Category Archives: Chandler News

AUGUST 26th, 2014 EDITION OF EDMUND’S COMMUNITY COURIER

CHANDLER/LINCOLN CONNECTION

by Barb Chandler

lincoln

Are you an ancestor of Abraham Lincoln? Perhaps these clues may help you decide.

This letter by Mary Alice Chandler Kelly(1878-1969), daughter of James S.(1836-1908) and Lucetta Miller Chandler(1836-1928), had been circulating in my family for years;

“My grandmother, Nancy Hanks Miller(1794-1873), was a cousin of Abraham Lincoln’s mother. Both had the name of Nancy Hanks. Grandfather Billie Miller and Nancy Hanks were married in Kentucky. The came with the Lincolns to Illinois. From there they came to Iowa settling a few miles from New London and Mt. Pleasant. They had 13 children and raised two others. Mother(Luicetta) was born after the family came to Iowa, June 25 1836. She was the first white girl born in Pleasant Grove Township.

Grandmother played a vital part in Lincoln’s life by weaving material and making his clothes, not by machine but by hand; also nursing him through typhoid fever.”

While I was researching another one of James Chandler’s children; Nancy Chandler Chadwick(1860-1937). I found more information about a Chandler/Lincoln connection in this addition to her obituary;

In making application for membership in the Journal’s Three-Quarter Century club last summer, Mrs. Chadwick gave this information on the blank where space was provided for any specially interesting facts about the life of the applicant: My grandmother and Abraham Lincoln’s mother were cousins both named Nancy Hanks. My grandmother’s name was Nancy Hanks Miller. Abe Lincoln was employed to teach the district school in the Miller neighborhood. Naturally he went to live at the home of my grandmother. While there he fenced my grandfather’s land. He also split rails for jeans to make his pants and my grandmother wove the goods and made the pants. My mother’s older sister had a dress bought of Lincoln when he peddled goods. He drove a horse and wagon at that time.” Source: Washington Evening Journal dated 25 January 1937

I wanted to find some verifiable information connecting the Chandler family to Abraham Lincoln, and hit pay dirt when I found this letter penned by William Miller, husband of Nancy Hanks Miller;


William Miller to Abraham Lincoln, Wednesday, May 11, 1864 (Promotion for Elisha Wright)
From William Miller to Abraham Lincoln [With Endorsement by Lincoln]1, May 11, 1864

New London
Henry County Iowa
11th May, 1864

My dear Sir

You may not reccollect an old man now tottering on the verge of the grave — then living in Macon County Illinois who wore the name of William Miller and married your Cousin Nancy Hanks

With the keenest remembrances of old times I will never forget Your visits to my humble home which you will reccollect although plain was free as the air to yourself. Providence has far exceeded your expectations and mine in placing you in the great White House. Whilst age has made me feeble When in Illinois, I was so well acquainted with you that I could venture to talk to you about everything and I hope your elevation to place has not changed your native kindness

You will perhaps reccollect Aunt Nancy’s Sister, Celia Hanks, she You will reccollect married John. D. Wright who afterwards came to Des Moisnes Iowa– John was our County Surveyor was a member of the Legislature and of the State Convention which formed Our Constitution and was withal a very honest clever man

Poor Celia died about twenty years ago when her twin Children, Elisha and Electa were one month old– I took them children and raised them. Elisha had a very good Education and clerked in a Store until the war broke out and then he volunteered to go to the war to help Cousin Abe (as we all call you) preserve the Country Elisha is a good sensible honest trust worthy boy, and has been in many hard fights. And is a good Soldier I want him to get promotion after so much fighting and suffering He is worthy of a place in the Regular Army as Lieutenant and will in such position never disgrace his Kinsman who can easily give him the appointment he so richly deserves He is a private in Company K. 19th Iowa Infantry

I need not add more which will tire You, I am now upwards of seventy and have to get a friend to write for me as I dictate as I am feeble.

I feel anxious before I die to do something for my dear relative Elisha and feel sure that you will do this for me.

Aunt Nancy is feeble like myself. She joins in my love

to you that God will bless you

in this great time of

trouble

I am your Cousin

Affectionatily

William Miller

[ Endorsed by Lincoln:]

William Miller — Bill Miller

[Note 1 Miller was married to Nancy Hanks, a daughter of Lincoln’s great uncle William Hanks. Her brother was Lincoln’s cousin and Indiana companion, John Hanks. Elisha Wright, in whose behalf Miller writes, did not receive a commission in the U. S. Army, but he was considered for the position as secretary for the Montana Territory. See Lincoln, Memorandum on Montana Patronage, [June 1864].]

Source: Abraham Lincoln Papers at the Library of Congress. Transcribed and Annotated by the Lincoln Studies Center, Knox College. Galesburg, Illinois. http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/r?ammem/mal:@field%28DOCID+@lit%28d3298900%29%29

The Chandler/Lincoln connection comes through James S. Chandler’s marriage to Lucetta Miller.

James S. and Lucetta Miller Chandler

James S. and Lucetta Miller Chandler

 

James S Chandler’s lineage is ; Edmund Chandler >Joseph Chandler >Edmund Chandler > Capt. John Chandler > Jonathan Chandler > Ichabod Chandler > Elihu Chandler > James S Chandler

Are you a distant cousin many times removed to Lincoln? If you have researched this line I would love to hear the stories you have found.

FREEMAN CHANDLER JR. SHEEP RANCHER

by Barb Chandler

siskiyou

Siskiyou County(red dot)

Freeman Chandler Jr.(1828-1900), son of Freeman(1801-?) and Esther Austin Chandler(1797-?), owned a large sheep ranch on Willow Creek in Siskiyou County California. Freeman raised and ran sheep on the Willow Creek mountain area, Chandler Glade being one of his camps. Evidence remains of a ditch he started to convert water down the hill to their ranch.

To see a  map of Chandler Glade click this link: http://california.hometownlocator.com/maps/bigmap,n,chandler%20glade,fid,258196.cfm

Source: Biography of Freeman Chandler, Jr. found on a family tree at Ancestry.c0m

CHANDLER OKLAHOMA LAND RUN OF 1891

by Barb Chandler

Did one of our ancestors try to stake a claim in Chandler, named for Judge George Chandler who was a Congressman and commissioner of the Washington Land Office.

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Chandler Oklahoma(red dot).

During the time of the Chandler land run Levi Jason Chandler(1838-1901), son of Sylavanus(1799-1882) and Sarah Harlow Chandler(1803-1880), was relocating from Iowa to Oklahoma. In the 1880 census he was living in Troy, Iowa, and in 1900 census he lived in the town of Miami Oklahoma.

levi jason chandler

Levi Jason Chandler

Perhaps Levi was one of the riders that this newspaper article describes:

IT WAS A WILD RUSH. HOW SETTLERS ENDERED THE TOWN SITE OF CHANDLER-MANY REPORTED KILLED.

Gutherie, O.T., Septembe 29-”Couriers who have arrived here this afternoon gave the following particulars and horrible details which attended the opening of the government town site of Chandler in the Sac and Fox reservation, which was opened to settlement on week ago:

The town site was opened to settlement at 12 o’clock yesterday, and the scene which followed the volley of musketry which announced the opening of the town site was amazing.

A mass of 3,000 excited men and women, intent upon securing a lot, had gathered about the boundary of the town. Some were on horses or broncos and others on foot, stripped of all superfluous clothing, each carrying a sharpened stick with the name and notice of the lot taken thereon, all strung to the highest pitch of excitement.

At 12:00 o’clock sharp the signal was given and with a mighty yell from 3,000 throats, and admid the cracking of whips and volleys of oaths, shouts, and curses, a conglomerate mass of men and women, on horseback and foot, rushed like manics for the town lots. The clambered up the steep cliff.

LIKE SOLIDERS CHARGING A FORTRESS.

The line was one mile long on each side and half-mile long on each end. The rush was toward lot 38 which was reserved for a courthouse.

As the angles of the advancing lines met many riders were unhorsed and hurled pell mell into the road. Many persons are reported killed and others as having received severe injuries. Miss Daisy, a representative of the Guthrie News, was thrown from her horse at the beginning of the race and striking her head on a rock was killed. The excited and merciless crowd had no time to attend the dying and rode over the body of the unfortunate woman, until it was recognized by a friend who took it out of the surging mass of humanity.

As there were three or four times as many people as there were lots the result could be easily foretold. There are from three to six claimants for a great many of the good lots tonight. On every hand can be heard curses. It will take considerable time to adjust these differences. An Indian killed a white man over a quarrel in one of the tents were liquor was being sold.” Source: Wednesday September 30, 1891, Daily Inter Ocean(Chicago, Ill.), VolumneXX, Issue 190, page 1.

Whether Levi Chandler was part of this or not is a matter of speculation. The land rush is a page from our history that describes what people went through to settle our country.

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EDMUND’S COMMUNITY COURIER WINTER/SPRING 2014

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Chandler research marches on as usual and as usual instead of taking a straight line into the current topic, this time the Revolutionary War (although I did get there!), the path led to assisting in further research into Joseph’s will and his son Edmund’s inventory (half of our group descends from Joseph), the hunt for Edmund’s origins through DNA testing, breaking down more brick walls and making new discoveries, and more which are all featured in this issue.

Our Revolutionary War series continues with Part 2, “The Stirrings of Revolution: the Committees of Correspondence and Safety” of which two of our Chandlers were members. They were brothers Perez Chandler of Duxbury, who we will feature this issue, and Peleg Chandler of New Gloucester, Maine, who we will feature next issue.

I am working on a “Revolutionary War Timeline” which, as research progresses, I hope to add the various Chandler Revolutionary War veterans and Patriots to their place in the Timeline. At end of the series I hope to post the Timeline.

Next issue, in addition to Peleg Chandler, we hope to move on to military or Patriotic service by other Edmund descendants. Benjamin Chandler descendants have not been forgotten as we plan to feature Capt. Jonathan Chandler of the Battle of Bennington and some of the New Hampshire Chandlers in future issues. Judah Chandler will reappear as well as he participated in the capture of the British ship Margaretta in the Battle of Machias.

Also, Billie’s story of “The War of Richard Jenkins’ Ear” will be featured. Yes, this was a real war, ill-fated and ill advised, which Nathaniel Chandler was caught up in.

index1A reminder to those who are members of the ECFA, renewal notices have gone out. Dues go to maintaining the website, DNA research, and hopefully soon to re-vamp and update the website. Our member, Dick, is pushing DNA research into England and we want to be ready to provide funds for tests or upgrades if need be.

HELP NEEDED

indexIf any of you have any tech skills such as knowledge about web sites or Rootsmagic that would also help. A lot!

Lastly, if any of you have pictures, stories, small or big, involving Chandlers please send them to me or to Barb for the Courier.

DNA NEWS

The search continues for DNA matches with the Edmund Chandler family in England. Currently we are waiting for test results for a Chandler testee from Essex, England whose lineage traces back to William Candler who was born in the 1700s. It was also a hot bed of religious dissent during Edmund’s time and Edmund was a dissenter which is why he left England. While a match wouldn’t necessarily tell us who Edmund descended from it would give us the likely place that he came from.

We struck out with a testee from Buckinghamshire, England, but we are not giving up on Buckinghamshire yet as that one testee may not be representative of all of the Chandlers in that area.

We found out about Buckinghamshire Chandlers from Orland Chandler, who has just rejoined our group. Buckinghamshire first interested Orland as a possibility for Edmund’s origins as the Chandlers who lived there were blacksmiths and a few years later they became famous for their bell making foundry. Those bells still ring today. There were also at least two Edmund Chandlers from the same era as our Edmund and there were also religious dissenters in the area so you can see why the Edmund Chandler research radar went on high alert.

As Dick wrote, this kind of research is a roller-coaster ride as we have had hopes raised and dashed in the past. If the Essex testee’s comes back as promising, the ECFA will pay for the upgrade if need be.

The video above shows the  raising the 2nd bell at Mentmore so that it can be rung for full circle change-ringing. This ring of 5 bells was cast by Chandler of Drayton Parslow in 1668 and installed in the timber frame which was made at the same time. The bells have never been removed from the tower or re-tuned, so sound as they did when they were first installed.

Monastic building at Coggeshall abbey.

Monastic building at Coggeshall abbey.

Coggeshall – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The town where William Candler came from in Essex, England

 ECFA NEWS

Books by Our Members

The Genealogy and Real Estate of Joseph Chandler, Sr. of Duxbury, Massachusetts”

Our member, Billie, is still revising and expanding her book “The Genealogy and Real Estate of Joseph Chandler, Sr. of Duxbury, Massachusetts: With Proof of the Identity of his Grandson Capt. John Chandler.” She is adding new maps and adding more information about Joseph’s family. When it is finished a copy will be posted in our Members’ Only section.

Since the last issue, I assisted Billie with research into Plymouth Colonial law and dissecting Joseph’s will and son Edmund’s inventory. We have a copy of both Joseph’s will and Edmund’s inventory in the “Genealogy of Edward Small” in our Members’ Only library. She traced the real estate after identifying it by searching over 400 deeds, but there were still points in Joseph’s will and Edmund’s inventory that remained confusing especially dealing with the houses. There were issues involving Joseph and Edmund that were intertwined which made research complicated. There were also land transactions outside of the will and inventory which Billie has traced and which are now more fully explained and will be added as a chapter in the book. Billie’s work involved finding out who owned the land, and who had life estates, and who ended up with the land, and what Edmund’s assets and debts truly were.

This research, added with Billie’ prior monumental tracing of the land further supports that Capt. John was the son of Edmund and Elizabeth (Alden) Chandler.

 “The Immigrant,”

Our member, Al, is also in the process of editing his historical novel, “The Immigrant,” which is scheduled to be published this year. This book does not involve a Chandler, but his ancestor, John Law, who was taken prisoner at the battle of Dunbar, Scotland and endured a death march to Durham Cathedral and then expelled from the country. He was shipped, along with many other Scottish prisoners, to Boston. England dealt with the rebellious Scots by shipping them to New England, so if you have an early Maine ancestor of Scottish descent that is how he may have gotten here as that is where they ended up.

There is a sort-of Chandler connection in that the ship John Law was transported was named the Unity. Over a hundred years later there was another ship, also named “Unity”, which was involved in the capture of the British ship, Margaretta, at the beginning of the Revolutionary War. Judah Chandler was a Patriot involved in the capture of the Margaretta.

 New Members

This time we have a returning member and a new member.

We welcome back Orland Chandler who is back in full swing with Chandler research. In addition to his Buckinghamshire research, he was the one who discovered that Edmund, the immigrant had, a son named John, who died on the way to the Barbados. This discovery has been attributed others, but it came originally from Orland. Orland has a double connection to Edmund. Orland descends from both Capt. John Chandler and Nathaniel Chandler. Orland’s Capt. John line starting with Orland is:

Orland Chandler>Archie Donald Chandler>Hamer Lorenzo Chandler>Samuel Poole Chandler, Jr.>Rev. Samuel Poole>John Chandler, Jr.>Jonathan Chandler>Capt. John Chandler>Edmund Chandler>Joseph Chandler>Edmund Chandler, the immigrant.

His Nathaniel Chandler line is the same until we get to John Chandler, Jr. John Chandler, Jr. married his third cousin Mercy Sprague. Starting with that Mercy it is:

Mercy Sprague>Mercy (Chandler) Sprague>Nathaniel Chandler>Edmund Chandler>Joseph Chandler>Edmund Chandler, the immigrant.

Orland is not the only one with a double Chandler connection. I descend from both Edmund and Roger (who may be related to Edmund) and our member Cynthia, descends from Edmund and a Southern Chandler. Figuring that out took a lot of research!

We also welcome, new member, another Barbara Chandler. This Barbara is from Kingston, Mass, a neighbor of Duxbury. Her husband has deep Chandler roots in Duxbury and was the fire chief there. Her late father-in-law, Raymond P. Chandler, was a selectman and an athletic field is named after him. We hope to get picture of the field.

Her husband’s line is starting with his father is:

Raymond P. Chandler>Parker B. Chandler>Alden Chandler>Isaac Chandler>Ephraim Chandler>Nathaniel Chandler>Philip Chandler>Joseph Chandler>Joseph Chandler>Edmund Chandler, the immigrant.

 THE PLAQUE

No, it hasn’t been forgotten and we are still ready and willing to go forward with it. Unfortunately, there has been foot dragging by the town and the fellow in Duxbury who was enthusiastic about the Chandler research died. As I wrote previously, the Chandlers were a major family in the development of the town. Joseph Chandler originally owned what became the heart of the town –cemetery, church, town government buildings and more. There is still the Chandlerville area, a Chandler elementary school, Chandler Street and the aforementioned athletic field.

The good news is that our new member, Barbara, lives nearby and hopefully will be able to assist Billie in getting the plaque approved and placed.

 THE CHANDLER FAMILY ASSOCIATION

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As many of you are aware of, the CFA is our sister group. They now include not only Chandlers who descended from John Chandler of 1610 Jamestown, Virginia, but all Chandlers other than those who descend from Edmund. We would like to explore further contact and relationships with the CFA as it could help streamline Chandler research. We will keep our ECFA members posted on what we find out and will have discussions with our members in the future on how we should proceed.

 THE WEB SITE

web-designI have been trying to get a web site guru lined up amidst all of the other Chandler projects since last year. I did find someone, but have not yet heard back. If that does not work out, I will have to find someone else. Our web site does need updating and I am trying to find someone to re-vamp and it and make it easy to add updates.

 RESEARCH TIPS

NEW NAME OR ORIGINAL PLACE NAME?

One of the dilemmas that genealogists face is how to fill in birth and marriage places, etc. when the name of the place changed. The genealogy standard is to list it by the name that was used at the time. However, this can be confusing for non-genealogy relatives or even fellow genealogists if they are not familiar with the history of the area. That is how you may find your ancestor lived in maybe two different states and perhaps several different counties and towns, but never moved.

What seems like a more sensible approach is to list both the name of the place at the time the event occurred and the present name. That approach would seem to eliminate a lot of confusion.

The article “A Proposed Standard for Names, Dates and Places in a Genealogical Database” by Gary Mokotoff is an excellent discussion of the issue. Unfortunately, the article has disappeared from its former internet home, but as it is popular in genealogy circles you may be able to find it somewhere on the net.

 

POUNDS, PENCES, HALF PENNIES

  proofset

Generally speaking, understanding the old British monetary system, which began after the Norman Conquest in 1026 when the pound was divided into twenty shillings, is not a concern. The system was used until 1971.

However, you may be faced with it, if you have to figure out a will or estate inventory as Billie and I did when working on the Joseph Chandler project. Pounds, shillings, pences, guineas, farthings, etc. are all in oddball amounts which make for fun figuring for math lovers and hair pulling for the math impaired. Here is the link that explains the old British system:

Understanding old British money – pounds, shillings and pence

WHAT’S NEW AT FAMILYSEARCH

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They are continuing to add new vital records and features, so check back periodically. They also have much more research material online and news updates. More and more books have been digitized and some will eventually be posted online.

More genealogy programs including Rootsmagic and Legacy can now be directly linked to the Familysearch web site making the transfer of information direct. You can check to see if your program will link with them.

They also have a toll free help line. For this issue, I fruitlessly looked for a family tree. I gave up and called them. They have assistants located at their home computers waiting to help people. After no wait! I was connected to a fellow in British Columbia, Canada.

I was told that it turns out that they have their old family trees (you remember those error ridden things) archived in one section. If you want to see the new interactive and correctable ones they are in a separate section. You have to sign up to see this section. It is free and nobody bothers you once you sign up. You can also keep a Source Box at Familysearch to place your Familysearch “finds” from vital records, censuses and the like.

I didn’t bother to sign in which is why I couldn’t find that elusive family tree, but the help line assistant guided me right back to it.

Other free services can be found at the Family History Centers which are located worldwide. You can access Ancestry.com, Heritage Quest and Find My Past (UK) FREE on their computers. Check their web site www.familysearch.org to find a location near you.

From home and for free, you can access their “Wiki. They are like Wikipedia and some are terrific and some are not and not every place or topic has a Wiki yet. The maps are helpful. Here are a couple of samples.

Grafton County, New Hampshire | Learn | FamilySearch.org

Danville, Maine | Learn | FamilySearch.org

TV NEWS

PLYMOUTH

The TV mini-series, tentatively titled “Plymouth” is still a go with NBC. It will be produced by Mark Burnett, of “Survivor” and “The Bible” fame. It will cover the voyage of the Mayflower and the settling of Plymouth Colony. It is still in development and is not yet in production (I got that from Mark Burnett Productions). TV and film production are perilous voyages themselves with many projects being sunk along the way, but things are looking good right now for “Plymouth.” I will keep you posted. Edmund didn’t arrive until c. 1630 so probably a little late to include him, but if the production covers a lengthy period of the Plymouth Colony, and if we are lucky, he may be included as he was appointed Constable in 1636/37.

WHO DO YOU THINK YOU ARE?

wdytya-aus

The TLC cable network has renewed this genealogy series and has ordered 10 new episodes for 2014. This is the show that traces the family trees of celebrities. They do show the actual places where their celebrity guests’ ancestors are from and you do get a glimpse of the places, libraries and courthouses where the historical papers are trotted out to view, although we don’t get to see the multitude of researchers toiling away in the archives or slogging through graveyards. Air dates for 2014 have not yet been announced.

THE STIRRINGS OF REVOLUTION

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The Committees of Correspondence and Safety

The beginning of the Revolutionary War era began in 1763 after the French and Indian War. This war ended the French threat to the American Colonies, but the war’s expense and the expectation of future defense expenses caused the British to decide that the American colonists should pay more taxes.

The series of taxes the British imposed plus other laws exerting British control of the colonies caused rising protest and anger amongst the colonists. The colonists felt that they were being denied their rights as Englishmen hence the rallying cry” “No taxation without representation!”

This taxation and trampling of rights by the British caused Samuel Adams, in 1772, to persuade the Boston town meeting to form a Committee of Correspondence which prepared and sent a statement of rights and grievances to the other towns. Committees had been formed previously, but only temporarily and only for grievances about a specific issue. The idea of such a Committee spread throughout the colonies and soon most towns had a permanent Committee of Correspondence to keep in touch with other towns over grievances with the British and later to serve as a shadow government opposing the British.

 Two of our Chandlers, brothers Perez Chandler of Duxbury, Massachusetts and Peleg Chandler of New Gloucester, then Massachusetts and now Maine, were appointed to serve on their local Committees of Correspondence and later Safety. Town records have not been researched to find out what specific actions they took, but we do know in general how the Committees of Correspondence and Safety functioned. Later as war broke out they became known as Committees of Safety. The Committees of Safety functioned as local governments and had the power to call out the local minutemen and muster the militia when needed and punish those who did not respond.

In the early days of the Revolutionary period the first job of the Committees was to disseminate information to the local townspeople as Samuel Adams and others felt it was imperative to have an informed citizenry. News was spread to the farthest edges of the colonies by ships and couriers on horseback in handwritten letters and printed pamphlets. Many the Committee members were also members of colonial legislative assemblies and many were active in the secret Sons of Liberty.

samuel adamsThe Committees became the leaders of the American resistance to British actions at first in opposing and protesting British taxes and policies and later the Committees led the war effort on both a state and local level. It was the colonial and local Committees who took charge in reviewing merchant records looking for those who tried to defy the boycott, declared by Congress, of imported British goods and then they published the names of said merchants. They encouraged the colonists to buy American and avoid luxuries from England. The Boston Tea Party and other “Tea Parties” such as the one in Marshfield which adjoined Duxbury were instigated by the Committees of Correspondence and Safety.

Strident objections and warnings about British rule proliferated. In 1775 New Hampshire’s residents were warned by the Provincial Congress that “Tyranny already begins to waive its banners in your borders, and to threaten these once happy regions with infamous and destestable slavery.”

The Committees became a shadow government organized by Patriot leaders operating under nose of England and ultimately the First Continental Congress emerged from them. About 7,000 to 8,000 men Patriots served on these Committees. Loyalists were excluded. They set up espionage networks to ferret out those who were disloyal to the cause and they displaced Royal officials which led to the toppling of the entire Royal government in each of the colonies. By the end of 1774 and early 1775, the Committees supervised elections of provincial conventions which took over the operation of the colonial government. Once war broke out, it was the Committees who supervised the local militia’s response to the British threat.

The Committees became the brains and structure behind the Revolution and without them, instead of a Revolution, there would only have been separate and uncoordinated protests and uprisings which would have undoubtedly been quashed by the British.

From the shadow governments of the Committees came the beginnings of what was to become the government of the United States.

SOURCES AND ITEMS OF INTEREST:

Coming of the American Revolution: The Committees of Correspondence

Committee of correspondence – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

SparkNotes: Samuel Adams: Section 8: Committee of Correspondence

Committees of Correspondence | American Revolution | 1773 | Boston Tea Party Ships and Museum

Committee of Safety: Definition from Answers.com

http://www.committee.org/PCOS11Massachusetts.htm Information on the Committees of Safety

http://nationalhumanitiescenter.org/pds/makingrev/crisis/text6/bostonpamphlet.pdf The Boston Pamphlet produced by the Boston Committee of Correspondence

Samuel Adams – American Revolution – HISTORY.com A very nice reenactment video of the Sons of Liberty and the founding of the Committees of Correspondence

PEREZ CHANDLER

Philip>Joseph>Joseph>Edmund, the immigrant

July 10, 1730-Jan. 28, 1800

L33PerezChandler

Perez Chandler supported the Revolutionary cause by serving on the Duxbury Committee of Correspondence and Safety. He was selected on March 17, 1777. That might sound a quill pen pushing job, safely tucked away in a Meeting House, but it was a job that involved both risk and intelligence. The Committees of Correspondence and Safety, were the brains of the Revolutionary War effort, communicating and coordinating with other towns at with at first protests then later war planning and strategy. The Revolution never would have succeeded without that “shadow government” network.

As leaders they would have been the first ones to be sought by the British and probably the first to have been charged with treason and maybe hanged if the war had been won by the British.

Perez was 47 years old when he was appointed to the Committee. He may not have participated as a soldier in the Revolution, but he was a soldier when he was younger during the French and Indian Wars. Those wars were expensive and which was one of the causes of the British trying to extract more taxes out of the colonists which in turn led to the cry of “No taxation without representation” which in turn acted one of the catalysts for the Revolution.

The Duxbury town records may have a record of exactly what Perez did, but it is also possible that records were not kept or were destroyed lest fall into the hands of the British. The records would have to be searched to find out. We do know in general what the Committees did (see accompanying story).

We do know that there was a Liberty Pole in Duxbury, which was the site of protests against the British and there was a “Tea Party” in neighboring Marshfield, the most Tory town in New England, which may have involved the Committee that Perez served on. To read about the Liberty Pole, go to our back issues of the Courier on our web site.

The name Perez seems like an unusual name for a Revolutionary War New Englander as it sounds Spanish. However, Perez, like most of the forenames used in the Plymouth Colony, which included Duxbury, came from the Bible and not even England much less Spain.

According to the online, “Baby Name Wizard,” Perez, also spelled Pharez or Peretz, was the son of Judah and Tamar and means “burst forth” or “breakthrough.”

The Spanish name Perez is related to the Greek word for rock which puts it in the same group as Peter, Pierre, Petra and Pedro.

Perez was not the only Perez in Duxbury as he had a son and a grandson named Perez Chandler and there were others who were not Chandlers whose forenames were also Perez.

Perez was the son of Philip Chandler and Rebecca Phillips. Philip was unique in that he was the only son of Joseph and Martha (Hunt) Chandler to remain in Duxbury. Joseph moved to North Yarmouth, Maine (then still part of Massachusetts) in 1727 with the rest of his family following him a couple of years later. Joseph was a prosperous blacksmith like his father, Joseph, Sr. It may have been the need for land for his many sons that inspired him to leave Duxbury for the then wilderness of Maine to start anew.

Joseph sold his home and land to eldest son, Philip who remained in Duxbury although at one time Philip may also have seriously considered moving to North Yarmouth as he owned land there. Philip’s son, Peleg (to be featured next issue) and daughter Elizabeth, also moved to Maine. The rest of Philip’s children, including Perez, remained in Duxbury or nearby Kingston.

According to Duxbury vital records, Perez married Rhoda Wadsworth Dec. 24, 1793. Most of their children also stayed in Duxbury with the exception of sons Benjamin and Seth B. who moved to Maine where they practiced medicine.

There is a small hand-crafted notebook, which includes genealogy, created by Asenath Chandler, Perez’ daughter, at the Duxbury Rural Historical Society Library located in Duxbury, Massachusetts. Also in the collection are receipts, copies of deeds, etc. To see the list click on the source link below.

SOURCES;

Chandler Collections | Drew Archival Library

Located in the Duxbury Rural Historical Society in Duxbury, Massachusetts

www.edmundchandler.com Picture of Perez’ gravestone from Members’ Only section and family genealogy and information

 

THOSE BRICK WALLS COME TUMBLIN’ DOWN

By

Carol May

broken-brick-wall

Since the last Courier, several brick walls of many years standing came down. The first was Charles Chandler, then my Rebecca Chandler, another Rebecca Chandler and two Charlotte Chandlers!

