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/KCDX-GVH : accessed 09 Mar 2014), Jonithen Lane in entry for Eliza A Raynard, 1903.

Person Details for Jonathan Lane in entry for John C Lane, “Maine, Vital Records, 1670-1907 ” — FamilySearch.org

“Maine, Vital Records, 1670-1907 ,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/VZQP-Z4Q : accessed 09 Mar 2014), Jonathan Lane in entry for John C Lane, 1893.

 The Three Charlotte Chandlers

While researching, Rebecca (Chandler) Lane, I revisited the Charlotte Chandler mystery as it appears circumstantially that Rebecca #4 and a Charlotte Chandler were sisters. It also appears that the family trees on Familysearch mistakenly list some of Rebecca (Chandler) Lane’s children as Charlotte’s children. The information was very garbled, but it appears that some of it may have come from original sources.

Not only are the children mixed up, the three Charlotte Chandlers of Maine in those Familysearch family trees are also mixed up. The three Charlottes were all born within a year or two of each other. One is documented as an Edmund descendant and one is probably an Edmund descendant and the third does not descend from Edmund, but is documented as a descendant of William and Annis. I think that I have untangled them.

Charlotte Chandler #1

Charlotte>Jonathan>Judah>Joseph>Joseph>Edmund, the immigrant

It appears that there was a Charlotte, probably Chandler, who married Simeon Lane in Maine. We know that this Charlotte Chandler was not Joel Chandler’s daughter, as many family trees assert, because we have Joel’s daughter well documented as to who she did marry.

It appears circumstantially that she was the daughter of Jonathan and Zeruiah (Brown) Chandler who is a documented descendant of Edmund Chandler, the immigrant.

I couldn’t find a marriage record for Charlotte and Simeon, it is probably lost or destroyed, but there a record for her second marriage to Thomas Briggs. According to Ancestry she died in 1882 and was buried in the Pine Grove Cemetery in Poland, Maine. However, as only part of that cemetery has been photographed I have not been able to find her grave.

Both Simeon Lane and Charlotte’s name appears on her children’s birth records in Poland, Maine. One of their children was named Seth Chandler Lane, another clue. She is also mentioned as Simeon’s wife in the “Annals of Oxford County.” See excerpt below:

Simeon Lane, innkeeper at Welchville, ae. 54, d. June 8,

1849. T^^ following year, the family consisted of Charlot-

te, ae. 48, Seth C. ae. 21, George E. ae. 18, Elizabeth

E. ae. 15, Sarah W. ae. 13, Melinda, ae. 10, Abby A.

ae. 7, and farmers, George W. Welch, ae. 25, and Nelson

Dennin, ae. 22. Mrs. Charlotte Lane and Thomas A.

Briggs of Otisfield, were m. Dec. 16, 1855.

 This Charlotte was closely associated with Poland, Maine where the Jonathan Chandler family lived and spent much of her life there. She was born c. 1801. The 1810 census shows a daughter age 10-16 which would have been one year off.

The 1820 census shows a daughter age 16 to 26 which is spot on. There were only two Chandler families in Poland, Maine during the 1820s. The other family was Alden Chandler and he and his children have been well documented and are of a later generation than Jonathan’s family.

The US 1830 census for Poland, Maine shows Simeon and presumably his wife, Charlotte, living in Poland and the 1840 census shows not only Simeon and family, but Jacob Chandler and Jonathan Chandler (Jr.) listed one after the other so they were most likely next door neighbors.

More research may further strengthen and hopefully, confirm the connection.

Full text of “Annals of Oxford, Maine, from its incorporation, February 27, 1829 to 1850. Prefaced by a brief account of the s

 Charlotte Chandler #2

Charlotte>Joel>Jonathan>Joseph>Joseph>Edmund, the immigrant

This Charlotte J. Chandler was born March 6, 1802 in Portland, Cumberland, Maine to Joel and Pamela (Lincoln) Chandler according to vital records. Joel is a documented descendant of Edmund Chandler, the immigrant. According to marriage records a Charlotte or a Charlotte J. or T. Chandler (depending on the transcription) married Capt. David Harwood and after he died she married his brother Otis Harwood. David and Otis were from adjacent Sagadahoc County. She did not marry Simeon Lane (see above) nor did she marry John Charles of Oxford County, Maine. Maine death records show a Charlotte Harwood dying in Portland, Maine on Nov. 3, 1885 who was about the right age. Another clue is that her middle initial given variously, probably due to transcribing errors, as I, J or T appears periodically in the records.

Person Details for Charlotte Chandler, “Maine, Births and Christenings, 1739-1900″ — FamilySearch.org

“Maine, Births and Christenings, 1739-1900″, index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/F492-3LH : accessed 10 Mar 2014), Charlotte Chandler, 06 Mar 1802.

Person Details for Charlotte Chandler, “Maine, Marriages, 1771-1907″ — FamilySearch.org

“Maine, Marriages, 1771-1907″, index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/F46B-1PL : accessed 10 Mar 2014), David Harwood and Charlotte Chandler, 23 Aug 1830.

Person Details for Charlotte J. Harwood, “Maine, Marriages, 1771-1907″ — FamilySearch.org

“Maine, Marriages, 1771-1907″, index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/F46Y-7Z8 : accessed 10 Mar 2014), Otis Harwood and Charlotte J. Harwood, 27 Sep 1832.

Person Details for Charlotte T. Harwood, “Maine, Deaths and Burials, 1841-1910″ — FamilySearch.org

“Maine, Deaths and Burials, 1841-1910″, index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/F48F-SPG : accessed 10 Mar 2014), Charlotte T. Harwood, 03 Nov 1883.

Charlotte Chandler #3

Charlotte>Timothy and on back to William and Annis

This Charlotte is not of the Edmund family, but appears that she is of the William and Annis Chandler family. She was born Nov. 22, 1801 in Pembroke, Merrimack, New Hampshire to Timothy and Phebe (Holt) Chandler. The family later moved to Lovell, Oxford County, Maine. This Charlotte Chandler, not Joel’s daughter, appears to have married John Charles January 17, 1824 in Lovell, Maine.

UPDATES

The “Other” Jonathan Chandler Family of Poland, Maine

Jonathan>Judah>Joseph>Joseph>Edmund, the immigrant

Figuring out the Rebecca and Charlotte Chandlers has necessitated an update of the “other” Jonathan Chandler family. If you recall, back in the Fall 2011 Courier we began a series doing a circumstantial reconstruction of the “other” Jonathan Chandler of Poland, Maine family. There with no birth records and only census tally marks for primary evidence and so came with the disclaimer that it was subject to change. There were also two “mystery” girls who we think have been finally identified.

This was the Jonathan moved from North Yarmouth, Maine to Poland Maine after the 1810 census and before the1820 census and not the Jonathan Chandler who married Rebecca Packard as he had died before North Yarmouth Jonathan moved to Poland, Maine. Both were descendants of Edmund, the immigrant

The “other” Jonathan family tree is still circumstantial so still subject to change, but is now on firmer ground. It is not Mayflower or DAR level of proof yet as we still lack many primary sources. As we are a research group, we find that posting circumstantial findings, and labeling them as such, can lead to descendants out there who can either add or in some cases, refute, the research.

A newspaper from 1826 reported that when Mrs. Jonathan Chandler died seven of her 11 children were still living. Assuming that was accurate, all seven have been found and with the addition of Rufus Chandler, who died a few months before his mother, which brings the total to 8. It appears also that a son died very young and two daughters died young which brings the total to 11.

We still don’t know where Jonathan and Zeruiah are buried, but Jonathan, Jr., Reuben, Rufus, Rachel, and Rebecca along with many of their family members were all buried in a group in the Empire Cemetery in Poland, Maine. The only other family in Poland, Maine during that later time frame was Alden Chandler’s family, and some of his children are also buried there, but are well documented.

In addition, the suffix, “Jr.” had come into modern usage to only denote a son as opposed being used for a younger person with the same name, related or not, which was how it was used in earlier times.

Also, Jonathan, Jr. kept the suffix “Jr.” until he died as it was on his gravestone which is also the modern usage. In previous times that suffix would have been dropped as soon as the older Jonathan Chandler died.

The circumstantial evidence for Jacob and Anna Chandler is not as strong. It was noted in their marriage records that they were originally from North Yarmouth and they did live in Poland and adjacent Danville (later part of Auburn, Maine). This was the Jonathan Chandler family’s home territory.

As for Charlotte, the circumstantial evidence for her is the thinnest. She also married a Lane, but it appears that he was maybe a distant cousin of the other Lanes. She lived in Poland, Maine and her son was named Seth Chandler Lane. She appears in family trees as Charlotte Chandler, but without substantiation. She should only be listed tentatively as the youngest daughter of Jonathan and Zeruiah Chandler as more research needs to be done.

The 1840 census for Poland, Maine shows Simeon Lane (presumably with wife Charlotte), Jacob Chandler and Jonathan Chandler (Jr.) all listed one after the other in the 1840 census so they were probably living next door to each other which bolsters the argument that they were related.

Here is the new lineup for the “other” Jonathan Chandler’s family with more birth dates added:

AN UPDATED RECONSTRUCTION OF THE “OTHER” JONATHAN CHANDLER FAMILY

Rachel Chandler born Feb. 1781 from grave stone and died Jan. 20, 1864. Empire Cemetery, Poland, Maine. Never married

Jacob Chandler born 1787, North Yarmouth (from Royal River Valley by David Colby Young). Died May 10, 1872 from Hotel Road Cemetery. Married Thankfull Higgins from vital records

Rufus Chandler born July 16, 1789 and died May 26, 1826 from grave stone, Empire Cemetery. Married Sarah Eaton Bradbury from vital records.

Anna Chandler born Jan. 20, 1792 (in North Yarmouth) and died June 7, 1880 from grave stone Oak Hill Cemetery, Auburn, Maine. Married Moses Bailey from vital records.

Reuben Chandler born April 1794 died 1852 from grave stone. Married Mary Parcher. From their children’s vital records.

Rebecca Chandler born April 1795 died Nov. 25, 1847 from grave stone Empire Cemetery. Married Jonathan R. Lane from grave stone and censuses.

Charlotte Chandler born c. 1801(from census) died after 1880. A Familysearch family tree has her buried in Pine Grove Cemetery in Poland, Maine. I have not been able to verify as this as not all of the graves have been photographed. She married first, Simeon Lane, and second, Thomas Briggs.

Jonathan Chandler, Jr. born 1803 died Dec. 13, 1840 from Empire Cemetery grave stone. Married Cynthia Lane. From censuses, children’s vital records and grave stone.

The Underground Railroad

by Barb Chandler

(Escaping slaves had to find their way north. Northern states such as New York and Massachusetts that had strong abolitionist societies and benevolent groups.People trying to escape slavery had many clues they could rely on to find out where “north” actually was. One of the best clues they could use to find north was to locate the North Star. The North Star is also called Polaris. Unlike other stars, it never changes position. It always points to the north. People have always used a group of stars to help them find the North Star. They have called this group of stars many names, depending on how they saw the “picture” created by the stars. Some people thought the group of stars looked like a dipper — with a cup that had a very long handle. Slaves knew this group of stars as the Drinking Gourd. They sometimes used hollowed-out gourds to dip and drink water. The gourds looked just like long-handled cups. Two stars on the cup’s edge always point to the North Star. By finding the “drinking gourd” in the sky, people traveling at night could always find the North Star. From: Pathways to Freedom Maryland and the Underground Railroad http://pathways.thinkport.org/secrets/gourd1.cfm)

 

I’ve been interested in the Civil Rights Movement for a long time so you can imagine my delight when I discovered my second great uncle was a conductor on the Underground Railroad. When I told Carol May his involvement she said that she had come across a Chandler who was an abolitionist. I don’t know whether she was in our line, but thought you would enjoy learning about this remarkable woman’s achievements.

elizabeth chandler

Elizabeth Chandler (1807-1834)

Elizabeth was born into a Quaker family in Centre (Wilmington) Delaware to Thomas Chandler (1773–1817) and Margaret Evans (1778–1808).

