As this is the Fall and Winter issue, we want to wish all of you a Happy Thanksgiving, Merry Christmas and Happy New Year. We hope that none of you suffered the effects of Hurricane Sandy.
This issue we feature brothers Hewett, Luther and George Chandler, children of Reuben and Mary (Parcher) Chandler. Also, a story on the Shakers, their inventions and ideas affect all of us even today (Hewett Chandler was a Shaker leader and inventor), a story on doing genealogy forward to find living distant cousins today using the US 1940 census, plus tips, pictures, and updates on past stories.
Work is still being done to get permission to place a plaque in Duxbury. Many of the other founding families have plaques commemorating their ancestors in Duxbury. Alden and Delano are among them.
Next issue will be the Spring and Summer issue combined. Our research is getting much more time consuming and complicated so it takes a while to get things assembled, especially since we are tackling brickwalls and hard to research folks. Our editor, Barb, is working on doing a story on Chandler mariners, in particular Capt. John Chandler. Billie and I are working on Chandlers, or the possibility of Chandlers, in the Barbados. We also want to do a story on Nathaniel Chandler’s military experience and his death in the war in the Spanish West Indies. Sharron is still in the process of moving so that’s why we don’t have the story on Mary Elizabeth Chandler, the last of Rueben and Mary’s children in this issue. That will be next issue. Mary Elizabeth is the ancestress of Sharron’s husband. That story will focus on the Civil War. Lastly, we want to begin our series on Chandlers in the Revolutionary War. This is a tall order so if we don’t get to all of it in the next issue we will eventually.
As always we try hard not to make mistakes, but if you find any let us know.
TIPS, HINTS AND WHAT’S NEW
NEW SNAIL MAIL ADDRESS, BUT SAME E-MAIL ADDRESS FOR OUR ECFA TREASURER
Our treasurer, Bob Chandler, has moved to Nebraska. His e-mail address is the same. However, if you wish to write him or join the ECFA you will find his new address on the membership form on the ECFA web site www.edmundchandler.com.
FAMILY SEARCH WWW.FAMILYSEARCH.ORG
More and more changes from Familysearch. Some parts of their site are still restricted to members of the church, but many new features are available to all for free if you sign up with them. For a free sign up go to:
With one new dandy feature you can compare your family tree (check with the folks at Familysearch to see if your genealogy program is compatible) against those in their database to look for matches. The comparisons will show up side by side. Your family tree will not be altered or absorbed into their system. It is simply a way to search for matches. If you see, information from a match that you want you can transfer it.
Some of you may have already noticed this, but Familysearch has a nifty new feature where you can just copy and paste the citation for your source. You need not sign up for an account to use this feature. You will notice that in this issue the Familysearch sources have been just copied and pasted into the stories instead of being laboriously transcribed by hand. Not all of you may wish to use the format they use, but it is a real time saver.
As mentioned in the last issue, folks will finally be able to correct their mistakes on the Familysearch family trees that they have created. In the past the Familysearch family trees were so error ridden that most serious genealogists gave up on them. Coming soon is the ability for all users, not only the creators of these trees, to point out mistakes. As this can be a thorny proposition, (out of the frying pan and into the fire!) I think the plan is to have the folks at Familysearch arbitrate.
If you plan to make a pilgrimage to the genealogy library of all genealogy libraries, Salt Lake, changes are coming there, too. They are digitizing books like mad. This is great, but they do not put the books back because they have to tear them apart to do it. You can read about Eastman’s explanations and thoughts on the subject here: http://blog.eogn.com/eastmans_online_genealogy/2012/06/scanning-books-in-the-family-history-library-not-everyone-is-happy.html
Now if you need assistance with your research, you can call Familysearch and they have experts in several areas including Massachusetts. Here is the link:
Another source for assistance from Familysearch:
Free Live Assistance
A GREAT FREE LIST OF RESEARCH BOOKS WITH CLICKABLE LINKS
This came from Eastman via Sharron. There are town histories, church histories, genealogies and more. This is the first resource that actually groups the books in one place with a clickable link. Many of the books are available free on Google, but you have to hunt them down individually, here they are listed in one place.
This website started up in 2007 and differs from other genealogy sites in that it tends to expand sideways rather than vertically. Folks put in their names and what they know of their family and wait to be linked to cousins.
Another site with resources listed by state. A useful tidbit – a list of courthouses which burned up in Maine.
DOES THIS MEAN THAT THERE’S AN APP FOR THAT?
According to a report in Eastman’s column, the latest thing is to have a code embedded in the grave marker of the deceased which direct those with Smart Phones to a web page about the deceased. The codes which cost between $99 and $400 are in use both here and in England.
IF YOU LOVE OLD MAPS
This is a huge archive of old maps that is being digitized. This was from Sharron. On the opening page are a couple of very old maps of Boston.
NINETEENTH CENTURY BEAUTY TIPS
For fun Sharron sent Eastman’s column on 19th century beauty tips. Bathing was advised at least once a week, but in those days hair should be dusted because washing will ruin it!
WHAT’S NEW ON THE RADIO
Unless another TV network picks up the TV show “Who Do You Think You Are?,” it has sadly departed from the airwaves. However, there is a history/genealogy program on the radio. Sharron sent me an e-mail about a radio show that deals with New England Genealogy and History. You can listen to it on your computer. I have not tried it. Let us know if it is useful.
NO CHANDLERS INVOLVED BUT A BOOK ABOUT A FASCINATING GENEALOGICAL JOURNEY
“The Fiddler on Pantico Run” An African Warrior, His White Family Descendants, a Search for Family
By Joe Mozingo
A while back, there was a series in the Los Angeles Times about the results of ancestor searching. It was written by reporter Joe Mozingo. He is a very white looking guy from Orange County, but his unusual last name, which he was told was Italian, sent him on a quest to find out the whole story. That story led back to an African warrior named Edward Mozingo in 17th century Virginia. For his story, he found both black and white Mozingos across the country most of whom were not aware of their roots. He took a trip to Africa where he found out that there were over a thousand languages where Mozingo could have emerged from. The Times series was fascinating study of not only genealogy but of history and race relations.