Charles Chandler

Charles>Abner, Jr.>Abner>Joseph>Benjamin>Edmund, the immigrant.

One of the earliest members of our group, you may remember her as East Coast Barbara, (there have been three Barbara Chandlers in our group!) was stuck with only a hunch and a few clues that her Charles Chandler descended from Edmund. Finally, due to both new records added to www.familysearch.org and DNA testing she was able to confirm the connection. Here is Charles Chandler’s line starting with Charles: Charles>Abner, Jr.>Abner>Joseph>Benjamin>Edmund, the immigrant. Charles was born in Piermont, New Hampshire, home of many of the Benjamin Chandler line.

The Rebecca Chandlers

The second wall to come down was my own. I learned over the years that there were FOUR Rebecca Chandlers of Minot/Poland, Maine. Our member, Elsie, and I had identified two of them as the daughters of brothers Nathaniel and John Chandler (>Jonathan>Capt. John>Edmund>Joseph>Edmund, the immigrant), but I was left with a parentless Rebecca Chandler and a brick wall.

Then I figured out that there was probably a third Rebecca Chandler who was the daughter of Abel and Sarah (Weston) Chandler of Duxbury, then of New Hampshire and finally, Minot, Maine (There were four Abel Chandlers, but that is another story).

Circumstantial evidence began mounting up, naming patterns, tally marks in the censuses for a girl her age, marriage in Minot, home of Abel’s family, the family ties between Rebecca and Marcellus Augustus Weston Chandler, a proven grandson of Abel Chandler, all pointed to Rebecca being Abel’s daughter and Marcellus’ aunt.

Both Rebecca and Marcellus moved to Brunswick, Maine. Rebecca’s son, Abiezer, and Marcellus married sisters. Abiezer named his daughter Ellen Weston Snow and his son Marcellus. Both Marcellus and Abiezer were buried in the same cemetery. With all of this circumstantial evidence, I thought that I had at last found my Rebecca Chandler’s family.

As I mentioned in a previous issue, I had stumbled upon a since defunct web site which included a snippet of information that said that Rebecca Chandler was the daughter of Jonathan Chandler and that she had died in Brunswick. There was no direct source information other than it, and all of the other “info bits” on the site, was taken from a variety of old sources.

My Rebecca died in Brunswick, Maine, but I first dismissed Jonathan as her father as an error as I thought all of the Jonathan Chandlers in the Minot/Poland area had been accounted for.

Then uh oh! I had come across and was working on the “other” Jonathan Chandler family, when it occurred to me that this Jonathan could be the father of my Rebecca Chandler.

Neither Abel nor Jonathan’s children could be found in birth records and the censuses consisted of only tally marks and my Rebecca fit into the censuses for both of them. Both families had to be reconstructed circumstantially. The information was also conflicting. In the1880 census Abiezer’s mother’s birthplace was listed as Maine, not Massachusetts where Abel’s family was originally from. The marriage records for my Rebecca and Jonathan Snow said that she was a resident of Minot, Maine where Abel and family moved to and not Poland where Jonathan and family moved to.

Now I was sitting on top of my brick wall with two alternatives — Rebecca, daughter of Abel or Rebecca, daughter of Jonathan with circumstantial evidence for both sides.

Our member, Steve, had taken pictures of the Empire Cemetery in Poland, Maine. Buried there were, I believe, were several of Jonathan Chandler’s children. In the same plot and row there was Jonathan Chandler, Jr. and his wife Cynthia (Lane) Chandler and Jonathan and Rebecca Lane. Jonathan Chandler Jr. married Cynthia Lane, sister of Jonathan Lane, so it seemed quite possible that Rebecca Lane could have been the sister of Jonathan Chandler, Jr. In those days it was quite common for brothers to marry sisters from another family. If this were true this Rebecca would be Rebecca #4!

By now I also had a flimsy clue from a family tree full of mistakes that indicated that she could be a Chandler but even the creator of the tree was iffy about it. If Rebecca Lane was indeed Rebecca Chandler #4 then by default, Rebecca Chandler #3 was my Rebecca and the daughter of Abel and Sarah (Weston) Chandler.

Our member and uber researcher, Billie, offered to help. I explained that the tie breaker lay with being able to figure out if the mysterious Rebecca Lane’s maiden name was Chandler.

Almost simultaneously, both Billie and I, giving it one last shot, came across separate vital records that proved that this Rebecca Chandler was indeed the wife of Jonathan Lane and therefore, not my Rebecca who married Jonathan Snow. Death records for two of Jonathan and Rebecca Lane’s children, John C. and Eliza, both gave Jonathan Lane and Rebecca Chandler as their parents and as a bonus I even got the place of Rebecca’s birth on one of the records — North Yarmouth, Maine, original home of Jonathan Chandler and his family.

So by default, and with circumstantial evidence and after an exhaustive search of the Minot/Poland Maine Chandlers, I believe that my Rebecca Chandler was the daughter of Abel and Sarah (Weston) Chandler. Again, please note that the evidence is still circumstantial. Her line is below:

Rebecca Chandler #3

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

Rebecca Snow (1787-1844)

Rebecca>Abel*>John>Joseph>Benjamin>Edmund, the immigrant.

Maine Genealogy Archives: Marriage Records of Rev. Jonathan Scott of Poland and Minot, 1796-1819

And here is the line for the Rebecca Chandler, daughter of Jonathan Chandler of North Yarmouth, who later moved to Poland, Maine, starting with Rebecca:

Rebecca Chandler #4

rebecca lane

Rebecca Lane (1795-1847)

Rebecca>Jonathan*>Judah>Joseph>Joseph> Edmund, the immigrant.

Person Details for Jonithen Lane in entry for Eliza A Raynard, “Maine, Vital Records, 1670-1907 ” — FamilySearch.org

“Maine, Vital Records, 1670-1907 ,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/KCDX-GVH : accessed 09 Mar 2014), Jonithen Lane in entry for Eliza A Raynard, 1903.

Person Details for Jonathan Lane in entry for John C Lane, “Maine, Vital Records, 1670-1907 ” — FamilySearch.org

“Maine, Vital Records, 1670-1907 ,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/VZQP-Z4Q : accessed 09 Mar 2014), Jonathan Lane in entry for John C Lane, 1893.

 The Three Charlotte Chandlers

While researching, Rebecca (Chandler) Lane, I revisited the Charlotte Chandler mystery as it appears circumstantially that Rebecca #4 and a Charlotte Chandler were sisters. It also appears that the family trees on Familysearch mistakenly list some of Rebecca (Chandler) Lane’s children as Charlotte’s children. The information was very garbled, but it appears that some of it may have come from original sources.

Not only are the children mixed up, the three Charlotte Chandlers of Maine in those Familysearch family trees are also mixed up. The three Charlottes were all born within a year or two of each other. One is documented as an Edmund descendant and one is probably an Edmund descendant and the third does not descend from Edmund, but is documented as a descendant of William and Annis. I think that I have untangled them.

Charlotte Chandler #1

Charlotte>Jonathan>Judah>Joseph>Joseph>Edmund, the immigrant

It appears that there was a Charlotte, probably Chandler, who married Simeon Lane in Maine. We know that this Charlotte Chandler was not Joel Chandler’s daughter, as many family trees assert, because we have Joel’s daughter well documented as to who she did marry.

It appears circumstantially that she was the daughter of Jonathan and Zeruiah (Brown) Chandler who is a documented descendant of Edmund Chandler, the immigrant.

I couldn’t find a marriage record for Charlotte and Simeon, it is probably lost or destroyed, but there a record for her second marriage to Thomas Briggs. According to Ancestry she died in 1882 and was buried in the Pine Grove Cemetery in Poland, Maine. However, as only part of that cemetery has been photographed I have not been able to find her grave.

Both Simeon Lane and Charlotte’s name appears on her children’s birth records in Poland, Maine. One of their children was named Seth Chandler Lane, another clue. She is also mentioned as Simeon’s wife in the “Annals of Oxford County.” See excerpt below:

Simeon Lane, innkeeper at Welchville, ae. 54, d. June 8,

1849. T^^ following year, the family consisted of Charlot-

te, ae. 48, Seth C. ae. 21, George E. ae. 18, Elizabeth

E. ae. 15, Sarah W. ae. 13, Melinda, ae. 10, Abby A.

ae. 7, and farmers, George W. Welch, ae. 25, and Nelson

Dennin, ae. 22. Mrs. Charlotte Lane and Thomas A.

Briggs of Otisfield, were m. Dec. 16, 1855.

 This Charlotte was closely associated with Poland, Maine where the Jonathan Chandler family lived and spent much of her life there. She was born c. 1801. The 1810 census shows a daughter age 10-16 which would have been one year off.

The 1820 census shows a daughter age 16 to 26 which is spot on. There were only two Chandler families in Poland, Maine during the 1820s. The other family was Alden Chandler and he and his children have been well documented and are of a later generation than Jonathan’s family.

The US 1830 census for Poland, Maine shows Simeon and presumably his wife, Charlotte, living in Poland and the 1840 census shows not only Simeon and family, but Jacob Chandler and Jonathan Chandler (Jr.) listed one after the other so they were most likely next door neighbors.

More research may further strengthen and hopefully, confirm the connection.

Full text of “Annals of Oxford, Maine, from its incorporation, February 27, 1829 to 1850. Prefaced by a brief account of the s

 Charlotte Chandler #2

Charlotte>Joel>Jonathan>Joseph>Joseph>Edmund, the immigrant

This Charlotte J. Chandler was born March 6, 1802 in Portland, Cumberland, Maine to Joel and Pamela (Lincoln) Chandler according to vital records. Joel is a documented descendant of Edmund Chandler, the immigrant. According to marriage records a Charlotte or a Charlotte J. or T. Chandler (depending on the transcription) married Capt. David Harwood and after he died she married his brother Otis Harwood. David and Otis were from adjacent Sagadahoc County. She did not marry Simeon Lane (see above) nor did she marry John Charles of Oxford County, Maine. Maine death records show a Charlotte Harwood dying in Portland, Maine on Nov. 3, 1885 who was about the right age. Another clue is that her middle initial given variously, probably due to transcribing errors, as I, J or T appears periodically in the records.

Person Details for Charlotte Chandler, “Maine, Births and Christenings, 1739-1900” — FamilySearch.org

“Maine, Births and Christenings, 1739-1900”, index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/F492-3LH : accessed 10 Mar 2014), Charlotte Chandler, 06 Mar 1802.

Person Details for Charlotte Chandler, “Maine, Marriages, 1771-1907” — FamilySearch.org

“Maine, Marriages, 1771-1907”, index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/F46B-1PL : accessed 10 Mar 2014), David Harwood and Charlotte Chandler, 23 Aug 1830.

Person Details for Charlotte J. Harwood, “Maine, Marriages, 1771-1907” — FamilySearch.org

“Maine, Marriages, 1771-1907”, index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/F46Y-7Z8 : accessed 10 Mar 2014), Otis Harwood and Charlotte J. Harwood, 27 Sep 1832.

Person Details for Charlotte T. Harwood, “Maine, Deaths and Burials, 1841-1910” — FamilySearch.org

“Maine, Deaths and Burials, 1841-1910”, index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/F48F-SPG : accessed 10 Mar 2014), Charlotte T. Harwood, 03 Nov 1883.

Charlotte Chandler #3

Charlotte>Timothy and on back to William and Annis

This Charlotte is not of the Edmund family, but appears that she is of the William and Annis Chandler family. She was born Nov. 22, 1801 in Pembroke, Merrimack, New Hampshire to Timothy and Phebe (Holt) Chandler. The family later moved to Lovell, Oxford County, Maine. This Charlotte Chandler, not Joel’s daughter, appears to have married John Charles January 17, 1824 in Lovell, Maine.

UPDATES

The “Other” Jonathan Chandler Family of Poland, Maine

Jonathan>Judah>Joseph>Joseph>Edmund, the immigrant

Figuring out the Rebecca and Charlotte Chandlers has necessitated an update of the “other” Jonathan Chandler family. If you recall, back in the Fall 2011 Courier we began a series doing a circumstantial reconstruction of the “other” Jonathan Chandler of Poland, Maine family. There with no birth records and only census tally marks for primary evidence and so came with the disclaimer that it was subject to change. There were also two “mystery” girls who we think have been finally identified.

This was the Jonathan moved from North Yarmouth, Maine to Poland Maine after the 1810 census and before the1820 census and not the Jonathan Chandler who married Rebecca Packard as he had died before North Yarmouth Jonathan moved to Poland, Maine. Both were descendants of Edmund, the immigrant

The “other” Jonathan family tree is still circumstantial so still subject to change, but is now on firmer ground. It is not Mayflower or DAR level of proof yet as we still lack many primary sources. As we are a research group, we find that posting circumstantial findings, and labeling them as such, can lead to descendants out there who can either add or in some cases, refute, the research.

A newspaper from 1826 reported that when Mrs. Jonathan Chandler died seven of her 11 children were still living. Assuming that was accurate, all seven have been found and with the addition of Rufus Chandler, who died a few months before his mother, which brings the total to 8. It appears also that a son died very young and two daughters died young which brings the total to 11.

We still don’t know where Jonathan and Zeruiah are buried, but Jonathan, Jr., Reuben, Rufus, Rachel, and Rebecca along with many of their family members were all buried in a group in the Empire Cemetery in Poland, Maine. The only other family in Poland, Maine during that later time frame was Alden Chandler’s family, and some of his children are also buried there, but are well documented.

In addition, the suffix, “Jr.” had come into modern usage to only denote a son as opposed being used for a younger person with the same name, related or not, which was how it was used in earlier times.

Also, Jonathan, Jr. kept the suffix “Jr.” until he died as it was on his gravestone which is also the modern usage. In previous times that suffix would have been dropped as soon as the older Jonathan Chandler died.

The circumstantial evidence for Jacob and Anna Chandler is not as strong. It was noted in their marriage records that they were originally from North Yarmouth and they did live in Poland and adjacent Danville (later part of Auburn, Maine). This was the Jonathan Chandler family’s home territory.

As for Charlotte, the circumstantial evidence for her is the thinnest. She also married a Lane, but it appears that he was maybe a distant cousin of the other Lanes. She lived in Poland, Maine and her son was named Seth Chandler Lane. She appears in family trees as Charlotte Chandler, but without substantiation. She should only be listed tentatively as the youngest daughter of Jonathan and Zeruiah Chandler as more research needs to be done.

The 1840 census for Poland, Maine shows Simeon Lane (presumably with wife Charlotte), Jacob Chandler and Jonathan Chandler (Jr.) all listed one after the other in the 1840 census so they were probably living next door to each other which bolsters the argument that they were related.

Here is the new lineup for the “other” Jonathan Chandler’s family with more birth dates added:

AN UPDATED RECONSTRUCTION OF THE “OTHER” JONATHAN CHANDLER FAMILY

Rachel Chandler born Feb. 1781 from grave stone and died Jan. 20, 1864. Empire Cemetery, Poland, Maine. Never married

Jacob Chandler born 1787, North Yarmouth (from Royal River Valley by David Colby Young). Died May 10, 1872 from Hotel Road Cemetery. Married Thankfull Higgins from vital records

Rufus Chandler born July 16, 1789 and died May 26, 1826 from grave stone, Empire Cemetery. Married Sarah Eaton Bradbury from vital records.

Anna Chandler born Jan. 20, 1792 (in North Yarmouth) and died June 7, 1880 from grave stone Oak Hill Cemetery, Auburn, Maine. Married Moses Bailey from vital records.

Reuben Chandler born April 1794 died 1852 from grave stone. Married Mary Parcher. From their children’s vital records.

Rebecca Chandler born April 1795 died Nov. 25, 1847 from grave stone Empire Cemetery. Married Jonathan R. Lane from grave stone and censuses.

Charlotte Chandler born c. 1801(from census) died after 1880. A Familysearch family tree has her buried in Pine Grove Cemetery in Poland, Maine. I have not been able to verify as this as not all of the graves have been photographed. She married first, Simeon Lane, and second, Thomas Briggs.

Jonathan Chandler, Jr. born 1803 died Dec. 13, 1840 from Empire Cemetery grave stone. Married Cynthia Lane. From censuses, children’s vital records and grave stone.

The Underground Railroad

by Barb Chandler

(Escaping slaves had to find their way north. Northern states such as New York and Massachusetts that had strong abolitionist societies and benevolent groups.People trying to escape slavery had many clues they could rely on to find out where “north” actually was. One of the best clues they could use to find north was to locate the North Star. The North Star is also called Polaris. Unlike other stars, it never changes position. It always points to the north. People have always used a group of stars to help them find the North Star. They have called this group of stars many names, depending on how they saw the “picture” created by the stars. Some people thought the group of stars looked like a dipper — with a cup that had a very long handle. Slaves knew this group of stars as the Drinking Gourd. They sometimes used hollowed-out gourds to dip and drink water. The gourds looked just like long-handled cups. Two stars on the cup’s edge always point to the North Star. By finding the “drinking gourd” in the sky, people traveling at night could always find the North Star. From: Pathways to Freedom Maryland and the Underground Railroad http://pathways.thinkport.org/secrets/gourd1.cfm)

 

I’ve been interested in the Civil Rights Movement for a long time so you can imagine my delight when I discovered my second great uncle was a conductor on the Underground Railroad. When I told Carol May his involvement she said that she had come across a Chandler who was an abolitionist. I don’t know whether she was in our line, but thought you would enjoy learning about this remarkable woman’s achievements.

elizabeth chandler

Elizabeth Chandler (1807-1834)

Elizabeth was born into a Quaker family in Centre (Wilmington) Delaware to Thomas Chandler (1773–1817) and Margaret Evans (1778–1808).

When she was 18 years old she wrote a poem titled the Slave-ship:

The Slave-ship was winding her course o’er the ocean,
The winds and the waters had sunk into rest;
All hush’d was the whirl of the tempest’s commotion,
That late had awaken’d the sailor’s devotion,
When terror had kindled remorse in his breast.

And onward she rode, though by curses attended,
Though heavy with guilt was the freight that she bore,
Though with shrieks of despair was the midnight air rended,
And ceaseless the groans of the wretches ascended,
That from friends and from country forever she tore.

On the deck, with his head on his fetter’d hand rested,
He who once was a chief and a warrior stood;
One moment he gain’d, by his foes unmolested,
To think o’er his woes, and the fate he detested,
Till madness was firing his brain and his blood.

“Oh, never!” he murmur’d in anguish, “no, never!
These limbs shall be bent to the menial’s toil!
They have reft us, my bride—but they shall not forever
Your chief from his home and his country dissever—
No! never will I be the conqueror’s spoil

“Say! long didst thou wait for my coming, my mother?
Did ye bend o’er the desert, my sister, your eye?
And weep at the lengthen’d delay of your brother,
As each slow passing moment was chased by another,
And still he appear’d not a tear-drop to dry.

“But ye shall—yes, again ye shall fondly embrace me!
We will meet my young bride in the land of the blest:
Death, death once again in my country shall place me,
One bound shall forever from fetters release me!”
He burst them, and sunk in the ocean’s dark breast.

After reading her poem Benjamin Lundy, a well known abolitionist and publisher, invited Chandler to write for his periodical, The Genius of Universal Emancipation. Chandler She wrote for and edited the “Ladies’ Repository” section of his newspaper. She used her appeal to women to demand better treatment for Native Americans  and the immediate emancipation of slaves.

Many of her articles were copied and circulated in the most popular newspapers of the time.  She also introduced one of the most famous abolitionist images, the kneeling female slave with the slogan “Am I not a Woman and a Sister.”

SlaveryIllustratedInItsEffectsUponWomanChandler used her articles and poems to participate in national discussions and debates about Abolitionism.

In 1830 she moved to Lenawee County, Michigan. She continued  writing articles as Editor of “The Ladies Repository” section in Lundy’s magazine. In 1832, she formed the Logan Female Anti-Slavery Society which eventually resulted in the establishment of one of the main links in the Underground Railroad system to Canada.

Sources:

Elizabeth Margaret Chandler, Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elizabeth_Margaret_Chandler

Elizabeth Chandler, The Michigan Women’s Historical Center and  Hall of Fame http://hall.michiganwomen.org/honoree.php?C=0&A=13~15~197~12

Until next time, happy hunting!

 

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EDMUND’S COMMUNITY COURIER SUMMER and FALL 2013

EDMUND’S COMMUNITY COURIER

SUMMER AND FALL 2013

WWW.EDMUNDCHANDLER.COM

 

Washing and Lafayette at Valley Forge. Painting by John Ward Dunsmore

Washington and Lafayette at Valley Forge.
Painting by John Ward Dunsmore

With this issue we begin a new series on Chandlers and the Revolutionary War with a list of all of the Revolutionary War veterans and patriots that I could find along with some surprises.  You may find a patriot in your family tree that you didn’t know that you had.  If we skipped someone or made mistakes let us know.

I came across tidbit that should interest you Jonathan descendants. Reuben Chandler, in support of his brother’s Revolutionary War pension claim, stated that information about Nathaniel’s birth date could be found in his father’s (Jonathan’s) Bible which was now in the possession of Nathaniel.  Somewhere out there, maybe with one of Nathaniel’s descendants there is, or was, Jonathan’s Bible with genealogy information in it.  I wonder what happened to that Bible! You can read the pension file in Fold3 if you subscribe.

Also, the other big news is that the databases have been fixed and are now in the RootsMagic genealogy software program.  Edmund’s Main Lineage and Capt. John’s databases are now combined.  They have NOT yet been posted on our website as they need to be checked for errors and new information needs to be added.  Read more about it in this issue.

We also have a story about Joseph’s house which was inherited by Capt. John.  Joseph was Edmund, the immigrant’s son. Every one of us has some history with that house, either as a descendant of Joseph or of his brother Benjamin whose children probably spent a lot of time there as their Uncle Joseph was a blacksmith.

Also TV news, updates, DNA news, and more.  I still hope to go to the Czech Republic (nothing to do with Chandlers), but probably not until Spring.  I am not sure if the next issue will be out in the Winter or will be Winter/Spring.  I will let you know.

TV NEWS

I hope that you all enjoyed the new episodes this summer of “Who Do You Think You Are?” now on the TLC network.  Hopefully, the show will return next year. This fall more genealogy can be found on PBS’ new program “Genealogy Roadshow.”  Unlike “Who Do You Think You Are?”, “Genealogy Roadshow” is for ordinary folks often with extraordinary stories.  Our editor, Barb, applied, but did not get in – many, many applied, but few were chosen.  Check your TV schedule in your area for the day and time in your area.  In Los Angeles it is on Monday nights.

African American History

Henry Louis Gates, Jr. of “Finding Your Roots” will be back on PBS with a new series entitled, “The African Americans: Many Rivers to Cross.” This six part series will begin on Oct. 22, 2013 on PBS.  While it probably won’t feature genealogy per se, it will cover American history not just African American history from before Jamestown until the present. He will visit historical sites as well as interview people from around the country.

The Mayflower Voyage and Settlement of Plymouth

Now back to our ancestral neck of the woods, Massachusetts.  Producer Mark Burnett of “Survivor” and “The Bible” fame is now planning a new mini-series, entitled “Plymouth” for NBC.  They were the ultimate survivors as only half of them survived the first year, so getting “voted off of the island’ wasn’t a concern of theirs.   Edmund didn’t arrive until 10 years after the Mayflower, but the Mayflower passengers were his fellow Separatists and neighbors both in Leiden and later in Duxbury.  They will cover the voyage as well as the settlement of Plymouth. Hopefully, they will shoot it on location.

“BIBLE” PRODUCER MARK BURNETT TO DO HISTORICAL PLYMOUTH ROCK MINISERIES FOR NBC ‹ Higher Hollywood

Mayflower Steps, photos and history of Plymouth Past and Present

 ECFA NEWS

The Databases

 As many of you know the databases have been my bête noir for the past several years.  After many failed attempts at merging and updating them, I finally found a computer expert by trade who also knows the RootsMagic genealogy program.  He took the 40 odd copies of the databases (originals, updates and duplicates) that I had, merged them where appropriate, and put them into the RootsMagic program.

On our web site we currently have five databases:  Edmund’s Main Lineage, Capt. John Chandler,Nathaniel Chandler, Zebedee Chandler, and Mercy Chandler.

Edmund’s Main Lineage and Capt. John’s are now merged because we have enough evidence to prove that Capt. John descended from Edmund, the immigrant.

Nathaniel, Mercy and Zebedee’s will remain separate until we get more proof.

We can show circumstantial links between them, but are looking for more proof.  Because Nathaniel had only daughters and Mercy was a woman, we can’t use YDNA testing as that only follows the male line. We are offering a free YDNA test for a qualifying male Zebedee Chandler of Plympton descendant to establish his descent from Edmund Chandler, the immigrant.  We will continue to look for and assemble bits of proof that link these people.

The next step is for me to check over and further update the databases and then I will be able to post them in our Members’ Only section.

We also have some great information from our members that need to be added to our online Library such as Billie’s treatise on the lands of Joseph Chandler and Cynthia’s family history.

Money was spent from our ECFA association treasury to fix the databases and more will be spent to update the web site, but it is well worth it. I am trying to be thrifty with this.  It will take a while for all of this to happen.

A New Member

This month we welcome another new member, Caroline, of Arizona.  She is a descendant of Ichabod Chandler (Jonathan>Capt. John>Edmund*>Joseph>Edmund, the immigrant).  Caroline’s ancestors moved from Maine to Iowa in the 19th century. Barb, our editor and also an Ichabod descendant) is from Iowa and has contacted her. So, if any of you share this line you might want to exchange information. Caroline did send a picture of her ancestress Olive Chandler Cooper which we hope to put in a future issue of the Courier or in the online Library. Her e-mail address is on the mailing list and begins with charity.

 DUXBURY NEWS

Billie visited Duxbury this past June and researched Chandlers. She is still working diligently on finding a place for our plaque.

 UPDATES

From time to time, we get e-mails and also questions and answers to topics in the Courier.

Anna Chandler Bailey

Lineage:  Jonathan*>Judah>Joseph>Joseph>Edmund, the immigrant

There was a reply to our series in the Courier on the circumstantial reconstruction of the Jonathan and Zeruiah (Brown) Chandler family that we had just completed. I had written about a “mystery girl” who I couldn’t figure out. That “mystery girl” was probably Anna Chandler who was born in 1792. She married Moses Bailey. They had a son named Rufus Chandler Bailey, who was very likely named after who I believe was  her brother Rufus Chandler. Rufus Chandler Bailey moved to Illinois where he became a lawyer then a judge.

It appears that Anna or Anne’s (her name has been spelled both ways) husband, Moses, died before the 1850 census and that Anna married Jeremiah Cole in 1849. They lived in Lewiston and then Green, Maine. She died in 1880. Interestingly she is buried with her son, George Bailey and his family as Anna Chandler Bailey with no mention of Jeremiah Cole even though she was married to him for thirty years. This may have been the custom of the time or not!

However, now while we don’t have a “mystery” girl who was born in the 1790s, we still have two “mystery” girls from that family one of whom may be my brick wall, Rebecca Chandler.

Anna Chandler Bailey (1792 – 1880) – Find A Grave Memorial

 Congressman Joseph Ripley Chandler

Joseph Ripley Chandler  (1792-1880) Find A Grave: http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=7600015

Joseph Ripley Chandler
(1792-1880)
Find A Grave: http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=7600015

Lineage: Joseph>Joseph>Joseph>Edmund, the immigrant

Another e-mail came via our member, Dick, who received a copy of a photo of another mystery Chandler that had only J. R. Chandler, Philidelphia written on the back.

Dick figured out that the photo was of Joseph Ripley Chandler who was probably one of our Edmund Chandler descendants. Turns out that he was! Joseph Ripley Chandler was an educator, editor, reformer, member of the House of Representatives, ambassador, and was even praised by Edgar Allan Poe.

I hope to do a story on him (with pictures) for a future edition of the Courier and will double check his lineage.

 DNA NEWS

DNAThis issue we have news about the U198 DNA project. Our member, Greg, alerted us about this project. U198 is not the same type of marker as is used in the Chandler DNA project. U198 is a marker for a sub-group of YDNA. U198 goes back to an unknown common ancestor who lived about 2000 years ago with a margin of error of about 500 years. Edmund Chandler, the immigrant, who lived about 400 years ago, is the common ancestor of our YDNA testees.

Our Chandler volunteer from our Edmund Chandler YDNA group tested positive as a member of U198. That means that the entire Edmund Chandler group of testees are also members of the U198 group.

At first it seems fairly useless to be concerned with a marker that goes back to a common ancestor who lived about 2000 (plus or minus 500) years ago which is still way before surnames became common. However, U198 appears in only about 1 or 2% of the population so it may prove helpful in establishing migration and settlement patterns, even though a lot of migrating can take place in 2000 years. So far most of the U198 testees have shown up in Lowland Scotland and southern England. We have long suspected that Edmund came from southern England with Sussex and Kent being high on the list because of the association with Roger Chandler, Edmund’s possible relative. It is too early to tell if this is a clue as to Edmund’s origins or not as so few have been tested for the U198 project.