When she was 18 years old she wrote a poem titled the Slave-ship:

The Slave-ship was winding her course o’er the ocean,
The winds and the waters had sunk into rest;
All hush’d was the whirl of the tempest’s commotion,
That late had awaken’d the sailor’s devotion,
When terror had kindled remorse in his breast.

And onward she rode, though by curses attended,
Though heavy with guilt was the freight that she bore,
Though with shrieks of despair was the midnight air rended,
And ceaseless the groans of the wretches ascended,
That from friends and from country forever she tore.

On the deck, with his head on his fetter’d hand rested,
He who once was a chief and a warrior stood;
One moment he gain’d, by his foes unmolested,
To think o’er his woes, and the fate he detested,
Till madness was firing his brain and his blood.

“Oh, never!” he murmur’d in anguish, “no, never!
These limbs shall be bent to the menial’s toil!
They have reft us, my bride—but they shall not forever
Your chief from his home and his country dissever—
No! never will I be the conqueror’s spoil

“Say! long didst thou wait for my coming, my mother?
Did ye bend o’er the desert, my sister, your eye?
And weep at the lengthen’d delay of your brother,
As each slow passing moment was chased by another,
And still he appear’d not a tear-drop to dry.

“But ye shall—yes, again ye shall fondly embrace me!
We will meet my young bride in the land of the blest:
Death, death once again in my country shall place me,
One bound shall forever from fetters release me!”
He burst them, and sunk in the ocean’s dark breast.

After reading her poem Benjamin Lundy, a well known abolitionist and publisher, invited Chandler to write for his periodical, The Genius of Universal Emancipation. Chandler She wrote for and edited the “Ladies’ Repository” section of his newspaper. She used her appeal to women to demand better treatment for Native Americans  and the immediate emancipation of slaves.

Many of her articles were copied and circulated in the most popular newspapers of the time.  She also introduced one of the most famous abolitionist images, the kneeling female slave with the slogan “Am I not a Woman and a Sister.”

SlaveryIllustratedInItsEffectsUponWomanChandler used her articles and poems to participate in national discussions and debates about Abolitionism.

In 1830 she moved to Lenawee County, Michigan. She continued  writing articles as Editor of “The Ladies Repository” section in Lundy’s magazine. In 1832, she formed the Logan Female Anti-Slavery Society which eventually resulted in the establishment of one of the main links in the Underground Railroad system to Canada.

Sources:

Elizabeth Margaret Chandler, Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elizabeth_Margaret_Chandler

Elizabeth Chandler, The Michigan Women’s Historical Center and  Hall of Fame http://hall.michiganwomen.org/honoree.php?C=0&A=13~15~197~12

Until next time, happy hunting!

 

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Filed under Chandler Ancestors, Chandler News, General Geneology

EDMUND’S COMMUNITY COURIER SUMMER and FALL 2013

EDMUND’S COMMUNITY COURIER

SUMMER AND FALL 2013

WWW.EDMUNDCHANDLER.COM

 

Washing and Lafayette at Valley Forge. Painting by John Ward Dunsmore

Washington and Lafayette at Valley Forge.
Painting by John Ward Dunsmore

With this issue we begin a new series on Chandlers and the Revolutionary War with a list of all of the Revolutionary War veterans and patriots that I could find along with some surprises.  You may find a patriot in your family tree that you didn’t know that you had.  If we skipped someone or made mistakes let us know.

I came across tidbit that should interest you Jonathan descendants. Reuben Chandler, in support of his brother’s Revolutionary War pension claim, stated that information about Nathaniel’s birth date could be found in his father’s (Jonathan’s) Bible which was now in the possession of Nathaniel.  Somewhere out there, maybe with one of Nathaniel’s descendants there is, or was, Jonathan’s Bible with genealogy information in it.  I wonder what happened to that Bible! You can read the pension file in Fold3 if you subscribe.

Also, the other big news is that the databases have been fixed and are now in the RootsMagic genealogy software program.  Edmund’s Main Lineage and Capt. John’s databases are now combined.  They have NOT yet been posted on our website as they need to be checked for errors and new information needs to be added.  Read more about it in this issue.

We also have a story about Joseph’s house which was inherited by Capt. John.  Joseph was Edmund, the immigrant’s son. Every one of us has some history with that house, either as a descendant of Joseph or of his brother Benjamin whose children probably spent a lot of time there as their Uncle Joseph was a blacksmith.

Also TV news, updates, DNA news, and more.  I still hope to go to the Czech Republic (nothing to do with Chandlers), but probably not until Spring.  I am not sure if the next issue will be out in the Winter or will be Winter/Spring.  I will let you know.

TV NEWS

I hope that you all enjoyed the new episodes this summer of “Who Do You Think You Are?” now on the TLC network.  Hopefully, the show will return next year. This fall more genealogy can be found on PBS’ new program “Genealogy Roadshow.”  Unlike “Who Do You Think You Are?”, “Genealogy Roadshow” is for ordinary folks often with extraordinary stories.  Our editor, Barb, applied, but did not get in – many, many applied, but few were chosen.  Check your TV schedule in your area for the day and time in your area.  In Los Angeles it is on Monday nights.

African American History

Henry Louis Gates, Jr. of “Finding Your Roots” will be back on PBS with a new series entitled, “The African Americans: Many Rivers to Cross.” This six part series will begin on Oct. 22, 2013 on PBS.  While it probably won’t feature genealogy per se, it will cover American history not just African American history from before Jamestown until the present. He will visit historical sites as well as interview people from around the country.

The Mayflower Voyage and Settlement of Plymouth

Now back to our ancestral neck of the woods, Massachusetts.  Producer Mark Burnett of “Survivor” and “The Bible” fame is now planning a new mini-series, entitled “Plymouth” for NBC.  They were the ultimate survivors as only half of them survived the first year, so getting “voted off of the island’ wasn’t a concern of theirs.   Edmund didn’t arrive until 10 years after the Mayflower, but the Mayflower passengers were his fellow Separatists and neighbors both in Leiden and later in Duxbury.  They will cover the voyage as well as the settlement of Plymouth. Hopefully, they will shoot it on location.

“BIBLE” PRODUCER MARK BURNETT TO DO HISTORICAL PLYMOUTH ROCK MINISERIES FOR NBC ‹ Higher Hollywood

Mayflower Steps, photos and history of Plymouth Past and Present

 ECFA NEWS

The Databases

 As many of you know the databases have been my bête noir for the past several years.  After many failed attempts at merging and updating them, I finally found a computer expert by trade who also knows the RootsMagic genealogy program.  He took the 40 odd copies of the databases (originals, updates and duplicates) that I had, merged them where appropriate, and put them into the RootsMagic program.

On our web site we currently have five databases:  Edmund’s Main Lineage, Capt. John Chandler,Nathaniel Chandler, Zebedee Chandler, and Mercy Chandler.

Edmund’s Main Lineage and Capt. John’s are now merged because we have enough evidence to prove that Capt. John descended from Edmund, the immigrant.

Nathaniel, Mercy and Zebedee’s will remain separate until we get more proof.

We can show circumstantial links between them, but are looking for more proof.  Because Nathaniel had only daughters and Mercy was a woman, we can’t use YDNA testing as that only follows the male line. We are offering a free YDNA test for a qualifying male Zebedee Chandler of Plympton descendant to establish his descent from Edmund Chandler, the immigrant.  We will continue to look for and assemble bits of proof that link these people.

The next step is for me to check over and further update the databases and then I will be able to post them in our Members’ Only section.

We also have some great information from our members that need to be added to our online Library such as Billie’s treatise on the lands of Joseph Chandler and Cynthia’s family history.

Money was spent from our ECFA association treasury to fix the databases and more will be spent to update the web site, but it is well worth it. I am trying to be thrifty with this.  It will take a while for all of this to happen.

A New Member

This month we welcome another new member, Caroline, of Arizona.  She is a descendant of Ichabod Chandler (Jonathan>Capt. John>Edmund*>Joseph>Edmund, the immigrant).  Caroline’s ancestors moved from Maine to Iowa in the 19th century. Barb, our editor and also an Ichabod descendant) is from Iowa and has contacted her. So, if any of you share this line you might want to exchange information. Caroline did send a picture of her ancestress Olive Chandler Cooper which we hope to put in a future issue of the Courier or in the online Library. Her e-mail address is on the mailing list and begins with charity.

 DUXBURY NEWS

Billie visited Duxbury this past June and researched Chandlers. She is still working diligently on finding a place for our plaque.

 UPDATES

From time to time, we get e-mails and also questions and answers to topics in the Courier.

Anna Chandler Bailey

Lineage:  Jonathan*>Judah>Joseph>Joseph>Edmund, the immigrant

There was a reply to our series in the Courier on the circumstantial reconstruction of the Jonathan and Zeruiah (Brown) Chandler family that we had just completed. I had written about a “mystery girl” who I couldn’t figure out. That “mystery girl” was probably Anna Chandler who was born in 1792. She married Moses Bailey. They had a son named Rufus Chandler Bailey, who was very likely named after who I believe was  her brother Rufus Chandler. Rufus Chandler Bailey moved to Illinois where he became a lawyer then a judge.

It appears that Anna or Anne’s (her name has been spelled both ways) husband, Moses, died before the 1850 census and that Anna married Jeremiah Cole in 1849. They lived in Lewiston and then Green, Maine. She died in 1880. Interestingly she is buried with her son, George Bailey and his family as Anna Chandler Bailey with no mention of Jeremiah Cole even though she was married to him for thirty years. This may have been the custom of the time or not!

However, now while we don’t have a “mystery” girl who was born in the 1790s, we still have two “mystery” girls from that family one of whom may be my brick wall, Rebecca Chandler.

Anna Chandler Bailey (1792 – 1880) – Find A Grave Memorial

 Congressman Joseph Ripley Chandler

Joseph Ripley Chandler  (1792-1880) Find A Grave: http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=7600015

Joseph Ripley Chandler
(1792-1880)
Find A Grave: http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=7600015

Lineage: Joseph>Joseph>Joseph>Edmund, the immigrant

Another e-mail came via our member, Dick, who received a copy of a photo of another mystery Chandler that had only J. R. Chandler, Philidelphia written on the back.

Dick figured out that the photo was of Joseph Ripley Chandler who was probably one of our Edmund Chandler descendants. Turns out that he was! Joseph Ripley Chandler was an educator, editor, reformer, member of the House of Representatives, ambassador, and was even praised by Edgar Allan Poe.

I hope to do a story on him (with pictures) for a future edition of the Courier and will double check his lineage.

 DNA NEWS

DNAThis issue we have news about the U198 DNA project. Our member, Greg, alerted us about this project. U198 is not the same type of marker as is used in the Chandler DNA project. U198 is a marker for a sub-group of YDNA. U198 goes back to an unknown common ancestor who lived about 2000 years ago with a margin of error of about 500 years. Edmund Chandler, the immigrant, who lived about 400 years ago, is the common ancestor of our YDNA testees.

Our Chandler volunteer from our Edmund Chandler YDNA group tested positive as a member of U198. That means that the entire Edmund Chandler group of testees are also members of the U198 group.

At first it seems fairly useless to be concerned with a marker that goes back to a common ancestor who lived about 2000 (plus or minus 500) years ago which is still way before surnames became common. However, U198 appears in only about 1 or 2% of the population so it may prove helpful in establishing migration and settlement patterns, even though a lot of migrating can take place in 2000 years. So far most of the U198 testees have shown up in Lowland Scotland and southern England. We have long suspected that Edmund came from southern England with Sussex and Kent being high on the list because of the association with Roger Chandler, Edmund’s possible relative. It is too early to tell if this is a clue as to Edmund’s origins or not as so few have been tested for the U198 project.