GENEALOGY: MORE THAN “JUST A HOBBY”
by Barb Chandler
I got this from a woman on FindAGrave, and feel it speaks to the importance of working on genealogy.
There is one in each family who seems called to find the ancestors. To put flesh on their bones and make them live again, to tell the family story and to feel that somehow they know and approve. To me, doing genealogy is not a cold gathering of facts but, instead, breathing life into all who have gone before. We are the story tellers of the tribe. All tribes have one. We have been called, as it were, by our genes. Those who have gone before cry out to us: Tell our story. So, we do. In finding them, we somehow find ourselves. How many graves have I stood before now and cried? I have lost count. How many times have I told the ancestors you have a wonderful family you would be proud of us? How many times have I walked up to a grave and felt somehow there was love there for me? I cannot say. It goes beyond just documenting facts. It goes to who am I and why do I do the things I do? It goes to seeing a cemetery about to be lost forever to weeds and indifference and saying I can’t let this happen. The bones here are bones of my bone and flesh of my flesh. It goes to doing something about it. It goes to pride in what our ancestors were able to accomplish. How they contributed to what we are today. It goes to respecting their hardships and losses, their never giving in or giving up, their resoluteness to go on and build a life for their family. It goes to deep pride that they fought to make and keep us a Nation. It goes to a deep and immense understanding that they were doing it For us. That we might be born who we are. That we might remember them. So we do. With love and caring and scribing each fact of their existence, because we are them and they are us. So, as a scribe called, I tell the story of my family. It is up to that one called in the next generation to answer the call and take their place in the long line of family storytellers. – Author Unknown
CHILDREN OF THE HIRAM CHANDLER FAMILY
Simeon>Joseph>Benjamin>Edmund, the immigrant
They were the New Hampshire orphans that we did a story on in June of 2010. Our member, Susan, sent pictures of David Hiram Chandler (AKA David Hiram) and his brothers, Steven and Charles, sons of Hiram Chandler and Lucy Peters, and the house where David Hiram spent his final years in New Hampshire. She also found out that his father, Hiram, was born July 24, 1813 and died February 9, 1854.
Coincidentally, Chris Murray just sent a picture of Hiram David Chandler’s brother, Allen. Chris descends from Allen.
STATIRA (CHANDLER) TUCKER
Further research since the last issue seems to indicate that her line died out with her grandchildren.
Her son, Charles N. Tucker, did not stay in New York and did not marry Gladys to update information from the last issue of the Courier. It appears, according to the 1900 US census, that his wife was Mary and his children were son, Henry, age 24, and daughter, Elenor, age 18. They were living in Kansas City, Missouri. It appears that his widow and children later moved to Petaluma, California. Neither appears to have married, but more research needs to be done.
Statira’s two other grandchildren, Albert F. James and Charles Nathan James did not marry. Their mother, Statira’s daughter Mary (Tucker) James, died when they were young and they were raised by relatives.
Above is the death record for Albert F. James (Statira Chandler Tucker’s grandson). Sadly, he had dementia praecox (schizophrenia) and died of TB in the state hospital in Danvers, Massachusetts. He was buried in Evergreen Cemetery as was Statira.
Albert’s brother, Charles Nathan James, was registered in the World War I draft, appeared in the 1920 US census for Massachusetts and probably again in the 1930 US census as a patient in the Belmont hospital in Middlesex, Massachusetts. If we are correct in that was him, he may have been a patient because he was sick or because he was just old.
REBECCA (CHANDLER?) Lane (*Jonathan>Judah>Joseph>Joseph>Edmund, the immigrant)
I had guessed that maybe Jonathan and Zeruiah (Brown) Chandler (see Fall 2011 Courier) had a daughter named Rebecca because of the clues that I had. Only problem is that now I think that she was not my Rebecca Chandler, who married Jonathan Snow, but possibly was the Rebecca who married Jonathan Lane. I came across an old unverified tree on Familysearch that showed that this Rebecca Lane’s maiden name was Chandler.
Our member, Steve, in the rain with a head cold, went to the Empire Cemetery to find out if these people were buried near each other, which could be another clue as to relationships. Turns out Jonathan Lane, wife Rebecca, son Milton Lane and Aunt Rachel, Jonathan, Jr., Reuben and Rufus Chandler are all lined up in a row next to each other.
So now the pendulum is swinging back to the original idea that my Rebecca Chandler was the daughter of Abel and Sarah (Weston) Chandler and this Rebecca is looking more and more like she could have been Rebecca Chandler, daughter of Jonathan Chandler and the sister of Aunt Rachel, Jonathan, Jr., Rufus and Reuben Chandler.
USING THE US 1940 CENSUS AS A SPRINGBOARD TO FINDING LOST COUSINS LIVING TODAY
The US 1940 Census is finished, it is free and it is searchable. You can access it free from both www.familysearch.org and www.ancestry.com. Familysearch is always free, but because several genealogical organizations and their volunteers worked together to transcribe this census, Ancestry is also making the 1940 census free to search. Again, I found people on one site but not the other, so check both. Ancestry has a few more bells and whistles and is easier to read because of the highlighting. An interesting twist to the 1940 census is that they ask where people were living five years previously. If you are lucky, one of your family members may have been asked the bonus questions which include how many children and how many marriages the mother had. Only a small percentage of the enumerated were asked the extra questions.