I am going to inquire further about a possible link between the Lynn family and the Chandler family and let you know what I find out.

A lot more testees will have to join the U198 project and more sub-groups of U198 will have to be found before it can be helpful to us. It will be interesting to find out what they dig up figuratively speaking.

 U198 (S29) Project-page 4

Chandler DNA Project

 TIPS AND HINTS

Maps

The David Rumsey Historical Map Collection

I found a great site that should be useful to all. I may have mentioned it in the past, but this was the first time that I actually tried it. It is the David Rumsey Map Collection David Rumsey Historical Map Collection.  It is free to browse.

You can look up and zoom in on old, historical maps from around the world. I found an atlas for Androscoggin County Maine that showed where people lived in 1873. I also looked up Grafton, Co. New Hampshire where many of Edmund, the immigrant’s, son Benjamin’s descendants lived. I found Chandlers in both places. So put your ancestral locale in and give it a try as you may find exactly where your ancestor lived back in the1800s. Here is a sample:

Piermont, Grafton Co. (with) Swift Water P.O., town of Bath. (with) Bath P.O., town of Bath. (with) Piermont P.O., town of Pie

United States Maps

Expansion of United States territory.

Expansion of United States territory.

More maps here including my favorite, the interactive county and state boundary map, which show the formation, name and boundary changes of the counties over the years. The states start out blob-like and gradually form into counties. It is invaluable if you have an ancestor who lived in three different counties and maybe two different states, but never moved! Or, have an ancestor where there is an argument over where they were born. It could be the same place, but the county boundary changed. They also mention the Rumford maps and have worldwide maps.

United States Maps – Maps of US & States

In addition, here is a sample from the above of the interactive moving map of the formation of Iowa:

State and County Maps of Iowa

Family Search

There is always something new at Familysearch. They have dropped their old genealogy program PAF. However, now you can link RootsMagic and perhaps one or two other genealogy programs as more are planned to be linked into Familysearch and import directly data instead of copying it. If you sign up to familysearch www.familysearch.org you can access their site for free. Once month they send out a e-mail sharing what is new.

 JOSEPH CHANDLER HOUSE

907 Tremont St Duxbury, Massachusetts

Joseph Chandler House by Billie Prett.

Joseph Chandler House by Billie Pett.

 Research by our member, Billie Pett, led her to the conclusion that the house which is now for sale at 907 Tremont Street originally belonged to Joseph Chandler, Sr. (1641-1721).  Her research also proved that Capt. John Chandler of Duxbury was Joseph Chandler, Sr.’s grandson. Previously,  we featured the historic Isaac Chandler house in the Courier (see link below), but this house has even a longer history as this Joseph Chandler was Edmund, the immigrant’s son and Isaac’s ggg-grandfather. 

The house at 907 Tremont Street and the area to the east of it was once known as the “Old Chandler Neighborhood Before 1700.”  It was defined as such by Duxbury historian Henry Fish in his “Historical Sketch of Duxbury” published in 1923. Billie proved that the area to the west of Tremont Street from the Gamaliel Bradford House south to below the Mayflower Cemetery also belonged to Joseph Chandler, Sr. In 1785 his descendant Jonathan Chandler sold much of it to the “Inhabitants of Duxbury” for the new First Parish Church, Mayflower Cemetery, Town Hall and Partridge Academy.                                        

Our member, Billie reviewed over 400 deeds plus additional old documents, to trace the history of the area, and specifically, 907 Tremont Street.  As Billie studied the deeds and wills regarding this house, she discovered what was listed on the house’s date board didn’t match the documents that she found.  The house was listed in the town history as being built in 1750, and it was listed by the MA Historical Commission as being built in 1789. However, Joseph’s grandson, Capt. John Chandler, was living in the house in 1750, so it was surely in existence before then. As a matter of fact, it was even mentioned in Joseph’s will, and since he died in 1721, it was obviously built before then. Joseph probably built the house before 1700.

The house has an “ell” which is an addition that would make it similar to a modern day duplex.  It is likely that Joseph, his wife Mercy and youngest girls, lived in one section of the house and his son, Edmund, and his family (including grandson, Capt. John) lived in the other section. 

We believe that Edmund’s  section was inherited by Capt. John as the other section was inherited by Joseph’s daughter and was eventually acquired by Capt. John.  When Capt. John died he left one section to his son Jonathan and the other section to his unmarried daughters.  Jonathan eventually sold his section of the house and moved to Maine with his family after the Revolutionary War.

This is a just a capsule review. The full story will be available when we update the web site and put Billie’s treatise in the online Library. Below are the links to Joseph’s house plus many pictures including the interior and a link to the story about Isaac Chandler’s house which was featured in an earlier edition of the Courier.

907 Tremont St, Duxbury, MA 02332 – Zillow

 THE ISAAC CHANDLER HOUSE OF DUXBURY, MASS by Carol May | Edmund’s Community Courier

 CHANDLER REVOLUTIONARY WAR VETERANS AND PATRIOTS

The two lists (see below) of Edmund Chandler descendants, who were veterans and/or provided patriotic service during the Revolutionary War, were compiled from several sources. There is no master list or source. I cross-referenced the Revolutionary War age Chandlers with Revolutionary War sources and lists to create the lists below. 

 There may additional, especially older Chandlers, who rendered patriotic service or military service that I did not find. I suspect that Ephraim Chandler of Kingston, who I couldn’t find on any list, may have also served as he came from a family of patriots.

 The first list covers Massachusetts, what is now Maine, and the second list covers Vermont and New Hampshire. I only included birth and death dates and their lineages. Eventually, we can fill in their service, you can look it up in the sources listed, or if you are an ECFA member I may be able to do a look-up or scan the page.

 

Please e-mail us if you find mistakes or omissions, as this is an ongoing project. We will feature selected Chandler individuals or military engagements that included Chandlers in upcoming issues – so stay tuned!

 

For many of you lucky Massachusetts and Maine folks, there is a clickable link in the sources section where you can go directly to “Massachusetts Soldiers and Sailors of the Revolution” and find out their rank and where they served. Some were also found in “Soldiers, Sailors and Patriots of the Revolutionary War – Maine” by Carlton Fisher, who Bob Chandler, our co-chairperson and treasurer alerted me to. This is an excellent book, which is not online as far as I know.

 

For those of you with ancestors with common first names it may take some sleuthing to figure which service was theirs and which belonged to others of the same name. Also, be aware that those who served in more than one company or branch of service will probably listed more than once as in the case of Nathaniel Chandler.

 

If you can’t find your Revolutionary War era ancestor listed below or wish to find out more details about their service, there are many places where you can research- — NARA, pension files, town records, historic documents, etc. 

 

Maine was still part of Massachusetts and would not become a separate state until 1820, so check Massachusetts, too, if you are looking for a Maine ancestor. Not all soldiers are listed from the state where they lived. I found Josiah Chandler in both Massachusetts and Vermont/New Hampshire records. He was born in Massachusetts and moved to Maine.

 

I found our New Hampshire veterans and patriots in the book “Soldiers and Sailors and Patriots of the Revolutionary War – Vermont.” By Carlton Fisher Sorry, no clickable link for that book. Vermont wasn’t even a separate colony during the Revolution. New York, New Hampshire and Massachusetts all had claims, but many men from different states served there and Vermont men also served in various states. 

 

Not all veterans and patriots are listed with the various Revolutionary War societies. For example, the DAR only lists their members’ Revolutionary War ancestors. Also, be aware that membership requirements vary from group to group.  See Revolutionary War lineage societies following the list.

If you wish to read about our member, Elsie’s, experience in applying to the DAR under her ancestor, Nathaniel Chandler (Capt. John>Edmund*>Joseph>Edmund, the immigrant), read the October 2006 issue of the Courier in our archives at www.edmundchandler.com .

 

Also following the lists of Revolutionary War Veterans and Patriots who descended from Edmund Chandler, is a list explaining the branches of military service during the Revolution and descriptions of what constituted patriotic service. This was summarized from a DAR source. There is a clickable link to read more.

THE LISTS

 REVOLUTIONARY WAR VETERANS AND PATRIOTS WHO DESCEND FROM EDMUND CHANDLER

solider 

MASSACHUSETTS AND MAINE

Flag of New England.

Flag of New England.

 

AARON CHANDLER born June 23, 1765, Duxbury died at sea after 1799. Lineage: Thomas>Samuel>Benjamin>Edmund, the immigrant. Source:1, 2

 ABEL CHANDLER  (October 27, 1758- March10, 1812). Lineage: John>Joseph>Benjamin>Edmund, the immigrant. Source: 1, 2

 ARTHUR CHANDLER (May 28, 1762-August 13, 1826). Lineage: Zebedee Chandler> possibly Edmund>Joseph>Edmund, the immigrant. Source: 1, 2

 ASA CHANDLER (March 1, 1743-October 1, 1825). Lineage: Phillip>Joseph>Joseph>Edmund, the immigrant. Note: There is also another Asa Chandler who served in the Revolution on the ship “Tyrannacide” who was of another Chandler line and was not from the Duxbury/Plymouth area. Source: 1, 2

 BISBEE CHANDLER (June 1, 1755-August 26,1826). Lineage: Thomas>Samuel>Benjamin>Edmund, the immigrant. Source: 1, 2

 EDMUND CHANDLER

Edmund Chandler, Jr.

 ENOS CHANDLER (July, 1742-?). Lineage:Edmund>Joseph>Joseph>Edmund, the immigrant. He was from North Yarmouth, Maine (then Massachusetts). More work needs to be done to make sure that he is the correct Enos as he also had a nephew who was named Enos. Source: 1, 2

 EZEKIAL CHANDLER (September 14, 1733-April 1830). Lineage: Joshua>Joseph>Joseph>Edmund, the immigrant. Source: 1, 2

 HENRY CHANDLER (c. 1764-after 1850). Lineage: Thomas>Samuel>Benjamin>Edmund, the immigrant. Source: 1, Familysearch records. Note:  We don’t have him in our database yet.

 HOWARD CHANDLER (c. 1759-March 1, 1844). Lineage: Thomas>Samuel>Benjamin>Edmund, the immigrant. Source: 1, 2 His pension file is in our Members’ only library

ICHABOD CHANDLER (Lineage> Jonathan>Capt. John>Edmund*>Joseph>Edmund, the immigrant. Source: 1,2

JACOB “CHAUNDLER” (June 19, 1757-?). He was from North Yarmouth, Maine (then Massachusetts). If you are looking him up in Massachusetts Soldiers and Sailors, look under the spelling (actually misspelling) above.  In our database, refer to Jacob Chandler in Edmund’s Main Lineage. Lineage: Jonathan>Joseph>Joseph>Edmund, the immigrant. Source: 1, 2

 JOHN CHANDLER (February 4, 1748-May 1778). He was from Royalsborough (now Durham) and New Gloucester, Maine which was then Massachusetts. Lineage: Judah>Joseph>Joseph>Edmund, the immigrant. Source: 1, 2

 JOHN CHANDLER (before August 6, 1758-April 28, 1816. Lineage:  Jonathan>Capt. John>Edmund*>Joseph>Edmund, the immigrant. Source: 1, 2

 JONATHAN CHANDLER  (September 24, 1731-February13, 1818). Lineage: Capt. John>Edmund*>Joseph>Edmund, the immigrant. Source: 1, 2

 JONATHAN CHANDLER (February 18, 1717-July 20, 1786). Lineage: Joseph>Joseph>Edmund, the immigrant. Note: He was the eldest Jonathan Chandler in North Yarmouth at the time and performed patriotic service. He may have been too old or was not able bodied for military duty. His nephew, also named Jonathan Chandler, was in the Continental line. See below. Source: 1, 4

 JONATHAN CHANDLER (December 14, 1750- between 1826 and 1830). Lineage: Judah>Joseph>Joseph>Edmund, the immigrant. Note: We have no record of his death, but according to contemporary newspaper accounts he was living in 1826 when his wife died and he did not appear in the 1830 US census for Poland, Maine. He served in the Continental Line. Source: 2, 4

 JOSEPH CHANDLER (October 24, 1759-c. 1794 at sea). Lineage: Joseph>Joseph>Joshua>Joseph>Joseph>Edmund, the immigrant. Note: He was the most likely Joseph Chandler to have served in the Revolutionary War because he was the only one of the right age and place (Duxbury) to have done so that we know about.  If anyone has more information about him let us know.  He had a lengthy service during the Revolutionary War and it appears that he served in the Continental Army and was at Valley Forge. He needs further research to verify this. Source: 1, 2, 3

 JOSHUA CHANDLER (October 31, 1757-1853). Lineage: Ezekiel>Joshua>Joseph>Joseph>Edmund, the immigrant. Source:1,2

 JOSIAH CHANDLER (September 8, 1748-December 15, 1834). Lineage: Zebedee>possibly Edmund>Joseph>Edmund, the immigrant. Note: He served from Plympton. Source: 1, 2

 JUDAH CHANDLER (August 30, 1720-1802). Lineage: Joseph>Joseph>Edmund, the immigrant. Note: He was a civilian who took up arms with his fellow townspeople in Machias, Maine and together they captured the British ship, Margaretta. Source: 2, 4

 NATHANIEL CHANDLER (before September 19, 1762-June 4, 1854). Lineage: Jonathan>Capt.John>Edmund*>Joseph>Edmund, the immigrant. Note:  Our member, Elsie, became a member of the DAR with Nathaniel as her Patriot ancestor. We know from Nathaniel’s pension record that he served an aggregate of 2 years.  There was Nathaniel and a Nathan Chandler listed in Mass. Soldiers and Sailors. They may be one and the same or it is possible that Nathan may refer to the older Nathan (also sometimes referred to as Nathaniel) Chandler. There is also another Nathaniel from another family. See below.  Source: 1,2,4

 NATHAN (NATHANIEL) CHANDLER (October 28, 1726-September 21, 1895). Lineage:Philip>Joseph>Joseph>Edmund, the immigrant. Note: I think that this is the correct Nathan and not Nathaniel (above) More research needed. Source: 1?, 2

 PELEG CHANDLER  (April 27, 1735-August 24, 1819). Lineage: Philip>Joseph>Joseph> Edmund, the immigrant. Note: He was the chairman of the Committee of Safety for New Gloucester, Maine from 1778-1783. Source: 2, 4

 PEREZ CHANDLER (July 10, 1730-January 28, 1800). Lineage: Philip>Joseph>Joseph>Edmund, the immigrant. Note: Our databases show him as a member of the Duxbury Committees on Correspondence and Safety. This was a vital role as it was the beginning of a new government. I don’t know where this info came from originally. Source: 2

 PHILLIP CHANDLER (October 24, 1738-April 12, 1801). Lineage:  Phillip>Joseph>Joseph>Edmund, the immigrant. Source: 1, 2

 SAMUEL CHANDLER (June 23, 1765-before 1838 when his widow died). Lineage: Thomas>Samuel>Benjamin>Edmund, the immigrant. Note: There is a large Revolutionary War pension file on Fold 3 for him.  One of his compatriots described him as “zealous” in his belief in the Revolutionary cause.  He was a Lieutenant. I wonder if we have the correct birth date for him. Source: 2, 5

 SCEVA (SEVA) CHANDLER (before June 12, 1757-March 14, 1832). Lineage: Ebenezer>Joseph>Joseph>Edmund, the immigrant. Source: 1, 2

Thomas Chandler (about 1773-June 23, 1844). Lineage: Thomas>Samuel>Benjamin>Edmund, the immigrant. Source: 1,2

 ZEBEDEE CHANDLER (October 1712-December 2, 1777). Lineage: Possibly Edmund>Joseph>Edmund, the immigrant. Note: From Plympton.  He was a lieutenant.  Source: 1, 2

 ZEBEDEE CHANDLER (April 22, 1764-January 23, 1844. Lineage: Zebedee>possibly Edmund>Joseph> Edmund, the immigrant. Note: From Plympton. He was a private. Source: 1, 2 (His pension file is in our Members’ Only library)

 SOURCES

 Betsy Ross flag.

Betsy Ross flag.
  1. List of Revolutionary War Veterans from Duxbury and  Duxbury Rural Historical Society

Massachusetts  Revolutionary War Soldiers and Sailors.  Massachusetts soldiers and sailors of the revol…

  1. Databases,  www.edmundchandler.com  Birth and death information came from our  public databases and more detailed information came from our Members’ Only section
  2. Rootsweb.  Unverified, but consider the information as clues.
  3. Soldiers, Sailors and Patriots of the Revolutionary War Maine by Carlton Fisher (Louisville, Ky.: National Society Sons of the American Revolution, 1982).
  4. Fold 3

REVOLUTIONARY WAR VETERANS AND PATRIOTS FROM NEW HAMPSHIRE AND VERMONT

"Nation Makers" by Howard Pyle. Painting depicts the Battle of Bennington Vermont.

Nation Makers, painting by Howard Pyle depicting the Battle of Bennington Vermont.

The Revolutionary War veterans and patriots from New Hampshire and Vermont listed below,all descend from Joseph Chandler (Benjamin>Edmund) with the exception of Josiah Chandler (see below). 

The green mountain boys flag.

The green mountain boys flag.

Joseph left Massachusetts with his family for Litchfield, Connecticut  c. 1748.  His children and grandchildren pushed further into the frontier when they moved to Piermont, New Hampshire.  Later on some of them moved to Vermont, sometimes moving back and forth between the two states which make for interesting research trying to keep up with them.

While New Hampshire was one of the original 13 colonies, Vermont was not.  Neither its borders nor its ownership was clearly defined.  First claim, of course, went to the indigenous peoples, but as Europeans moved in they began parceling it out as they saw fit. There was the New Hampshire grant which neither New York nor Massachusetts recognized as they each had their own claims on the state.  Then there were the British with their own ideas of how Vermont should be handled.  This riled the residents of Vermont so much that they formed the Green Mountain Boys which were later instrumental in fighting the British during the Revolution.  Vermont existed as a republic for 14 years until they paid $30,000 to New York to become a state.

While these Chandler veterans and patriots lived in both New Hampshire and Vermont and Josiah was from Massachusetts and later moved to Maine, they were recorded in Soldiers, Sailors, and Patriots of The Revolutionary War — Vermont” by Carlton Fisher. 

Here is the list:

ABNER CHANDLER (February 6, 1731- 1790). Lineage: Joseph>Benjamin>Edmund, the immigrant.

ABNER CHANDLER (1763-?). Lineage: Abner>Joseph>Benjamin>Edmund, the immigrant. Note: There are several entries for Abner Chandler. One is clearly his father and the others are most likely either his father or himself; however, if you research Abner check to see if there were any other Abners from other Chandler families in Vermont and New Hampshire at that time.

BENJAMIN CHANDLER (May 16, 1727-August 16, 1777. Lineage: Joseph>Benjamin>Edmund.

 HILL CHANDLER (April 1761-1825). Lineage: Abner>Joseph>Benjamin>Edmund, the immigrant. Note:  There are a couple of entries for Hill and also a “Hiel” which could actually be Abiel as there were several Abiel Chandlers in other Chandler families.

 JESSE CHANDLER (November 5, 1764-?). Lineage: Benjamin>Joseph>Benjamin>Edmund, the immigrant. Note: There are two Jesses listed. I think that he was the Jesse in Capt. Ives. Company, not Jesse Zacariah Chandler.

 JOHN CHANDLER (April 27, 1753-May 12, 1829). Lineage: Benjamin>Joseph>Benjamin>Edmund, the immigrant

 CAPT. JONATHAN CHANDLER (December 30, 1735-1799). Lineage: Joseph>Benjamin>Edmund, the immigrant

JOSEPH CHANDLER (September 10, 1730-November 7, 1844). Lineage: Joseph>Benjamin>, Edmund, the immigrant.

 JOSIAH CHANDLER Lineage: Zebedee Chandler>Edmund Chandler?>Joseph Chandler>Edmund, the immigrant. Note: He is the only one that I found so far who did not descend from Joseph (Benjamin>Edmund, the immigrant. He was born in Plympton, Mass and eventually settled in Maine.

 PHILO CHANDLER (February 12, 1765-?). Lineage: Abner>Joseph>Benjamin>Edmund, the immigrant.

 SETH CHANDLER  (February 10, 1868-March 31, 1806. Lineage: Benjamin>Joseph>Benjamin>Edmund, the immigrant. Note: He may have been too young to serve in which case it was another Seth.

 SIMEON CHANDLER (January 24, 1724-after 1773). Lineage: Joseph>Benjamin, Edmund, the immigrant. Note: There was also a Simon, but I believe he was from another family.

 SOURCES:

The lineages and most of the birth and death dates came from our databases; the rest of the information came from Carlton Fisher’s book. Unfortunately, I have not been able to find it on line, but it is available from many libraries. 

 TYPES OF REVOLUTIONARY WAR SERVICE

Timeline of Revoluntionary War

Revolutionary War Military Service

 Revolutionary War military service, with few exceptions, began with the Battle of Lexington April 19, 1775 and ended with the British troop withdrawal on November 26, 1783. The DAR recognizes service rendered by officers and soldiers of the Continental Army, Navy, Marines, state and local militias, state navies, the French army and navy.

 

Privateers

Confiance, a privateer vessel. Depicted in a painting by Ambroise Louis Garneray

Confiance, a privateer vessel. Depicted in a painting by Ambroise Louis Garneray

These were men who, with their own private vessels, captured British ships and goods.

 Civil Service

These were the judges, selectmen, town clerks, etc. who served after the royal governors were removed from office and in areas that patriots controlled.

 Patriotic Service

 Committees of Correspondence   They communicated between the states and were the first step toward unified action by the colonies.

 Provincial congresses

Continental Congresses

 Committees of Safety   They replaced the Committees of Correspondence and provided interim governance.

 Revolutionary Committees

 Signers of Oaths of Allegiance

 Signers of Petitions These were petitions objecting to British rule.

 Doctors and Nurses who provided aid to the colonists

 Defenders of forts and stations They were primarily in what was then the far west.

 Those who rendered material aid.  These could be supplies, etc. whether free or paid.

 http://escondido.californiadar.org/GenDocs/IsThatServiceRight.pdf  The list above is from the DAR. It also lists their requirements for membership and extensive sources for researching your Revolutionary War patriot by state. This is the place to go for sources.

 REVOLUTIONARY WAR DESCENDANT SOCIETIES

 If you wish to join a Revolutionary War descendants group such as groups listed below, be aware that they each have different requirements and vary in their requirements for proof.

 The Society of the Cincinnati This is the oldest of the Revolutionary War groups having been founded by officers in the Continental Army in 1783 to maintain their ties.  It is now open to male descendants of these officers. They also include descendants of French officers who aided in the American Revolution.

DAR | Daughters of the American Revolution It is probably the best known of the Revolutionary War groups. Be aware that they only include veterans whose descendants applied for membership. So if your ancestor served and you can prove it and can prove your lineage to that ancestor your ancestor will be included on their list when you join if he hadn’t been previously. They do have extensive information about the Revolutionary War and those who participated in their libraries so you may be able to find more information about your ancestor even if he isn’t on their list.

NSSAR | National Society, Sons of the American Revolution This group and the group below were once the same group, but later split into two.

Sons of the Revolution Home Page

Genealogy honors the lives of our ancestors, and what better way to honor a person’s life than to tell their story. Each of our ancestors helped shape the country we live in today whether in a big or small way. Who was your Chandler ancestor? What is their story? If you would like to contribute a story please write to Carol or I (barb@barbchandler.org).

 

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Filed under Chandler News

EDMUND’S COMMUNITY COURIER SPRING 2013

 

 DSCF1816

This issue, we are featuring Mary Elizabeth Chandler, a Civil War officer’s wife, who was a witness and to some of the most historic times during the Civil War and later during Reconstruction.  Many genealogical entries about ancestors, especially women are simple:  born, married, children, and then died, but fortunately she was mentioned in two books about the Civil War and we have the links to those books that you can read free online if you wish.  So for those of you are also Civil War buffs, and I know that at least one of our members is, this is a story that should be most interesting as gives a glimpse of what life was like with the first African American regiment, plus we have pictures.  Mary Elizabeth was the last child of Reuben and Mary (Parcher) Chandler whose family story was featured in the past few issues.

Member Alert!  If any of you still have the, I believe, 2006 Chandler calendar, there is a picture of Mary Elizabeth and her husband George Chamberlin in his uniform in it. Please let me know if you have it so we can scan it and add it to the story in the future.

Because of the amount of time it took for the Mary Elizabeth Chandler story and other ongoing Chandler research (what you see is the tip of the iceberg), plus non-genealogy obligations, the Revolutionary War series will not start until the next issue.

Also, tips, Duxbury news, the return of “Who Do You Think You Are,” DNA news, brick walls and more.

I am hoping to go the Czech Republic in the fall with my brother as that is where our grandmother came from (not all ancestors are Chandlers!) so I am not sure if the next edition of the newsletter will be before or after that trip.  I will keep you all posted.

 

WELCOME NEW MEMBERS

This issue we welcome new members. I hope that the new members will browse our Members’ Only section which has over a thousand pages of information including maps and photos.  There is a lot of info that you won’t find elsewhere.  Probably the one resource that all Edmund Chandler descendants should see is the Chandler section of The Genealogy of Edward Small which is in our online Library. This is considered the bible on Edmund and the early Chandlers and is universally respected as it is meticulously researched from primary sources.  The first edition came out in the early 1900s and the second in the 1930s.  I believe that we have the second edition.  This is important to know because the author, Lora Altine Underhill, made corrections and updated a few items in the second edition.  Since she wrote her book information about Samuel Chandler, Edmund’s son, has been corrected.

The discovery of another son of Edmund (John who died on the way to Barbados), and proof that Capt. John Chandler was the grandson of Joseph Chandler were made by our members.  Our members through their own dedicated research have been able to continue and build upon her research.

 

DUXBURY NEWS

As you all know we have been trying to get a plaque installed in Duxbury.  Our member, Billie, is going to Duxbury in June with plans to find people who will be receptive to the plaque and continue her Chandler research.  We have the funds allocated and just need someone official from Duxbury to give us the go ahead.

OTHER NEWS

The genealogy TV show, “Who Do You Think You Are” is coming back.  This is the program which sent a squadron of Ancestry.com researchers and their cohorts into the most obscure archives and worldwide locations tracing the family trees of celebrities such as Rob Lowe, Lisa Kudrow, Susan Sarandon and others.  The most interesting part, at least to we genealogy buffs, was not so much the celebrities, but the research and worldwide locations the show visited  The series ran for three years on NBC before it was cancelled, but like the phoenix it rose again.  This time it is will be on the cable TV network, TLC, formerly known as the Learning Channel. The first program is scheduled for July 23, 2013 at 9 PM Eastern.  Check your listings as TV schedules can change.  Here are a couple of links for more details:

U.S. Version of “Who Do You Think You Are?” Returns to Television on TLC, Starting July 23 – Eastman’s Online Genealogy Newsle

About The Show

SCGS JAMBOREE

For those of you who live in California you might want to see the Southern California Genealogical Society Jamboree held June 6-9th. It is the second largest genealogy convention in the country. If you don’t want to pay to hear the lectures, the exhibit hall is free Friday through Sunday.  Parking is not free. Lots of clubs and group are represented such as  the DAR, German, Czech and  Civil War as well as the big genealogy companies such as Ancestry, Familysearch, Rootsmagic,  Fold3, FTDNA, Family Heritage and many more have booths and give big discounts on their wares.  DNA continues to be the hot topic as a whole day, June 6, is devoted to lectures on that subject.

Here is the link: Welcome to Jamboree!

 

 

TIPS AND RESOURCES

search-familytree

WWW.FAMILYSEARCH.ORG

Familysearch is continuing to plow forward with frequent changes and additions so can be quirky at times. They now require people to sign up before they can use their site.  It is a simple and free process and you will not be pestered with e-mails as a result.  They do have a new feature which allows people to put their family trees on the site.  They still are working on their plan to enable people to correct mistakes and have unified family trees.

The Plymouth Colony Pages – Consolidated Index to PCR

Dale H. Cook maintains several GenWeb pages which include Duxbury, Plymouth, Marshfield, etc.  He is also a terrific researcher.  The above source consolidates indexes from 13 volumes of early Plymouth records.  As Duxbury was a suburb of Plymouth there are many references to Chandlers and activities in early Duxbury. Previously if you wanted to look up Edmund Chandler or one of the early Chandlers, you would have to look in the index of each of the thirteen volumes to find that person.  Now they are in one place.

NEW YORK RESOURCES

As far as I know, very few Edmund Chandler descendants migrated to New York.  A couple of them were wives and the one family who did move to New York moved back to Vermont or New Hampshire where they originally came from. The Chandlers who did leave New England seemed to favor, Illinois, Ohio and Iowa.