I am going to inquire further about a possible link between the Lynn family and the Chandler family and let you know what I find out.

A lot more testees will have to join the U198 project and more sub-groups of U198 will have to be found before it can be helpful to us. It will be interesting to find out what they dig up figuratively speaking.

 U198 (S29) Project-page 4

Chandler DNA Project

 TIPS AND HINTS

Maps

The David Rumsey Historical Map Collection

I found a great site that should be useful to all. I may have mentioned it in the past, but this was the first time that I actually tried it. It is the David Rumsey Map Collection David Rumsey Historical Map Collection.  It is free to browse.

You can look up and zoom in on old, historical maps from around the world. I found an atlas for Androscoggin County Maine that showed where people lived in 1873. I also looked up Grafton, Co. New Hampshire where many of Edmund, the immigrant’s, son Benjamin’s descendants lived. I found Chandlers in both places. So put your ancestral locale in and give it a try as you may find exactly where your ancestor lived back in the1800s. Here is a sample:

Piermont, Grafton Co. (with) Swift Water P.O., town of Bath. (with) Bath P.O., town of Bath. (with) Piermont P.O., town of Pie

United States Maps

Expansion of United States territory.

Expansion of United States territory.

More maps here including my favorite, the interactive county and state boundary map, which show the formation, name and boundary changes of the counties over the years. The states start out blob-like and gradually form into counties. It is invaluable if you have an ancestor who lived in three different counties and maybe two different states, but never moved! Or, have an ancestor where there is an argument over where they were born. It could be the same place, but the county boundary changed. They also mention the Rumford maps and have worldwide maps.

United States Maps – Maps of US & States

In addition, here is a sample from the above of the interactive moving map of the formation of Iowa:

State and County Maps of Iowa

Family Search

There is always something new at Familysearch. They have dropped their old genealogy program PAF. However, now you can link RootsMagic and perhaps one or two other genealogy programs as more are planned to be linked into Familysearch and import directly data instead of copying it. If you sign up to familysearch www.familysearch.org you can access their site for free. Once month they send out a e-mail sharing what is new.

 JOSEPH CHANDLER HOUSE

907 Tremont St Duxbury, Massachusetts

Joseph Chandler House by Billie Prett.

Joseph Chandler House by Billie Pett.

 Research by our member, Billie Pett, led her to the conclusion that the house which is now for sale at 907 Tremont Street originally belonged to Joseph Chandler, Sr. (1641-1721).  Her research also proved that Capt. John Chandler of Duxbury was Joseph Chandler, Sr.’s grandson. Previously,  we featured the historic Isaac Chandler house in the Courier (see link below), but this house has even a longer history as this Joseph Chandler was Edmund, the immigrant’s son and Isaac’s ggg-grandfather. 

The house at 907 Tremont Street and the area to the east of it was once known as the “Old Chandler Neighborhood Before 1700.”  It was defined as such by Duxbury historian Henry Fish in his “Historical Sketch of Duxbury” published in 1923. Billie proved that the area to the west of Tremont Street from the Gamaliel Bradford House south to below the Mayflower Cemetery also belonged to Joseph Chandler, Sr. In 1785 his descendant Jonathan Chandler sold much of it to the “Inhabitants of Duxbury” for the new First Parish Church, Mayflower Cemetery, Town Hall and Partridge Academy.                                        

Our member, Billie reviewed over 400 deeds plus additional old documents, to trace the history of the area, and specifically, 907 Tremont Street.  As Billie studied the deeds and wills regarding this house, she discovered what was listed on the house’s date board didn’t match the documents that she found.  The house was listed in the town history as being built in 1750, and it was listed by the MA Historical Commission as being built in 1789. However, Joseph’s grandson, Capt. John Chandler, was living in the house in 1750, so it was surely in existence before then. As a matter of fact, it was even mentioned in Joseph’s will, and since he died in 1721, it was obviously built before then. Joseph probably built the house before 1700.

The house has an “ell” which is an addition that would make it similar to a modern day duplex.  It is likely that Joseph, his wife Mercy and youngest girls, lived in one section of the house and his son, Edmund, and his family (including grandson, Capt. John) lived in the other section. 

We believe that Edmund’s  section was inherited by Capt. John as the other section was inherited by Joseph’s daughter and was eventually acquired by Capt. John.  When Capt. John died he left one section to his son Jonathan and the other section to his unmarried daughters.  Jonathan eventually sold his section of the house and moved to Maine with his family after the Revolutionary War.

This is a just a capsule review. The full story will be available when we update the web site and put Billie’s treatise in the online Library. Below are the links to Joseph’s house plus many pictures including the interior and a link to the story about Isaac Chandler’s house which was featured in an earlier edition of the Courier.

907 Tremont St, Duxbury, MA 02332 – Zillow

 THE ISAAC CHANDLER HOUSE OF DUXBURY, MASS by Carol May | Edmund’s Community Courier

 CHANDLER REVOLUTIONARY WAR VETERANS AND PATRIOTS

The two lists (see below) of Edmund Chandler descendants, who were veterans and/or provided patriotic service during the Revolutionary War, were compiled from several sources. There is no master list or source. I cross-referenced the Revolutionary War age Chandlers with Revolutionary War sources and lists to create the lists below. 

 There may additional, especially older Chandlers, who rendered patriotic service or military service that I did not find. I suspect that Ephraim Chandler of Kingston, who I couldn’t find on any list, may have also served as he came from a family of patriots.

 The first list covers Massachusetts, what is now Maine, and the second list covers Vermont and New Hampshire. I only included birth and death dates and their lineages. Eventually, we can fill in their service, you can look it up in the sources listed, or if you are an ECFA member I may be able to do a look-up or scan the page.

 

Please e-mail us if you find mistakes or omissions, as this is an ongoing project. We will feature selected Chandler individuals or military engagements that included Chandlers in upcoming issues – so stay tuned!

 

For many of you lucky Massachusetts and Maine folks, there is a clickable link in the sources section where you can go directly to “Massachusetts Soldiers and Sailors of the Revolution” and find out their rank and where they served. Some were also found in “Soldiers, Sailors and Patriots of the Revolutionary War – Maine” by Carlton Fisher, who Bob Chandler, our co-chairperson and treasurer alerted me to. This is an excellent book, which is not online as far as I know.

 

For those of you with ancestors with common first names it may take some sleuthing to figure which service was theirs and which belonged to others of the same name. Also, be aware that those who served in more than one company or branch of service will probably listed more than once as in the case of Nathaniel Chandler.

 

If you can’t find your Revolutionary War era ancestor listed below or wish to find out more details about their service, there are many places where you can research- — NARA, pension files, town records, historic documents, etc. 

 

Maine was still part of Massachusetts and would not become a separate state until 1820, so check Massachusetts, too, if you are looking for a Maine ancestor. Not all soldiers are listed from the state where they lived. I found Josiah Chandler in both Massachusetts and Vermont/New Hampshire records. He was born in Massachusetts and moved to Maine.

 

I found our New Hampshire veterans and patriots in the book “Soldiers and Sailors and Patriots of the Revolutionary War – Vermont.” By Carlton Fisher Sorry, no clickable link for that book. Vermont wasn’t even a separate colony during the Revolution. New York, New Hampshire and Massachusetts all had claims, but many men from different states served there and Vermont men also served in various states. 

 

Not all veterans and patriots are listed with the various Revolutionary War societies. For example, the DAR only lists their members’ Revolutionary War ancestors. Also, be aware that membership requirements vary from group to group.  See Revolutionary War lineage societies following the list.

If you wish to read about our member, Elsie’s, experience in applying to the DAR under her ancestor, Nathaniel Chandler (Capt. John>Edmund*>Joseph>Edmund, the immigrant), read the October 2006 issue of the Courier in our archives at www.edmundchandler.com .

 

Also following the lists of Revolutionary War Veterans and Patriots who descended from Edmund Chandler, is a list explaining the branches of military service during the Revolution and descriptions of what constituted patriotic service. This was summarized from a DAR source. There is a clickable link to read more.

THE LISTS

 REVOLUTIONARY WAR VETERANS AND PATRIOTS WHO DESCEND FROM EDMUND CHANDLER

solider 

MASSACHUSETTS AND MAINE

Flag of New England.

Flag of New England.

 

AARON CHANDLER born June 23, 1765, Duxbury died at sea after 1799. Lineage: Thomas>Samuel>Benjamin>Edmund, the immigrant. Source:1, 2

 ABEL CHANDLER  (October 27, 1758- March10, 1812). Lineage: John>Joseph>Benjamin>Edmund, the immigrant. Source: 1, 2

 ARTHUR CHANDLER (May 28, 1762-August 13, 1826). Lineage: Zebedee Chandler> possibly Edmund>Joseph>Edmund, the immigrant. Source: 1, 2

 ASA CHANDLER (March 1, 1743-October 1, 1825). Lineage: Phillip>Joseph>Joseph>Edmund, the immigrant. Note: There is also another Asa Chandler who served in the Revolution on the ship “Tyrannacide” who was of another Chandler line and was not from the Duxbury/Plymouth area. Source: 1, 2

 BISBEE CHANDLER (June 1, 1755-August 26,1826). Lineage: Thomas>Samuel>Benjamin>Edmund, the immigrant. Source: 1, 2

 EDMUND CHANDLER

Edmund Chandler, Jr.

 ENOS CHANDLER (July, 1742-?). Lineage:Edmund>Joseph>Joseph>Edmund, the immigrant. He was from North Yarmouth, Maine (then Massachusetts). More work needs to be done to make sure that he is the correct Enos as he also had a nephew who was named Enos. Source: 1, 2

 EZEKIAL CHANDLER (September 14, 1733-April 1830). Lineage: Joshua>Joseph>Joseph>Edmund, the immigrant. Source: 1, 2

 HENRY CHANDLER (c. 1764-after 1850). Lineage: Thomas>Samuel>Benjamin>Edmund, the immigrant. Source: 1, Familysearch records. Note:  We don’t have him in our database yet.

 HOWARD CHANDLER (c. 1759-March 1, 1844). Lineage: Thomas>Samuel>Benjamin>Edmund, the immigrant. Source: 1, 2 His pension file is in our Members’ only library

ICHABOD CHANDLER (Lineage> Jonathan>Capt. John>Edmund*>Joseph>Edmund, the immigrant. Source: 1,2

JACOB “CHAUNDLER” (June 19, 1757-?). He was from North Yarmouth, Maine (then Massachusetts). If you are looking him up in Massachusetts Soldiers and Sailors, look under the spelling (actually misspelling) above.  In our database, refer to Jacob Chandler in Edmund’s Main Lineage. Lineage: Jonathan>Joseph>Joseph>Edmund, the immigrant. Source: 1, 2

 JOHN CHANDLER (February 4, 1748-May 1778). He was from Royalsborough (now Durham) and New Gloucester, Maine which was then Massachusetts. Lineage: Judah>Joseph>Joseph>Edmund, the immigrant. Source: 1, 2

 JOHN CHANDLER (before August 6, 1758-April 28, 1816. Lineage:  Jonathan>Capt. John>Edmund*>Joseph>Edmund, the immigrant. Source: 1, 2

 JONATHAN CHANDLER  (September 24, 1731-February13, 1818). Lineage: Capt. John>Edmund*>Joseph>Edmund, the immigrant. Source: 1, 2

 JONATHAN CHANDLER (February 18, 1717-July 20, 1786). Lineage: Joseph>Joseph>Edmund, the immigrant. Note: He was the eldest Jonathan Chandler in North Yarmouth at the time and performed patriotic service. He may have been too old or was not able bodied for military duty. His nephew, also named Jonathan Chandler, was in the Continental line. See below. Source: 1, 4