I didn’t think that the 1940 census would be useful beyond looking up immediate family members for fun, but after working hard researching the Reuben Chandler family (*Jonathan>Judah>Joseph>Joseph>Edmund, the immigrant), I began wondering if they were progenitors of what seemed to be a nearly extinct line. Usually if there are many descendants, there is a big paper trail and research from other family genealogists who have worked on that line. Reuben and Mary’s daughter, Mary Elizabeth (Chandler) Chamberlin, the ancestress of our member, Sharron’s husband’s family, seemed to be the only one with living descendants
I began searching forward again to look for more descendants. John disappeared from the records shortly after he was born, George died young without children, Hewett had children, but one died young and it appears that his adopted son did not have children, Austin’s adopted children appear not to have married, Malcolm’s line probably died out with his grandchildren, Statira’s line may also have died out with her grandchildren. That left Luther P. Chandler. Did he have descendants?
I trudged forward again through the censuses and records to find out if Luther’s descendants made it to the 21st century. His son Walter Luther Chandler had son, Arthur Luther Chandler, and daughter, Anna (Chandler) Larmer/Lormer/Lorner/Loomer. All of those variations and misspellings of her married name made her very hard to track.
Anna married Thomas Larmer and had daughters. One daughter served in the military in World War II, but probably married too late to have had children. I was unable to trace the other two daughters beyond the 1920 census.
That left Arthur Luther Chandler (Walter Luther>Luther P.>Reuben>*Jonathan>Judah>Joseph>Joseph>Edmund, the immigrant).
Did Arthur Luther Chandler have children? When the 1940 US census came out this year, I found that Arthur did indeed have children. I smiled when I saw some of the names. They were familiar Chandler first names from the past.
It takes both luck and persistence to find living descendants, but armed with the information that I had obtained from the census I thought that maybe I could find them. The places that I searched were all free and all part of public records that are online – SSDI, Find A Grave, obituaries, and “find people” sites on the internet.
Occasionally, you will find a plea from someone on one of the Chandler boards at Rootsweb or Gen Forum who has hit a brick wall and you can link up with them. That’s how Sharron and I connected, but I knew that wouldn’t be the case here.
The first two places that I checked were the Social Security Death Index ( SSDI free on Familysearch) and Find A Grave to see if they are still living or not. It helped that they did not have common names. I found one in the SSDI index, which also gave clues as to where he lived. A Google search found obituary information for him that led to names of relatives which led to a search of more obituaries which led back to Find A Grave and to the names of his survivors.
The next descendant didn’t show up in the SSDI or Find A Grave. From that I presumed that he was still living. After a few more twists, turns and sidetracks I had enough information to search www.whitepages.com and www.switchboard.com and similar “find people” sites to look for living people.
So now out of Reuben and Mary (Parcher) Chandler’s eight children, two did go on to have documented 21st century descendants
I am not divulging names here of who I believe are the descendants because I have not corresponded with them yet and respect their privacy. I left a phone message for one and did not hear back yet and have not contacted the other descendants yet because I want to wait until the aftermath of Hurricane Sandy settles down.
Regarding being “found” by cousins, I was found by a cousin who I didn’t know from my father’s side and was also found by a cousin on my mother’s side. Neither are Chandlers. In both cases they were fellow genealogists so we were mutually delighted and have been corresponding. I have visited the cousins who live nearer to me. It turned out great.
However, not all folks are into genealogy and might consider it irrelevant to their lives or worse, being found out-of-the-blue by a very distant cousin weird. If I hear nothing back from e-mails, I will snail mail them the information that we gathered about their ancestors, wish them well, and move on to another project, because one day a family genealogist will spring up in those families and find it fascinating.
EARLY AMERICAN GRAVESTONES
by Barb Chandler
I’m a member of geneabloggers, folks who write blogs about genealogy, and are given a prompt for the day to get the creative juices flowing. Several days ago there was a prompt about “sympathy.” One of the blogs which was featured a description of a webpage containing information about early American burial practices and gravestones that I thought you might find interesting. The webpage is at; http://www.gravestonestudies.org/Early%20American%20Gravestones.pdf
The Orphan Train
by Barb Chandler
I’d love to know the story behind her adoption, I thought as I looked at the name of my gg grandfather’s adopted daughter.
I thought about getting her record, but decided to put it off ‘for another day.’ When I happened across an article about Orphan Trains I begin to put two and two together. She appeared on the census in the late 1800s and the family was from Illinois. I never thought one of my ancestors might have been on the Orphan Train now I wonder if I had found one.
The Orphan Train movement grew out of a dream of its founder Charles Loring Brace. He conceived the idea because he believed institutionalizing children was not conducive to their emotional or physical well-being. Instead, he felt that if children had a strong family and educational life they would thrive. Brace speculated that pioneers in the West could probably use help, so he arranged for the Trains to send orphaned children to pioneers. There were both positives and negatives. Many children were separated from their siblings, some became indentured servants to families and were abused, while others were adopted either formally or informally and made part of the family unit.
This video provides a good overview;
Between 1853 and 1929, more than 250,000 children rode the Orphan Train to their new lives. To find resources and read more about this movement click on; http://www.orphantraindepot.com/index.html
Most people today know little about the Shakers, often confusing them with the Amish who shun modern inventions and drive horse drawn buggies, or think that Shaker is a style of furniture.
Actually they are 180 degrees from the Amish as they not only embraced technology, but during their heyday propelled it forward as technological leaders and agricultural innovators through their belief in uplifting humanity through labor saving devices and improving agriculture.
They are responsible for a style of furniture which was named after them, but as one of their members succinctly put it, “I am not a chair.”
They and their inventions and agricultural contributions continue to affect us all today.
Danish modern furniture was inspired by the Shakers. The German Bauhaus art and architectural movement which spawned modern architecture was influenced by the Shakers. Did you ever buy a seed packet? Use a flat broom, a circular saw, a clothes pin, an ink pen with a metal nib? These were just a few Shaker inventions. Other inventions, while no longer used today, were rotating ovens for baking bread although commercial ovens today use a similar design, water-powered butter churns, mechanical apple corers, the forerunner of the modern washing machine (the early prototype involved a couple of tons of granite) and more.