However, in case you have New York ancestors, Carrie, a teacher from New York who enjoyed our site sent along these two New York resources:

“New York State Historical Association Research Library”
http://library.nysha.org/entry_list.asp

“A Guide to New York Historical Resources” –
http://www.areavibes.com/library/new-york-historical-resources/

 

BRICK WALLS

break_thru_brick_wall

Our co-chairperson and treasurer, Bob, found the item below in his local genealogical society newsletter, the Lincoln-Lancaster Genealogical Society Newsletter, and wished to share it with our group. I contacted the author, Elyse Doerflinfer, who has a genealogy blog, and she granted us permission to use it. She also is offering free research forms that you can download.  Here is her blog address:

Elyse’s Genealogy Blog

Brick Walls

By

Elyse Doerflinfer

 Blogger Elyse Doerflinfer blogs at Elyse’s Genealogy Blog| (http://elysesgenealogyblog.com). Recently Elyse wrote an informative two-part blog post on how to organize and tackle a “brick wall ancestor” — that elusive ancestor for whom the research trail has gone cold. Elyse has graciously granted permission to reproduce the post in its entirety. Thank you Elyse! —Ed.

 

Every genealogist has a brick wall ancestor – that ancestor with the record trail that seems to just stop. One of the keys to busting down that brick wall is to organize your project in a way that lays out what you already know about the ancestor, your research problem, and a research to-do list. Having this summary and plan written up, will make it super easy to follow through and bust down those brick walls.

THERE ARE 7 STEPS TO ORGANIZING YOUR BRICK WALL PROJECT:

1.)    Write Down Everything You Know and How You Know It. I prefer to do this in a timeline format – starting from birth and listing every event I have about my ancestor until their death and/or burial. Under each event, I list the source from where the information came from. I also like to write a summary sentence or two about the weight of each piece of information.

 

 

2.)    A source is where you got the information from. Original sources provide information that is not derived by another source. Derivative sources, just as the name suggests, is a source that has been abstracted, transcribed, summarized, or in some way derived from another source. It is usually best to see the original source whenever possible to be sure exactly what it says. Derived sources like transcriptions and abstractions can sometimes contain errors.

 

There are two types of information that can be found within a source. Primary information comes from records created at or near the time of the event with information by a person with close knowledge of the event. For example, a birth record (unless it is delayed) will contain primary information about the birth of a child. This information was probably provided by the parents that were present or the midwife/doctor that was present during the birth. Secondary information is information found in records created after a long period of time has passed from the event or was contributed by a person who was not present at the event.

 

The complicated part is that one source may have multiple types of information within it. For example, a death certificate is an original source with primary information regarding the death date and place, but secondary information regarding the names of parents and date of birth. The secondary information will need to be assessed and it will probably be best to search for more records created closer to the time of the event.

 

2.) Identify the Problem: Now that you have a clear picture of what you know about your ancestor, it’s time to identify exactly what question you want to answer. If there are multiple questions, list each one separately and clearly.

 

Examples: Where was George Monroe Rogers born? What was the name of his parents? Where was John N. Morris living during the 1900 census? Did Adolph Doerflinger become a naturalized citizen? Where was Julia Morris Rogers buried?

 

3.) List Your Hypotheses. What are your educated guesses to answer your research question? What do you think may have happened? What is your reasoning behind your guess?

 

4.) Create the F.A.N. List: When researching your ancestors, it is super important to keep a list of the people your ancestors interacted with throughout their lives. These people are called F.A.N.s – friends, associates, and neighbors. These are the people your ancestors did business with, sat next to in church, and signed documents as witnesses. When you get really stuck with an ancestor, it is often the friends, associates, and neighbors that will have more information – research the F.A.N.s and you might find the missing piece of the puzzle to your research question.

 

5.) Create a To-Do List: Now that you have all information about your ancestor and the research problem laid out in a clear and organized manner, it is time to create a research to-do list. Carefully look at the information and begin to brainstorm the records and resources you want to check. Maybe you need to employ a new search strategy – like trying different naming spellings or checking the surrounding counties – to a resource you’ve already checked to find your ancestor.

 

6.) Collaborate: Collaborating with other researchers is a great way to find new perspective and get new research ideas. Whenever I have a research problem, I share the problem with others – two heads (or more!) are always better than one! I love to write blog posts

about my brick wall ancestors – this will hopefully attract unknown cousins that might have information to share, and other researchers can have a chance to make recommendations or share resources I hadn’t thought of yet. Someone else might look at your research and have a fresh perspective to offer – like maybe you read a word incorrectly or didn’t know that geographic boundaries had changed and you should be looking in a different jurisdiction for that record.

If blog posts are your style, use a message board to share your problem. Like a blog post, other people can comment with ideas and fresh perspective – and you might just find a cousin!

Also look into using collaborative websites like WikiTree (This is my favorite – and not just because I work there!) or WeRelate. Both of these options allow for multiple researchers to collaborate on one ancestor profile.

 

7.) Re-Evaluate & Repeat: As you finish steps 1-6, you’ve hopefully gathered some new information. Now repeat the entire process, entering in all new information, until you have successfully answered your question.

 DNA

DNA NEWS

For those of you who are new and are not aware of the Chandler DNA Project , the ECFA is co-sponsoring the project with our sister group, the Chandler Family Association. Chandler is an occupational name so there are many unrelated Chandler families.  Our member and Chandler project co-administrator, Dick, estimates that there are about 150 distinct and unrelated Chandler families in the world. So far we have about 70 family clusters and the majority of men who have taken the YDNA test have found matches. You can click the link to find out more if you wish.

Additional Edmund Chandler descendants have taken the YDNA test recently and match Group 13, the Edmund Chandler Group. Out of respect for their privacy, I am only including part of their lines. We now have a second Capt. John Chandler descendant who matches the Edmund Chandler family. Capt. John was once one of our “mystery” Chandlers. Here is his line Capt. John>Edmund*>Joseph>Edmund, the immigrant. (* indicates, in this case, compelling circumstantial evidence that he was the father of Capt. John)

We also have a descendant of Judah Chandler (Judah>Joseph>Joseph>Edmund, the immigrant who was a match to Group 13 and lastly a descendant of yet another Jonathan Chandler who took the test who matched Group 13. This Jonathan was from North Yarmouth, Maine and was the brother of Judah. Here is his line: Jonathan>Joseph>Joseph>Edmund, the immigrant

Dick is spearheading, both by leading and donating money, a big push into YDNA testing English Chandlers in hopes of connecting to them to Chandlers worldwide which would include the United States and of course, Edmund.  Thank you Dick!

Our paper trail for Edmund’s origins remains cold, but may warm up again with Billie on the trail. YDNA testing offers an alternate way to find his origins. 

The offer is for 12 marker tests for English Chandlers.  If the initial results look promising, the tests will be upgraded to more markers to either confirm or eliminate that particular testee as a match to a previously tested Chandler family.  Our ECFA members have donated money for research into the Edmund Chandler family previously and we will back that up with additional money from our treasury if need be for further testing of promising Edmund Chandler family candidates amongst those that Dick may find.

We are still looking for specific American Chandlers to test and we and/or the CFA will offer free DNA testing for proven Chandler male line descendants of the following men:

 Zebedee Chandler of Plympton, Mass born c. 1712.  He is one of our “mystery” Chandlers and is believed to be descended from Edmund. None of his descendants have been YDNA tested yet as to our knowledge.

William Chandler of Newbury, Mass. He immigrated to Newbury, Massachusetts in the 1600s. As none of his descendants have been YDNA tested it is unknown if he could be related to any previously tested Chandlers. William of Newbury is the patriarch of one of the “Big Four” New England Chandler families which consist of the aforementioned William of Newbury, Mass,  William of Roxbury, Mass, Edmund of Duxbury, Mass, and Roger of Concord, Mass. I refer to them as the “Big Four” because most of the early New England Chandlers descended from one of them.  Roger Chandler of Duxbury is not included as he had no surviving male descendants that we know of. 

William Chandler of Portsmouth New Hampshire and Deptford, Kent England.  It appears that he did not have many descendants.  He immigrated to the American colonies in the 1700s. His descendants settled in New Hampshire and York, Maine.  What is intriguing about him is that he was from Kent.  Roger Chandler, long believed to be related to Edmund, married Isabella Chilton in Canterbury, Kent. For that reason Kent is high on list of possible places where Edmund came from.

The U198 DNA Project

The U198 Project ( U198 Project-page 5 )goes back farther than the use of surnames which is about 500 years. It is a test for a marker whose common ancestor lived 2000 to 3000 years ago. That seems like a fairly useless bit of knowledge if surnames were not being used, so what can it show us?  Potentially if enough men check for this marker, we may find migration patterns and geographic clusters of descendants. We already have one Edmund descendant who is being tested to see if he has this marker and one is all we need per group. This testing is only in its infancy, so we will have to wait and see if it will give us any useful information.

If enough information can be gathered about U198, we may be able to find the general area where descendants of one of Edmund’s long ago ancestors live today. Now, with limited testing, there seems to be a cluster of U198 in Lowland Scotland.

I am the pipsqueak of the Chandler DNA committee and only answer the most basic questions as John Chandler (a William and Annis descendant) is the expert and Dick is rapidly becoming more expert. I help with lineage issues and occasionally get caught up in Chandler mysteries far afield from Edmund such as three southerners who match, but only one has the Chandler surname for sure, one is iffy, and the other has another surname. We made progress, but it is still a puzzle and more data is needed.

NEW TELEVISION SHOW ABOUT GENEALOGY

PBS announced that it will add a new series Genealogy  Roadshow to its fall lineup. Part detective story, part emotional journey, Genealogy Roadshow will combine history and science to uncover the fascinating stories of diverse Americans. Each individual’s past will link to a larger COMMUNITY history, revealing the rich cultural tapestry of America. GENEALOGY ROADSHOW will air Mondays, September 23-October 14, 9:00-10:00 p.m. ET.

Unlike “Who do You Think You Are,” everyone is qualified to be part of the show. The original airing will highlight people’s stories from several cities: Austin, Detroit, Nashville, and San Francisco.

If you live in, or by any of these cities, you can participate. The producers of the show are looking for people who can address these questions;

Is there a family legend you would like to explore? A missing piece or person in your family tree you have always wondered about? Do you believe you might be connected to our nation’s rich history and folklore? Have you discovered an ancestral link to a founding father or an American icon? Is there a family story passed down for generations you would like investigated and finally answered?

To apply submit an application to;

Austin: http://www.klru.org/grshow/

Detroit: http://www.dptv.org/grshow/

Nashville: http://www.wnpt.org/grshow/

San Francisco: http://www.kqed.org/grshow/

 LIFE  on the FARM

by Barb Chandler

 Many of our Chandler ancestors were farmers, this caused me to wonder what life was like for them.

This short video clip answered my question and gave me an appreciation for the life many of our ancestors lived.

Life on the farm is hardly laid back like the picture John Denver paints in his song “Thank God I’m A County Boy.”

IMMORTALIZING OUR ANCESTORS

By Barb Chandler

Statehood Certificate for Elihu Chandler from Iowa Genealogical Society

Statehood Certificate for Elihu Chandler from Iowa Genealogical Society

One way to make sure your family history is not buried with your ancestor is to contribute your research to the public. Besides preserving your family history; your research will help future genealogists, and you may even find others who are researching your line.

Contribute your research to genealogical or linage societies. Google ‘genealogical society’ for your state or you can find a number of genealogical and linage societies on Cyndi’s List; http://www.cyndislist.com/societies/

Consider sending photos to your state genealogical library and/or contribute them to Dead Fred, a genealogy photo achieve;  http://www.deadfred.com/

Think about putting your family tree online. Rootsweb, as well as other web sites, offers free space for family trees; http://accounts.rootsweb.ancestry.com/  

Another place to add your research is Find A Grave; http://www.findagrave.com/  do a search for your ancestor, if they aren’t listed and you have sourced information where they are buried create a memorial to them, if you have an obit and/or picture all the better. Also, consider adding memorials for current relatives who have died.

Send Barb or Carol stories about your relatives so their lives can be immortalized in the Courier.

MARY ELIZABETH CHANDLER

Lineage:  Mary Elizabeth>Reuben>Jonathan*>Judah>Joseph>Joseph>Edmund, the Immigrant

Research by Sharron Ross and Carol May

Written by

Carol May

Mary Elizabeth Chandler and George Barret Chamberlin

Mary Elizabeth Chandler and George Barret Chamberlin

Mary Elizabeth Chandler’s early life showed no sign that she would be swept up in one of the seminal events in Civil War history.  She was born in Maine into a family of paupers that was split up. (See the last several issues about her family)

She was the last child of Reuben and Mary (Parcher) Chandler.  Various sources list her birthdate from 1836 to 1839, but most show 1837. Shaker records show her brother Hewett and sister, Statira, had been sent to live with the Shakers.  We don’t know if she also lived with the Shakers or lived with other relatives. We do know that her father, Reuben, was alone in in the US 1840 census.  Her mother, Mary, formally joined the Shakers in her later years.

Like her brothers and sister, Mary Elizabeth left Maine for Massachusetts where there were jobs and opportunities. At age 23, she first appeared in the records as a resident in her brother, Malcolm’s, household in the 1860 US census for Brighton, Mass where Malcolm was a prosperous ice dealer. 

She married George Barret Chamberlin later that year on Nov. 27, 1860 in Brookline, Mass.  Brighton records show her birthplace as listed as Lewiston, Maine which is adjacent to Poland, Maine.

Her young adult life was uneventful and typical for a New England woman of her age, marriage then the birth of a daughter, Annie, born May 1, 1863 until the event that rocked the nation — the Civil War.  From then on Mary Elizabeth’s life wasn’t typical anymore.

Her husband, George, enlisted as a private in Union Army on August 15, 1862 in Boston, but was only enlisted for a nine month term. After being mustered out he volunteered and was recommended to serve as quartermaster under Colonel Thomas Wentworth Higginson of the First South Carolina Volunteers Colored Infantry later to be renamed the 33rd United States Colored Infantry Regiment.  He was promoted to First Lieutenant and was mustered Aug. 29, 1863 in Beaufort, South Carolina.  His enlistment was for three years.

George’s service with the First South Carolina Volunteers Colored Infantry is what separated Mary Elizabeth’s life from the lives of most Civil War wives, because Mary would later join him not only living in strategically located army camps in captured enemy territory, but with a history making regiment.

George and Mary Elizabeth must have also had Abolitionist sympathies or he wouldn’t have been recommended for appointment to this regiment and Mary Elizabeth would not have joined him in an army camp consisting of former slaves in captured enemy territory. Mary Elizabeth also had undoubtedly been exposed to Shaker views and practice of tolerance and equality growing up as her brother was a Shaker leader and her mother joined the Shakers.

To understand how unique George and Mary Elizabeth’s experience was with the First South Carolina Colored regiment and its historical significance, here is a little history of how the regiment came into being.

 

THE REGIMENT

 

The regiment that baby Annie would review daily.

“Dress parade of the 1st South Carolina [U.S.C.V.], Beaufort, S.C.” Library of Congress Digital Print LC-USZ62-62492

The First South Carolina Volunteers Colored Infantry, later renamed the 33rd United States Colored Infantry, was the first officially recognized regiment composed of African Americans and the first composed of escaped slaves. This was also the only regiment formed from the rebelling states that was loyal to the Union, a matter of pride amongst the men.

 The movie “Glory” depicted the 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Army but it was formed later from free African Americans from the Boston area.  Free African Americans were willing to fight, but were not allowed until a presidential proclamation allowed them to do so later on.  At the time, the majority of people in the North felt that it was a “white man’s war.”  As for slaves, many Northerners doubted the ability or willingness of former slaves to fight.  Some Northerners were Abolitionists, but the majority was not. 

At the beginning of the war slaves were returned to their owners if they supported the Union. Initially, as more and more slaves escaped or were abandoned, the Union evaded whole legal issue by declaring them “contrabands of war” then abandoned property.  When Union General David Hunter captured parts of coastal South Carolina, there were 10,000 slaves that had been abandoned by their fleeing owners or had escaped.  General Hunter, who was an Abolitionist, declared them, as well as all of the slaves in South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, free. 

Unfortunately, that order freeing the slaves was rescinded by President Lincoln and General Hunter was reprimanded for acting on his own.  Lincoln had to walk a fine line between freeing slaves and pushing the loyal slave states into seceding and joining the Confederacy because four states, five when West Virginia formed, while loyal to the Union, were still slave states.

General Hunter, also and on his own and unofficially, had been asking for volunteers and was “drafting” the escaped and abandoned slaves who had not been put to work harvesting the abandoned plantation cotton and rice fields into the military. 

His retort to Congress regarding the slaves was:

“I reply that no regiment of “Fugitive Slaves” has been, or is being organized in this Department. There is, however, a fine regiment of persons whose late masters are “Fugitive Rebels” –men who everywhere fly before the appearance of the National Flag, leaving their servants behind them to shift as best as they can for themselves… thousand(s) of these hardy and devoted (African American) soldiers.”

This first military effort did not go well as the former slaves were not paid and, did not really get a full chance to fight.  On July 17, 1862 a proclamation was made authorizing African Americans to be employed in the war effort and to become soldiers, but still no official recognition, still no full pay,  and still no promise to be free when the war was over.  At this early stage of the war, the war was to preserve the union and not to free slaves, although that would come later, but by the war’s end 12.5% of the slaves had been freed, considerably weakening the South’s ability to fight.

Pressure from Abolitionists, an ever growing number of escaped and abandoned slaves, and a need for more troops led to orders that were sent down from the Secretary of War to General Rufus Saxon. Those orders were for General Saxon, who was anti-slavery, to find someone to lead a new regiment consisting primarily of slaves which would be commanded by white officers.

Colonel Thomas Wentworth Higginson was asked and accepted the appointment.  Colonel Higginson was a Harvard educated, Unitarian minister, ardent  Abolitionist, author, scholar, friend of Harriet Tubman, of the Underground Railroad,  and future mentor and friend of poet  Emily Dickenson.  He also had been part of the “Secret Six” who supported   John Brown, the Abolitionist, who in a failed attempt tried to free the slaves and begin a slave revolt at Harper’s Ferry in 1859.

ThomasWentworthHigginsonColonel Higginson set about staffing his command with white officers as that was part of the arrangement as it was already considered a radical move to recruit African Americans as soldiers.

They began recruiting escaped slaves and remnants of General Hunter’s unpaid disheartened soldiers for this brand new, regiment consisting of former slaves, the First Carolina Volunteers Colored. 

Many slaves on the outer reaches of the Sea Islands had seen very little or nothing of white people, only black overseers, and were fed stories, undoubtedly started by plantation owners,  of Yankees as having horns and tails and with the intent of capturing slaves in order to sell them to Cuba or pull carts like oxen. 

Finally, the Emancipation Proclamation was issued and Colonel Higginson introduced Dr. W. H. Brisbane who read the text to a gathering of soldiers and citizens on January 1, 1863 next to a moss draped tree that became known as the Emancipation Oak. Lincoln’s Executive Order declared the slaves in the rebelling states to be “forever free” which ended the ambiguous status of escaped slaves and allowed them to join the military and made the First South Carolina Colored official. 

Chief Petty Officer Amanda Hughs, Naval Hospital Beaufort's command historian, stands near the Emancipation Oak.

Chief Petty Officer Amanda Hughs, Naval Hospital Beaufort’s command historian, stands near the Emancipation Oak.

A lone elderly former slave with a slightly cracked voice began to sing My Country Tis of Thee, and was soon joined by two women also former slaves. The officials on the stage started to join in, but Col. Higginson quieted them as he felt that only the voices of the former slaves should be heard as they finally were free and had a country. To read Col. Higginson’s moving account and to see pictures click: Take a walk through Beaufort’s history: The Emancipation Oak, and ‘independence’ | Beaufort SC Local & Visitor Guide | Eat Sle

A lot was riding on this regiment for both the African American soldiers and their white officers, as they knew that they would be heavily scrutinized and that they could not fail or it could doom the fate of all African Americans. 

Northerners, upon hearing what slave conditions were like, sent teachers, who had to take an oath to the Union and be commissioned, and philanthropists to the Port Royal area to help the ever growing number of escaping slaves and freed slaves

Colonel Higginson wrote later, “this particular regiment lived for months under the glare of publicity” which “tests any regiment where they had a continuous stream of visitors, military and civil”.

“Watched by microscopic  scrutiny by friends and foes. The slightest camp incidents sometimes came back to us, magnified and distorted, in letters of anxious inquiry from remote parts of the nation,” he wrote.

They had to meet Army standards and if there was any mutiny or major desertions “it would be all over.”

Upon hearing that the Union was forming regiments using former slaves, Confederate President Jefferson Davis issued a proclamation that if the slaves turned soldiers and their white officers were captured, the African Americans would be auctioned off and their white officers hanged.

Colonel Higginson called it “serving under the threat of the noose.”    He had another worry, if they were too strict in training the troops they would appear to be like slave owners and if too lenient the troops would fall apart. He decided that strict army discipline and fair treatment was the proper way to go. Once the former slaves were convinced that they were all under the same military rules and military hierarchy, officers and enlisted men alike, it worked out and the former slaves turned soldiers took pride in their service and what their service meant. One former slave and now a sergeant pointed to his stripes and said “See this. This means guv’ment” when his authority was questioned.

The regiment did not participate in major battles, but engaged in military raids, often accompanied by gunboats, obtaining supplies, chasing rebels and freeing slaves up the St. Mary, St. John and the Edisto Rivers. They later had picket line duty where they had to patrol the line to keep the Confederates from recapturing strategic Port Royal which served as both a blockade against the South and a vital supply point for the Union.  They shot at the Rebels and in turn were shot at as the Rebels tested the line while the Union pickets looked for any movement of Rebel troops that could indicate a major attack.  They had to watch out for snipers, being lured into Rebel traps, and disguised Rebels trying penetrate the line or attack them. The southerners also had their dogs, ‘the detectives of the South” as Col. Higginson called them.  These dogs formerly used to hunt runaway slaves, now looked for any Union soldiers reconnoitering or moving as advance troops.

Bombardment and Capture of Port Royal, SC 7 November 1861," Engraving by W. Ridgway after a drawing by C. Parsons, published by Virtue & Co., New York. Digitized by the U.S. Naval History Center, http://www.history.navy.mil/photos/sh-usn/usnsh-u/unadilla.htm, accessed 6 Jan 2011.

Bombardment and Capture of Port Royal, SC 7 November 1861,” Engraving by W. Ridgway after a drawing by C. Parsons, published by Virtue & Co., New York. Digitized by the U.S. Naval History Center, http://www.history.navy.mil/photos/sh-usn/usnsh-u/unadilla.htm, accessed 6 Jan 2011.

When not on patrol or picket duty, the regiment was posted mostly near Beaufort, a small town situated on Port Royal Island which lay between the port cities of Savannah Georgia and Charleston, South Carolina. There was Camp Saxton and later Camp Shaw which were both located on the Old Fort Smith Plantation. The ruins of the original fort dated back to colonial days and pre-dated the plantation.  Later on the regiment moved to Hilton Head and Folly Island near Charleston. 

New troops were added as slaves were freed.  Harriet Tubman, famous for being a conductor of the Underground Railroad, served with the regiment as a Union Spy, army scout and nurse.  She was a friend of Col. Higginson and with Col. Montgomery she planned and led a raid up the Combahee River that freed over 750 slaves and captured a fortune in goods and supplies for the Union. Most of the escaped slaves joined the regiment. These slaves, afraid of the Yankees at first until Harriet reassured them and spread the word of the Emancipation Proclamation, charged to board the gunboats. They ran from the fields and cookhouses, with men hired by their owners in pursuit, shouting that “Lincoln’s gunboats” had come to set them free.

Union gunboat. Gunboats often accompanied the regiment on their military excursions into enemy territory

Union gunboat. Gunboats often accompanied the regiment on their military excursions into enemy territory

This was First Lieutenant George Barret Chamberlin’s regiment and the regiment where later Mary Elizabeth and daughter baby Annie joined him.

 

Mary Elizabeth’s Arrival to Camp Shaw

It was November of 1863 and the regiment was settled in their winter camp at Port Royal Island, South Carolina, near Beaufort, when, according to Colonel Higginson’s diary, George B. Chamberlin, the quartermaster,  knocked at the door of his tent.

“The door opened and the Quartermaster thrust in the most beaming face I ever saw. “Colonel” said he, “there are great news for the regiment. My wife and baby are coming by the next steamer!”

“Baby!” I said in amazement. QM (we always called the Quartermaster QM for shortness) “There was a pass sent for your wife, but nothing was said about a baby, baby indeed!”

George, the QM, replied, “Baby was included in the pass. Besides the pass itself permits her to bring necessary baggage, and is not a baby six months old necessary baggage?”

Colonel Higginson asked him, “How can you make the little thing comfortable in a tent, amidst these rigors of a South Carolina winter, when it is uncomfortably hot for drill at noon and ice forms by your bedside at night?”

George replied, “Trust me for that!” 

The quartermaster, resourceful enough to get both wife Mary Elizabeth and baby Annie down there, was up to the task. The tent soon had rafters, a floor, chimney, a door with hinges, but no latch as Colonel Higginson got the only latch. The regimental carpenter made a bedstead and a cradle which could fit underneath.  A scrap of red carpet was the finishing touch. It was a double tent with the front serving as the quartermaster’s office and the rear portion, the living quarters and parlor.  One of the sergeant’s wives was hired to be a nursery maid.

Mary Elizabeth and Annie, who was now six months old, arrived at Port Royal by steamship and settled into Camp Shaw populated by a few white officers and fewer still of their wives, 800 former slaves turned soldiers, plus cooks, laundresses, and workers who were also former slaves. 

Camp Shaw was named after Colonel Robert Gould Shaw who died with his men in the second battle of Fort Wagner. The movie “Glory” about the 54th Regiment and Colonel Shaw, took literary license as portraying it as being the first regiment made up of slaves, but that honor actually went to the First South Carolina Volunteers Colored, Col. Higginson’s regiment. Colonel Shaw and his fallen troops were heroes to the men, which is why the camp was named after him.

Camp Shaw was far, far different than Boston. In addition to the slaves turned soldiers and constant influx of liberated or escaped slaves, there was the ever presence of the enemy who would send over volleys of shells. Instead of cranberries and snow there was tremendous heat, humidity, disease in warm months, magnolias, hanging moss, alligators, and bugs, many bugs, especially mosquitoes and sand fleas.

Mary Elizabeth may also have known Clara Barton, “the angel of the battlefield” and founder of the American Red Cross as she was in nearby Beaufort. She also most likely met Harriet Tubman as she was with the regiment. Mary Elizabeth did become friends with Susie King Taylor, a former slave, who served with the Regiment as a laundress and nurse wrote of Mary Elizabeth in her book “Reminiscences of My Life In Camp with the 33rd United States Colored Troops First S.C. Volunteers.”

“Mrs. Chamberlain (sic), our quartermaster’s wife, was with us here (Camp Shaw, near Beaufort South Carolina). She was a beautiful woman; I can see her pleasant face before me now, as she, with Captain Trowbridge, would sit and converse with me in my tent two or three hours at a time. She was also with me on Cole Island (near Charleston, South Carolina), and I think we were the only women with the regiment while there. I remember well how, when she first came into camp, Captain Trowbridge brought her to my tent and introduced her to me. I found her then, as she remained ever after, a lovely person, and I always admired her cordial and friendly ways.”

It was baby Annie who caught the heart of the regiment. Her nursery maid would take her on tours of the camp. Colonel Higginson was so taken by baby Annie that he devoted an entire chapter in his book to her. (You can read more about baby Annie by going to our newsletter archives and read Sharron’s story about her in the Sept. and Oct. 2006 issues or read the chapter in Col. Higginson’s book, Army life in a black regiment – Thomas Wentworth Higginson – Google Books)

“At guard-mounting in the morning, Baby was always there to inspect them,” wrote Col. Higginson. The Officer of the Day “would come to Baby to on his way to receive her orders first” and then on to Col. Higginson.

Annie would review the troops daily. Monthly, “some inspecting officer was sent to the camp by the general in command to see the conditions of everything from bayonets to buttons”, Col. Higginson wrote, but then he would always say that there was one more thing to inspect that was “peculiar to the regiment,” then out would be brought Annie, “a flower in the midst of war.” He wrote that she never failed to elicit a smile.

“Our little lady was very impartial and distributed her kind looks to everybody. She had not the slightest prejudice against color, and did not care in the least whether her particular friends were black or white,” Col. Higginson wrote of baby Annie.

Annie especially liked the drummer boys as they “were small and made a noise.” The drummer boys, who “gave more trouble than all the grown men,” would catch partridges to show to Annie according to Col. Higginson. Lizards and possums were also presented to her, but the only animals that she took a shine to were the kittens. “Little baby” addressed to the kittens were, Annie’s first words. Annie had a playmate for a few weeks when the baby of one of the sergeant’s was visiting.

While the tent stove usually kept the family warm, on occasion, the wind shifted and they would be smoked out of the tent and Mary Elizabeth and baby Annie in her Red Riding Hood cloak would be forced to flee in the rain to the Adjutant’s wife’s tent.

The soldiers sang spirituals, which along with the Gullah dialect of the Sea Islands, were a source of study and fascination for the Colonel. 

While the soldiers sang spirituals around campfires, for the officers, the quartermaster’s tent was the place to be in the evenings where Methodist hymns were sung, “With Mrs. C.’s sweet tones chiming in.”