 JONATHAN CHANDLER (December 14, 1750- between 1826 and 1830). Lineage: Judah>Joseph>Joseph>Edmund, the immigrant. Note: We have no record of his death, but according to contemporary newspaper accounts he was living in 1826 when his wife died and he did not appear in the 1830 US census for Poland, Maine. He served in the Continental Line. Source: 2, 4

 JOSEPH CHANDLER (October 24, 1759-c. 1794 at sea). Lineage: Joseph>Joseph>Joshua>Joseph>Joseph>Edmund, the immigrant. Note: He was the most likely Joseph Chandler to have served in the Revolutionary War because he was the only one of the right age and place (Duxbury) to have done so that we know about.  If anyone has more information about him let us know.  He had a lengthy service during the Revolutionary War and it appears that he served in the Continental Army and was at Valley Forge. He needs further research to verify this. Source: 1, 2, 3

 JOSHUA CHANDLER (October 31, 1757-1853). Lineage: Ezekiel>Joshua>Joseph>Joseph>Edmund, the immigrant. Source:1,2

 JOSIAH CHANDLER (September 8, 1748-December 15, 1834). Lineage: Zebedee>possibly Edmund>Joseph>Edmund, the immigrant. Note: He served from Plympton. Source: 1, 2

 JUDAH CHANDLER (August 30, 1720-1802). Lineage: Joseph>Joseph>Edmund, the immigrant. Note: He was a civilian who took up arms with his fellow townspeople in Machias, Maine and together they captured the British ship, Margaretta. Source: 2, 4

 NATHANIEL CHANDLER (before September 19, 1762-June 4, 1854). Lineage: Jonathan>Capt.John>Edmund*>Joseph>Edmund, the immigrant. Note:  Our member, Elsie, became a member of the DAR with Nathaniel as her Patriot ancestor. We know from Nathaniel’s pension record that he served an aggregate of 2 years.  There was Nathaniel and a Nathan Chandler listed in Mass. Soldiers and Sailors. They may be one and the same or it is possible that Nathan may refer to the older Nathan (also sometimes referred to as Nathaniel) Chandler. There is also another Nathaniel from another family. See below.  Source: 1,2,4

 NATHAN (NATHANIEL) CHANDLER (October 28, 1726-September 21, 1895). Lineage:Philip>Joseph>Joseph>Edmund, the immigrant. Note: I think that this is the correct Nathan and not Nathaniel (above) More research needed. Source: 1?, 2

 PELEG CHANDLER  (April 27, 1735-August 24, 1819). Lineage: Philip>Joseph>Joseph> Edmund, the immigrant. Note: He was the chairman of the Committee of Safety for New Gloucester, Maine from 1778-1783. Source: 2, 4

 PEREZ CHANDLER (July 10, 1730-January 28, 1800). Lineage: Philip>Joseph>Joseph>Edmund, the immigrant. Note: Our databases show him as a member of the Duxbury Committees on Correspondence and Safety. This was a vital role as it was the beginning of a new government. I don’t know where this info came from originally. Source: 2

 PHILLIP CHANDLER (October 24, 1738-April 12, 1801). Lineage:  Phillip>Joseph>Joseph>Edmund, the immigrant. Source: 1, 2

 SAMUEL CHANDLER (June 23, 1765-before 1838 when his widow died). Lineage: Thomas>Samuel>Benjamin>Edmund, the immigrant. Note: There is a large Revolutionary War pension file on Fold 3 for him.  One of his compatriots described him as “zealous” in his belief in the Revolutionary cause.  He was a Lieutenant. I wonder if we have the correct birth date for him. Source: 2, 5

 SCEVA (SEVA) CHANDLER (before June 12, 1757-March 14, 1832). Lineage: Ebenezer>Joseph>Joseph>Edmund, the immigrant. Source: 1, 2

Thomas Chandler (about 1773-June 23, 1844). Lineage: Thomas>Samuel>Benjamin>Edmund, the immigrant. Source: 1,2

 ZEBEDEE CHANDLER (October 1712-December 2, 1777). Lineage: Possibly Edmund>Joseph>Edmund, the immigrant. Note: From Plympton.  He was a lieutenant.  Source: 1, 2

 ZEBEDEE CHANDLER (April 22, 1764-January 23, 1844. Lineage: Zebedee>possibly Edmund>Joseph> Edmund, the immigrant. Note: From Plympton. He was a private. Source: 1, 2 (His pension file is in our Members’ Only library)

 SOURCES

 Betsy Ross flag.

Betsy Ross flag.
  1. List of Revolutionary War Veterans from Duxbury and  Duxbury Rural Historical Society

Massachusetts  Revolutionary War Soldiers and Sailors.  Massachusetts soldiers and sailors of the revol…

  1. Databases,  www.edmundchandler.com  Birth and death information came from our  public databases and more detailed information came from our Members’ Only section
  2. Rootsweb.  Unverified, but consider the information as clues.
  3. Soldiers, Sailors and Patriots of the Revolutionary War Maine by Carlton Fisher (Louisville, Ky.: National Society Sons of the American Revolution, 1982).
  4. Fold 3

REVOLUTIONARY WAR VETERANS AND PATRIOTS FROM NEW HAMPSHIRE AND VERMONT

"Nation Makers" by Howard Pyle. Painting depicts the Battle of Bennington Vermont.

Nation Makers, painting by Howard Pyle depicting the Battle of Bennington Vermont.

The Revolutionary War veterans and patriots from New Hampshire and Vermont listed below,all descend from Joseph Chandler (Benjamin>Edmund) with the exception of Josiah Chandler (see below). 

The green mountain boys flag.

The green mountain boys flag.

Joseph left Massachusetts with his family for Litchfield, Connecticut  c. 1748.  His children and grandchildren pushed further into the frontier when they moved to Piermont, New Hampshire.  Later on some of them moved to Vermont, sometimes moving back and forth between the two states which make for interesting research trying to keep up with them.

While New Hampshire was one of the original 13 colonies, Vermont was not.  Neither its borders nor its ownership was clearly defined.  First claim, of course, went to the indigenous peoples, but as Europeans moved in they began parceling it out as they saw fit. There was the New Hampshire grant which neither New York nor Massachusetts recognized as they each had their own claims on the state.  Then there were the British with their own ideas of how Vermont should be handled.  This riled the residents of Vermont so much that they formed the Green Mountain Boys which were later instrumental in fighting the British during the Revolution.  Vermont existed as a republic for 14 years until they paid $30,000 to New York to become a state.

While these Chandler veterans and patriots lived in both New Hampshire and Vermont and Josiah was from Massachusetts and later moved to Maine, they were recorded in Soldiers, Sailors, and Patriots of The Revolutionary War — Vermont” by Carlton Fisher. 

Here is the list:

ABNER CHANDLER (February 6, 1731- 1790). Lineage: Joseph>Benjamin>Edmund, the immigrant.

ABNER CHANDLER (1763-?). Lineage: Abner>Joseph>Benjamin>Edmund, the immigrant. Note: There are several entries for Abner Chandler. One is clearly his father and the others are most likely either his father or himself; however, if you research Abner check to see if there were any other Abners from other Chandler families in Vermont and New Hampshire at that time.

BENJAMIN CHANDLER (May 16, 1727-August 16, 1777. Lineage: Joseph>Benjamin>Edmund.

 HILL CHANDLER (April 1761-1825). Lineage: Abner>Joseph>Benjamin>Edmund, the immigrant. Note:  There are a couple of entries for Hill and also a “Hiel” which could actually be Abiel as there were several Abiel Chandlers in other Chandler families.

 JESSE CHANDLER (November 5, 1764-?). Lineage: Benjamin>Joseph>Benjamin>Edmund, the immigrant. Note: There are two Jesses listed. I think that he was the Jesse in Capt. Ives. Company, not Jesse Zacariah Chandler.

 JOHN CHANDLER (April 27, 1753-May 12, 1829). Lineage: Benjamin>Joseph>Benjamin>Edmund, the immigrant

 CAPT. JONATHAN CHANDLER (December 30, 1735-1799). Lineage: Joseph>Benjamin>Edmund, the immigrant

JOSEPH CHANDLER (September 10, 1730-November 7, 1844). Lineage: Joseph>Benjamin>, Edmund, the immigrant.

 JOSIAH CHANDLER Lineage: Zebedee Chandler>Edmund Chandler?>Joseph Chandler>Edmund, the immigrant. Note: He is the only one that I found so far who did not descend from Joseph (Benjamin>Edmund, the immigrant. He was born in Plympton, Mass and eventually settled in Maine.

 PHILO CHANDLER (February 12, 1765-?). Lineage: Abner>Joseph>Benjamin>Edmund, the immigrant.

 SETH CHANDLER  (February 10, 1868-March 31, 1806. Lineage: Benjamin>Joseph>Benjamin>Edmund, the immigrant. Note: He may have been too young to serve in which case it was another Seth.

 SIMEON CHANDLER (January 24, 1724-after 1773). Lineage: Joseph>Benjamin, Edmund, the immigrant. Note: There was also a Simon, but I believe he was from another family.

 SOURCES:

The lineages and most of the birth and death dates came from our databases; the rest of the information came from Carlton Fisher’s book. Unfortunately, I have not been able to find it on line, but it is available from many libraries. 

 TYPES OF REVOLUTIONARY WAR SERVICE

Timeline of Revoluntionary War

Revolutionary War Military Service

 Revolutionary War military service, with few exceptions, began with the Battle of Lexington April 19, 1775 and ended with the British troop withdrawal on November 26, 1783. The DAR recognizes service rendered by officers and soldiers of the Continental Army, Navy, Marines, state and local militias, state navies, the French army and navy.

 

Privateers

Confiance, a privateer vessel. Depicted in a painting by Ambroise Louis Garneray

Confiance, a privateer vessel. Depicted in a painting by Ambroise Louis Garneray

These were men who, with their own private vessels, captured British ships and goods.

 Civil Service

These were the judges, selectmen, town clerks, etc. who served after the royal governors were removed from office and in areas that patriots controlled.

 Patriotic Service

 Committees of Correspondence   They communicated between the states and were the first step toward unified action by the colonies.

 Provincial congresses

Continental Congresses

 Committees of Safety   They replaced the Committees of Correspondence and provided interim governance.

 Revolutionary Committees

 Signers of Oaths of Allegiance

 Signers of Petitions These were petitions objecting to British rule.

 Doctors and Nurses who provided aid to the colonists

 Defenders of forts and stations They were primarily in what was then the far west.

 Those who rendered material aid.  These could be supplies, etc. whether free or paid.

 http://escondido.californiadar.org/GenDocs/IsThatServiceRight.pdf  The list above is from the DAR. It also lists their requirements for membership and extensive sources for researching your Revolutionary War patriot by state. This is the place to go for sources.

 REVOLUTIONARY WAR DESCENDANT SOCIETIES

 If you wish to join a Revolutionary War descendants group such as groups listed below, be aware that they each have different requirements and vary in their requirements for proof.

 The Society of the Cincinnati This is the oldest of the Revolutionary War groups having been founded by officers in the Continental Army in 1783 to maintain their ties.  It is now open to male descendants of these officers. They also include descendants of French officers who aided in the American Revolution.

DAR | Daughters of the American Revolution It is probably the best known of the Revolutionary War groups. Be aware that they only include veterans whose descendants applied for membership. So if your ancestor served and you can prove it and can prove your lineage to that ancestor your ancestor will be included on their list when you join if he hadn’t been previously. They do have extensive information about the Revolutionary War and those who participated in their libraries so you may be able to find more information about your ancestor even if he isn’t on their list.

NSSAR | National Society, Sons of the American Revolution This group and the group below were once the same group, but later split into two.

Sons of the Revolution Home Page

Genealogy honors the lives of our ancestors, and what better way to honor a person’s life than to tell their story. Each of our ancestors helped shape the country we live in today whether in a big or small way. Who was your Chandler ancestor? What is their story? If you would like to contribute a story please write to Carol or I (barb@barbchandler.org).