The official name of the Shakers is the “United Society of Believers in Christ’s Second Appearing.”
The church originated in France with French Calvinists in the 17th century. The French Calvinists known as Camisards fled to England after losing a battle with Louis XIV. There they influenced the Society of Friends, commonly known as Quakers. Both the French Camisards and Quakers believed that everyone could find God through personal experience rather than through an organized church. A group of Quakers led by Jane and James Wardley broke away from the Quakers and formed a group known as the Shaking Quakers because their worship involved a marching dance where they would tremble and shake.
In 1758 in England, Ann Lee joined the “Shaking Quakers. She was incarcerated for her beliefs and during one of the incarcerations; she had vision that through purity mankind could find redemption. She was elected leader of the society and became known as Mother Ann.
In 1774 as a result of another vision she left England for New York with the idea of establishing a utopian society which was a popular idea at that time. The Shakers established 19 communities from New England to as far south as Kentucky based on the ideals of purity, pacifism, tolerance and equality of the sexes. While they may have believed in tolerance, some who came into contact with them did not and the Shakers had to suffer persecution at their hands for their beliefs.
In addition to inventing, they also believed in scrupulous cleanliness and healthy eating. At a time when the American diet emphasized fatty, preserved meats and starch (sounds like we still have that problem!), they emphasized locally grown (usually from their own gardens) fresh fruits and vegetables cooked with herbs and whole grains. Believing in health as well as thrift they cooked many vegetables with the skins on and saved the liquid for soups. Some were vegetarians. They served daily vegetarian meals as well as meals which contained meat. Maybe some of the recipes that were handed down in your family originally came from the Shakers.
Their belief in equality gave the freedom and opportunity to their member, Tabitha Babbitt, to invent the circular saw. Hewett Chandler invented a mower and a way to make barrel staves. They not only were inventors and innovators, they manufactured their inventions, packaged seeds and sold them to people across America. Locally, they sold, “fancy” goods, baskets, canned goods. They held patents and sold herbs for medicine. As medicine progressed they embraced that, too. Their progressive approach to farming and horticulture led them to experiment to cultivate the best fruits and vegetables and package their seeds which they sold to farmers all over the country. This idea took hold like wildfire.
They also loved their religiously inspired music some of which endures today. One of the most well-known songs was made famous by Aaron Copland for the ballet “Appalachian Spring” called “Simple Gifts” which was originally composed by Elder Joseph Bracket in the Alfred, Maine Shaker colony in 1848.
Later on it was incorporated into the hymn “Lord of the Dance” adapted by Sydney Carter.
While you may have been touched by the Shakers through their inventions, your ancestors may have been influenced by the Shakers through more than just their horticultural accomplishments, inventions and recipes. Perhaps they were converts for a while such as one of my Hanscom ancestors was, or they were raised by them if they were paupers or orphans such as Reuben Chandler’s children.
The Shakers took in orphans until the mid-20th century. Changing times, no more orphans and a celibate life all contributed to their decline in population to the point where there are only three Shakers left and they live in the Sabbathday Lake colony in New Gloucester, Maine.
Shakers live a disciplined life, obedience being the most difficult to follow according to some of their converts. They are up very early and their days are filled with chores and prayers. The men and women lived in “families” but were separated as celibacy was part of their religion for the fully converted. Each “family” had an Elder and an Eldress to run it. They had separate doors to enter and exit and separate seating for men and women.
They did have friends in the local communities that followed a less rigorous commitment than the fully converted. They were the most successful of the utopian societies with a peak of 6000 members during the early 19th century which began a decline after the Civil War. Many of the former Shaker Colonies are now museums which you can visit. See list of Shaker museums below after the links list.
You can visit the last active Shaker colony at Sabbathday Lake in New Gloucester, Maine. In addition to the museum, you can sign up for naturalist led nature walks, chair caning, canning and a variety of other classes taught by volunteers. There are livestock and orchards to see and seed packets and herbs and other things for sale in the store.
This last active Shaker colony, with three members, is the New Gloucester Maine Colony adjacent to land belonging to our member, Steve.
The United Society of Shakers at Sabbathday Lake Maine Modern Shaker recipes
LIST OF SITES
Sabbathday Lake Shaker Village_http://www.nps.gov/nr/travel/shake
r/text.htm#sab — New Gloucester, Maine
Alfred Shaker Historic District _
http://www.nps.gov/nr/travel/shaker/text.htm#alf — Alfred, Maine
Enfield Shaker Historic District_
http://www.nps.gov/nr/travel/shaker/text.htm#enh — Enfield, New
Canterbury Shaker Village
http://www.nps.gov/nr/travel/shaker/text.htm#can — Canterbury, New
Harvard Shaker Village Historic District_
http://www.nps.gov/nr/travel/shaker/text.htm#har — Harvard,
Shirley Shaker Village_
Hancock Shaker Village
Tyringham Shaker Settlement Historic District_http://www.nps.gov/nr/travel/shaker/text.htm#tyr — Tyringham,
Enfield Shakers Historic District_
http://www.nps.gov/nr/travel/shaker/text.htm#ect — Enfield,
Mount Lebanon Shaker Society_
http://www.nps.gov/nr/travel/shaker/text.htm#mou — New Lebanon, New
Watervliet Shaker Historic District_http://www.nps.gov/nr/travel/shaker/text.htm#wat — Albany, New York
LUTHER P., GEORGE W., AND HEWETT CHANDLER THE YOUNGEST SONS OF REUBEN AND MARY (PARCHER) CHANDLER
Why was the Reuben and Mary (Parcher) Chandler family so difficult to trace? As our research slowly progressed, it became apparent that with this family we hit the trifecta of research difficulties.
First, most of the Maine vital records concerning them were either lost or burned up in fires.
