Winthrop Chandler, descendant of William and Annis Chandler, is one of the most important provincial painters of the Revolutionary War period. Chandler is known for portraits of his family and friends.His paintings are distinguished by “stark realism” and somber likenesses, they feature individual characterization, affinity for detail, and prove insight into the character of people in the 1700s.
Unlike itinerant artists of his time, Chandler did not travel in search of payment but used family members or neighbors as subjects. To supplement his income, Chandler took up gilding, carving, illustrating and, house painting although he was still unable to support himself.
Two of Chandler’s most accomplished portraits are of his brother and sister-in-law, Captain Samuel Chandler and Anna Chandler (c. 1780; both Washington, DC, National Gallery of Art). The full-length portrait of Samuel, who commanded a regiment in the Revolutionary War, shows him in uniform with a detailed battle scene visible through the window.
Chandler was born April 6, 1747 at the family farm on Chandler Hill located between Woodstock and Thompson CT. When he completed his apprenticeship, he married Mary Gleason in 1772. In 1785 he moved to Worcester, MA where he remarried. After his wife died, he returned to Chandler Hill where he died on July 29, 1790.
- Dictionary of Art, Jane Turner, Oxford University Press, Database: Biography Reference Bank
- Chandler Family: The Descendents of William and Annis Chandler, Google Books, online at; http://books.google.com/books?id=h2JmAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA278&dq=winthrop+chandler&lr=&ei=cd0iS_77KonClATf3fHTCw&cd=21#v=onepage&q=winthrop%20chandler&f=false
- History of Worcester; Massachusetts, Google Books, online at; http://books.google.com/books?id=8MRCObZ79wEC&pg=PA384&dq=winthrop+chandler&lr=&ei=cd0iS_77KonClATf3fHTCw&cd=25#v=onepage&q=winthrop%20chandler&f=false
- American Folk Painting, Google Books, online at; http://books.google.com/books?id=NRXaAAAAMAAJ&q=winthrop+chandler&dq=winthrop+chandler&lr=&ei=XuQiS_nbEY_8lAS2jtHCCw&cd=43
- Encore Editions (Pictures of Paintings), online at; http://store.encore-editions.com/Gifts/chandler.html