 

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Filed under Chandler News

EDMUND’S COMMUNITY COURIER SPRING 2013

 

 DSCF1816

This issue, we are featuring Mary Elizabeth Chandler, a Civil War officer’s wife, who was a witness and to some of the most historic times during the Civil War and later during Reconstruction.  Many genealogical entries about ancestors, especially women are simple:  born, married, children, and then died, but fortunately she was mentioned in two books about the Civil War and we have the links to those books that you can read free online if you wish.  So for those of you are also Civil War buffs, and I know that at least one of our members is, this is a story that should be most interesting as gives a glimpse of what life was like with the first African American regiment, plus we have pictures.  Mary Elizabeth was the last child of Reuben and Mary (Parcher) Chandler whose family story was featured in the past few issues.

Member Alert!  If any of you still have the, I believe, 2006 Chandler calendar, there is a picture of Mary Elizabeth and her husband George Chamberlin in his uniform in it. Please let me know if you have it so we can scan it and add it to the story in the future.

Because of the amount of time it took for the Mary Elizabeth Chandler story and other ongoing Chandler research (what you see is the tip of the iceberg), plus non-genealogy obligations, the Revolutionary War series will not start until the next issue.

Also, tips, Duxbury news, the return of “Who Do You Think You Are,” DNA news, brick walls and more.

I am hoping to go the Czech Republic in the fall with my brother as that is where our grandmother came from (not all ancestors are Chandlers!) so I am not sure if the next edition of the newsletter will be before or after that trip.  I will keep you all posted.

 

WELCOME NEW MEMBERS

This issue we welcome new members. I hope that the new members will browse our Members’ Only section which has over a thousand pages of information including maps and photos.  There is a lot of info that you won’t find elsewhere.  Probably the one resource that all Edmund Chandler descendants should see is the Chandler section of The Genealogy of Edward Small which is in our online Library. This is considered the bible on Edmund and the early Chandlers and is universally respected as it is meticulously researched from primary sources.  The first edition came out in the early 1900s and the second in the 1930s.  I believe that we have the second edition.  This is important to know because the author, Lora Altine Underhill, made corrections and updated a few items in the second edition.  Since she wrote her book information about Samuel Chandler, Edmund’s son, has been corrected.

The discovery of another son of Edmund (John who died on the way to Barbados), and proof that Capt. John Chandler was the grandson of Joseph Chandler were made by our members.  Our members through their own dedicated research have been able to continue and build upon her research.

 

DUXBURY NEWS

As you all know we have been trying to get a plaque installed in Duxbury.  Our member, Billie, is going to Duxbury in June with plans to find people who will be receptive to the plaque and continue her Chandler research.  We have the funds allocated and just need someone official from Duxbury to give us the go ahead.

OTHER NEWS

The genealogy TV show, “Who Do You Think You Are” is coming back.  This is the program which sent a squadron of Ancestry.com researchers and their cohorts into the most obscure archives and worldwide locations tracing the family trees of celebrities such as Rob Lowe, Lisa Kudrow, Susan Sarandon and others.  The most interesting part, at least to we genealogy buffs, was not so much the celebrities, but the research and worldwide locations the show visited  The series ran for three years on NBC before it was cancelled, but like the phoenix it rose again.  This time it is will be on the cable TV network, TLC, formerly known as the Learning Channel. The first program is scheduled for July 23, 2013 at 9 PM Eastern.  Check your listings as TV schedules can change.  Here are a couple of links for more details:

U.S. Version of “Who Do You Think You Are?” Returns to Television on TLC, Starting July 23 – Eastman’s Online Genealogy Newsle

About The Show

SCGS JAMBOREE

For those of you who live in California you might want to see the Southern California Genealogical Society Jamboree held June 6-9th. It is the second largest genealogy convention in the country. If you don’t want to pay to hear the lectures, the exhibit hall is free Friday through Sunday.  Parking is not free. Lots of clubs and group are represented such as  the DAR, German, Czech and  Civil War as well as the big genealogy companies such as Ancestry, Familysearch, Rootsmagic,  Fold3, FTDNA, Family Heritage and many more have booths and give big discounts on their wares.  DNA continues to be the hot topic as a whole day, June 6, is devoted to lectures on that subject.

Here is the link: Welcome to Jamboree!

 

 

TIPS AND RESOURCES

search-familytree

WWW.FAMILYSEARCH.ORG

Familysearch is continuing to plow forward with frequent changes and additions so can be quirky at times. They now require people to sign up before they can use their site.  It is a simple and free process and you will not be pestered with e-mails as a result.  They do have a new feature which allows people to put their family trees on the site.  They still are working on their plan to enable people to correct mistakes and have unified family trees.

The Plymouth Colony Pages – Consolidated Index to PCR

Dale H. Cook maintains several GenWeb pages which include Duxbury, Plymouth, Marshfield, etc.  He is also a terrific researcher.  The above source consolidates indexes from 13 volumes of early Plymouth records.  As Duxbury was a suburb of Plymouth there are many references to Chandlers and activities in early Duxbury. Previously if you wanted to look up Edmund Chandler or one of the early Chandlers, you would have to look in the index of each of the thirteen volumes to find that person.  Now they are in one place.

NEW YORK RESOURCES

As far as I know, very few Edmund Chandler descendants migrated to New York.  A couple of them were wives and the one family who did move to New York moved back to Vermont or New Hampshire where they originally came from. The Chandlers who did leave New England seemed to favor, Illinois, Ohio and Iowa.

However, in case you have New York ancestors, Carrie, a teacher from New York who enjoyed our site sent along these two New York resources:

“New York State Historical Association Research Library”
http://library.nysha.org/entry_list.asp

“A Guide to New York Historical Resources” -
http://www.areavibes.com/library/new-york-historical-resources/

 

BRICK WALLS

break_thru_brick_wall

Our co-chairperson and treasurer, Bob, found the item below in his local genealogical society newsletter, the Lincoln-Lancaster Genealogical Society Newsletter, and wished to share it with our group. I contacted the author, Elyse Doerflinfer, who has a genealogy blog, and she granted us permission to use it. She also is offering free research forms that you can download.  Here is her blog address:

Elyse’s Genealogy Blog

Brick Walls

By

Elyse Doerflinfer

 Blogger Elyse Doerflinfer blogs at Elyse’s Genealogy Blog| (http://elysesgenealogyblog.com). Recently Elyse wrote an informative two-part blog post on how to organize and tackle a “brick wall ancestor” — that elusive ancestor for whom the research trail has gone cold. Elyse has graciously granted permission to reproduce the post in its entirety. Thank you Elyse! —Ed.

 

Every genealogist has a brick wall ancestor – that ancestor with the record trail that seems to just stop. One of the keys to busting down that brick wall is to organize your project in a way that lays out what you already know about the ancestor, your research problem, and a research to-do list. Having this summary and plan written up, will make it super easy to follow through and bust down those brick walls.

THERE ARE 7 STEPS TO ORGANIZING YOUR BRICK WALL PROJECT:

1.)    Write Down Everything You Know and How You Know It. I prefer to do this in a timeline format – starting from birth and listing every event I have about my ancestor until their death and/or burial. Under each event, I list the source from where the information came from. I also like to write a summary sentence or two about the weight of each piece of information.

 

 

2.)    A source is where you got the information from. Original sources provide information that is not derived by another source. Derivative sources, just as the name suggests, is a source that has been abstracted, transcribed, summarized, or in some way derived from another source. It is usually best to see the original source whenever possible to be sure exactly what it says. Derived sources like transcriptions and abstractions can sometimes contain errors.

 

There are two types of information that can be found within a source. Primary information comes from records created at or near the time of the event with information by a person with close knowledge of the event. For example, a birth record (unless it is delayed) will contain primary information about the birth of a child. This information was probably provided by the parents that were present or the midwife/doctor that was present during the birth. Secondary information is information found in records created after a long period of time has passed from the event or was contributed by a person who was not present at the event.

 

The complicated part is that one source may have multiple types of information within it. For example, a death certificate is an original source with primary information regarding the death date and place, but secondary information regarding the names of parents and date of birth. The secondary information will need to be assessed and it will probably be best to search for more records created closer to the time of the event.

 

2.) Identify the Problem: Now that you have a clear picture of what you know about your ancestor, it’s time to identify exactly what question you want to answer. If there are multiple questions, list each one separately and clearly.

 

Examples: Where was George Monroe Rogers born? What was the name of his parents? Where was John N. Morris living during the 1900 census? Did Adolph Doerflinger become a naturalized citizen? Where was Julia Morris Rogers buried?

 

3.) List Your Hypotheses. What are your educated guesses to answer your research question? What do you think may have happened? What is your reasoning behind your guess?

 

4.) Create the F.A.N. List: When researching your ancestors, it is super important to keep a list of the people your ancestors interacted with throughout their lives. These people are called F.A.N.s – friends, associates, and neighbors. These are the people your ancestors did business with, sat next to in church, and signed documents as witnesses. When you get really stuck with an ancestor, it is often the friends, associates, and neighbors that will have more information – research the F.A.N.s and you might find the missing piece of the puzzle to your research question.

 

5.) Create a To-Do List: Now that you have all information about your ancestor and the research problem laid out in a clear and organized manner, it is time to create a research to-do list. Carefully look at the information and begin to brainstorm the records and resources you want to check. Maybe you need to employ a new search strategy – like trying different naming spellings or checking the surrounding counties – to a resource you’ve already checked to find your ancestor.

 

6.) Collaborate: Collaborating with other researchers is a great way to find new perspective and get new research ideas. Whenever I have a research problem, I share the problem with others – two heads (or more!) are always better than one! I love to write blog posts

about my brick wall ancestors – this will hopefully attract unknown cousins that might have information to share, and other researchers can have a chance to make recommendations or share resources I hadn’t thought of yet. Someone else might look at your research and have a fresh perspective to offer – like maybe you read a word incorrectly or didn’t know that geographic boundaries had changed and you should be looking in a different jurisdiction for that record.

If blog posts are your style, use a message board to share your problem. Like a blog post, other people can comment with ideas and fresh perspective – and you might just find a cousin!

Also look into using collaborative websites like WikiTree (This is my favorite – and not just because I work there!) or WeRelate. Both of these options allow for multiple researchers to collaborate on one ancestor profile.

 

7.) Re-Evaluate & Repeat: As you finish steps 1-6, you’ve hopefully gathered some new information. Now repeat the entire process, entering in all new information, until you have successfully answered your question.

 DNA

DNA NEWS

For those of you who are new and are not aware of the Chandler DNA Project , the ECFA is co-sponsoring the project with our sister group, the Chandler Family Association. Chandler is an occupational name so there are many unrelated Chandler families.  Our member and Chandler project co-administrator, Dick, estimates that there are about 150 distinct and unrelated Chandler families in the world. So far we have about 70 family clusters and the majority of men who have taken the YDNA test have found matches. You can click the link to find out more if you wish.

Additional Edmund Chandler descendants have taken the YDNA test recently and match Group 13, the Edmund Chandler Group. Out of respect for their privacy, I am only including part of their lines. We now have a second Capt. John Chandler descendant who matches the Edmund Chandler family. Capt. John was once one of our “mystery” Chandlers. Here is his line Capt. John>Edmund*>Joseph>Edmund, the immigrant. (* indicates, in this case, compelling circumstantial evidence that he was the father of Capt. John)

We also have a descendant of Judah Chandler (Judah>Joseph>Joseph>Edmund, the immigrant who was a match to Group 13 and lastly a descendant of yet another Jonathan Chandler who took the test who matched Group 13. This Jonathan was from North Yarmouth, Maine and was the brother of Judah. Here is his line: Jonathan>Joseph>Joseph>Edmund, the immigrant

Dick is spearheading, both by leading and donating money, a big push into YDNA testing English Chandlers in hopes of connecting to them to Chandlers worldwide which would include the United States and of course, Edmund.  Thank you Dick!