As the regiment was actively engaged in war, George, Mary Elizabeth and baby Annie’s residence moved with the troops. When the regiment was on picket duty, Mary Elizabeth and baby Annie came along. Regimental headquarters were set up in an abandoned plantation house which had half of the windows broken out, about seven miles from Beaufort. “Baby’s father and mother had a room upstairs” and where the ladies “hung wreaths and hangings of evergreen” to cover the dirty walls. 

 Smith Plantation where the regiment headquartered during part of their service.

Smith Plantation where the regiment headquartered during part of their service.

Life in regimental headquarters certainly was more exciting for the whole family, especially Annie. She would watch the couriers and officers come and go all day with dispatches and orders. When bored with the latest courier, her attention would turn to the tethered horses. Often her father was one of the riders and he would take her in his arms and treat her to a gallop around the house. According to Col. Higginson “she was fearless” and enjoyed everything with equanimity.

Annie now had an “intimate knowledge of drills and parades” and certainly of inspections. So she it seemed “that the closer that she came to actual combat, the more seemed to like it, peaceful although her little ways may be.” Shot, shell and cannon fire would be exchanged and couriers would be “sent to and fro” and the men would be called to arms preparing for Rebel attack. The ladies would come downstairs at headquarters with their best bonnets on and wait for the ambulances to evacuate them before the expected fight.

“She (Annie) shouted with delight at being suddenly uncribbed and thrust into her little scarlet cloak, and brought downstairs at an utterly unusual and improper hour, to a piazza with lights and people and horses and general excitement. She crowed, gurgled and waved her little fists and screamed out what seemed to be her advice on the military situation.”  Colonel Higginson wrote that if he could have interpreted what she was apparently trying to say “perhaps the whole of the Rebel Force could have been captured with her plans.” He wrote that he would have rather obeyed her orders than those of some generals that he knew. Once the danger of attack had passed the ladies and Annie would return to their beds. Little Annie would go back to spilling her milk and bread in the morning as if nothing had happened.

That winter, while at Beaufort, the regiment was told to pack up the camp and make ready to leave for battle in Florida. The troops were eager to go as much as General Saxton wished them to stay. The general kept saying that there was small pox amongst the troops so they shouldn’t go but Col. Higginson countered with that there was always smallpox and the men who had it were getting better. In the end with the camp broken down and packed aboard the ship, General Saxton prevailed and the entire camp that they just loaded onto the ship that morning now had to be unloaded. One of the soldiers remarked it was like “loading feathers,” but “unloading lead,” they were so dispirited at not being able to join the battle in Florida.

Days later there was a regimental ball in Beaufort where all of the ‘collected flags of the regiment were hung.” Civilians were few at the ball and Mary Elizabeth was one of the fewer still women who attended.  However, during the ball rumors began floating through the gathering about things not going well in Florida. Then came another rumor about the ship, Cosmopolitan, arriving with wounded from the battle. “Suddenly in the midst of ‘Lancers’ there came a perfect hush, the music ceasing. General Saxton strode hastily down the hall, his pale face very resolute and, looking almost sick with anxiety,” Col. Higginson wrote.

He told the crowd the ball must end immediately because there were 250 wounded men from the Battle of Olustee, Florida that had just arrived by boat.

Later that evening, as Col. Higginson walked on board the boat carrying the wounded, he thought that “I longed to ask the men (of his regiment who didn’t get to go) what they thought of our ‘Florida disappointment’ now?”, but he dared not.

Once on board, he “found our kind-hearted ladies, Mrs. Chamberlin and Mrs. Dewhurst, on board the steamer, but there was nothing for them to do, and we walked back to camp in the radiant moonlight; Mrs. Chamberlin more than ever strengthened in her blushing woman’s philosophy, ‘I don’t care who wins the laurels (awards for the dead and wounded) provided we don’t!’ “

George asked for a leave of absence on May 24, 1864 so he could take baby Annie back to Massachusetts as she had been ill for several weeks. The family was back in Massachusetts, but sadly little baby Annie Chamberlin, died on June 11, 1864 in Brookline, Massachusetts,  “before her toes could trod the ground,” wrote Col. Higginson. Mary Elizabeth was also expecting again.

Son Edward Chandler was born in Brookline, Massachusetts on Christmas Day in 1864 when the Chamberlins resided on Beacon St. Their daughter Marion W. Chamberlin, was born sometime during the period of 1865 and 1871. Every source for her gives a different birth date, although all sources say that she was born in Massachusetts. She did not show up in the 1870 US census, but whether that was due to error, her away visiting relatives, or that she was not yet born, we don’t know.

Col. Higginson had to leave the regiment because of an injury and malaria. George was later assigned to General Saxton’s headquarters in Beaufort by the General himself. George also became ill from the diseases that were so prevalent in the South in the warmer months and was given a medical leave of absence which was extended several times. This was in 1865 and the war had ended. Because of his assignment to the General’s staff and later illness, he was not with his regiment and the government lost track of him and declared him AWOL. It wasn’t until c. 1915 and a pension was sought that the government declared the AWOL designation erroneous.

Once the war was over or military service ended, for most was it was a return to home and resumption of normal civilian life, but not for the Chamberlins.

They both must have been people of conviction, because George became a Deputy U.S. Marshall during Reconstruction in Atlanta, Georgia and Mary Elizabeth and young Edward went with him, according to the 1870 US census. The marshals were armed and wore a uniform.

Georgia had been decimated during the war, rice plantations ruined and never were revived, cotton plantations were reduced from producing 700,000 tons of cotton to 50,000 tons, most of the livestock was  gone, farm equipment was gone, most everything was in ruins. The people were hungry, especially the newly freed slaves with no jobs and no homes. It was during that time Ku Klux Klan and the Red Shirts made their first appearance.

Atlanta after the civil war.

Atlanta after the civil war.

According to the U.S. Marshal’s official web site, this is why the marshals were sent to Atlanta,

“These acts of violence and terrorism led to the passing of the Klan, or Force Acts of 1870 and 1871. These acts put U.S. marshals and their deputies in charge of supervising all congressional elections in cities. They made it a crime to wear masks or disguises to attack citizens. The acts essentially established the first hate crime law – they made it illegal to attack any person based on race, color, or previous enslavement. Marshals were encouraged to vigorously enforce the new laws, even being promised they would be protected from arrest by the state governments. Attorney General Amos Akerman stated, “The Government in these matters is not vindictive, and wishes to worry no citizen unnecessarily, but it expects from all its officers the most energetic efforts to bring these marauders to justice.” (Calhoun)

Southern Marshals arrested approximately 7,000 violators of civil rights laws throughout the former Confederate states between the late 1860s and 1877, the period known as Radical Reconstruction”.

Col. Higginson wrote several years earlier of the hostility of the southern women toward the black soldiers while they were being rescued by them from a big fire in Beaufort, so one can only imagine what it must have been like for the Yankee marshals and their families who were there helping the former slaves.

Sadly, Mary Elizabeth died March 20, 1871 in Atlanta, Georgia. She was only her in thirties. By the 1880 US census, George, still in Atlanta, had remarried. Little Eddie and Marion had gone back to Boston to live with their grandmother and aunts. It was there in Massachusetts that Mary Elizabeth was buried.

Although Mary Elizabeth was no longer by his side, George was still ever the crusader. The teeth had been taken out of the Reconstruction laws and the power had gone back to the states and with it most of the power to protect the former slaves voting rights and freedom from persecution by whites, so George resigned from the marshal service.  His new appointment was as a Special Agent of the Postal Department according to the 1880 census.

The government was appointed special postal agents to go after the post-Civil War explosion of swindlers who were using the US mail to carry out their schemes and to catch train robbers where U.S. mail was stolen.  The marshals were also given the responsibility to enforce the new Comstock Law directed at stopping pornography which had proliferated during the Civil War.  Unfortunately, it was an overzealous effort as even medical books and art were being confiscated.

Sadly, George’s new marriage was not a happy one.  Perhaps he married too soon after Mary Elizabeth’s death and still grieved for her, or perhaps his new wife couldn’t tolerate Atlanta, or perhaps they just weren’t meant for each other. The marriage ended and he married for a third time, this time happily and had three sons.  He went to work in the Virginia/ Washington D.C. area and died in 1915. He was buried in Arlington Cemetery as was his third wife, Aglae.  She was of French descent and it is a French name.

Our member Sharron’s husband descends from George and Mary Elizabeth (Chandler) Chamberlin through their daughter, Marion, the only one their three children, Annie, Eddie and Marion, to have living descendants.

Camp Shaw and Camp Saxton, now a National Historic site, later became part of the Naval Hospital grounds in Beaufort. They have Civil War reinactments there and the Emancipation Proclamation is still read every year by the Emancipation Oak.

“Massachusetts, Marriages, 1841-1915,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/NWYL-M2Z : accessed 29 Aug 2012), George B. Chamberlin and Mary Eliza Chandler, 1860.

“Massachusetts, Marriages, 1695-1910,” index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/FHHJ-3Z6 : accessed 29 Aug 2012), George B. Chamberlin and Mary E. Chandler, 27 Nov 1860; citing reference 75, FHL microfilm 2031400.

Mary’s name was abbreviated to Mary Eliza. Her parents were listed as Reuben and Mary Parcher.  The second marriage record was most likely transcribed incorrectly as it gives her parents as “Reubin” and  “Mary Parker” instead of Reuben and Mary Parcher.

“Massachusetts, Births and Christenings, 1639-1915,” index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/FCYK-42F : accessed 29 Aug 2012), Mary E Chamberlin in entry for Anna Chamberlin, 01 May 1863; citing reference , FHL microfilm 1420999. (Birth of daughter, Anna (Annie)

“Massachusetts, Deaths, 1841-1915,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/N7JV-54L : accessed 04 May 2013), Annie P. Chamberlin, 1864. (The death of Annie)

Massachusetts, Births, 1841-1915,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/FXZ7-G79 : accessed 29 Aug 2012), Mary E. Chamberlin in entry for Chamberlin, 1864. (Birth of son Edward H. Chamberlin (Eddie)

United States Census, 1860, Mary E. Chandler, age 32, in the household of “Malcomb” Chandler. Fold3

“Massachusetts, State Census, 1865,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/MQCL-GJH : accessed 13 May 2013), Mary E Chamberlin in household of Phinehas Chamberlin, Westford, Middlesex, Massachusetts.

“United States Census, 1870,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/MC33-DJ6 : accessed 06 May 2013), Sarah George in household of Gen B Chamberlin, Georgia, United States; citing p. 60, family 487, NARA microfilm publication M593, FHL microfilm 545650.

“United States Census, 1880,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/M8GM-GG3 : accessed 07 May 2013), George B. Chamberlan in entry for L. M. Dunwich, 1880. (George B. Chamberlin, wife Doris and daughter Agnes age 4)

“United States Census, 1880,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/MHX5-ZQQ : accessed 07 May 2013), Mary N. Chamberlin in entry for Rebecca Chamberlin, 1880. (Eddie H. Chamberlin now living with grandmother, aunt and cousin back in Massachusetts)

 

Army life in a black regiment – Thomas Wentworth Higginson – Google Books

Taylor, Susie King, b. 1848. Reminiscences of my Life in Camp with the 33d United States Colored Troops late 1st S.C. Voluntee

Low Country Africana – History of the 33rd United States Colored Troops (USCT)

Low Country Africana – Who Lived This History? The 33rd United States Colored Troops (USCT)

33rd USCT History and St. Augustine Members

The Port Royal Experiment, November 7, 1861 to March 3, 1865

Harpers Ferry, Redux – NYTimes.com

Thomas Wentsworth Higginson

Definitions Of Civil War Terms

1st South Carolina Volunteers (Union) – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Raid at Combahee Ferry – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Harriet Tubman – Civil War Spy – Combahee Raid Account – Civil War Filing Cabinet – Liberty Letters

http://www.answers.com/topic/harriet-tubman#ixzz2SkFR37Cn

U.S. Marshals and the Post-Civil War South | U.S. Marshals Museum

If you have ideas for articles you would like to see in future issues of The Community Courier  please contact Barb Chandler at barb95831@gmail.com or Carol May at docabye@aol.com

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SPRING 2012 CHANDLER NEWS

Happy Spring!

This month, we have Duxbury news, Billie’s research has made quite a splash in Duxbury, what’s new at Familysearch – 2.5 billion records and more added weekly, e-books, blogs, etc.

More on the pauper children of Reuben and Mary Chandler – paupers no more as they became successful businessmen.  Two of them and a brother-in-law went into the ice business, which was a major part of the New England economy at the time. One brother, Malcolm, had a pond named after him and the other, Austin’s life was one of both fire and ice, as he was both a successful ice dealer and the foreman of the Brighton Volunteer Fire Dept.  His family ended up living only doors away from the birthplace of jazz in Harlem.  Also a story about how ice was harvested. These stories have pictures.

The 1940 US census and more!

DUXBURY NEWS

Since the last issue of the Courier, our member, Billie, was requested to send four copies of her work on Joseph Chandler and Capt. John Chandler, Edmund, the immigrant’s son and great-grandson respectively, to the Massachusetts Historical Commission, Plymouth County Deeds and Records, the First Parrish Church, and the local Historical Commission in Duxbury. The request concluded with, and I quote exactly:  “GREAT WORK!!!!!” 

Her work has been critical in determining the deed for Duxbury’s Town Hall. To show the difficulty of Billie’s work, the deed for the Town Hall was signed in 1785, but not recorded until 1794. The delay in recording deeds illustrates one of the chief difficulties in tracing land belonging to the early Chandlers.  As the land stayed within the family being either traded or bequeathed among family members, deeds may not have been recorded for decades until the land left the Chandler family. One of the Chandler deeds took 50 years to go into the public records because the property had been kept within the family.

 If you go plan to travel to Duxbury this year you can see the deed for the town hall which will be displayed at Plymouth Deeds and Records for the town’s 375th anniversary. 

Hopefully, as Billie’s book makes it through Duxbury officialdom, we will be a lot closer to obtaining a proper place for the plaque which would honor the early Chandlers.

If you wish to read about the creation of the historical districts in Duxbury (this was before Billie sent them her work on the Chandlers which will both add and correct the information that they had then) click on the link below. Of course we are rooting for a Chandler Historical District as the Chandlers, especially Joseph, owned the land which became the heart of the town.

http://www.town.duxbury.ma.us/Public_Documents/DuxburyMA_BBoard/Final%20Report%2012-07-10.pdf

Regarding the Alden Kindred mentioned previously in the last issue of the Courier, they found Billie’s work “very exciting.”  They are still considering Billie’s conclusions based on the work she has done regarding Capt. John Chandler being the son of Edmund Chandler (Joseph>Edmund) and Elizabeth Alden

 1940 US CENSUS

The big news is the release of the 1940 US census 1940census.archives.gov. There was so much excitement about the release of the 1940 census that there was a countdown to the big day which was April 2nd. 

The big genealogical groups, Familysearch, Ancestry and others are working as a team to index the 1940 census, so it will be searchable by name.  As of this writing 20 million names have already been indexed.  The folks at Familysearch plan to have it completed by the end of the year, but at the rate that it is going it will probably be sooner.

The 1840 census forms are very similar to the 1930 forms, but also ask where people were living 5 years previously, more information about people’s economic status and jobs and women’s marital status. For many, it will show how the Depression caused people to move to look for work.

Even though it is not yet indexed, if you know where your family members lived in 1940, you can look them up that way now. Our member, Sharron, tipped me off to Dick Eastman’s blog which has more information. http://blog.eogn.com/.

You can look them up by address, nearest intersection or enumeration district right now if you have that information.  If they lived in the same place, you can look up the enumeration district from the 1930 census.

However as the indexing is going so quickly you may want to wait, because even armed with the necessary information, you may not be successful in finding your family in the un-indexed files as some computer and genealogy savvy folks told me.

If you want to participate in indexing for either the 1940 census or for vital records, you can go to www.familysearch.org and sign up. 

 A FREE CENSUS GUIDE FOR ALL US CENSUSES FROM ANCESTRY

From Ancestry comes this great guide to the censuses offering all sorts of tips on how to use the information in them, what census years asked what questions, using the census information as a springboard for further research and more.

http://c.mfcreative.com/email/newsletters/amu/2012/0312/March_AMU_Guide2.pdf?o_xid=50556&o_lid=50556&o_sch=Email

WHAT’S NEW AT FAMILYSEARCH.ORG.

Every time that I set out to write about the changes at www.familysearch.org, they would make more changes.  These are great changes, too and they aren’t done yet. These changes should turbo charge your research as it has done with my Chandler research. For more information click: What’s New at FamilySearch?

With 2.5 billion records available free and more being added weekly, it is worth a look!  Not like the old days when it took years before updating. If you visit the revamped site and are lost as how to use it, you can call them toll free at 866-406-1830 for help.  You also can try these Familysearch sites for help and information.

As I wrote previously, there was the old Familysearch, the pilot, and the beta version all out there separately at the same time for a while. Now they have merged, you can still click on a link to the old site, but not for long as it is being phased out.

New computer technology has allowed the new site to be interactive.  There are forums to post both questions and answers and to make suggestions for improvement, a blog, and just starting to be phased in is the ability to make corrections and additions to the Ancestral Files (personal family trees). This feature is available to those who contributed that file and I think only church members at present.  They still haven’t worked out the dilemma of how to handle it when other people find errors or think they have found errors in someone else’s Ancestral File.

Transcription errors can still hinder research and you may have to work at finding your ancestor in the censuses, for example, by finding them by searching for their spouses or children’s names which have been transcribed correctly. If you find a transcription error in a census for example, e-mail them so they can correct it.

The old clunky version only allowed you to search in a very limited way.  The new version allows you to search in all sorts of creative ways, by first name, by last name, residence, birth place, marriage place and by collections i.e. censuses, death records, birth records and more. There are also filters where you can further your research with sub-categories such as find all James Chandlers in the 1855 Massachusetts censuses who were born in Maine.

Regarding another great new e-book resource available from Familysearch, our member, Sharron sent us Dick Eastman’s genealogy blog (a great resource on what’s new in the genealogy world). Eastman’s Online Genealogy Newsletter . See below.

FAMILY HISTORY BOOKS AVAILABLE ON LINE

Family History Books is a collection of more than 40,000 digitized genealogy and family history publications from the archives of some of the most important family history libraries in the world. The collection includes family histories, county and local histories, genealogy magazines and how-to books, gazetteers, and medieval histories and pedigrees. The valuable resources included in Family History Books come from the following partner institutions:

Eastman News

Search More Than 40,000 Digitized Genealogy and Family History Books

 You can search through more than 40,000 digitized genealogy and family history books from the archives of seven important family history libraries in the United States. Best of all, it is available right now and all of it is free of charge. Every word in every book is searchable. No, this isn’t on Google Books. It is FamilySearch.org, the same web site that hosts the huge databases online at the same site: FamilySearch.org.
You can perform a search at http://books.familysearch.org or click on the links to the individual libraries themselves. They are Allen County (Indiana) Public Library, Brigham Young University Harold B. Lee Library, Brigham Young University Hawaii Joseph F. Smith Library, Church History Library, Family History Library, Houston Public Library’s Clayton Library Center for Genealogical Research, and the Mid-Continent Public Library’s Midwest Genealogy Center.
The materials in the collections include family histories, county and local histories, genealogy magazines, how-to books, gazetteers, and medieval histories and pedigrees. Not all the books in all libraries have been digitized just yet. It is an on-going effort. If you don’t find what you want in a search today, come back in a few months and try again. The book you seek may have been added by that time.

You can search easily by entering a name in the search box. That operates in more or less the same manner as Google or most any other search engine. However, I’d suggest you first click on “Advanced Search” and then enter a more focused search in the form shown below.

[See the attached file]

Using the Advanced Search will usually result in “hits” that are closer to your exact area(s) of interest.

This has to be one of the greatest online sources available to genealogists today. I am surprised at how little publicity has been generated about this valuable resource.

Try it yourself at http://books.familysearch.org.

ICE HARVESTING

By Carol May

When you push your glass against the ice dispenser lever or open your freezer door for some ice cubes, did you ever think that ice was once considered a “crop” which was harvested during ice season? That there were worries of ice “famines”, that ice was graded, exported and even on occasion imported?

Ice, which we take for granted today, was once a vital business and a major part of the New England economy until refrigeration took over. When the country was still very rural, farmers would go out to the local pond, cut the ice and bring it back to their own small ice houses, or they would keep their food cold by building a small structure over a spring called a spring house,  but when cities grew that became impossible. 

Most city dwellers did not have root cellars, springhouses, or access to ponds to cut their own ice. Not only city households were dependent on the “ice man” to keep their food from spoiling but so were restaurants, butchers and food suppliers. Extra hot summers and warm winters caused city dwellers to worry about “ice famines.”

A block of ice would usually last about a week, but less if there was a heat wave.  Ice businesses would hand out large cards with the company business name printed on it.  Ice wagon drivers would stop and deliver ice when they saw an “ice needed” card from their company in a window. Occasionally, ice would be delivered that was not needed and rather than having to carry it down flights of stairs, the ice man would heave it out a window to the delight of children.

American ice from the northeast was shipped to the South, the Caribbean, and even to  India and China. The “ice king”, Frederick Tudor of Boston, had then the crazy sounding idea of shipping ice to India where he created a demand which ultimately made him rich.

We only have a few references to “ice age” terms today.  In Salinas, California, lettuce was once packed in ice filled railroad cars and sent east hence the name “iceberg” lettuce. The ice packed railroad cars may be gone, but the name persists. A few folks may even still refer to a refrigerator as an “ice box.”

The genteel way to is to say the ice business was highly competitive. A more accurate description would be cutthroat. A few years after the death of Austin Chandler, there was an “ice trust” in New York which was formed by New York ice businessmen who ruthlessly joined together to drive out any competition. Sabotage of rivals’ businesses was not uncommon.

Malcolm Chandler, in Brighton, Mass, was accused of burning down a rival’s ice house, but was acquitted. Ice houses were the firetraps of their day as they were filled with flammable material  to keep the ice from melting, so one catching on fire was not that unusual.

The ice business was in many ways similar to farming.  Just like farmers, the ice men waited on the weather, usually the dead of winter about January or February to harvest their “crop.”  In Maine 15 inches thick was considered thick enough for harvesting.  If it got too thick, 3 feet or more, it became too thick to handle economically.   Even in the freezing weather in the coldest part of the year, men worked so hard that they could work up a sweat.

Ice that was harvested was referred to as “natural” ice. Manmade ice was called “artificial” ice.  Ice had to be scraped by teams of horses pulling scrapers, sometimes repeatedly to keep the snow off as it was forming.  This would get rid of any “rotten” or snowy ice.  The best ice was dense and clear because it was the longest lasting. The crème de la crème of ice came from the Kennebec River of Maine, but fine ice was harvested throughout New England. Ponds like Chandler’s pond in Brighton, Massachusetts were created just to produce ice. 

After the ice was scraped, the ice had to be scored by a man with a team of horses and then gone over with a horse drawn “ice plow” for deeper cuts. There was also a horse drawn ice plane to shave the ice down to the clear part.  Ice was cut into cakes by men with saws and the cakes were floated down channels which had to be kept open even if it meant towing a block of ice back and forth all night to keep the channel from freezing. Then the cakes were hauled in sledges to the ice house or loaded onto barges.

In the early days of commercial ice harvesting horses were used to lift the ice into the ice house.  Later on continuous chain elevators (did Elisha Otis, Lucy Chandler’s grandson have a hand in this invention as he was the inventor of the modern day elevator?) carried the ice into the huge cavernous ice houses. There they were packed in sawdust, tanbark, hay, or salt grass.  Salt grass was popular because it wouldn’t rot.  A properly packed ice house could store ice for up to two or three years.  These immense ice houses themselves were painted a bright white to reflect the heat.

Downing succeeded Malcolm Chandler in the ice business on Chandler Pond, Brighton, Mass.

Scoring ice in New York.

Using an ice plow to cut the ice.

Ice men also had to find ponds and rivers that were clean which became increasingly difficult as the population grew.  A lack of clean water was one of the reasons for the decline of the ice industry.

It was affordable refrigeration that finally sealed the doom of the ice business. Someone pointed out that the ice dealers were actually in the business of keeping things cold not the ice business which they failed to realize.  Probably a few of the smart and flexible ones switched to renting and selling refrigerators.

Home Page of ICE, Harvesting & History  Including a story by Charles Kuralt about folks who still go out and harvest ice the old way in modern times. This is a great site created by someone whose hobby is studying the “ice age”.  There is even a link to an old government booklet that tells dairy farmers how much ice they need to cool cream.

Ice Harvesting in the Hudson River – Cliff Lamere

Lots of pictures of ice harvesting and a good description of the process

Little India – The Great American Cold Rush  A very entertaining story how an American, Bostonian, Frederic Tudor, got the then very crazy idea of exporting ice to India much to the shocked an disbelieving populace  — a joke, right? – was the response.  He created a demand and made a fortune.

Frederic Tudor – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia  The story of the “ice king” of New England and how he exported ice all over the world. He was the biggest supplier to Calcutta, India.

Recollecting Nemasket: The Ice Industry  Ice harvesting in Middleboro, Massachusetts

The Monday Evening Club: On ice: a business that has melted away  A nice narrative of the ice business from its origins to when it “melted away.”  

NO FEAR OF AN ICE FAMINE – A SUPPLY IN STORE SUFFICIENT FOR THE SEASON. – View Article – NYTimes.com  A newspaper article about one of the big concerns of the time, running out of ice.

CAPTAIN JOHN CHANDLER FOUNDER OF CHANDLERSVILLE, OHIO.

by Barb Chandler

 The headline of an article on page 22 of the Zanesville Signal, October 21, 1945  gives Captain John’s bio in a few words: CHANDLERSVILLE ONCE FURNISHED SALT for OHIO’S EARLY PIONEERS: Revolutionary Officer Settles Near Town Named for Him. 

In 1797 Captain John Chandler and family joined a group lead by General Rufus Putnam of the Ohio Company and headed West toOhio.  

 They planted a settlement at Balpre, now known as Newbury township in Washington county Ohio. Not long after arriving was infighting, some decided they wanted to move on and others wanted to stay.Chandlerwas opted to stay and explore the area. After a couple years, he decided to move his family to the White Eyes valley a branch of Salt creek.

1832 map of Salt Creek.

 He and his family landed in the White Eyes valley (one half mile below Chandlersville) in the spring of 1799. Immediately, he and his sons set to work clearing the land. They built a cabin, shed for their livestock, prepared the land for cultivation, and started a garden that grew into a productive farm.

 Chandler negotiated with the owners of the Marietta Company, who manufactured salt, for the sale and transfer of the Salt Works. He became owner, and the company was known as “Chandler’s Salt Works.”Chandler and his sons conducted the business of salt manufacturing for six or seven years after they got possession of the works.

 When Chandler acquired the salt works there were only a handful of families. Over the year’s people settling in the Valley and calling it their home, the territory became known as SaltCreek Township. Chandlersville is located in western Salt Creek Township.

Modern day map of Chandlersville.

 Captain John’s Genealogy:

Capt. John(1757-1829)-Benjamin(1727-1777)-Joseph(1680-1744)-Benjamin(1644-1691)-Edmund(1580s-1662)

 Born 28, April, 1757Cornwall,Litchfield,Connecticut Died 12 May 1829 Chandlersville Muskingum Co OH

Memorial at; http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GSln=chandler&GSfn=john&GSbyrel=all&GSdyrel=all&GSst=37&GScntry=4&GSob=n&GRid=9921464&df=all&

Fought in the Battle of Bennington during the American Revolution (Vermont Historical Gazette, Vol. II, P. 319)

Married Mary Royce Born 7 Dec 1758 died 7 Mar 1826 Chandlersville Muskingum Co OH.

Captain John and Mary R. Chandler's headstone.

Their children; Zachariah Royce b. 27 June, 1778 d. 29 August 1862, Polly, Martin b. inRutlandCo.VT 4 January 1782 d. Chandlersville 26 July 1845, Samuel b. 3 November, 1787 d. 18 January 1877 m. his first cousin Laurinda Bliss, John d. 29 August 1855, Guy d. 15 November 1868 aged 71 yrs 10 mo 114 days, and Steven R. will 31 May and 2 June 1864.

SALT MAKING

by Barb Chandler

The Saltmakers

Salt, a product that is so inexpensive and abundant we hardly give it a second thought, however to the early pioneers like gold. They had to have it to preserve and season their food and maintain the health of their livestock. Before there were local salt works, salt was brought to the settlements by pack horse from theAppalachian mountains. It was a very slow process and very costly.

Men from the Marietta Company discovered that Indians found salt licks, natural salt springs, on Salt Creek they asked them if they might have a portion of land and a trade was worked out.

Salt making along the Little Salt Creek using methods employed by the early pioneers.

The early pioneers dug deep holes or pits in the stream bed these pits would slowly fill with brine. They discovered if a hollowed out trunk of a tree was sunk into the pits it would prevent an inflow of surface water. The salt water was raised from this well to the kettles by means of a sweep and pole named for John Chandler. They boiled 500 gallons of water to get 50 pounds of salt.