Second, they were declared paupers and the family was split up so they did not begin showing up in the now mostly Massachusetts records until they were adults. They only appeared as a family once and that was the US 1830 census for New Gloucester, Maine and even then only head the head of household was enumerated by name and not all of the children had been born yet.
Third, only two (Mary Elizabeth and Luther P.) of Reuben and Mary’s eight children had descendants that survived into the 20th century. Few descendants mean a smaller paper trail.
LUTHER P. CHANDLER
Chandler lineage: Reuben>*Jonathan>Judah>Joseph>Joseph>Edmund, the immigrant
Born c. 1832 in Chesterville, Maine and died between 1865 and 1870 in Wisconsin
Nurseryman, horticulturist and westward pioneer
Luther P. Chandler didn’t become an ice man like brothers Malcolm and Austin, but instead was involved in agriculture like his brother, Hewett. He was a nurseryman, a superintendent of a large show place farm, and horticulture judge at Wisconsin fairs.
He was born in Chesterville, probably because his mother, Mary (Parcher) Chandler appeared to have had Parcher relatives there, probably her brother and maybe her grandfather. Proof of the relationship is only circumstantial at this point.
He was listed as an 18-year-old laborer in the 1850 US census in the household of Nathan Dane of Alfred, Maine. Alfred was home to a colony of Shakers and there were also Parchers who lived in that area. Whether he lived there because of the Shakers or because of Parchers, or neither reason, we don’t know.
According to Massachusets marriage records, Luther married Ellen E. Gowen of Dorchester, Massachusetts on October 17, 1856. In the Massachusetts marriage records he was listed as the son of Reuben Chandler and Mary.
Luther was listed as a nurseryman and resident of Roxbury, Mass, which coincidentally is the home town of the huge William and Annis Chandler family, although Luther descended from Edmund Chandler.
Because of his occupation as a nurseryman as opposed to just being a farmer and later was involved with the more technical aspects of horticulture, it seems likely that he was raised with the Shakers as that is what they emphasized. Only siblings, Hewett, Statira and mother, Mary, were found in Shaker records, but their records are incomplete.
Nurserymen were of major importance to the agricultural development of the United States as they worked at not only growing plants, but developing better hybrids, grafting, and supplying seeds, plants and trees to supply farmers and households. Our founding fathers, George Washington and Thomas Jefferson were notable horticulturists of their time considering it an important part of developing the nation.
There were many fine illustrations done for catalogues, advertisements and even china plates promoting different varieties of fruits and vegetables in the 19th century.
Interestingly, the Brighton area of Massachusetts where Malcolm and Austin lived was a major center of American horticulture. His brother, Malcolm, bought the ice pond which became known Chandler’s Pond from William C. Strong, a well-known horticulturist who built a huge greenhouse of 18,000 square feet with a continuous glass roof.
Luther didn’t stay long in Massachusetts as he and his wife and children were enumerated in the US 1860 Burke, Dane Wisconsin census. Luther again was listed as a nurseryman. Burke is on the outskirts of Madison, Wisconsin. Although he was listed in the 1850 census in the household of Nathan Dane, so far, I have not been able to make a connection to Nathan Dane and Dane County Wisconsin other than he may have been related to the Massachusetts congressman named Dane for which the county was named.
He was referred to as L.P. Chandler in the “History of Dane County.” In September of 1865 he was listed as on the executive committee for the Wisconsin Fruit Growers which later became the Wisconsin State Horticultural Society.
(I just learned today from a descendant of Luther that Luther was a horticulturist who developed lines of plants. There were pictures of them and we are hoping to get copies which we can include in a future update.)
Luther had a home and a small piece of land which he may have farmed, but his main job was working for J.V. Robbin’s “Rock Terrace” farm. Luther was the foreman along with Marshall P. Wilder. The “P” in Luther P. Chandler most likely stood for “Parcher” his mother’s maiden name.
The farm raised purebred livestock and had an extensive nursery. The farm was so large that when visited by campaigning politicians, there were more employees of the farm than there were the Governor’s Guards. More flags and banners flew on the farm for their arrival than did the city of Madison.
We don’t know what role Luther had in creating the farm’s 1,620 pound cheese that was exhibited at the 1860 Wisconsin State Fair, but the cheese project was so big that the farm managers had to go beyond the borders of the farm and into the community for additional milk. J.V. Robbins was a great admirer of Stephen A. Douglas and supported him for President over Abraham Lincoln. It was his intent to give the giant cheese to Douglas if he won the presidency which we know he did not. So instead the giant cheese, said to have been very fine, was distributed amongst his friends.
Luther died sometime between 1865 when his last child was born and the 1870 US census where only his wife and children were listed. The farm continued to be a showplace after Luther was gone. A subsequent owner imported Clydesdale horses from Scotland which he exhibited to success.
Children of Luther P. Chandler and Ellen E. Gowen:
Eveline AKA Nellie born 1857 in Massachusetts died Dec. 24, 1908 buried in Forest Hill Cemetery, Madison, Wisconsin
Walter Luther born about 1859 in Wisconsin, died in Montana and buried in Forest Hill Cemetery, Madison, Wisconsin
Frank AKA George born 1860 in Wisconsin probably died young
Anna B. AKA Annie born about 1864 in Wisconsin died probably in Pasadena, California. Married Thomas B. Larmer also spelled Larner, Dec. 14, 1892
Mary AKA Ellen AKA Mamie born about 1865 in Wisconsin died July 17, 1915 buried in Forest Hill Cemetery, Madison, Wisconsin
After Luther’s death, his widow and family continued to live in Burke then eventually moved to nearby Madison, Wisconsin as shown by census records. We don’t know where Luther was buried. Several of the children’s went by nicknames or middle names which changed through the censuses. By the 1900 census, four of the five children were still living. Son Frank/George died young.