Our paper trail for Edmund’s origins remains cold, but may warm up again with Billie on the trail. YDNA testing offers an alternate way to find his origins. 

The offer is for 12 marker tests for English Chandlers.  If the initial results look promising, the tests will be upgraded to more markers to either confirm or eliminate that particular testee as a match to a previously tested Chandler family.  Our ECFA members have donated money for research into the Edmund Chandler family previously and we will back that up with additional money from our treasury if need be for further testing of promising Edmund Chandler family candidates amongst those that Dick may find.

We are still looking for specific American Chandlers to test and we and/or the CFA will offer free DNA testing for proven Chandler male line descendants of the following men:

 Zebedee Chandler of Plympton, Mass born c. 1712.  He is one of our “mystery” Chandlers and is believed to be descended from Edmund. None of his descendants have been YDNA tested yet as to our knowledge.

William Chandler of Newbury, Mass. He immigrated to Newbury, Massachusetts in the 1600s. As none of his descendants have been YDNA tested it is unknown if he could be related to any previously tested Chandlers. William of Newbury is the patriarch of one of the “Big Four” New England Chandler families which consist of the aforementioned William of Newbury, Mass,  William of Roxbury, Mass, Edmund of Duxbury, Mass, and Roger of Concord, Mass. I refer to them as the “Big Four” because most of the early New England Chandlers descended from one of them.  Roger Chandler of Duxbury is not included as he had no surviving male descendants that we know of. 

William Chandler of Portsmouth New Hampshire and Deptford, Kent England.  It appears that he did not have many descendants.  He immigrated to the American colonies in the 1700s. His descendants settled in New Hampshire and York, Maine.  What is intriguing about him is that he was from Kent.  Roger Chandler, long believed to be related to Edmund, married Isabella Chilton in Canterbury, Kent. For that reason Kent is high on list of possible places where Edmund came from.

The U198 DNA Project

The U198 Project ( U198 Project-page 5 )goes back farther than the use of surnames which is about 500 years. It is a test for a marker whose common ancestor lived 2000 to 3000 years ago. That seems like a fairly useless bit of knowledge if surnames were not being used, so what can it show us?  Potentially if enough men check for this marker, we may find migration patterns and geographic clusters of descendants. We already have one Edmund descendant who is being tested to see if he has this marker and one is all we need per group. This testing is only in its infancy, so we will have to wait and see if it will give us any useful information.

If enough information can be gathered about U198, we may be able to find the general area where descendants of one of Edmund’s long ago ancestors live today. Now, with limited testing, there seems to be a cluster of U198 in Lowland Scotland.

I am the pipsqueak of the Chandler DNA committee and only answer the most basic questions as John Chandler (a William and Annis descendant) is the expert and Dick is rapidly becoming more expert. I help with lineage issues and occasionally get caught up in Chandler mysteries far afield from Edmund such as three southerners who match, but only one has the Chandler surname for sure, one is iffy, and the other has another surname. We made progress, but it is still a puzzle and more data is needed.

NEW TELEVISION SHOW ABOUT GENEALOGY

PBS announced that it will add a new series Genealogy  Roadshow to its fall lineup. Part detective story, part emotional journey, Genealogy Roadshow will combine history and science to uncover the fascinating stories of diverse Americans. Each individual’s past will link to a larger COMMUNITY history, revealing the rich cultural tapestry of America. GENEALOGY ROADSHOW will air Mondays, September 23-October 14, 9:00-10:00 p.m. ET.

Unlike “Who do You Think You Are,” everyone is qualified to be part of the show. The original airing will highlight people’s stories from several cities: Austin, Detroit, Nashville, and San Francisco.

If you live in, or by any of these cities, you can participate. The producers of the show are looking for people who can address these questions;

Is there a family legend you would like to explore? A missing piece or person in your family tree you have always wondered about? Do you believe you might be connected to our nation’s rich history and folklore? Have you discovered an ancestral link to a founding father or an American icon? Is there a family story passed down for generations you would like investigated and finally answered?

To apply submit an application to;

Austin: http://www.klru.org/grshow/

Detroit: http://www.dptv.org/grshow/

Nashville: http://www.wnpt.org/grshow/

San Francisco: http://www.kqed.org/grshow/

 LIFE  on the FARM

by Barb Chandler

 Many of our Chandler ancestors were farmers, this caused me to wonder what life was like for them.

This short video clip answered my question and gave me an appreciation for the life many of our ancestors lived.

Life on the farm is hardly laid back like the picture John Denver paints in his song “Thank God I’m A County Boy.”

IMMORTALIZING OUR ANCESTORS

By Barb Chandler

Statehood Certificate for Elihu Chandler from Iowa Genealogical Society

Statehood Certificate for Elihu Chandler from Iowa Genealogical Society

One way to make sure your family history is not buried with your ancestor is to contribute your research to the public. Besides preserving your family history; your research will help future genealogists, and you may even find others who are researching your line.

Contribute your research to genealogical or linage societies. Google ‘genealogical society’ for your state or you can find a number of genealogical and linage societies on Cyndi’s List; http://www.cyndislist.com/societies/

Consider sending photos to your state genealogical library and/or contribute them to Dead Fred, a genealogy photo achieve;  http://www.deadfred.com/

Think about putting your family tree online. Rootsweb, as well as other web sites, offers free space for family trees; http://accounts.rootsweb.ancestry.com/  

Another place to add your research is Find A Grave; http://www.findagrave.com/  do a search for your ancestor, if they aren’t listed and you have sourced information where they are buried create a memorial to them, if you have an obit and/or picture all the better. Also, consider adding memorials for current relatives who have died.

Send Barb or Carol stories about your relatives so their lives can be immortalized in the Courier.

MARY ELIZABETH CHANDLER

Lineage:  Mary Elizabeth>Reuben>Jonathan*>Judah>Joseph>Joseph>Edmund, the Immigrant

Research by Sharron Ross and Carol May

Written by

Carol May

Mary Elizabeth Chandler and George Barret Chamberlin

Mary Elizabeth Chandler and George Barret Chamberlin

Mary Elizabeth Chandler’s early life showed no sign that she would be swept up in one of the seminal events in Civil War history.  She was born in Maine into a family of paupers that was split up. (See the last several issues about her family)

She was the last child of Reuben and Mary (Parcher) Chandler.  Various sources list her birthdate from 1836 to 1839, but most show 1837. Shaker records show her brother Hewett and sister, Statira, had been sent to live with the Shakers.  We don’t know if she also lived with the Shakers or lived with other relatives. We do know that her father, Reuben, was alone in in the US 1840 census.  Her mother, Mary, formally joined the Shakers in her later years.

Like her brothers and sister, Mary Elizabeth left Maine for Massachusetts where there were jobs and opportunities. At age 23, she first appeared in the records as a resident in her brother, Malcolm’s, household in the 1860 US census for Brighton, Mass where Malcolm was a prosperous ice dealer. 

She married George Barret Chamberlin later that year on Nov. 27, 1860 in Brookline, Mass.  Brighton records show her birthplace as listed as Lewiston, Maine which is adjacent to Poland, Maine.

Her young adult life was uneventful and typical for a New England woman of her age, marriage then the birth of a daughter, Annie, born May 1, 1863 until the event that rocked the nation — the Civil War.  From then on Mary Elizabeth’s life wasn’t typical anymore.

Her husband, George, enlisted as a private in Union Army on August 15, 1862 in Boston, but was only enlisted for a nine month term. After being mustered out he volunteered and was recommended to serve as quartermaster under Colonel Thomas Wentworth Higginson of the First South Carolina Volunteers Colored Infantry later to be renamed the 33rd United States Colored Infantry Regiment.  He was promoted to First Lieutenant and was mustered Aug. 29, 1863 in Beaufort, South Carolina.  His enlistment was for three years.

George’s service with the First South Carolina Volunteers Colored Infantry is what separated Mary Elizabeth’s life from the lives of most Civil War wives, because Mary would later join him not only living in strategically located army camps in captured enemy territory, but with a history making regiment.

George and Mary Elizabeth must have also had Abolitionist sympathies or he wouldn’t have been recommended for appointment to this regiment and Mary Elizabeth would not have joined him in an army camp consisting of former slaves in captured enemy territory. Mary Elizabeth also had undoubtedly been exposed to Shaker views and practice of tolerance and equality growing up as her brother was a Shaker leader and her mother joined the Shakers.

To understand how unique George and Mary Elizabeth’s experience was with the First South Carolina Colored regiment and its historical significance, here is a little history of how the regiment came into being.

 

THE REGIMENT

 

The regiment that baby Annie would review daily.

“Dress parade of the 1st South Carolina [U.S.C.V.], Beaufort, S.C.” Library of Congress Digital Print LC-USZ62-62492

The First South Carolina Volunteers Colored Infantry, later renamed the 33rd United States Colored Infantry, was the first officially recognized regiment composed of African Americans and the first composed of escaped slaves. This was also the only regiment formed from the rebelling states that was loyal to the Union, a matter of pride amongst the men.

 The movie “Glory” depicted the 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Army but it was formed later from free African Americans from the Boston area.  Free African Americans were willing to fight, but were not allowed until a presidential proclamation allowed them to do so later on.  At the time, the majority of people in the North felt that it was a “white man’s war.”  As for slaves, many Northerners doubted the ability or willingness of former slaves to fight.  Some Northerners were Abolitionists, but the majority was not. 

At the beginning of the war slaves were returned to their owners if they supported the Union. Initially, as more and more slaves escaped or were abandoned, the Union evaded whole legal issue by declaring them “contrabands of war” then abandoned property.  When Union General David Hunter captured parts of coastal South Carolina, there were 10,000 slaves that had been abandoned by their fleeing owners or had escaped.  General Hunter, who was an Abolitionist, declared them, as well as all of the slaves in South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, free. 

Unfortunately, that order freeing the slaves was rescinded by President Lincoln and General Hunter was reprimanded for acting on his own.  Lincoln had to walk a fine line between freeing slaves and pushing the loyal slave states into seceding and joining the Confederacy because four states, five when West Virginia formed, while loyal to the Union, were still slave states.

General Hunter, also and on his own and unofficially, had been asking for volunteers and was “drafting” the escaped and abandoned slaves who had not been put to work harvesting the abandoned plantation cotton and rice fields into the military. 

His retort to Congress regarding the slaves was:

“I reply that no regiment of “Fugitive Slaves” has been, or is being organized in this Department. There is, however, a fine regiment of persons whose late masters are “Fugitive Rebels” –men who everywhere fly before the appearance of the National Flag, leaving their servants behind them to shift as best as they can for themselves… thousand(s) of these hardy and devoted (African American) soldiers.”

This first military effort did not go well as the former slaves were not paid and, did not really get a full chance to fight.  On July 17, 1862 a proclamation was made authorizing African Americans to be employed in the war effort and to become soldiers, but still no official recognition, still no full pay,  and still no promise to be free when the war was over.  At this early stage of the war, the war was to preserve the union and not to free slaves, although that would come later, but by the war’s end 12.5% of the slaves had been freed, considerably weakening the South’s ability to fight.

Pressure from Abolitionists, an ever growing number of escaped and abandoned slaves, and a need for more troops led to orders that were sent down from the Secretary of War to General Rufus Saxon. Those orders were for General Saxon, who was anti-slavery, to find someone to lead a new regiment consisting primarily of slaves which would be commanded by white officers.

Colonel Thomas Wentworth Higginson was asked and accepted the appointment.  Colonel Higginson was a Harvard educated, Unitarian minister, ardent  Abolitionist, author, scholar, friend of Harriet Tubman, of the Underground Railroad,  and future mentor and friend of poet  Emily Dickenson.  He also had been part of the “Secret Six” who supported   John Brown, the Abolitionist, who in a failed attempt tried to free the slaves and begin a slave revolt at Harper’s Ferry in 1859.