Sources for both articles:

Biographical and Historical Memoirs ofMuskingum County,Ohio

http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~ohmuski2/saltcreek/saltcreekhist.html#top

OhioCompany http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ohio_Company_of_Associates

Chandlersville, Ohiohttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chandlersville,_Ohio

Early Settlers: The Salt Boilers: http://www.jacksonohio.org/saltboilers.htm

GeoFacts: The Socioto Saline-Ohio’s Early Salt Indrustry http://www.dnr.state.oh.us/Portals/10/pdf/GeoFacts/geof07.pdf

ZanesvilleSingnal http://newspaperarchive.com/the-zanesville-signal/1945-10-21/page-22

ELIHU CHANDLER, JR.

by Barb Chandler

Elihu Chandler, Jr.

Whenever I find out when an ancestor has died I immediately go to Find A Grave http://www.findagrave.com/  Sometimes I hit pay dirt, and find loads of information that furthers my research ie; the memorial telling where the grave is located, family members,  a picture of headstone, picture of the person, even the obit.

I hit pay dirt several months ago. When I discovered the memorial of Elihu Chandler Jr. He was the son of Elihu E. and Jemima Chandler. Elihu Jr. was born May 27, 1838 and died June 3, 1843  he is buried in PleasantGroveCemetery, New London, Henry, IA. His memorial is at; http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GSln=chandler&GSfn=elihu&GSbyrel=all&GSdyrel=all&GSst=14&GScntry=4&GSob=n&GRid=65139060&df=all&

THE CHILDREN OF REUBEN CHANDLER

John, Malcom, Austin, Statira, Luther, Hewett, George, and Mary Elizabeth. 

Lineage: Children>Reuben>*Jonathan>Judah>Joseph>Joseph>Edmund, the immigrant

By

Carol May

Research by Carol May and Sharron Ross

Last issue, we featured Reuben and Mary (Parcher) Chandler who were declared paupers by the town of Poland, Maine and “bid off” which meant being auctioned to the lowest bidder for their care. The family absconded twice from the persons to which they were “bid off.”  We don’t know why they absconded.  It could have been pride, mistreatment or the belief that they could make it on their own, but immediately after absconding for the second time the family was split up.

From Shaker records we know that Hewett and his sister were sent to live with the Shakers. We don’t know where the rest of the family was living, possibly with the Shakers, but Reuben was alone in the US 1840 census for Poland, Maine and died in 1847. It appears that their mother, Mary, remained with the Shakers and died at the New Gloucester Colony in 1864.

It wasn’t until the 1850s with the exception of John, who was born March 12, 1824 according to Minot vital records, and who apparently died very young, that the children, now young adults, began appearing in the records again.

One by one, each of Reuben and Mary Chandler’s surviving children left Maine and migrated to Massachusetts where they began their climb out of poverty to success. The Industrial Revolution had begun in Massachusetts and young men and women from all over the New England states flocked to Massachusetts for jobs especially those with few prospects in their home states such as Reuben’s children or the orphan children of Hiram Chandler (see Summer 2010 Courier).

In those days the choices for those with no land or money was to migrate to Massachusetts for jobs or go west for land which, after a few years in Massachusetts, Luther did when he moved to Wisconsin.

Their Massachusetts migration was fortunate for us because Massachusetts kept excellent vital records in the 1800s which usually listed not only the birthplaces of the bride and groom, but also the names of their parents.

Between about 1850 and 1860, according to the censuses and vital records, siblings Malcolm, Austin, Statira, George and Mary Elizabeth were all living in or near Brighton, Massachusetts which later became part of Boston.  Youngest siblings, George and Mary Elizabeth were the last to move there.  Unfortunately, George died in 1860 in Boston at only age 25 of erypsilas, an infection that today can be cured with antibiotics. 

Luther was living in Alfred, York, Maine according to the 1850 US census, but moved to Roxbury, Massachusetts by 1856 when he married and then moved to Wisconsin by the 1860 US census. Roxbury, ironically hometown of the prolific William and Annis Chandler family, is also near Boston.

Last to arrive was Hewett, who after leaving the Shakers, moved to South Middleboro, Massachusetts where he became a nurseryman in the 1880s.

Next issue we will have a story about Hewett and the Shakers, Luther and Mary Elizabeth.

THE ICE MEN:

Malcolm, Austin and Statira’s husband, Nathan Tucker, went into the ice business, not as wandering ice peddlers selling ice out of a cart, but the ice business from harvesting, storing and delivering, with stables of horses, equipment, an ice house and employees. (See sidebar about the ice business)

It was very hard work, with the ever present worry of falling through the ice or being injured by cakes of ice.  It was such hard work that workers could work up a sweat harvesting the ice on the coldest days of the New England winters.

MALCOLM

The ice man of Chandler’s Pond, Brighton, Massachusetts.

Skating on Chandler Pond in 1931 which was owned by Malcolm Chandler about 50 years previously.


Malcolm may have started as a pauper in Maine and then a laborer in Massachusetts, but he didn’t stay poor and he didn’t stay a laborer as he was hard working and ambitious.

He was born February 8, 1825 according to Minot, Maine vital records. We think it was he who appeared in the US 1830 New Gloucester, Maine census as a male over 5 years old.

In 1850 he was a laborer living in a Wareham, Massachusetts boarding house and by early 1855, he was still a laborer and still a boarder, but was now joined by his brother, Austin, in Brighton, Massachusetts. Austin later married the landlady.

However, later that year Malcolm was in business for himself as an ice dealer and could afford to marry and support a family.  On November 15, 1855, Malcolm married Ellen L. Gilman, originally of Hallowell, Maine and daughter of Gideon and Lois Gilman. Malcolm was listed in the Massachusetts marriage records as being born in Minot, Maine the son of Reuben and Mary C. (other records say Mary P.) They married in Chelsea, Mass.  

Malcolm had an ice cutting operation at Hammond pond in Newton, Mass and later developed what is now the affluent suburb, Waban.

In 1858 Malcolm bought the east side of what became known as Chandler Pond and the adjacent ice house from William C. Strong, a well-known horticulturist. Malcolm eventually owned all of the land around the pond with the exception of a small parcel owned by the city of Brighton. Brighton was annexed to Boston in 1874.

An 1875 map of Chandler Pond showing the land that Malcolm owned. The ice house is located at the top of the pond.


Malcolm prospered and was very well off by the standards of the day.  By 1860, he had $10,000 in real estate and $3,750 in personal property which was a lot of money in those days. His household consisted of his wife, Ellen, daughter Lizzie, who was born about 1857, sister Mary Elizabeth, age 23, and six of who appear to be his ice business employees, and one servant.

Malcolm and Ellen L. (Gilman) Chandler had the following children:

Lizzie Chandler born about 1857

Lois W. Chandler born about 1860

Arthur Chandler born about 1864

Malcolm’s business continued to grow. By 1870 Malcolm’s real estate grew to be worth $14,000 while his personal property was valued at $1,000.  He an built an imposing 4,379 Sq. ft. Greek revival house with a ell which then backed up to Chandler Pond on 70 Lake St. in Brighton. The house, which still stands, is estimated to be worth over $700,000 today according to Zillow. It was built in the Greek revival style, although its sheer size and white color reminds one a little bit of the ice houses where he made his money. 

Chandler Pond, Brighton, Mass. in 1890. Malcolm Chandler’s house is on the far right.


The ice house was at the other end of the pond along with the accoutrements of the business which included ice harvesting equipment, wagons, and a large stable of horses to do the work of harvesting and delivering ice.

Chandler Pond, along with over 20 ponds in the area, was created for the purpose of harvesting ice.  It and a fragment of another pond are the only former ice ponds that still exist in the Brighton area today.  It is s a shallow pond as it was created for the purpose of supplying ice and not as a reservoir.  Today the pond is surrounded by large houses and is very close to Boston College.  There is also St. John’s Catholic Seminary on the same street as Malcolm’s house.   Now, many graduate students and academics live in the area.

The ice business became extremely competitive with a rival of Malcolm accusing him of burning down his ice house, a matter of which Malcolm was acquitted.  Ice houses were filled with flammable insulation, so fires were not uncommon.

According to Massachusetts death records Malcolm died May 3, 1876 at his home on Lake St. in Boston. Brighton had become part of Boston two years previously.  He died of indigestion which he had for 10 years and “Scirrhus Infl.” (cancer) which he had for 6 weeks according to the records. He was mistakenly listed as widowed. His wife, Ellen, died July 11, 1904.

A few years after his death, the family couldn’t pay the mortgage on the ice business and it was lost.  His widow, Ellen and children, Lizzie, Lois and Arthur G., moved to Quincy, Mass. and were recorded there in the US 1880 census.  When Ellen died she was buried in the Evergreen Cemetery in Boston.

Chandler Pond today.


Daughter Lizzie married Frank H. Russell on April 20, 1884 in Boston, Mass.  They had no children.  She died Sept. 7, 1908, a widow.

Daughter Lois married Moses A. Boynton.  They had one son, Clark Gilman Boynton. He eventually moved to Pennsylvania where he was the manager of a service bureau.

The surprising thing about Clark and his wife is that unlike most people of the day who spent their lives not straying far from their hometowns, Clark and his wife were adventurous enough to take a trip to the Philippines on the ship “Empress of Japan” in 1936.  This was a renowned ship on which both Will Rogers and Babe Ruth sailed. We don’t know if they had children or not.

Son Arthur G. Chandler may have been the Arthur who was found in the 1900 New Jersey census with wife Lillie.  It appears that they had no children.

SOURCES FOR MALCOLM CHANDLER

Chandler’s Pond Photos 

All Chandler Pond photos and maps courtesy of Brighton Allston Historical
Society

http://www.bahistory.org/1875_I.pdf

Newton Conservators – Chandler Pond  Very nice pictures of Chandler Pond today.

http://www.chandlerpond.org/Heron_Feb12_05.pdf

Chandler Pond Preservation Society, CPPS

Minot, Maine vital records, born on February 8, 1825 to Reuben and Mary Chandler

1830 US New Gloucester, Maine Census.  We think that it was he who appeared as a male over 5 years old but under 10

1850 US Massachusetts Watertown, Middlesex Census where he is listed as “Malcomb” Chandler, laborer age 26. He resided in the household of David Haynes, a farmer, in what looks like a boarding house.

1855 Massachusetts State Census for Brighton, Middlesex, Massachusetts.  “Malcomb” and his brother, Austin, are roommates in the household of Clarrissa Magness and her three children,

Massachusetts Marriage Records, Chelsea, Mass, Malcolm, age 31, born in Minot, Maine, ice dealer from Brighton, Mass son of Reuben and Mary P. married Ellen L. Gilman, born in Hallowell, Maine, daughter of Gideon and Lois Gilman married on Nov. 5, 1855.

1860 US Census for Brighton, Middlesex, Mass. Malcolm, age 35 born in Maine, Ellen, Lizzie and Mary E. Chandler, age 23 born in Maine (his sister), listed along with 7 others including ice dealers, drivers and a servant, all probably Malcolm’s employees.

1865 Massachusetts State Census, Brighton, Middlesex.  Malcolm age 40 born in Maine, wife Lois E. age 38, Lizzie age 8, Lois W. age 5, Arthur Chandler age 1. Along with four others possibly boarders/and or workers.

1870 US Census for Brighton, Middlesex, Massachusetts, Albert Chandler, age 46, born Maine. Ella L. age 44, Lizzie age 14m Lois W. age 10, Arthur age 7. Also 4 laborers and servants.

Massachusetts Deaths, 1841-1915 Malcolm C Died Lake St. on May 3, 1876 in Boston, Suffolk, Mass. (formerly Brighton), ice dealer. Listed as a widower (mistake) born Minot, Maine.  Parents Reuben and Mary.

 

AUSTIN CHANDLER:

Ice dealer, Volunteer Fire Department Foreman

It appears that Austin started out in the world with his name misspelled as “Ansson” or “Sisson” in the Maine vital records. He was born October 29, 1826. He appears in the US 1830 New Gloucester, Maine census as a son of under five years of age.  We don’t find Austin again until the US 1850 census for Charleston, Middlesex, Massachusetts living in the household of Samuel Adams. He was listed as age 24, born in Maine and a laborer, but he like his siblings worked hard and became successful.

By the 1855 Massachusetts state both he and his older brother, Malcom, were living in Brighton, Middlesex, Mass in the household of the widow Clarissa Magness age 30.  Clarissa had three children, Abbie L. age 11, Anna L. age 9 and Charles age 5 all born in Massachusetts. 

Austin married his landlady Clarissa (Hutchings) Magness in Brighton on January 5, 1858.   Austin was also no longer a laborer but was listed as an ice dealer whose birthplace was Poland, Maine. He adopted the children, whether formally or informally we don’t know, but in all later records the children’s surname was Chandler.

The Brighton Volunteer Fire Department in 1865 with its hose cart and pumper.

The Brighton Volunteer Fire Department in 1865 with its hose cart and pumper.

Austin was an active member of the Brighton community where, according to the Boston Herald dated May 5, 1858, he was elected the foreman of the Butcher Boy Engine Company of Brighton. The foreman wielded a “speaking trumpet” where he could issue orders to the men on how to fight the fire. The fire company had dozens of members because in the early days they didn’t have steam pumpers and water had to be pumped by hand or passed hand to hand in buckets.  The name Butcher Boy Engine Company probably came from the local slaughter houses. 

A solid pewter “speaking trumpet” modern day replica now used for awards.


Benjamin Franklin organized the first volunteer fire department in Philadelphia and he considered belonging to the fire department part of ones manly duty. Originally volunteer fire departments were made of gentlemen, including famous Americans George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Samuel Adams, John Hancock, Paul Revere and others, but were later comprised of working men. These men also saw it as part of their manly duty, valued the brotherhood, and took great pride in their volunteer fire departments.  The local businessmen were not quite as pleased with them as the community at large because when there was a fire their employees who were volunteer firemen would race out the door to the fire.  Of course, it was a different story if it was their business that was on fire.

In the early days, volunteer fire departments were highly competitive with each other and would race to fires to see who got there first because in some cases that meant getting paid. Claiming “first water”, which was the fire department that put water on the fire first, was a big deal.  Fire dogs would clear the way for the horses and guard the equipment sometimes even from rival fire departments. Eventually that extreme amount of rivalry gave way as it was counter-productive.

But that spirit of being the best remained and rivalry took other forms.  For parades equipment would be shined and the members would march with pride dressed in colorful uniforms.  Lavishly decorated helmets, fancy axes, hand-painted stove top “fire hats” and fire buckets would be commissioned for parades. Respected local artists would be commissioned to paint scenes on the pumper wagons. There were even engraved silver speaking trumpets which could be used to shout insults at rivals.

Austin, Clara and children Abbie L., Anna, and Charles were enumerated in the US 1860 census for the 9th ward of Boston.

Austin was in New York by 1868, because he went into partnership with George S. Goble. They were proprietors of an ice pond and ice house on Cromwell’s Creek.  This was probably at the southern end of the Bronx near the boundary of Manhattan. Cromwell’s Creek led into the pond. Cromwell’s Creek is now Jerome Ave. If they were on the southern end of the creek, it would have been very near where Yankee Stadium was built years later.

By 1870 US census, Austin had moved his family and ice business to Manhattan (Harlem).  His step-son Charles went into the ice business and even it appears that his nephew, Charles Tucker, worked in Austin’s ice business for a time.

Harlem was originally a Dutch village, then the site of Revolutionary War battles and then was an area of elegant estates owned by such as notables Alexander Hamilton and James Roosevelt amongst others. After that Harlem’s economy was boom and bust. 

Austin arrived there during a period when the large estates such as Hamilton Grange, the old Alexander Hamilton estate were being auctioned off.  The land was depleted for farming and Irish squatters began moving in.   Harlem’s fortunes brightened when the elevated public transportation (ell) was extended there and Harlem was incorporated into New York City.  This caused a building boom which went bust by the mid-1890s which brought another wave of immigrants and went bust again in 1904.  After 1904 Harlem was the scene of the Great Migration of African Americans who moved there from the South and the Caribbean. Art, music, theatre and literature poured out of Harlem during this period known as the “Harlem Renaissance.”

Harvesting ice on Silver Lake on Staten Island

Charles Chandler was involved in an ice business on Silver Lake in Staten Island. 

From the New York World:  Charles A. Chandler, of the Silver Lake Ice Company No. 17 West 133rd Street made a subscription of $1000. “The Ice Men,” he remarked, “will certainly be benefited by the World’s Fair and should subscribe liberally.” New York was in competition with Chicago to host the 1890 World’s Fair and unfortunately for New York, Chicago won.

Austin died on October 10, 1894 and Charles died on January 11, 1896, but Austin’s wife and step-daughter continued to live there until at least 1905 just as Harlem was changing again.   They still lived on West 133rd St., which became the birthplace of jazz and in a few years was nicknamed Swing Street.  Billie Holliday, Duke Ellington and others sang and played in the speak-easies and clubs on West 133rd Street during Prohibition. In those days, jazz was not considered proper music and worse yet was played in speak-easies that served illegal bath tub gin which were periodically raided by the police.

Austin’s family was witness to it all from the decline of the great estates, the booms, busts, and finally the birth of the jazz age. We don’t know how long they lived there after the 1905 New York census, but imagine what a culture shock it must have been coming from New England, birthplace of the Temperance Movement, blue laws and bastion of religion.

SOURCES for AUSTIN CHANDLER

Boston Fire Historical Society

Harlem History 1658 to Present |

Video: Harlem’s 133rd Street Revisited: Gothamist

Minot Vital Records:  Birth October 26, 1826.  Parents: Reuben and Mary Chandler. His name was misspelled as “Anssson” or “Sisson.”

1830 US Census for New Gloucester, Maine:  It appears that he was the son listed as age five and under.

1850 US Census for Charleston, Middlesex, Massachusetts:  Enumerated in the household of Samuel Adams. He was listed as age 24, born in Maine and a laborer.

1855 Massachusetts State Census:  Both Austin and his older brother, Malcom, were enumerated in Brighton, Middlesex, Mass in the household of the widow Clarissa Magness, age 30, who was born in Maine.  Clarissa had three children listed, Abbie L. Magness,  age 11;  Anna L.Magness, age 9;  and Charles Magness, age 5 all born in Massachusetts. 

Massachusetts Marriage Records:    Austin married Clarissa (Hutchings) Magness, born in Boothbay, Maine daughter of Frederic and Abby Hutichins, age 37.  They married in Brighton on January 5, 1858. Austin was listed as an ice dealer born in Poland, Maine,age 32 son of Reuben and Mary. His first marriage and her second.

1860 US Census for the 9th Ward of Boston, Mass.     Enumerated were Austin Chandler, 33; Clara H.
Chandler age 37;  Abbie L. Chandler age 15; Anna W.? Chandler age 13, and Charles H. or A.? Chandler, age 10.

History in Asphalt: The Origen of Bronx Street and Place Names, Borough of the Bronx, New York City, by John McNamara. Page 105.

1870 US Census for 12 WD 15-ED New York:     Austin, age 46; Clara H. age 34; Abby L. age 23; Charles A. age 17. Listed as living on 133rd St.

1880 US Census for 12- Ward New York:     Austin age 50;  Clara A. age 50;  Charles A. age 29;  Abbie L., age 30, Charles Tucker, age 29, married, laborer, and Charles Mason, age 29 laborer. West 133rd St. Number 17. 

The New York World, Issue: Tuesday Nov 12 1889, Page 8, Col 1 Pledges for the guarantee for the New York World’s Fair.

New York Death Records from the Italian Genealogical Group NYC Death Records :  Austin C. Chandler, age 67 died October 10, 1894 Certificate #342333 County Manhattan.

New York Death Records from the Italian Genealogical Group NYC Death Records :  Charles A. Chandler, age 45 died January 11, 1896.

1900 US  Census Manhattan, New York: Clara Chandler, age 80 born April  1820, widow married 36 years, born Maine.  5 children born, 2 living.  Abby, daughter, single, age 47 born January 1852, Massachusetts. Mabel Chandler, age 52, niece born, Maine.  (Mabel’s last name was probably not Chandler)

1905 New York State Census, Manhattan. Clara Chandler, age 85; Abbie L. Chandler, age 51. Residence 72 West 133rd St. (mistakenly listed as the daughter of who was probably either their landlord or a fellow tenant in the building)

Boston Herald, Issue: 5 May 1858, Page 4, News Item

FIREMEN’S ELECTION IN BRIGHTON

The annual meeting of Butcher Boy Engine Company No. 1 of Brighton, was held Tuesday evening when the following officers were elected.– Foreman; Austin Chandler, Second Foreman; Joseph Caldwell, Third Foreman; J. Q. Hollis, Clerk; Charles H. Champiney.

STATIRA M.

An ice dealer’s wife

She was born about 1828 in New Gloucester or Poland, Maine according to Massachusetts vital records.

According to the US 1830 New Gloucester, Maine census there was a female under 5 years old living in the Reuben Chandler household who matches Statira.  According to Shaker records, he also lived with them as did her brother, Hewett, and was considered by them as a sister. 

We don’t know if she was the first of Reuben and Mary Chandler’s children to migrate to Massachusetts but she was the first one to show up in Massachusetts records after she left the Shaker Colony in Maine when she married Nathan Tucker in Cambridge, Middlesex, Mass. on May 12, 1850.

Because her name was so unusual it was misspelled and incorrectly transcribed many ways — “Slatira”, “Statisa”, “Statia” and even “Haden”—she was difficult to trace.  It was easier to find her by following her husband’s or her children’s names who were:

Charles N. Tucker who was born in 1851 died after the 1880 census where he was enumerated in the household of his uncle, Austin Chandler.

George Albert Tucker, (twin) born in Watertown, Middlesex, born March 14, 1853 Mass. George Albert died of pneumonia August 31, 1876 in Cambridge, Middlesex Mass.

Mary Alice Tucker (twin) born in Watertown, Middlesex, Mass. (twin) born March 14, 1853 in Watertown, Middlesex, Mass., Mary Alice died December 14, 1870 of Bright’s disease in Cambridge, Massachusetts.

By 1855, Nathan, Statira and children moved to nearby Brighton, Mass. where Malcolm, Austin and George were also living. By 1860, Nathan was doing well as a farmer and they had two servants. Ironically, as Statira was once a pauper herself, she and her husband had taken in two paupers one of whom was insane. 

By 1865, Nathan had left farming behind and was an ice dealer like his brothers-in-law. In addition to his family, two ice dealers also resided in his house.  We don’t know if they were employees or boarders.

By the 1870 census for the Watertown area of Brighton, Nathan had now retired as an ice dealer, but the family was still involved in the ice business because his son, George Albert was now working as an ice dealer.  

The 1875 New York census shows the family living Dunkirk, Chautauqua County, New York. Dunkirk was a major port city on Lake Erie on the far western end of New York State.  Daughter Mary Alice Tucker remained in Massachusetts because she married Joseph James on Dec 14, 1870 in Cambridge, Mass.

Statira’s husband may have died in New York as he is no longer found in the censuses.  After a period of good fortune, Statira faced difficult times ahead as a widow. The family moved back to Cambridge, Massachusetts where her son George Albert died in 1876.

The one bright spot was that Statira was now a grandmother as her daughter, Mary Alice (Tucker) James, had sons Charles Nathan, born in 1873, and Albert Franklin, born in 1876, according to Massachusetts records. 

After Mary Alice died in 1879 of Bright’s disease, the boys, along with several other children, lived with Oliver and Betsey Tucker in New Hampshire who were probably relatives of Statira’s husband. Statira, a widow, probably did not have the means or the time to take care of young children. It appears that their father, Joseph James, remarried and lived in Cambridge. No more records could be found for Albert Franklin James.  Charles James, now 37 and single, appeared in US 1910 census for Cambridge, Mass in most likely a boarding house. 

Statira’s son Charles Tucker moved to New York City and was enumerated in the 1880 census in his Uncle Austin Chandler’s home. It is still unknown if this Charles was the Charles H. Tucker who married Ella Cook and had a daughter named Gladys.

Statira, a widow with at least two of her three children deceased (we aren’t sure of the status of Charles) finally appears again only this time it is in the Massachusetts death records. She died on February 25, 1897 in Wareham, Massachusetts. Her residences were listed as South Middleboro, Wareham, and Brighton. South Middleboro is the same town where her brother, Hewett and his family were living and it is likely she was living with or near them.  She was buried in Brighton, Mass. 

The mystery about her death record is that she is described as single rather than a widow and only her maiden name, Chandler, was listed. There was also a probate listed for Statira Chandler, not Statira Tucker which would have been her married name.  Another mystery.

SOURCES FOR STATIRA CHANDLER

1830 US census for New Gloucester, Maine.    We think it was she who was listed as a female under 5 years of age in the household of Reuben Chandler

Massachusetts Marriage Records.   May 12, 1850 Statira M. Chandler, resident of Cambridge, Mass, born in New Gloucester, Maine married Nathan Tucker, drayman, born in Grafton, New Hampshire and resident of Boston

1850 US Census, Boston, Nathan, 22; “Statisa”, 22, born Maine

1855 Massachusetts State Census, Brighton, Nathan, 27; Statira, 27; Charles N. 4; George A., 4; Mary A. 4, Matilda A Glinigen, age 21.

1860 US Census  Residence, Brighton.  Nathan, farmer, 33; “Statia”, 32; Charles, 9; Albert, 7; “Allise”, 7.  Also, two servants, one pauper and one insane person.

1865 Massachusetts, Brighton. Nathan, 37, ice dealer; Statira, 37;  Charles N. Tucker, 14; George A. Tucker, 12; Mary A. Tucker, 12.  There were also two other ice dealers living in his household.

1870  US Watertown area of Brighton, Middlesex, Mass. Nathan, 42,retired ice dealer; “Haden”, 41; Albert, 17, ice dealer; Charles, 19, unemployed, Mary 17, at home. 

1975 New York State Census, Dunkirk, Chautauqua, New York.  Enumerated were Nathan, age 47; Statira, age 47, Charles, age 24; Albert, age 22.

Massachusetts Death Records   Statira Chandler, age 69 years died of heart disease in Middleboro/ Wareham, Mass. on February 25, 1897. Residences were given as Wareham, South Middleboro and Brighton, Mass.  Buried in Brighton.   It is interesting that she was listed as Statira Chandler, single, and not Statira Tucker, widow.

If you have any stories about your ancestors, pictures, or articles about a Chandler please send them to Barb or Carol so we can include them in the fall issue of the Courier.


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WINTER 2012 EDMUND’S COMMUNITY COURIER

NEWS FROM THE EDMUND CHANDLER FAMILY ASSOCIATION

WWW.EDMUNDCHANDLER.COM

WINTER 2012  

Moonlight-Night by Maxfield Parrish

Happy New Year and I hope that you all have had a wonderful Thanksgiving and Merry Christmas. We have big Duxbury news! Also Maine news, the mystery surrounding Reuben Chandler and his family which included the Shaker, Hewett, has been solved. Reuben and his family were declared paupers!  TV news about more genealogy shows coming up, a Maine Supreme Court decision involving Cyrus Chandler, research tips and alerts and more!


Next issue, we will feature more details about Reuben’s children.  Two of them, plus a brother-in-law were ice dealers and we will find out about ice houses, ice harvesting and ice famines. I still plan to do a story on the new Familysearch, but it keeps changing so hopefully it will be settled down enough to do a story.

DUXBURY NEWS

Duxbury - Showing Old Location and Path's

Things are popping on the Duxbury front.  As most of you know our member, Billie, has been diligently working on the Chandlers of early Duxbury for quite some time.  Her biggest and latest project has been Joseph Chandler, son of Edmund the immigrant, and Joseph’s grandson Capt. John.
Billie showed, after looking at over 400 Duxbury deeds, where the lands of Joseph Chandler which include the Mayflower Cemetery, the Partridge Academy, the present day town buildings, the church and meeting house, the Bradford houses, in other words, the heart of the town were.  Joseph’s land was on both sides of present day Tremont St. up to Harrison and down to Surplus.  Billie created a chain of title for those houses and properties which include 900, 907 and 915 Tremont St.
The town is in the midst of creating more historical districts and because the Chandler information that they had was either incorrect or incomplete leaving a big gap in the town history.  We are hoping that one of the new historic districts will be named the Chandler District.  Not only did Billie show where Joseph’s land was, Billie provided them the real history of the houses at 900, 907 and 915 Tremont St. solving a town mystery.
The house on 915 Tremont is especially interesting to us because we believe it was Joseph’s house.  It is one of the oldest houses in Duxbury.  We know that Joseph owned the land originally and that the house went to Capt. John.
As far as our group is concerned, we feel that the case has been made that Capt. John was Edmund and Elizabeth (Alden) Chandler’s son and Joseph’s grandson. This Edmund, who married Elizabeth Alden, was the grandson of Edmund, the immigrant and not the immigrant himself as many have confused the two. However, each group has its own way of looking at things and we hope that the Alden Kindred agrees with us about Capt. John. We will just have to wait and see.
MEMBER NEWS
Our long-time member, Dick, has now been appointed president of the Chandler Family Association. Dick is not a descendant of Edmund or of any other American Chandler. So how can that be?  He is British, but studies Chandlers worldwide through his “Chandler One Name Study.”  In that capacity he has been involved with both Chandler groups.  The CFA started out dedicated to the descendants of John Chandler of Jamestown, Virginia, but eventually found that many southern Chandlers did not descend from that John Chandler.  As a result the CFA is open to all Chandlers although it does have a mostly southern slant. We take care of the Edmund Chandler family.
The Chandler Family Association has a new web address.  It is: www.chandlerfamilyassociation.org.