Annie Chandler, daughter of Luther and Ellen (Gowen) Chandler
Luther and Ellen’s daughter, Annie, married Thomas Lormer (also spelled Larmer). By 1900 the Lormers were living in Pasadena, California. They were fairly well off, living in a house that was paid for and had a servant. Thomas was listed as a capitalist on the 1900 census. In the 1880 US census he was listed as an agricultural importer. Pasadena was the refuge from the cold for very wealthy easterners who built mansions there and surrounded themselves with orange trees and other tropical and sub-tropical plants and trees. The Rose Parade is one of the legacies of the early Pasadeneans. For the not so rich there were the bungalows. He died March 30, 1915 and was buried in Milton cemetery in Wisconsin as was his first wife. We couldn’t find when Anna died and where she was buried.
They had three daughters, Elizabeth, Anita and Florence. Both Elizabeth and Florence became teachers and both traveled — Elizabeth to Europe when she was 20 years old and Florence to Hawaii when she was 25. It appears that Florence joined the armed forces during World War II and married later in life as she was Florence Lormer Shaw when she died in 1985. We don’t know if Elizabeth and Anita married and had children.
Walter Luther Chandler, son of Luther and Ellen (Gowen) Chandler
Walter Luther Chandler was the one that we were able to trace who has living descendants, but out of regard for their privacy will not list the names of living people.
Walter Luther Chandler, married Clara E. Bewich February 26, 1894. They lived in Sun Prairie, Wisconsin which is also on the outskirts of Madison.
Children of Walter Luther Chandler and Clara E. Bewich:
Arthur Luther Chandler, born 1895
Ray W. born 1897
Caryl Loreen born 1902
Walter Luther Chandler became a hide dealer. Eventually he settled in Montana while the family stayed in Wisconsin. The US 1920 census showed them both living together in Wisconsin, but it also showed him married but living alone in Montana. By the 1930 census his wife was a “widow” in Wisconsin, but he was “single” living in Montana. Whether or not living in different states was a frontier version of a divorce, we don’t know. His wife, Clara Bewick Chandler died July 17, 1940 and was buried in Fremont, Newaygo County Michigan home of her son Ray W. Chandler. While the information at Find A Grave says that Walter died in Lewis and Clark, Montana, there is no Lewis and Clark, Montana. He most likely died in Lewiston, Montana where he resided for many years. Walter died on January 17, 1955. He was buried in Forest Hill Cemetery, Madison, Dane County Wisconsin.
Arthur Luther, Ray W. and Caryl Loreen’s birth years came from the censuses. It appears that their daughter, Caryl Loreen, died single at 36. Son Ray W. Chandler married Lillian Appleton but it appears that they did not have children. He became a farmer in Michigan.
Luther’s line was continues today through Arthur Luther Chandler, son of Walter Luther and grandson of Luther.
LUTHER CHANDLER AND WIFE AND FAMILYSOURCES:
“United States Census, 1850,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/M6V6-HMR : accessed 25 Aug 2012), Luther Chandler in household of Nathan Dane, Alfred, York, Maine, United States; citing dwelling 168, family 180, NARA microfilm publication M432, roll 276.
“United States Census, 1860,” index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/MWMR-B9H : accessed 25 Aug 2012), Luther P Chandler, , Dane, Wisconsin; citing p. 151, family 73; NARA microfilm publication M653, FHL microfilm 805403.
“United States Census, 1870,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/MN9W-VGG : accessed 25 Aug 2012), Ellen Chandler in household of Ellen Chandler, Wisconsin, United States; citing p. 25, family 175, NARA microfilm publication M593, FHL microfilm 0553207.
“United States Census, 1880,” index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/MN4Z-F4D : accessed 25 Aug 2012), Ellen Chandler, Burke, Dane, Wisconsin; citing sheet 253B, family 0, NARA microfilm publication T9-1421.
“United States Census, 1900,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/MMKC-ZDW : accessed 25 Aug 2012), Ellen E Chandler, ED 54 Madison city Ward 7, Dane, Wisconsin, United States; citing sheet 6B, family 140, NARA microfilm publication T623, FHL microfilm 1241783.
“United States Census, 1910,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/MPJ5-H3G : accessed 25 Aug 2012), Ellen E Chandler, Madison Ward 7, Dane, Wisconsin; citing sheet 9A, family 214, NARA microfilm publication T624, FHL microfilm 1375721.
Find A Grave (Ellen G. Chandler, Luther’s wife)
|Death:||Jul. 4, 1913|
|Note: Date of Burial: 7/6/1913, Military: none, Race: White,,, Father:, Mother: Death Place:, Birth Place: American, Cause: Old age, Occupation: Ref: Cemetery Records|
Forest Hill Cemetery
Plot: Section 32, Lot 035 NE1/2, Vault Other vault Find A Grave (Mary E. Chandler, Luther’s daughter)
RAY W. CHANDLER (SON OF WALTER LUTHER CHANDLER) SOURCES:
“United States Census, 1940,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/K4GY-6BV : accessed 22 Aug 2012), Ray W Chandler, Dayton Township, Newaygo, Michigan, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) 62-11, sheet 15A, family 283, NARA digital publication T627, roll 1797.
ANNA B. (ANNIE) CHANDLER (DAUGHTER OF LUTHER CHANDLER) AND FAMILY SOURCES
“Wisconsin, Marriages, 1836-1930,” index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/XRL2-9CW : accessed 25 Aug 2012), Thomas Larmer and Anna B. Chandler, 14 Dec 1892.
“United States Census, 1900,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/M9P2-29Z : accessed 29 Aug 2012), Anna B Lormer in household of Thomas Lormer, ED 113 Precincts 1 and 8 Pasadena city, Los Angeles, California, United States; citing sheet 6B, family 154, NARA microfilm publication T623, FHL microfilm 1240091.