ThomasWentworthHigginsonColonel Higginson set about staffing his command with white officers as that was part of the arrangement as it was already considered a radical move to recruit African Americans as soldiers.

They began recruiting escaped slaves and remnants of General Hunter’s unpaid disheartened soldiers for this brand new, regiment consisting of former slaves, the First Carolina Volunteers Colored. 

Many slaves on the outer reaches of the Sea Islands had seen very little or nothing of white people, only black overseers, and were fed stories, undoubtedly started by plantation owners,  of Yankees as having horns and tails and with the intent of capturing slaves in order to sell them to Cuba or pull carts like oxen. 

Finally, the Emancipation Proclamation was issued and Colonel Higginson introduced Dr. W. H. Brisbane who read the text to a gathering of soldiers and citizens on January 1, 1863 next to a moss draped tree that became known as the Emancipation Oak. Lincoln’s Executive Order declared the slaves in the rebelling states to be “forever free” which ended the ambiguous status of escaped slaves and allowed them to join the military and made the First South Carolina Colored official. 

Chief Petty Officer Amanda Hughs, Naval Hospital Beaufort's command historian, stands near the Emancipation Oak.

Chief Petty Officer Amanda Hughs, Naval Hospital Beaufort’s command historian, stands near the Emancipation Oak.

A lone elderly former slave with a slightly cracked voice began to sing My Country Tis of Thee, and was soon joined by two women also former slaves. The officials on the stage started to join in, but Col. Higginson quieted them as he felt that only the voices of the former slaves should be heard as they finally were free and had a country. To read Col. Higginson’s moving account and to see pictures click: Take a walk through Beaufort’s history: The Emancipation Oak, and ‘independence’ | Beaufort SC Local & Visitor Guide | Eat Sle

A lot was riding on this regiment for both the African American soldiers and their white officers, as they knew that they would be heavily scrutinized and that they could not fail or it could doom the fate of all African Americans. 

Northerners, upon hearing what slave conditions were like, sent teachers, who had to take an oath to the Union and be commissioned, and philanthropists to the Port Royal area to help the ever growing number of escaping slaves and freed slaves

Colonel Higginson wrote later, “this particular regiment lived for months under the glare of publicity” which “tests any regiment where they had a continuous stream of visitors, military and civil”.

“Watched by microscopic  scrutiny by friends and foes. The slightest camp incidents sometimes came back to us, magnified and distorted, in letters of anxious inquiry from remote parts of the nation,” he wrote.

They had to meet Army standards and if there was any mutiny or major desertions “it would be all over.”

Upon hearing that the Union was forming regiments using former slaves, Confederate President Jefferson Davis issued a proclamation that if the slaves turned soldiers and their white officers were captured, the African Americans would be auctioned off and their white officers hanged.

Colonel Higginson called it “serving under the threat of the noose.”    He had another worry, if they were too strict in training the troops they would appear to be like slave owners and if too lenient the troops would fall apart. He decided that strict army discipline and fair treatment was the proper way to go. Once the former slaves were convinced that they were all under the same military rules and military hierarchy, officers and enlisted men alike, it worked out and the former slaves turned soldiers took pride in their service and what their service meant. One former slave and now a sergeant pointed to his stripes and said “See this. This means guv’ment” when his authority was questioned.

The regiment did not participate in major battles, but engaged in military raids, often accompanied by gunboats, obtaining supplies, chasing rebels and freeing slaves up the St. Mary, St. John and the Edisto Rivers. They later had picket line duty where they had to patrol the line to keep the Confederates from recapturing strategic Port Royal which served as both a blockade against the South and a vital supply point for the Union.  They shot at the Rebels and in turn were shot at as the Rebels tested the line while the Union pickets looked for any movement of Rebel troops that could indicate a major attack.  They had to watch out for snipers, being lured into Rebel traps, and disguised Rebels trying penetrate the line or attack them. The southerners also had their dogs, ‘the detectives of the South” as Col. Higginson called them.  These dogs formerly used to hunt runaway slaves, now looked for any Union soldiers reconnoitering or moving as advance troops.

Bombardment and Capture of Port Royal, SC 7 November 1861," Engraving by W. Ridgway after a drawing by C. Parsons, published by Virtue & Co., New York. Digitized by the U.S. Naval History Center, http://www.history.navy.mil/photos/sh-usn/usnsh-u/unadilla.htm, accessed 6 Jan 2011.

Bombardment and Capture of Port Royal, SC 7 November 1861,” Engraving by W. Ridgway after a drawing by C. Parsons, published by Virtue & Co., New York. Digitized by the U.S. Naval History Center, http://www.history.navy.mil/photos/sh-usn/usnsh-u/unadilla.htm, accessed 6 Jan 2011.

When not on patrol or picket duty, the regiment was posted mostly near Beaufort, a small town situated on Port Royal Island which lay between the port cities of Savannah Georgia and Charleston, South Carolina. There was Camp Saxton and later Camp Shaw which were both located on the Old Fort Smith Plantation. The ruins of the original fort dated back to colonial days and pre-dated the plantation.  Later on the regiment moved to Hilton Head and Folly Island near Charleston. 

New troops were added as slaves were freed.  Harriet Tubman, famous for being a conductor of the Underground Railroad, served with the regiment as a Union Spy, army scout and nurse.  She was a friend of Col. Higginson and with Col. Montgomery she planned and led a raid up the Combahee River that freed over 750 slaves and captured a fortune in goods and supplies for the Union. Most of the escaped slaves joined the regiment. These slaves, afraid of the Yankees at first until Harriet reassured them and spread the word of the Emancipation Proclamation, charged to board the gunboats. They ran from the fields and cookhouses, with men hired by their owners in pursuit, shouting that “Lincoln’s gunboats” had come to set them free.

Union gunboat. Gunboats often accompanied the regiment on their military excursions into enemy territory

Union gunboat. Gunboats often accompanied the regiment on their military excursions into enemy territory

This was First Lieutenant George Barret Chamberlin’s regiment and the regiment where later Mary Elizabeth and daughter baby Annie joined him.

 

Mary Elizabeth’s Arrival to Camp Shaw

It was November of 1863 and the regiment was settled in their winter camp at Port Royal Island, South Carolina, near Beaufort, when, according to Colonel Higginson’s diary, George B. Chamberlin, the quartermaster,  knocked at the door of his tent.

“The door opened and the Quartermaster thrust in the most beaming face I ever saw. “Colonel” said he, “there are great news for the regiment. My wife and baby are coming by the next steamer!”

“Baby!” I said in amazement. QM (we always called the Quartermaster QM for shortness) “There was a pass sent for your wife, but nothing was said about a baby, baby indeed!”

George, the QM, replied, “Baby was included in the pass. Besides the pass itself permits her to bring necessary baggage, and is not a baby six months old necessary baggage?”

Colonel Higginson asked him, “How can you make the little thing comfortable in a tent, amidst these rigors of a South Carolina winter, when it is uncomfortably hot for drill at noon and ice forms by your bedside at night?”

George replied, “Trust me for that!” 

The quartermaster, resourceful enough to get both wife Mary Elizabeth and baby Annie down there, was up to the task. The tent soon had rafters, a floor, chimney, a door with hinges, but no latch as Colonel Higginson got the only latch. The regimental carpenter made a bedstead and a cradle which could fit underneath.  A scrap of red carpet was the finishing touch. It was a double tent with the front serving as the quartermaster’s office and the rear portion, the living quarters and parlor.  One of the sergeant’s wives was hired to be a nursery maid.

Mary Elizabeth and Annie, who was now six months old, arrived at Port Royal by steamship and settled into Camp Shaw populated by a few white officers and fewer still of their wives, 800 former slaves turned soldiers, plus cooks, laundresses, and workers who were also former slaves. 

Camp Shaw was named after Colonel Robert Gould Shaw who died with his men in the second battle of Fort Wagner. The movie “Glory” about the 54th Regiment and Colonel Shaw, took literary license as portraying it as being the first regiment made up of slaves, but that honor actually went to the First South Carolina Volunteers Colored, Col. Higginson’s regiment. Colonel Shaw and his fallen troops were heroes to the men, which is why the camp was named after him.

Camp Shaw was far, far different than Boston. In addition to the slaves turned soldiers and constant influx of liberated or escaped slaves, there was the ever presence of the enemy who would send over volleys of shells. Instead of cranberries and snow there was tremendous heat, humidity, disease in warm months, magnolias, hanging moss, alligators, and bugs, many bugs, especially mosquitoes and sand fleas.

Mary Elizabeth may also have known Clara Barton, “the angel of the battlefield” and founder of the American Red Cross as she was in nearby Beaufort. She also most likely met Harriet Tubman as she was with the regiment. Mary Elizabeth did become friends with Susie King Taylor, a former slave, who served with the Regiment as a laundress and nurse wrote of Mary Elizabeth in her book “Reminiscences of My Life In Camp with the 33rd United States Colored Troops First S.C. Volunteers.”

“Mrs. Chamberlain (sic), our quartermaster’s wife, was with us here (Camp Shaw, near Beaufort South Carolina). She was a beautiful woman; I can see her pleasant face before me now, as she, with Captain Trowbridge, would sit and converse with me in my tent two or three hours at a time. She was also with me on Cole Island (near Charleston, South Carolina), and I think we were the only women with the regiment while there. I remember well how, when she first came into camp, Captain Trowbridge brought her to my tent and introduced her to me. I found her then, as she remained ever after, a lovely person, and I always admired her cordial and friendly ways.”

It was baby Annie who caught the heart of the regiment. Her nursery maid would take her on tours of the camp. Colonel Higginson was so taken by baby Annie that he devoted an entire chapter in his book to her. (You can read more about baby Annie by going to our newsletter archives and read Sharron’s story about her in the Sept. and Oct. 2006 issues or read the chapter in Col. Higginson’s book, Army life in a black regiment – Thomas Wentworth Higginson – Google Books)

“At guard-mounting in the morning, Baby was always there to inspect them,” wrote Col. Higginson. The Officer of the Day “would come to Baby to on his way to receive her orders first” and then on to Col. Higginson.

Annie would review the troops daily. Monthly, “some inspecting officer was sent to the camp by the general in command to see the conditions of everything from bayonets to buttons”, Col. Higginson wrote, but then he would always say that there was one more thing to inspect that was “peculiar to the regiment,” then out would be brought Annie, “a flower in the midst of war.” He wrote that she never failed to elicit a smile.

“Our little lady was very impartial and distributed her kind looks to everybody. She had not the slightest prejudice against color, and did not care in the least whether her particular friends were black or white,” Col. Higginson wrote of baby Annie.

Annie especially liked the drummer boys as they “were small and made a noise.” The drummer boys, who “gave more trouble than all the grown men,” would catch partridges to show to Annie according to Col. Higginson. Lizards and possums were also presented to her, but the only animals that she took a shine to were the kittens. “Little baby” addressed to the kittens were, Annie’s first words. Annie had a playmate for a few weeks when the baby of one of the sergeant’s was visiting.

While the tent stove usually kept the family warm, on occasion, the wind shifted and they would be smoked out of the tent and Mary Elizabeth and baby Annie in her Red Riding Hood cloak would be forced to flee in the rain to the Adjutant’s wife’s tent.

The soldiers sang spirituals, which along with the Gullah dialect of the Sea Islands, were a source of study and fascination for the Colonel. 

While the soldiers sang spirituals around campfires, for the officers, the quartermaster’s tent was the place to be in the evenings where Methodist hymns were sung, “With Mrs. C.’s sweet tones chiming in.”

As the regiment was actively engaged in war, George, Mary Elizabeth and baby Annie’s residence moved with the troops. When the regiment was on picket duty, Mary Elizabeth and baby Annie came along. Regimental headquarters were set up in an abandoned plantation house which had half of the windows broken out, about seven miles from Beaufort. “Baby’s father and mother had a room upstairs” and where the ladies “hung wreaths and hangings of evergreen” to cover the dirty walls. 