DNA NEWS

Dick, of both the ECFA and the CFA, is on the Chandler DNA committee and writes that this year there will be a push to encourage more English Chandlers to be tested.  This will be a good thing for all as it will provide an opportunity to discover the English origins of several Chandler families, including Edmund as we still don’t know where in England Edmund originated from.  The operative word is “opportunity” as we don’t know what will be found.

CORRECTIONS, ADDITIONS AND QUESTIONS REGARDING THE “OTHER” JONATHAN CHANDLER FAMILY

REBECCA CHANDLER AND MAYBE A NEW “MYSTERY GIRL”

As I mentioned in the last edition, things could change with this family – people could be added or dropped.  Since then I found that Jonathan Chandler may indeed have had a daughter named Rebecca, only she may have married Jonathan Lane.
My Rebecca married Jonathan Snow. If the Rebecca who married Jonathan Lane was a Chandler, she most likely was Jonathan Chandler’s daughter and therefore not my Rebecca Chandler. My Rebecca would return to the Abel Chandler family (not Rev. Abel as that was another family) who descended from Edmund’s son, Benjamin.
This would bring the number of Rebecca Chandlers, all residing in the Minot/Poland area and all born within a few years of each other, to FOUR!  We have identified two of them conclusively previously.
This new possible Rebecca Chandler is buried in the Empire Cemetery where several of, who we believe, were Jonathan and Zeruiah’s children and their families were also buried.  This new Rebecca is buried with her husband, Jonathan Lane who was the brother-in-law of Jonathan Chandler, Jr. also buried in the Empire Cemetery.
If Rebecca (Chandler?) Lane was born in 1795 (according to her tombstone she died November 25, 1847 at 52 years 7 months) she would be the “mystery girl” born about that time described in the last edition of the Courier.
However, we will have traded one mystery girl for another, because who was the girl born in the 1780s if my Rebecca Chandler is out?
The source was the iffy Ancestral File, but did make sense, and will have to be investigated further. We may know more after the snow melts and one of our members is able to check on where in the Empire cemetery Jonathan and Rebecca Lane are buried.  

MORE ABOUT JONATHAN AND REBECCA (CHANDLER?) LANE’S FAMILY AND A CORRECTION

Jonathan and Rebecca (Chandler?) Lane’s children included John B. Lane who married Jacob Chandler’s daughter, Joann Chandler. We believe that Jacob was probably also one of Jonathan and Zeruiah Chandler’s children.  So if this theory is correct, John B. Lane married his first cousin.
Jacob and Thankfull Higgins Chandler were buried in the Hotel Rd. Cemetery in Auburn, Maine.   We believe that Jacob was the son of Jonathan and Zeruiah Chandler.
Also buried in the Hotel Rd. cemetery in Auburn are Rufus C. Lane, his wife Adeline and daughter Rebecca C.  Lane.
However, Ancestral File family trees had them attached to Simeon and Charlotte (Chandler) Lane.  This is incorrect because the facts do not bear this out. The only Rufus Lane aka Rufus C. Lane that I could find was the son of Jonathan and Rebecca (Chandler?) Lane.
Rufus Lane appeared in the household of Jonathan Lane in the 1850 census.
There were so many Chandlers and Lanes– spreadsheet anyone? –there may be more corrections in the future.  

THE REUBEN CHANDLER FAMILY OF POLAND, MAINE

FROM PAUPERS to PROSPEROUS CITIZENS

(Reuben*>Jonathan>Judah>Joseph>Joseph>Edmund, the immigrant)

Written By

Carol May

Research by:

Steve Chandler, Janet Griffith, Carol May, Sharron Ross and the ECFA

Last issue we featured a circumstantial reconstruction of the Jonathan Chandler family of Poland, Maine. This time we feature who we believe was Jonathan and Zeruiah (Brown) Chandler’s son, Reuben, and his family.  It was Reuben and his wife, Mary Parcher, who started the quest to find their lineage and to solve the mystery surrounding them.  

Reuben Chandler

Unbeknownst to each other, there were several of us who were all stuck at the same brick wall — Reuben and Mary (Parcher) Chandler. We each had a different part of the puzzle because we were researching different children of Reuben and Mary. It wasn’t until we converged and pooled our knowledge that we discovered that the children were siblings.
Janet and I were, separately, looking for the Shaker Hewett Chandler’s family.  Our member, Sharron, had been on a 20-year-long quest to find Mary Elizabeth Chandler’s ancestors. We found that not only were Hewett and Mary Elizabeth siblings, but so were John, Austin and Malcom who were incorrectly entered  into our database as the children of Reuben and Mary (Bucknam) Chandler when they were in fact  the children of Reuben and Mary (Parcher) Chandler.  Two more siblings were found in Massachusetts records, George, by Sharron and Statira and Luther by Janet.
Research stalled and we were stuck again until more information could be found.  Once more information was found, we fit those puzzle pieces together using birth records in Maine,  Shaker records, Massachusetts marriage and death records, and census records. From the information that we found, we determined that Reuben and Mary (Parcher) Chandler’s children were:  
John born Minot, Maine March 12, 1824
Malcom born Minot, Maine February 8, 1825
Austin born Minot, Maine October 29, 1826
Statira M. born New Gloucester, Maine 1828
Luther P. born Chesterville, Franklin County, Maine about 1832
Hewett born in Poland, Maine December 17, 1833 (from Shaker records)
George W. born Poland, Maine June 27, 1835
Mary Elizabeth born Lewiston, Maine 1837-39
We think that we have found all of the children, but the details and parentage of Reuben and Mary (Parcher) remained elusive.  There were no birth records for either of them nor was there a record of their marriage, but we estimate that they were married in the early 1820s.  
We had already determined that our Reuben was not a part of the Jonathan and Rebecca (Packard) family of Poland/Minot or of the New Gloucester Philip and Deborah (Hewett) Chandler family despite the fact that Reuben and Mary named one of their sons Hewett.
Having so much difficulty with the Chandler side of the family, we researched the Parchers for clues. Again we were plagued with scant and missing records so we had to do a circumstantial reconstruction of the Parchers.  We think that Mary Parcher was the daughter of John and Mary (Gubtail or Guptil) Parcher.  We think that her father, John, was the son of George and Mary (Chamberlin) Parcher. Research of the Parchers did come in handy when we tracked who we believe were Mary’s Parcher relatives in Chesterville, Franklin County, Maine.  That bit of knowledge explained why Reuben and Mary (Parcher) Chandler’s son, Luther, was born in Chesterville.
We found Reuben in the 1830 US census for New Gloucester, Cumberland, Maine with, who we believe, was his wife and three children, Malcom, born in Minot, Austin, born in Minot, and Statira, born in New Gloucester, Maine. We think that probably their first born son, John, died.  As we continued our research we found Hewett, born in Poland, Maine, Luther, born in Chesterville and George, born in Poland, and Mary Elizabeth born in Lewiston, Maine.
Then we found Reuben, alone, with no children and no wife and no occupation listed in the 1840 US census for Poland, Maine. The town of Poland is adjacent to both Minot and New Gloucester.
The big breakthrough came with the discovery of the grave stone for Reuben Chandler, who died in 1847, and was buried in the Empire Cemetery in Poland, Maine. Instead of the breakthrough and growing collection of facts making the story clearer, it became murkier because there were now even more questions and unexplained loose ends. 
We now knew that Reuben didn’t die young as we first thought, but why was he alone in the 1840 census? Where were Mary and the rest of the children? We knew that Hewett was placed with the Shakers and indentured to Deacon James Holmes on April 18, 1837, but why as he was only six years old?  Why was Statira also sent to live with the Shakers? Why were the children born in so many different places?  Why wasn’t Mary buried next to Reuben in the Empire Cemetery when she died? The mystery deepened.
What happened?
That is when Sharron found the key piece of information that tied all of this together, Reuben Chandler and his family had been declared paupers!
From the Eastern Argus newspaper
March 19, 1834
Advertisement
NOTICE
“Reuben Chandler, a pauper, for whose support I have a contract with the town of Poland, for the term of one year from April last has absconded.  As I have made suitable provisions for the support of said Chandler and his family, all persons are forbid harboring or trusting them on my account.”
Poland, March 1834

Joseph StroudThen in 1837 a second notice about the family appeared also in the Eastern Argus newspaper.

April 18, 1837
Page 3
Advertisement
Pauper Notice

“The subscriber hereby gives public notice that he has entered into bonds with the town of Poland to support for the term of one year, Mrs. Mary Chandler and three children, and has made suitable provision for their support, but the said Mary left on the 10th inst (archaic for current month) The situation provided for her.  This is therefore to caution all persons against harboring or trusting her on my account as I shall pay no debts of her contracting, being at all times ready to maintain her agreeably to my contract with said town of Poland.”

Samuel McCann
Poland, April 14, 1837
In those days if a person or a family were declared paupers, they could be “bid off” which meant being auctioned off to the lowest bidder for their care which is what happened to Reuben and his family.  Families could also be split up and children could be taken from their parents and apprenticed out which is probably what happened to Hewett and maybe one or more of their other children. (Read more about paupers, poor farms and poor houses  at the end of this article.)
The people who bid on their care were probably counting on the money that was to be paid to them by the town.  Having taken on the responsibility for the care of the family, they certainly didn’t want to be held responsible for any new debt the family could incur, hence the legal notices.
Upon first reading it sounds like Reuben was a scoundrel taking off while his family was living on the charity of the town, but a closer look reveals a more complicated story.  It may not have been just Reuben who absconded as the newspaper notice also mentions uses the word “them” so it may have Reuben and his whole family. If they left as a family it may have been to stay together and escape the stigma of being declared paupers. According to  Jean F. Hankins, author of “Over the Hill to the Poor House”, men didn’t end up on the poor farm because they didn’t want to work it was because they couldn’t work, so it must have also been true for those who were declared paupers.
It is interesting to note the date when Hewett was indentured to Deacon Holmes.  It was April 18, 1837, four days after that the notice was printed in the newspaper.  Did the town leaders see the notice and send young Hewett to the Shakers. We don’t know.
Reuben and his family were wards of Poland as early as 1833, perhaps earlier, according to the Eastern Argus newspaper. Reuben was a still in his thirties when he was declared a pauper. Things didn’t appear any better for him by the 1840 US census either as he was alone with no occupation listed.
It seems likely that he was disabled.  Rufus, who we believe was his brother, was only in his twenties when died in 1826 leaving behind a young family. Could both brothers have been in an accident or suffered from the same illness? As the highest alcohol consumption ever recorded in the US was in 1830, could that have been an additional factor?  It is not likely that the town would have supported a drunk. Alcohol was such a problem that men were lying strewn about in the gutters passed out drunk in Portland, Maine. Sometimes entire families were drunk including the children.  Hard apple cider often was kept in a pail with a dipper next to the door.  The chaos and harm that alcohol brought to families led to the embrace of the Temperance movement especially in Maine.  “Taking the pledge” became the new social cause because of the problem.
The disability that caused Reuben to be declared a pauper remains a mystery. It does appear that Mary returned to Reuben at least for a while after she absconded from Joseph Stroud’s custody because she had another child, Mary Elizabeth, born most likely in 1837, but perhaps in 1839. We do not have a definitive source.
As we found Reuben Chandler recorded as living alone in the 1840 US census for Poland, Maine, we can only guess where Mary and some of the children were living because the 1840 only lists the head of household by name.   
We know from Shaker records that Hewett and Statira were living with the Shakers, but we still don’t know where Mary was living or where the other children were living until they started showing up in the censuses in the 1850s and 1860s. Did Mary and some of the children eventually go back to Reuben?  Were they living with the Shakers, but the records of them living there were lost? Were they living with relatives or friends, ducking authorities even census takers because they had been declared paupers? Was there a rift over religion between Reuben and Mary.  We don’t know.
Reuben’s siblings were not having an easy time of it either.  Rufus died in 1825 leaving a wife and children and Jonathan, Jr. died in the early 1840s leaving a wife and children.
Reuben died in 1847 and was buried with who we believe were his siblings and their wives.  His Chandler family must have loved him and thought well of him because if he were a scoundrel or drunken lay-about it seems unlikely that they would bury him in what turned out to be the center of the row of Chandlers buried in the Empire cemetery. He also had a nice granite headstone and not just a field stone.
Four of Reuben and Mary’s children were found in the US 1850 census.  They were Hewett, who was with the Shakers, Luther who was working as a farm hand in Alfred, York, Maine, and Malcom and Austin who had moved to Massachusetts.  It is interesting to note that the town of Alfred also had a large Shaker colony.
There was still no Mary, Mary Elizabeth, Statira or George that we could find in the US 1850 census.

Shaker Hill Dormitory in Poland Maine


Mary couldn’t be found in the 1860 US census, either. Shaker records show that she joined the Shakers at Poland Hill on December 4, 1864 when she was 65 and that she died in New Gloucester on July 2, 1868 at age 70. However, other records show that Mary was a few years younger born about 1802. Mary may have lived with the Shakers for years, but did not enter the covenant with them until 1868.  She may have been living elsewhere outside of the Shaker community. She could have been an Outer Order Believer who was a follower of the Shakers, but not a covenanted member of the community.
We had wondered why Mary was not buried next to Reuben when she died, but if she had become a covenanted Shaker, most likely she was buried in the Shaker cemetery in New Gloucester. The Shaker cemetery does not have individual stones, just a single stone marker with the word, “Shakers” engraved upon it.
By 1860 all of Reuben and Mary’s children had moved to Massachusetts.
They all most likely moved there for jobs.  The American industrial revolution began in the 1840s in Lowell, Massachusetts which caused an exodus of young people, both men and women, to these new industrial centers located in Massachusetts.  
Malcom and Austin were living in the same household for the US 1850 census for Charleston, Middlesex, Massachusetts. Malcom later settled in Brighton, Middlesex, Mass and stayed there until he died.  Later on Austin moved to Manhattan, New York. Both of them were ice dealers.
Statira married Nathan Tucker on May 12, 1850. Nathan was an ice dealer for a while, but sometime after the US 1870 census for Waterton, Massachusetts the family and the two younger children (the eldest had married) moved to Dunkirk, Chautauqua New York where they were enumerated in the New York State census 1875.  By 1876 Statira and the children, were back in Massachusetts. Nathan may have died in New York which prompted the move back to Massachusetts.
Luther had moved from Alfred, Maine to Roxbury, Mass sometime after the 1850 census as he married in Dorchester, Mass in October of 1856.  Luther soon chose going west for land and farming over work in the cities of Massachusetts as he and his wife and family were enumerated in the US 1860 census for Burke, Dane County Mass.
We don’t know when youngest brother, George, moved to Massachusetts, but he also lived in Brighton and died in Boston August 28, 1860.
They youngest of the Chandlers, Mary Elizabeth, was enumerated in the US 1860 census for Brighton, Middlesex, Mass, and resided in the household of her brother, Malcom.  She married George B. Chamberlin November 27, 1860 in Brighton, Massachusetts.  Her husband served as a lieutenant in the Civil War.
The children may have started out as paupers, but Malcom and Austin became prosperous ice dealers, Luther a respected nurseryman, Hewett became a Shaker leader, inventor and nurseryman. The girls married.  Statira even had a domestic servant and Mary Elizabeth’s husband was an officer in the Civil War. John probably died as baby and George died, single, at only 25.
Next issue we will have more details about the children and their descendants and a story about what it was like harvesting and selling ice in the days before refrigeration.

PAUPERS, THE POOR FARM AND THE POORHOUSE IN NEW ENGLAND

By

Carol May


A usually ignored trove of genealogical information, are records dealing with paupers, poor farms and poor houses.  The people in these records often could not be found in censuses or church records because of their impoverished status left them without a regular residence. At the very end of this article check out the websites, especially the website dedicated entitled “Mission Statement” as it is a nationwide resource dedicated to as a resource for genealogist, students, teachers and historians.

Now onto the paupers of New England —
The treatment of the poor in America has its roots in England where the town where the paupers lived was charged with the responsibility for taking care of paupers.

Examples can be found in early New England including Duxbury, where you can read about poor and old widows being boarded with families which were reimbursed for their care by the town.  The town also took charge of those who were not of sound mind, like Benjamin Chandler (Benjamin>Edmund, the immigrant). As Benjamin was well off, the town did not have to support him, but town leaders appointed a guardian for him. His guardian hired people for his care and did the accounting.

Towns were responsible for its residents, but the townspeople did not want to be burdened with poor newcomers who required support.  To avoid this, the town would issue a “warning out.”  The impoverished newcomer could be being literally thrown out of town and sent back to their original hometown to be supported there.  However, not all persons served with a “warning out” were forced to actually leave. The “warning out” served as legal announcement that the town would not be responsible for the person or persons warned out if they fell into financial difficulty
Some towns actually issued warnings out to perfectly upstanding citizens who moved to the town in sort of a preemptive strike in case the family ever fell on hard times.  It was hard enough for the townspeople to feed themselves, without the added burden of paupers or even worry of potential paupers. The problems of illegitimate children, the feeble minded having children, paupers coming in from other towns were all economic worries that towns faced.  Today people think of those early New Englanders as a bunch of uptight people fixated on condemning moral laxity, but the reality was that they were all living close to the edge and being inundated with paupers could overwhelm a town’s scarce resources.

Today we grumble about home owners’ associations, co-op boards and condo rules thinking that in the “good old days” people were free to do what they wished.

In reality in early New England, towns had a lot of control over their citizens.  If someone sold a house or property, the buyer in many cases had to be approved by the town.  The reasons could range from the practical of whether or not the newcomer could be on the way to becoming a pauper, or to the more narrow-minded of not wanting people of other religions, especially Quakers in some areas, to move in.

Even after the custom of warnings out was phased out, towns would spend time and money trying to send the pauper back to their home town. Towns would also try to bill other towns for the care of a pauper, a practice which eventually ended.

Towns practiced the “bidding out” of paupers who were town residents. Once the town determined that individuals or a family were paupers their care was “bid out” to the lowest bidder. The paupers were also expected to work for family to which they were bid out.  It was no free ride. The quality of care varied widely from good to Dickensian.

When only dealing with a few individuals, bidding out worked, but when dealing with large families, the town would often split the children up which appears what happened in the case of Reuben Chandler’s family.

Being declared a pauper was more than just a horrible social stigma.  The town could take the children away if they were impoverished or untended and place them with relatives or apprentice them out which is what happened to 6-year-old Hewett Chandler. Children were obligated to stay as apprentices until they came of age. The entire family or even just part of the family could also be “bid out” which is what happened in Reuben and Mary’s case.

Generally, women and children were bid out, but not many men as the women and children could do a wide variety of chores while the men might be disabled and not get along.

Because of the difficulty and expense of bidding out large, entire impoverished families and not wishing to have to split families up, towns began creating poor farms.

The thinking was that the creation of “poor farms” would be a more economical and practical solution for the problem of the taking care of the poor. Responsible people were put in charge of poor farms because running them not only involved care the paupers, a chunk of the town’s treasury was involved. Despite that, quality varied widely from the clean and well run to the dirty and disease ridden.

The poor farms would take in whole families, and also the infirm, the aged, the handicapped, the mentally unsound, vagrants passing through town, and children.  Usually there were more men than women as the men were single or widowed, too old or disabled to work and had no family or their family couldn’t or wouldn’t take them in. The poor housed there were called, unfortunately, “inmates.”  The idea was that the ”inmates” could work on the farm and making it at least mostly self-sustaining, the town only contributing as needed.  Another idea that sounded better than it turned out.  

When the townspeople realized that the poor farms were costing more than they saved, poor houses were the next step. A poor farm could be brimming with “inmates,” for a while then only have a few, but the farm needed upkeep and animals had to be fed just the same which became an added expense for the town. The superintendent and his wife could be flooded with people needing care to having no one to care for depending on the health and circumstances of the town’s inhabitants.

The poorhouse was more expensive to operate than a poor farm while it was being used, but less expensive when it was idle.
After abandoning poorhouses, towns in Maine tried the voucher system where the poor would apply to the town for aid and if approved would be given vouchers to use at specific merchants.  There was a stigma attached to that too, because every year when an accounting of the town’s books was done, there would be, for all to see, the list of those received aid from the town.

Also, people realized that mixing children, adolescents, the handicapped, paupers of all ages, and the mentally ill all in one place was not the best idea. In the large cities asylums for the mentally ill, and orphanages were created, which also had their own problems.
Today, being ”sent to the poor house” is just an expression, but in those days it was a frightening possibility and a threat if one did not save and practice thrift, or abused one’s health with drink, or for women, married badly.  Just as they feared Hell in the afterlife, they feared the poor house in this life.

The picture from the postcard that illustrates this story is that of the poorhouse in Rockland, Maine.  Our co-chairperson, Bob’s, ancestor, John W. Chandler ran the Rockland, Maine poorhouse or poor farm.
MISSION STATEMENT   The Poorhouse Story.  A great resource about poorhouses in America geared to genealogists.  Another great resource for breaking down your brick walls because that lost relative may have been sent their due to infirmity, being an orphan, injury, or disability. Read “Over the Hill to the Poorhouse” on this site. It is highly readable and interesting.Historical Survey of METHODS OF POOR RELIEF IN MAINEWarning out in New England : Benton, Josiah H. (Josiah Henry), 1843-1917 : Free Download & Streaming : Internet Archive   This book was originally published in 1911 and may be read online  on this web site.POOR FARM History Project | Facebook  Maine poor houses
MPR: Over the Hill to the Poor House  Minnesota Public Radio including a song about going to the poorhouse
POOR FARM History Project | Facebook This is where the picture of the Rockland, Maine poor house came from.

A MAINE SUPREME COURT CASE

Benjamin M. Royal vs. Cyrus Chandler

There was a precedent setting case involving Cyrus Chandler involving property boundaries.
Cyrus Jonathan,Jr.*Jonathan>Judah>Joseph>Joseph>Edmund) was involved with a dispute over the boundary of a piece of land.  Cyrus argued that the boundaries of the land were pointed out to him by his father, Jonathan Chandler, Jr.  His father acquired the property in Auburn (then Poland) Maine on February 14, 1822.
Jonathan later conveyed property to Jonathan Lane (my comment probably his brother-in-law) and Rachel Chandler (my comment: Rachel was Cyrus’ aunt). Rachel later conveyed part of the land to Rufus C. Lane (my comment maybe a great nephew).
The precedent that was set in this case was:
“The declaration of ancient persons (my comment Jonathan Chandler, Jr.) made while in possession of land owned by them, pointing out their boundaries on the land itself and who are deceased at the time of the land are admissible evidence…”
Reports of cases in law and equity determined by the Supreme Judicial Court … – Maine. Supreme Judicial Court, John Shepley,

RESEARCH TIPS AND ALERTS!

Our member, Sharron, alerted me to movement afoot to restrict access to the Social Security Death Index because of fears of identity theft.  It was pointed out by several genealogists among others, is that the SSDI is a great tool against identity theft because all it would take was a search of the SSDI to check if the social security number belonged to someone who was deceased.  Loss of the SSDI would also be a blow to genealogists as it is an excellent place to search for relatives who lived in more recent times.
As of this writing you can still access SSDI for free at Familysearch, but not in the free pages of Rootsweb anymore, but if you want to pay you can access it at Ancestry.  This doesn’t seem fair either.
For more information you can read:
Are We Going to Lose the Social Security Death Index (SSDI)? – Megan Smolenyak Smolenyak’s Roots World

THE “OLD MAN’S DRAFT”

One of the new features of Familysearch is the inclusion of the “Old Man’s Draft.”  This included men born from about 1877 to 1897 for possible drafting for duty in World War II.  It is also not complete, because most of the records for the southern states and a few other places were destroyed.
If you can find your relative, you will find a trove of information – address where that elusive relative lived, birthplace, job, employer and contact person who was usually a relative.  This information was on the front side of the card.  The backside of the card gave the person’s physical description.
Unfortunately, with the two people that I looked up, the front side of the card was mistakenly paired with the backside of someone else’s card. So I was getting a wrong physical description.
I found this out while searching for Reuben Chandler’s great-grandson, Clark Gilman Boynton. He was described as a 195 pound, 6’ 1’ black man with probably a desk job.  This would have been fine, except that in previous records Clark had been white.  So I looked up another Philadelphia area Boynton and found a Charles Boynton, born in Alabama, working as a longshoreman described as 55-years-old, 135 pounds, 5”10” with a pale complexion and gray hair. This also sounded wrong.  I figured that there had been a microfilming mix-up and maybe it was a very rare occurrence.   
When I looked up my grandfather a similar mix-up occurred. Maybe it was still a fluke, but be aware that it did happen – twice.
I found both men in Familysearch, but neither in Fold3 which serves as a reminder to look in all of the databases that you have access to. At this point, I thought that these mix-ups may be more wide spread, hence the research alert.

TIDBITS

If you are ever passing through western Massachusetts you might want to check out Chandler’s Restaurant if only to take a picture of the sign, although it is an award winning restaurant.  I called them and asked if they were named after a specific Chandler hoping for an Edmund connection, but they said no.  They got the name for the restaurant the same way that most early Chandlers got that name because Chandlers way, way back were candle makers.  Later on Chandlers were also known as grocers and ships suppliers.
Chandler’s Restaurant is located in the Yankee Candle Flagship in South Deerfield, Massachusetts.
Chandler’s Restaurant on Vimeo

TV NEWS

“WHO DO YOU THINK YOU ARE”

The genealogy TV show, “Who Do You Think You Are” will be back on February 3rd. It will be in the same time slot on Friday at 8 PM on NBC.  Check your listings as these things change. The third season will bring Marisa Tomei, Martin Sheen and Blair Underwood amongst others.  

For those unfamiliar with show, it traces the ancestry ( using dozens of researchers from Ancestry.com) of various celebrities and actually visits their ancestral homes, from the gold fields of California (Sarah Jessica Parker), to Belarus (Lisa Kudrow) to Italy and France (Brooke Shields).  So even if you are not particularly interested in the celebrity, you get to see some fine research (wish it were as easy as the make it look) and get a tour of various parts of the world.

“FINDING YOUR ROOTS”

Also, just being announced today is FINDING YOUR ROOTS WITH HENRY LOUIS GATES, JR., with the renowned cultural critic and Harvard scholar who also will be in attendance at the TCA/PBS Press Tour. Premiering Sunday, March 25 at 8:00 p.m., the 10-part series delves into the genealogy and genetics of famous Americans, combining history and science in a fascinating exploration of race, family, and identity in today’s America. Professor Gates shakes loose captivating stories and surprises in the family trees of Kevin Bacon, Robert Downey, Jr., Branford Marsalis, John Legend, Martha Stewart, Barbara Walters and Rick Warren, among many others

You can read or listen to more about this new genealogy series by clicking the below link to Eastman’s column below.  

January 04, 2012

“Finding Your Roots,” a 10-part Series on PBS


*Another genealogy series is about to be launched on television in the U.S. “Finding Your Roots” with historian Henry Louis Gates Jr. will launch on March 25. That will be the first episode of a 10-part series on PBS stations.

The new series will feature two people in each one-hour episode, including husband-and-wife actors Kevin Bacon and Kyra Sedgwick, who jokes she’s afraid they might turn out to be cousins. “They are indeed distant cousins,” revealed Gates. “Talk about six degrees of separation, right?”

Check your local listings for the exact time and channel in your area.



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FALL 2011 EDMUND’S COMMUNITY COURIER by Carol May

Baldface Mountain Chatham NH Photograph by Steve Chandler

No Halloween tricks, but we hope that you will consider reading about how Judah Chandler inadvertently contributed to scaring the daylights out of people all over the world a treat.  Our member, Steve, tipped me off about this unusual connection and took the pictures for the story.

Our main research story focuses on Judah’s son the “other” Jonathan Chandler and family first of North Yarmouth and then of the Poland, Maine. Even if the “other” Jonathan Chandler isn’t your line, it is a study in how a family was reconstructed with no birth records and only tally marks in the censuses.

Actually I had planned to do a story on another recently found Chandler family, when our new member, Sharron re-joined the search to unravel the mystery of Hewett Chandler which led us back to this Jonathan Chandler, who we have touched on in the past. Please take note that this is a circumstantial reconstruction of this family.  So there may be mistakes.  If you spot any let us know!

Part 1 covers Jonathan Chandler and his family.  Part 2 will feature one of Jonathan’s sons, Reuben Chandler and the Dickensian life that he and his family lived, and Part 3 will feature Reuben’s son, Hewett the Shaker inventor. Many contributed research to this story. Not an easy research job!