“United States Census, 1910,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/MVLH-JF9 : accessed 29 Aug 2012), Anna Loomer in household of Thomas Loomer, Pasadena Ward 2, Los Angeles, California; citing sheet 5A, family 117, NARA microfilm publication T624, FHL microfilm 1374099.
“United States Census, 1920,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/MH7Z-3Q5 : accessed 29 Aug 2012), Anna Lormer, Pasadena Township Pasadena City Precinct 20, Los Angeles, California; citing enumeration district (ED) , sheet 12B, family 293, NARA microfilm publication T625, FHL microfilm 1820117.
“United States Census, 1930,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/XC8K-LMS : accessed 29 Aug 2012), Anna E Lormer, Pasadena, Los Angeles, California; citing enumeration district (ED) 1220, sheet 8A, family 217, NARA microfilm publication T626, roll 168.
“California, Death Index, 1940-1997,” index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/VG1T-PCW : accessed 29 Aug 2012), Lormer in entry for Florence Lormer Shaw, 1985; citing California Department of Health Services, Vital Statistics Section, Sacramento, California.
GEORGE W. CHANDLER
Chandler lineage: Reuben>*Jonathan>Judah>Joseph>Joseph>Edmund, the immigrant
Written by Carol May
Research by Sharron Ross
George is another of Reuben and Mary’s children for whom there is no birth record. He was born June 27, 1835. He was born June 27, 1835 in Poland, Maine. According to Massachusetts death records, he was the son of Reuben Chandler born in Poland, Maine and Mary born in Waterton, Maine. We believe that Reuben was actually born in North Yarmouth, but raised in Poland. There is no Waterton, Maine and all of the circumstantial evidence that we have seen point to Mary having been born in Waterboro, Maine.
George was a farmer in Brighton, Massachusetts when he contracted erysipelas, a disease that can follow strep throat or a wound. It also affects swine and poultry. Today it could be easily cured with antibiotics. He died in adjacent Boston on August 28, 1860 at age 25 years 2 months and 21 days. He was buried in Lewiston, Maine although we have not been able to find the grave.
GEORGE W. CHANDLER SOURCES:
“Massachusetts, Deaths, 1841-1915,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/N729-C26 : accessed 05 Nov 2012), George W. Chandler, 1860.
Shaker leader and inventor
December 17, 1833 – August 3, 1908
Chandler lineage: Reuben>*Jonathan>Judah>Joseph>Joseph>Edmund, the immigrant
Janet Griffith, Carol May, Sharron Ross
Hewett was the mystery man who started this research project into not only his life, but that of his parents, siblings, and their mystery lineage. We knew his parents were Reuben and Mary (Parcher) Chandler and that Hewett was a Shaker, but that was all. Brother Arnold of the Shakers had a friendly debate with our member, Steve, about which branch of the Edmund Chandler family that Hewett belonged to – the Chandlers of New Gloucester or the Chandlers of Minot, Maine.
From our research, it appears that Hewett descended neither from neither of these two branches, but from a third branch of the Edmund Chandler family. We believe, from strong circumstantial evidence (see Winter 2012 issue) that Hewett’s grandparents were Jonathan and Zeruiah (Brown) Chandler, originally of North Yarmouth, Maine who moved to Poland, Maine sometime between the 1800 US census for North Yarmouth and the 1810 US census for Poland, Maine.
Hewett was born a pauper as his family had been declared paupers by the town of Poland, Maine eight months prior to his birth on December 17, 1833. From notices in the newspaper we learned that in March of 1834, the entire family absconded from the person to which they had been placed. In April 18, 1837, this time just Mary and her three children, probably her youngest who would have included Hewett, absconded again. The same day that the notice was posted in the newspaper Hewett was indentured, at only a little over three-years-old, to Deacon James Holmes of the New Gloucester Shaker colony (For more details go to the Spring 2012 issue)
Shaker records show that Hewett’s sister, Statira, also lived with the Shakers and that in 1864 his mother formally joined the Shakers. Reuben, his father, was enumerated alone in the 1840 US census for Poland, Maine. We don’t know where his mother and other siblings were living in 1840 or where they were living while Hewett was growing up, but they also may have lived with the Shakers as the family remained close throughout the years.
From this very difficult beginning, Hewett flourished with the Shakers. Deacon James Holmes was a Shaker leader and a multi-talented, resourceful person who had a great influence on young Hewett. Holmes was admitted to the Shakers in 1783, appointed deacon in 1806 and put in charge of the garden, shop and seed business. He resigned in 1814 and was reappointed in 1830. He was an herbalist and horticulturist. He printed labels and seed packets. At age 80 he printed three collections of farmers and gardeners hints with a press of his own invention and making. He also printed the “Collection of Anthems Given by the Spirits” which is the only collection of Maine Shaker music.
Hewett followed in his footsteps. Holmes example and influence plus Hewett’s natural abilities enabled him to also be an inventor and leader. At a young age his agricultural accomplishments were praised by the state horticulturists.
He was listed as a machinist in the 1850 US census for the Shaker New Gloucester colony. According to that same census Statira had left the Shakers and had married and was living in Massachusetts. His brother, Luther, was working as a laborer in Alfred, Maine. We could not find his mother or the rest of his siblings in the 1850 US census.
On March 3, 1855, Hewett was appointed Second Elder of the church and in 1860 he was appointed Second Trustee. He was again listed as a machinist in the 1860 US census residing in the Shaker New Gloucester colony. Hewett’s mother joined the Shakers at Poland Springs at age 65 on December 4, 1864. In 1865 a mowing machine that he invented was patented and manufactured in the colony and sold over the entire country. Hewett became First Trustee in 1866. By the 1870 US census, Hewett was listed along with two others as a “Trustee and Overseer of the United Colony” (Shakers). He was Trustee again in the 1880 US census.
As Trustee he had to interact with the world on behalf of the Shakers. The Shakers had patents, inventions (some of which Hewett created) which were manufactured by them, a seed business, herbal remedies and more which sold countrywide. So Hewett’s life as trustee caused him to have much more contact with the outside world than most of the Shakers who lived a simple religious life of work and prayer within the Shaker community.