 Smith Plantation where the regiment headquartered during part of their service.

Smith Plantation where the regiment headquartered during part of their service.

Life in regimental headquarters certainly was more exciting for the whole family, especially Annie. She would watch the couriers and officers come and go all day with dispatches and orders. When bored with the latest courier, her attention would turn to the tethered horses. Often her father was one of the riders and he would take her in his arms and treat her to a gallop around the house. According to Col. Higginson “she was fearless” and enjoyed everything with equanimity.

Annie now had an “intimate knowledge of drills and parades” and certainly of inspections. So she it seemed “that the closer that she came to actual combat, the more seemed to like it, peaceful although her little ways may be.” Shot, shell and cannon fire would be exchanged and couriers would be “sent to and fro” and the men would be called to arms preparing for Rebel attack. The ladies would come downstairs at headquarters with their best bonnets on and wait for the ambulances to evacuate them before the expected fight.

“She (Annie) shouted with delight at being suddenly uncribbed and thrust into her little scarlet cloak, and brought downstairs at an utterly unusual and improper hour, to a piazza with lights and people and horses and general excitement. She crowed, gurgled and waved her little fists and screamed out what seemed to be her advice on the military situation.”  Colonel Higginson wrote that if he could have interpreted what she was apparently trying to say “perhaps the whole of the Rebel Force could have been captured with her plans.” He wrote that he would have rather obeyed her orders than those of some generals that he knew. Once the danger of attack had passed the ladies and Annie would return to their beds. Little Annie would go back to spilling her milk and bread in the morning as if nothing had happened.

That winter, while at Beaufort, the regiment was told to pack up the camp and make ready to leave for battle in Florida. The troops were eager to go as much as General Saxton wished them to stay. The general kept saying that there was small pox amongst the troops so they shouldn’t go but Col. Higginson countered with that there was always smallpox and the men who had it were getting better. In the end with the camp broken down and packed aboard the ship, General Saxton prevailed and the entire camp that they just loaded onto the ship that morning now had to be unloaded. One of the soldiers remarked it was like “loading feathers,” but “unloading lead,” they were so dispirited at not being able to join the battle in Florida.

Days later there was a regimental ball in Beaufort where all of the ‘collected flags of the regiment were hung.” Civilians were few at the ball and Mary Elizabeth was one of the fewer still women who attended.  However, during the ball rumors began floating through the gathering about things not going well in Florida. Then came another rumor about the ship, Cosmopolitan, arriving with wounded from the battle. “Suddenly in the midst of ‘Lancers’ there came a perfect hush, the music ceasing. General Saxton strode hastily down the hall, his pale face very resolute and, looking almost sick with anxiety,” Col. Higginson wrote.

He told the crowd the ball must end immediately because there were 250 wounded men from the Battle of Olustee, Florida that had just arrived by boat.

Later that evening, as Col. Higginson walked on board the boat carrying the wounded, he thought that “I longed to ask the men (of his regiment who didn’t get to go) what they thought of our ‘Florida disappointment’ now?”, but he dared not.

Once on board, he “found our kind-hearted ladies, Mrs. Chamberlin and Mrs. Dewhurst, on board the steamer, but there was nothing for them to do, and we walked back to camp in the radiant moonlight; Mrs. Chamberlin more than ever strengthened in her blushing woman’s philosophy, ‘I don’t care who wins the laurels (awards for the dead and wounded) provided we don’t!’ “

George asked for a leave of absence on May 24, 1864 so he could take baby Annie back to Massachusetts as she had been ill for several weeks. The family was back in Massachusetts, but sadly little baby Annie Chamberlin, died on June 11, 1864 in Brookline, Massachusetts,  “before her toes could trod the ground,” wrote Col. Higginson. Mary Elizabeth was also expecting again.

Son Edward Chandler was born in Brookline, Massachusetts on Christmas Day in 1864 when the Chamberlins resided on Beacon St. Their daughter Marion W. Chamberlin, was born sometime during the period of 1865 and 1871. Every source for her gives a different birth date, although all sources say that she was born in Massachusetts. She did not show up in the 1870 US census, but whether that was due to error, her away visiting relatives, or that she was not yet born, we don’t know.

Col. Higginson had to leave the regiment because of an injury and malaria. George was later assigned to General Saxton’s headquarters in Beaufort by the General himself. George also became ill from the diseases that were so prevalent in the South in the warmer months and was given a medical leave of absence which was extended several times. This was in 1865 and the war had ended. Because of his assignment to the General’s staff and later illness, he was not with his regiment and the government lost track of him and declared him AWOL. It wasn’t until c. 1915 and a pension was sought that the government declared the AWOL designation erroneous.

Once the war was over or military service ended, for most was it was a return to home and resumption of normal civilian life, but not for the Chamberlins.

They both must have been people of conviction, because George became a Deputy U.S. Marshall during Reconstruction in Atlanta, Georgia and Mary Elizabeth and young Edward went with him, according to the 1870 US census. The marshals were armed and wore a uniform.

Georgia had been decimated during the war, rice plantations ruined and never were revived, cotton plantations were reduced from producing 700,000 tons of cotton to 50,000 tons, most of the livestock was  gone, farm equipment was gone, most everything was in ruins. The people were hungry, especially the newly freed slaves with no jobs and no homes. It was during that time Ku Klux Klan and the Red Shirts made their first appearance.

Atlanta after the civil war.

Atlanta after the civil war.

According to the U.S. Marshal’s official web site, this is why the marshals were sent to Atlanta,

“These acts of violence and terrorism led to the passing of the Klan, or Force Acts of 1870 and 1871. These acts put U.S. marshals and their deputies in charge of supervising all congressional elections in cities. They made it a crime to wear masks or disguises to attack citizens. The acts essentially established the first hate crime law – they made it illegal to attack any person based on race, color, or previous enslavement. Marshals were encouraged to vigorously enforce the new laws, even being promised they would be protected from arrest by the state governments. Attorney General Amos Akerman stated, “The Government in these matters is not vindictive, and wishes to worry no citizen unnecessarily, but it expects from all its officers the most energetic efforts to bring these marauders to justice.” (Calhoun)

Southern Marshals arrested approximately 7,000 violators of civil rights laws throughout the former Confederate states between the late 1860s and 1877, the period known as Radical Reconstruction”.

Col. Higginson wrote several years earlier of the hostility of the southern women toward the black soldiers while they were being rescued by them from a big fire in Beaufort, so one can only imagine what it must have been like for the Yankee marshals and their families who were there helping the former slaves.

Sadly, Mary Elizabeth died March 20, 1871 in Atlanta, Georgia. She was only her in thirties. By the 1880 US census, George, still in Atlanta, had remarried. Little Eddie and Marion had gone back to Boston to live with their grandmother and aunts. It was there in Massachusetts that Mary Elizabeth was buried.

Although Mary Elizabeth was no longer by his side, George was still ever the crusader. The teeth had been taken out of the Reconstruction laws and the power had gone back to the states and with it most of the power to protect the former slaves voting rights and freedom from persecution by whites, so George resigned from the marshal service.  His new appointment was as a Special Agent of the Postal Department according to the 1880 census.

The government was appointed special postal agents to go after the post-Civil War explosion of swindlers who were using the US mail to carry out their schemes and to catch train robbers where U.S. mail was stolen.  The marshals were also given the responsibility to enforce the new Comstock Law directed at stopping pornography which had proliferated during the Civil War.  Unfortunately, it was an overzealous effort as even medical books and art were being confiscated.

Sadly, George’s new marriage was not a happy one.  Perhaps he married too soon after Mary Elizabeth’s death and still grieved for her, or perhaps his new wife couldn’t tolerate Atlanta, or perhaps they just weren’t meant for each other. The marriage ended and he married for a third time, this time happily and had three sons.  He went to work in the Virginia/ Washington D.C. area and died in 1915. He was buried in Arlington Cemetery as was his third wife, Aglae.  She was of French descent and it is a French name.

Our member Sharron’s husband descends from George and Mary Elizabeth (Chandler) Chamberlin through their daughter, Marion, the only one their three children, Annie, Eddie and Marion, to have living descendants.

Camp Shaw and Camp Saxton, now a National Historic site, later became part of the Naval Hospital grounds in Beaufort. They have Civil War reinactments there and the Emancipation Proclamation is still read every year by the Emancipation Oak.

“Massachusetts, Marriages, 1841-1915,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/NWYL-M2Z : accessed 29 Aug 2012), George B. Chamberlin and Mary Eliza Chandler, 1860.

“Massachusetts, Marriages, 1695-1910,” index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/FHHJ-3Z6 : accessed 29 Aug 2012), George B. Chamberlin and Mary E. Chandler, 27 Nov 1860; citing reference 75, FHL microfilm 2031400.

Mary’s name was abbreviated to Mary Eliza. Her parents were listed as Reuben and Mary Parcher.  The second marriage record was most likely transcribed incorrectly as it gives her parents as “Reubin” and  “Mary Parker” instead of Reuben and Mary Parcher.

“Massachusetts, Births and Christenings, 1639-1915,” index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/FCYK-42F : accessed 29 Aug 2012), Mary E Chamberlin in entry for Anna Chamberlin, 01 May 1863; citing reference , FHL microfilm 1420999. (Birth of daughter, Anna (Annie)

“Massachusetts, Deaths, 1841-1915,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/N7JV-54L : accessed 04 May 2013), Annie P. Chamberlin, 1864. (The death of Annie)

Massachusetts, Births, 1841-1915,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/FXZ7-G79 : accessed 29 Aug 2012), Mary E. Chamberlin in entry for Chamberlin, 1864. (Birth of son Edward H. Chamberlin (Eddie)

United States Census, 1860, Mary E. Chandler, age 32, in the household of “Malcomb” Chandler. Fold3

“Massachusetts, State Census, 1865,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/MQCL-GJH : accessed 13 May 2013), Mary E Chamberlin in household of Phinehas Chamberlin, Westford, Middlesex, Massachusetts.

“United States Census, 1870,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/MC33-DJ6 : accessed 06 May 2013), Sarah George in household of Gen B Chamberlin, Georgia, United States; citing p. 60, family 487, NARA microfilm publication M593, FHL microfilm 545650.

“United States Census, 1880,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/M8GM-GG3 : accessed 07 May 2013), George B. Chamberlan in entry for L. M. Dunwich, 1880. (George B. Chamberlin, wife Doris and daughter Agnes age 4)

“United States Census, 1880,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/MHX5-ZQQ : accessed 07 May 2013), Mary N. Chamberlin in entry for Rebecca Chamberlin, 1880. (Eddie H. Chamberlin now living with grandmother, aunt and cousin back in Massachusetts)

 

Army life in a black regiment – Thomas Wentworth Higginson – Google Books

Taylor, Susie King, b. 1848. Reminiscences of my Life in Camp with the 33d United States Colored Troops late 1st S.C. Voluntee

Low Country Africana – History of the 33rd United States Colored Troops (USCT)

Low Country Africana – Who Lived This History? The 33rd United States Colored Troops (USCT)

33rd USCT History and St. Augustine Members

The Port Royal Experiment, November 7, 1861 to March 3, 1865

Harpers Ferry, Redux – NYTimes.com

Thomas Wentsworth Higginson

Definitions Of Civil War Terms

1st South Carolina Volunteers (Union) – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Raid at Combahee Ferry – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Harriet Tubman – Civil War Spy – Combahee Raid Account – Civil War Filing Cabinet – Liberty Letters

http://www.answers.com/topic/harriet-tubman#ixzz2SkFR37Cn

U.S. Marshals and the Post-Civil War South | U.S. Marshals Museum

If you have ideas for articles you would like to see in future issues of The Community Courier  please contact Barb Chandler at barb95831@gmail.com or Carol May at docabye@aol.com

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