A simple religious, communal life was their goal, but they had to deal with managing money and business ventures just like the rest of the world. Hewett had disagreements with them over how things were to be run and finally left after a disagreement over where to build the main building, but he did not leave alone.
With him came his future bride, Mary Grant. She was the daughter of Albion Grant and Frances Brackett and great-niece of Elder Joseph Bracket. Like Hewett she also came to live with the Shakers when she was a girl, but it was only for a few months. Most likely because her father died and her mother remarried, then died. Friends took her from the Shakers to California. She returned to visit the Shakers in 1872 and joined them that same year. She worked as Associate Postmaster in the Trustee’s office.
Hewett and Mary married in Boston on May 18, 1882. According to the Boston City Directory, Hewett was a carpenter and they lived on #17 High St. from 1883 to 1884. Sometime after that they bought a farm and moved to Spruce St. South Middleboro, Massachusetts where he was a fruit grower. At the time Middleboro was well known for its apples. Now it is much more famous for its cranberries as Ocean Spray started their cranberry business there in the 1930s and their headquarters are still located in Middleboro.
Hewett and Mary had their first and only natural child, Annie Louisa Chandler, on November 6, 1883. She was mentally handicapped and died on July 23, 1886 of convulsions. They adopted a son in the 1890s who they named John Joseph Chandler and who was of Irish parentage. He was born in Boston on February 17, 1890. It is interesting to note that Hewett and Mary dutifully told the 1910 census taker that his parents were born in Ireland, but in later censuses John reported to the census takers that his parents were born in Maine.
Hewett retired from fruit growing and they moved from their home on Spruce St. in Middleboro to nearby Rock on Miller St. in October of 1907. Hewett died in August 3, 1908 in Rock, Massachusetts of apoplexy (stroke) and “ossification of the arteries” at age 75. He was buried next to his daughter, Anna Louisa, in South Middleboro cemetery in Middleboro, Massachusetts.
Mary and John were recorded in the 1910 US census in Middleboro. Mary returned to live with the Shakers in New Gloucester on May 27, 1913. Their son, John, remained in Massachusetts.
John married Mary Silva (another Mary!) who was of Portuguese and Irish descent. His adopted mother, Mary (Grant) Chandler, died from heart disease on September 25, 1922. John and his wife traveled from their home in Wareham, Massachusetts to bring the remains back to Massachusetts where she was buried next to Hewett and their daughter.
John and his wife, Mary, stayed in the Bourne and Wareham areas of Massachusetts. He served as a private in World War I. He worked as a guard for the United States Engineering office. He was well paid and made several times the amount of money that his lobster fishing neighbors made. From the censuses it does not appear that they had children. John died November 15, 1971 and Mary Clara (Silva) Chandler died in 1982. They were buried in Centre Cemetery in Wareham, Massachusetts.
“United States Census, 1850,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/M6J2-BGC : accessed 26 Oct 2012), Huet Chandler, New Gloucester, Cumberland, Maine, United States; citing dwelling , family , NARA microfilm publication M432, roll 250
“United States Census, 1860,” index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/MDCM-VJ8 : accessed 26 Oct 2012), Hewett Chandler, , Cumberland, Maine; citing p. 40, family 336; NARA microfilm publication M653, FHL microfilm 803437.
“United States Census, 1870,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/M6D6-Y15 : accessed 31 Oct 2012), Hewitt Chandler in household of Otis Sawyer, Maine, United States; citing p. 1, family 1, NARA microfilm publication M593, FHL microfilm 0552039.
“United States Census, 1880,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/MF3V-F33 : accessed 31 Oct 2012), Huit Chandler in household of Joseph Brackett, New Gloucester, Cumberland, Maine, United States; citing sheet 398C, family 2, NARA microfilm publication T9-0478.
“United States Census, 1900,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/M9YW-L73 : accessed 01 Nov 2012), Hewitt W Chandler, ED 1134 Middleboro Town (all south of Main & Plympton Sts.), Plymouth, Massachusetts, United States; citing sheet 21A, family 467, NARA microfilm publication T623, FHL microfilm 1240674.
“United States Census, 1910,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/M2K6-92H : accessed 01 Nov 2012), Mary H Chandler, Middleboro, Plymouth, Massachusetts; citing sheet 4A, family 82, NARA microfilm publication T624, FHL microfilm 1374625.
“Massachusetts, Marriages, 1695-1910,” index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/FHX9-M15 : accessed 01 Nov 2012), Hewett Chandler and Mary H Grant, 31 May 1882; citing reference , FHL microfilm 817790.
“Massachusetts, Deaths, 1841-1915,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/N7TR-488 : accessed 31 Oct 2012), Hewett Chandler in entry for Annie L. Chandler, 1886. (Death of Annie L. Chandler, Hewett’s daughter at age two of convulsions)
“Massachusetts, Deaths, 1841-1915,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/NWBW-MXQ : accessed 31 Oct 2012), Hewett Chandler, 1908.
“United States Census, 1940,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/K4N5-ZBK : accessed 01 Nov 2012), John Chandler, Wareham Town, Plymouth, Massachusetts, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) 12-170, sheet 4A, family 86, NARA digital publication T627, roll 1640. (Hewett’s son, John, and his wife)
http://files.usgwarchives.net/me/cumberland/nyarmouth/settlers/filechcu.txt Hewett’s birth from Shaker archives
Centre Cemetery Names List Lists Hewett’s son, John, and wife
New Gloucester, Cumberland County, Maine | Maine Genealogy Shakers in New Gloucester, censuses
Cannundrums: Sabbathday Lake Shaker Village Mentions Hewett and his mowing machine
Sabbathday Lake Shaker Village – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Pictures of main dwelling house, school house.
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