We also have a report from our member, Cynthia, about the Chandler Family Association meeting that she attended in Texas.  The CFA is our sister group and with whom we sponsor the Chandler DNA project.  They cover all Chandlers with the exception of Edmund.  In this edition, we also have member news, a research alert (avoid this research pitfall) plus more!

                                                       MEMBER NEWS

Our members have been busy. Cynthia Chandler, is both a descendant of our Edmund Chandler and John Chandler of 1610 Jamestown, Virginia. Much more than a collection of names and dates, Cynthia even included stories and the history of the areas where they lived in many cases. We hope to put her Edmund line in our library so our members could read it and use it for reference. In the future we hope to spotlight some of her ancestors in the Courier.

Our intrepid researcher, Billie, spent time in Scotland researching her Scottish roots, but was also able to finish her work on Joseph Chandler and family of Duxbury, Mass before she left on her trip. That was an epic job, but she established through land records that Capt. John Chandler was Joseph’s grandson and we believe, Edmund (Joseph>Edmund, the immigrant’s grandson.  She also researched Nathaniel and Mercy .  Zebedee Chandler has often been named as their sibling, but there is very little information about him and that is why we would like to do a DNA test on a Zebedee descendant.  That way we could at least determine if he was a member of the Edmund Chandler family.

Our new member, Jeff, who was not certain about his Chandler lineage, found out that he descends from William and Annis. I encouraged him to research the rest of his family tree as he may still descend from Edmund from another branch.

                                                  RESEARCH ALERT!

Ever find a young male in the 1820 US census that sent you on a fruitless search to find out who he was? That’s because one category is counted twice!   I found this out the hard way when I was working on the Jonathan Chandler family in the 1820 US census. A young man showed up who didn’t fit in and was throwing my research into disarray. With the 1820 census you only get name of the head of household and only age and gender categories for the rest.

A careful look at the 1820 census form, which is available free online, I noticed the categories  “free white males between 16 and 18” and next to it “free white males of 16 and under 26”. I thought that overlap was a typo, but I Googled it and found that males 16 and 18 are counted twice. They are counted once in the first category and again in the second category. Why?The country wanted to know how many young males were available for military service.

To read about this and other peculiarities of 1810, 1820 and 1830 US censuses, try the site below.
1820 Census Records: History and How to Use Them

             THE “OTHER” JONATHAN CHANDLER FAMILY OF POLAND,                                                                             MAINE

                     (Judah>Joseph>Joseph>Edmund, the immigrant)

                              A circumstantial reconstruction of a family

                                                                             By

                                                                        Carol May

                     Research by Carol May, Steve Chandler and Sharron Ross

We have touched on this “other” Jonathan Chandler and his family previously, but we have more information and we were able to do an in depth study. This is a circumstantial study and while we have compelling circumstantial evidence for some of the children, it is much weaker for others.  Children may be dropped or others added if new evidence surfaces or mistakes are found. As we are a research group, let us know if you find mistakes or new information either supporting or refuting what is presented here.

When our group first started, the focus was on the large Jonathan Chandler family which included sons, John, Reuben, Ichabod, Avira and Nathaniel and their families. They migrated from Duxbury to the Minot/Poland area of Maine in the years after the Revolutionary War Minot was part of Poland. Later we found more Edmund Chandler descendants who migrated to that area.

However, there were still a few stray Chandlers in local records that didn’t match up with any family in the Minot/Poland area. The “strays” in the early records of Minot/Poland were Reuben and his children, Anna, Jacob and possibly my Rebecca. There may be other “strays” yet undiscovered.


We got our first big break when Steve, who lives in adjacent New Gloucester, took a bicycle trip to the Empire Cemetery in Poland, Maine and stopped to take pictures of the grave stones.

 
Buried in that cemetery were more mystery Chandlers. They were: Aunt Rachel, Rufus, Reuben, and Jonathan, Jr. Also, there were spouses and children.

Now we had seven parentless Chandlers and with wives and children. Who did they belong to?

Off to the censuses to try to find where this growing group of mystery Chandlers came from. The 1820 US census for Poland, Maine showed a Jonathan Chandler and family, but a closer look revealed that he was not the Jonathan Chandler of the 1810 US census for Poland, Maine.  The Jonathan Chandler of the 1810 census was the patriarch of the Chandler clan who had come from Duxbury post- Revolutionary War and he had died in 1818.  

Before moving to Poland this new Jonathan Chandler and his family appeared in the 1790, 1800 and 1810 US censuses for North Yarmouth, Maine. The early censuses showed only the name of the head of household and only a tally of males and females by age group for the rest. The Empire cemetery Chandlers and the stray Chandlers in local records fit right into the census counts for Jonathan Chandler’s household. A Eureka moment!

According to North Yarmouth, Maine birth records, Jonathan was born Dec. 14, 1750 to Judah and Rebecca (Seabury) Chandler. His lineage going back to Edmund starting with Jonathan is: Jonathan>Judah Chandler + Rebecca Seabury> Joseph Chandler + Martha Hunt> Joseph Chandler + Mercy?> Edmund, the immigrant. His father, Judah was a coaster, sawmill operator, timber surveyor, Revolutionary War veteran and according to contemporary accounts, an industrious fellow.

 As a coaster he sailed up and down the coast collecting raw material, especially pine for ship building, and delivering finished goods and supplies to the coastal towns. (See story about Runaround Pond in this issue for more about Judah).

Judah’s children settled the length of the Maine coast, which also makes researching them difficult. That independence had a downside for them as well because they didn’t have a large nearby extended family to count on for help as most early settlers had.

We have only the North Yarmouth record of Judah’s son Jonathan Chandler and Zeruiah Brown’s marriage intentions, but not the marriage record. Unless Zeruiah died and he married someone else, which is not likely, he probably married Zeruiah Brown sometime after intentions were filed in North Yarmouth, Maine on Nov. 21, 1778.

We know from the censuses that Jonathan and Zeruiah had a lot of children, but  because many North Yarmouth records are missing, we don’t know their names.

By studying the grave stones, a contemporary written newspaper article, and number of children in the census records we can reassemble this family at least circumstantially. From our research it appears that not many of his several descendants survived past a couple of generations which could also explain the lack of information about this family.  Jonathan survived his wife who died in 1826, but he was not enumerated in the 1830 census so he probably died before then.

From the “The Age” newspaper, this news item appeared:
CHANDLER Mrs 68y w/o Jonathan C, mother of 11ch, 7 of whom with husband survive at Poland ME on 29 Aug sermon by Elder JONES of Minot [19 Sept 1826]  

We think that the surviving children of Jonathan and Zeruiah (Brown) Chandler as of Zeruiah’s death on August 29, 1826 were: Rachel, Rebecca, Jacob, Anna, Reuben and Jonathan, Jr. and possibly a “mystery girl”. That makes seven children. Rufus died a few months before his mother’s death, which would make eight children. There were two boys and two girls from the censuses that appeared to have died young. We do not know their names. That would make 12 children, one more than the newspaper story. One of the unknown children may have been a visitor, or an error in the census, or the newspaper story may have been in error.
The children in order of birth appear to be:

One unknown male who probably died young because he could only be found in the 1790 US census.
Rachel Chandler born Feb. 1781, calculated from gravestone.
Anna (Chandler) Bailey born before 1787, calculated from the 1820 census.

Rebecca (Chandler) Snow born 1787, calculated from gravestone.
Jacob Chandler born, either Feb. 20 1787 (Rebecca’s twin?), or March 1788 calculated from gravestone.

Rufus Chandler born abt. July 16, 1789, calculated from gravestone.
Reuben Chandler born April 1794, calculated from gravestone
One unknown male Chandler who died young before the 1810 census.

Three unknown Chandler girls Two who appeared to have to have been born after the 1790 census and who died before the 1810 census. The third, and our “mystery girl”, was also  born between 1790 and 1800. The mystery girl probably survived, at least until 1826 when her mother died, and was one of the seven surviving children. Mystery girl probably died or married before the 1830 census because she does not appear with the Chandlers in that census.  

Jonathan Chandler, Jr. born 1803, calculated from gravestone.
Below is a summary of the children by group:

              JONATHAN, JR., REUBEN, RUFUS AND AUNT RACHEL

This is the group buried in the Empire Cemetery (see detailed list in the reference section at the end) and whose circumstantial link to Jonathan and Zeruiah seems the strongest. The only other Chandler family living in Poland, Maine and who also had members buried in the Empire cemetery was Alden Chandler and family and we have already identified them.

So by process of elimination, Jonathan, Jr., his wife, Reuben, and Aunt Rachel, all buried in a row next to each other, and by other evidence, appear to be siblings and the children of Jonathan Chandler.

                                                             JONATHAN, JR.

There were only two Jonathan Chandlers in Poland, Maine during that era so it seems logical that Jonathan, Jr. was the son of Jonathan and Zeruiah. If there were more Jonathan Chandlers, questions could be raised because in the old days “junior” could mean just a younger person of the same name and not necessarily related. Jonathan, Jr. may have also been following the more modern custom of retaining he suffix, junior even if his father had already passed away.

Cynthia L. wife of Jonthan Jr.

We know that Jonathan, Jr. married Cynthia because of the grave stone, but haven’t found a record of the marriage.  She was Cynthia Lane daughter of Josiah Lane and Abigail Rowe Cleaves of Poland, Maine, according to Royal River families, a collection of vital records from the Androscoggin Historical Society.
Jonathan, Jr. and Cynthia had children, Cyrus and Mary J. Chandler. Neither ever married and they are buried in the same row as their parents and both of their death certificates name Jonathan as their father.  Jonathan, Jr. and Cynthia may have had another daughter, but either she died before the 1850 census or married. Jonathan, Jr. died at only 37 years old and his widow, Cynthia, died at 44 years old.

                                                                     REUBEN

Reuben was our member, Sharron’s, brick wall for about 20 years.  Her old post on one of the boards prompted me to contact her. Our member, Steve, and also Brother Arnold of the New Gloucester Shaker Colony had also wondered about Hewett and his father, Reuben’s, origins. Reuben didn’t fit into any of the local known Chandler families of Minot/Poland or of New Gloucester, Maine. Reuben is buried between the grave of Jonathan, Jr.’s wife, Cynthia, and the grave of Jonathan, Jr.’s son, Cyrus, in the Empire cemetery. Reuben’s name also appears in Minot records as the father of several children. Next issue we will feature Reuben and Mary (Parcher) Chandler and their family including census records and vital records for their children.

                                                                           RACHEL

Rachel Chandler

Rachel Chandler’s grave stone actually says “Aunt Rachel Chandler.” It appears from the census that she lived with Jonathan, Jr. and his family. Later on she lived with Jonathan, Jr.’s children, nephew Cyrus and niece Mary J. and her sister-in-law, Sarah (Rufus widow) according to the 1860 US census for Danville, Maine. Rachel was buried next to Jonathan, Jr. in the Empire Cemetery.

                                                                           RUFUS

Rufus Chandler

Rufus, his wife and children’s graves were marked by a single nearby obelisk with each of their names inscribed upon it.  Rufus also died young in 1826 at only 36. Minot vital records show that Rufus married Sarah Eaton Bradbury in Minot, Maine on Nov. 4, 1818.

Claeb and Simon N. sons of Rufus and Sarah.
Rufus C. son of Rufus and Sarah

Rufus and Sarah’s son, Jonathan C. Chandler died single at age 31. Rufus and Sarah’s children, Caleb Cushman, Simon Noyes and Rufus Clement, also died young and without issue. Their births were recorded in Minot vital records. It appears that Rufus’ line died out with the death of his children.

The 1860 US census for Danville, Maine shows that apparently Rufus’ widow, Sarah, went to live with who we believe was her nephew, Cyrus, niece, Mary J., and her sister-in-law Rachel. They were enumerated on the same page and five houses away from Jacob and Thankfull (Higgins) Chandler. From its style and fancy appearance, it is my hunch that the obelisk was erected not when Rufus died, but at later date when the family had more money.

This next group was not buried in the Empire Cemetery and the circumstantial evidence varies and gets much thinner.

                                                                           ANNA

Anna does fit into the censuses for the Jonathan Chandler family and according to her marriage record she was from North Yarmouth which is where Jonathan’s family came from.  There were several Chandler families (all descended from Edmund) living in North Yarmouth; however Jonathan and his family were the only ones that moved to the Minot/Poland area.   Even though we have not been able to link Anna to one of these other families, many North Yarmouth birth records are missing leaving the possibility that she was from one of these other families.
Anna married Moses Bailey. Marriage intentions were filed Feb. 17, 1815 in Minot.  The marriage was recorded in Cumberland, Cumberland Maine March 23, 1815.  Does that mean that she was from one of the other North Yarmouth area families, or was Jonathan’s family still in the process of moving, or was it just where the minister recorded it? We don’t know.
Anna and Moses lived in Minot which is adjacent to Poland. Her children were Lucinda, Abigail, Hannah, Ann, Emily, Moses, Charles, Davis, George and Rufus C.  Could Rufus C. Bailey have been named after her possible brother or nephew?

                                                                   REBECCA

This is my personal brick wall.  Rebecca married Jonathan Snow in Minot, Maine on Jan. 12, 1815. Her gravestone at Maquiot Cemetery in Brunswick, Maine reads that she died November 18, 1844 at 57 years which would make her birth year 1787.  Jacob’s grave stone reads that he was born in 1788, but Danville records say he was born in 1787.  So it is possible that they may have been twins depending on which record is correct, or it is possible that they were not siblings at all.

 
There is a lot of evidence stacked in favor of her being the daughter of Abel Chandler (not Rev. Abel) and Sarah (Weston) Chandler, but there are a few huge clues that now swing toward Jonathan as being her father. In the 1880 census she was listed as being born in Maine in her son’s enumeration in that census and she may not fit into the 1790 census for Abel Chandler’s family in Massachusetts. All of Abel’s children were born in Massachusetts.

There was one line about Jonathan Chandler’s daughter, Rebecca, dying in Brunswick that I read that on a web site which had a long running list of events that appeared to have been taken from 19th century newspapers. The site appears to be gone now, so I can’t check where they got the information. Also, years ago when I first was starting out in genealogy I came across an old family tree entry, from the now long gone Gendex,  possibly taken from an old Bible, that had listed her parents and two children born in Minot.  I can’t remember their names. The two children must have died before they moved to Brunswick, Maine where my gg-grandmother was born. I was too naïve at the time to realize that they were writing about my Rebecca so I erased the note that I had made. I didn’t know then that Rebecca lived in Minot before moving to Brunswick. I was also being steered way off course by bad information on the internet. I learned the hard way and what we have all learned, that internet family trees can be full of mistakes and that they copy each other’s mistakes. Rebecca had two children, Abiezer F. Snow and Elvira D. Snow (my gg-grandmother), who survived to have children. At present Rebecca fits better into Jonathan Chandler’s family although it is possible that she may not stay there. Eventually, I will do a story on Abel and Sarah (Weston) Chandler’s children in the future and do another comparison of information.

                                                                          JACOB

The headstones of Jacob and his wife, Thankful, stand side by side.

According to Danville, Maine records he was born in North Yarmouth February 20, 1787, but those records may not be accurate. There is a conflict of dates as his grave stone indicates that he was born in March 1788.

Jacob Chandler

Jacob Chandler lived in Poland, Danville and Auburn, Maine according several censuses; however, I don’t think that he moved because part of Poland became Danville which became Auburn. He also lived fairly close to (about five houses away according to the census) Cyrus, Mary J., Rachel and Sara.  They were Jacob’s possible nephew, niece, sister and sister-in-law respectively.

Thankful Chandler

Jacob married Thankfull Higgins August 13, 1818 in Danville, Maine. Jacob and Thankfull only had two children, Rozilla and Joanna according to vital records.  Rozilla died young and single.  Joann married John C. Lane, who in addition to being a farmer was also a census taker. The 1850 census shows their daughter and son-in-law living with them in Poland, Maine. Many years later the situation was reversed with Jacob and Thankfull moving to nearby New Gloucester to live with them.
Jacob’s gravestone in the Hotel Road Cemetery in Auburn, Maine says that he died May 10, 1872 at 84 ys 2 ms.  That would put his birth year at 1788. Danville records say he was born on February 20, 1787 in North Yarmouth, Maine. Which date is correct?

                                                      THE MYSTERY GIRL

While researching Jacob and Thankfull Chandler and the Hotel Road Cemetery, I found Rufus C. Lane was also buried there. Was Jacob related to him? Jacob’s daughter married a Lane and his possible sister-in-law was Cynthia (Lane) Chandler. Rufus C. Lane had a brother named Chandler Lane and another named Seth Chandler Lane.

Their parents were Simeon Lane and apparently Charlotte Chandler (still looking for more proof).  Could Charlotte be the “mystery girl”?   It turns out that she was born in 1802 putting her out of the running. However, she may have been Charlotte Chandler, daughter of Joel (another Edmund descendant) and Permelia Lincoln Chandler. She later married a Briggs.

There were also two other Charlotte Chandlers about the same age.  One married John Charles and the other married Capt. David Harwood who lived in the same area as Joel and Permelia.
So we are still looking for the “mystery girl.’ Always a new mystery to solve and an old one to revisit.

                                                      RESEARCH SOURCES:
My notes and comments are in parentheses.
1790 US CENSUS NORTH YARMOUTH, CUMBERLAND COUNTY, MAINE

Jonathan Chandler
1 male of 16 and over including head of family (Jonathan)
3 males under 16 (Jacob, Rufus, one unknown)
4 females (Zeruiah, Rachel, Rebecca, Anna)

1800 US CENSUS NORTH YARMOUTH, CUMBLERLAND COUNTY, MAINE

Jonathan Chandler
2 males under 10 (Reuben and one unknown)
2 males 10 to under 16 (Jacob, Rufus)
1 male over 45 (Jonathan)
3 females under 10 (all unknown)
1 female 10 to 16 (Rebecca)
2 females 16 to under 26 (Rachel, Anna)
1 female 26-45 Zeruiah

1810 US CENSUS NORTH YARMOUTH, CUMBERLAND COUNTY, MAINE

Jonathan Chandler
1 male under 10 (Jonathan, Jr. born 1803)
1 male 10 to under 16  (Reuben)
2 males 16 to under 26 (Rufus, Jacob)
1 male over 45 (Jonathan)
1 female 10 to under 16 (our mystery girl)
2 females 16 to under 26 ( Anna, Rebecca)
No Rachel
1 female over 45  (Zeruiah)

1820 US CENSUS POLAND, CUMBERLAND COUNTY, MAINE

Jonathan Chandler
1 male 16 to under 18 (Jonathan, Jr.)
2 males 16 to under 26  (Reuben, Jonathan, Jr.)
1 male over 45 (Jonathan)
1 female 16 to under 26 (our mystery girl)
No Rachel
1 female over 45 (Zeruiah)
Engaged in agriculture.  (Jonathan was a farmer)

1830 US CENSUS POLAND, CUMBERLAND COUNTY, MAINE

Jonathan Chandler (JR.)
1 male under 5 yrs. (Cyrus, son)
1 male 20- under 30 (Jonathan, Jr.)
1 female under 5 yrs (Mary J., daughter)
1 female 70- under 80 ( Cynthia, Jonathan’s wife wrong age or Rachel, Jonathan’s aunt, also wrong age, or a boarder?)

(There should be wife, Cynthia unless she was away and not counted.)

1830 US CENSUS MINOT, CUMBERLAND COUNTY, MAINE

Sarah Chandler
2 males under 5 yrs (Jonathan C., Rufus C., Rufus’ and Sarah’s twin sons)
1 male 10- under 15 (Caleb C. Rufus’ and Sarah’s son)
1 female 30- under 40 (Sarah, Rufus’ widow)

1840 US CENSUS FOR POLAND, CUMBERLAND, MAINE

Jonathan Chandler
1 male 10 under 15 (Cyrus, son)
1 male 30 under 40 (Jonathan)
1 female 5 under 10 (? a boarder?, a daughter who married before the 1850 census?)
1 female 10 under 15 (Mary J., daughter)
1 female 20 under 30 (a boarder?)
1 female 30 under 40 (Cynthia, Jonathan’s wife)
1 female 50 and under 60 (Rachel, Jonathan’s aunt)

1850 US POLAND, CUMBERLAND COUNTY, MAINE

Jacob Chandler, age 60, farmer, born Maine

Thankful Chandler, age 56, born Maine
John C. Lane, age 29, farmer, born Maine (Jacob and Thankful’s son-in-law
Joann Lane, born Maine (Jacob and Thankful’s only surviving child and who had children)
Emily, Lane, age 12, born Maine

Cyrus Chandler (Jonathan, Jr. and Cynthia (Lane) Chandler’s son) age 22, farmer
Rachel Chandler (Cyrus and Mary F’s aunt) age 66
Mary F. Chandler age 19 (actually Mary J.)

Jonathan C. (Cummings) Chandler age 22, ( He was Rufus and Sarah (Bradbury) Chandler’s son and also also Rachel’s nephew and Cyrus and Mary’s cousin. They were living next door to Cyrus in this census)
Sarah (Bradbury) Chandler, age 57, mother

1860 US DANVILLE CENSUS, ANDROSCOGGIN, MAINE

(It appears that Danville was set off from Poland)
Cyrus Chandler, age 31, farmer, born Maine
Rachel, age 79, (Cyrus’ aunt) born Maine
Sarah, age 65 (Cyrus’ aunt by marriage to Rufus) born Maine
Mary J., age 29 (Cyrus’ sister) born Maine

(Five houses away in this same census)
Jacob Chandler, age 72, farmer, born Maine
Thankful, age 67, born Maine

             FROM THE EMPIRE CEMETERY, POLAND, MAINE

These Chandlers were buried next to each other and in this order. There were members of the Alden Chandler family also buried in this cemetery, but were in distant area.  Knowing what the headstones look like, especially if they match, and who was next to who are vital clues which can usually only be obtained by walking the cemetery on foot which Steve did.

Aunt Rachel, Jonathan, Jr. and Reuben were siblings. Cynthia was Jonathan, Jr.’s wife and Cyrus and Mary J. were their children. These are individual markers and are listed in order as they appear in a row in the cemetery.

Aunt Rachel Chandler died January 20, 1864 at age 82 years 11 months
Jonathan Chandler, Jr. Father died Dec. 13, 1840 aged 37 years
Cynthia L. Chandler, Mother wife of Jonathan Chandler died June 27, 1844 age 41 ys  9 ms
Reuben Chandler died Jan. 13, 1847 at 52 yrs. 9 ms.
Cyrus Chandler died Jan. 16, 1903 age 75 ys. 4 ms.
Mary J. Chandler died Jan. 25, 1907 age 77 ys. 18 ds

Rufus wife and children’s names are on a single obelisk marker.

Rufus Chandler died May 26, 1826 at 36 ys. 10 ms. 10 ds.  
Sarah E.  his wife died Jan. 14, 1864 age 68 ys. 6 mos. 21 ds.
Simon Noyes Chandler died July 11, 1825 age 4 ys. 27 ds.
Caleb C. (Cushman) Chandler died June 3, 1843 age 24 ys. 6 ds.
Rufus C. (Clement) Chandler died Oct 10, 1844 age 17 ys. 10 ms. 20 ds. (twin)
Jonathan C.  Chandler died Nov. 10, 1858 age 31 ys. 11 ms. 20 ds. (twin)

                    *********

Heritage Quest for the early censuses available free from many libraries. I used this as a census source.
www.familysearch.org Many vital record have been added as well as several of the censuses. I also used this as a census and vital record source. There is also an ancestral file with Charlotte Chandler and family in it.
History of Poland, Maine

Historical Resume of Town of Minot, Maine
Poland, Androscoggin County, Maine | Maine Genealogy

Maquoit Cemetery, Brunswick, Maine  Where Rebecca (Chandler) Snow was buried
Find A Grave Search Results  for Hotel Road Cemetery, Auburn, Maine

                              RUNAROUND POND AND JUDAH CHANDLER

                                (Joseph>Joseph>Edmund, the immigrant)

                                                                                By

                                                                         Carol May

                                                    Photographs by Steve Chandler

You wouldn’t think that Judah Chandler could be inadvertently responsible for scaring the daylights out of people worldwide over two centuries after his death. No, not as a “ghost” haunting Runaround Pond in Durham, Maine, where he lived, but by creating inspiration for horror novelist Stephen King who grew up in the area.

Judah Chandler is said to have accidentally created Runaround Pond, which in turn over two centuries later inspired novelist Stephen King to write books using the pond as a setting.
Judah Chandler (Joseph>Joseph>Edmund, the immigrant) was an industrious, resourceful fellow, born In Duxbury, Mass, and raised in North Yarmouth, Maine. He was a Revolutionary War veteran, a coaster who sailed up and down the sea coast bringing the raw materials out and finished goods and supplies in, a lumber surveyor, and saw mill operator.

He spent time up and down the whole Maine coast building saw mills and helping found towns like Jonesboro, Maine. His sons, including Jonathan Chandler, this issue’s featured Chandler, settled the length of Maine. There is a Chandler Bay in Jonesport in northern Maine where Judah Chandler is believed to have been the first settler and a Chandler River in Jonesboro named after him.Back down in Durham, Chandler stream was also named after him. Only when Judah first settled in Durham was it called Royalsborough after General Isaac Royall.

Chandler stream is what feeds into what is now Runaround Pond. Judah had first settled in Royalsborough in 1766 and built the first saw mill in the western part of the town on what is still known as Chandler’s stream, a tributary of the Royal River.  The ruins of the dam and perhaps even his house can still be seen. According to Steve, our member who lives nearby, Judah wisely chose the narrowest point in the stream to build the mill and created the dam with expertly cut and set granite stones. However, the story goes that he built the dam so high that the water ran around it and accidentally created what was to become known as Runaround Pond, a long meandering pond set in a marshy field.

Judah left Royalsborough and continued carrying on business up and down the Maine coast.  He finally returned to Royalsborough, later re-named Durham, to build a second mill. He was in the lumbering business and sent ton-lumber to Harrisicket (Freeport, Maine) by the Old Mast Road.  When he became too old and infirm to work and having no living family nearby, he and his wife sadly became wards of the town. He died in 1802 and is buried there near his son, John who died many years earlier.

Runaround Pond which was created by his first mill is what is remembered today. It is now Durham’s official recreation area. It is a very long, shallow meandering pond providing canoeing, kayaking, picnicking, and hiking in the warm months, and skating, snowshoeing and cross country skiing in the winter.

Horror novelist, Stephen King, moved to Durham, Maine when he was 11 years old with his mother and brother, his father having abandoned the family. His mother’s roots were deep in Maine going back to the early 1600s. She was born in Scarborough, Maine. No Chandlers in her line, but many pioneer Maine families such as Libby, Waterhouse and Foss. His mother barely made ends meet with low paying jobs. Like most youngsters, Stephen explored his surroundings including Runaround Pond. This pond made a huge impression on him as memories of it fueled several of his novels.

The story goes that Stephen while playing either in or near Runaround Pond had a leech attach itself to his navel. That experience alone could inspire and entire novel. That leech memory was featured in his novels “The Tommyknockers” and in the book “The Body” which became the movie “Stand By Me.” “The Body” was set in western Durham and Pownal, Maine.
However, in his novel “The Dead Zone,” Runaround Pond provides the impetus for the entire novel. In that, novel King writes about a very young Johnny Smith while he was just learning how to skate backward on Runaround Pond collides with a big kid playing hockey. Johnny is momentarily knocked out cold on the ice, but comes to with a big lump on his head and psychic powers which manifest themselves much later on in the unique scary style that Stephen King has mastered.

Depending on how you look at it, Runaround Pond is either a placid seemingly endlessly, meandering, quiet, Maine pond or sinister place of dark ledges and spooky nooks and crannies and, in winter, scary black ice.

If you can’t visit the pond, take a look at the pictures and then decide – scary place or quiet benign pond?

                      ANOTHER REV. ABEL CHANDLER SIGHTING AND                                                                A  CORRECTION!

Tracking the Rev. Abel Chandler has become almost another hobby.  This time Sharron sent a newspaper article about Rev. Abel Chandler and another wife who was named Harriet.

If the vital records and the newspaper account are accurate, Rev. Abel’s first wife died August 21, 1835 in Turner, Androscoggin County, Maine, then he married Harriet who died in 1838 in Peru, Oxford County, Maine, then he married again for a third time. With presumably the unknown third wife, Abel had a daughter, Louisa, who was born in Hebron, Maine on August 29, 1841 and who died the same day. We don’t know when the third wife died.

This appears to be the end of the wives, because he was single and living with some of his children, his grandchildren, and his daughter-in-law in the 1850 US census for Ohio. That’s a lot of wives in a short time. Either he had a very, very tragic life or mistakes were made in the newspaper story or Maine vital records or both. We have found serious mistakes in early Maine vital records previously.

From “The Age” newspaper 1838 edition:
Publishing Date:  April 25, 1838
Mortuary Notice
In Peru, Mrs. Harriet, wife of Rev. Abel Chandler, aged 31

A correction regarding Rev. Abel’s grandson, Charles B. Chandler, he did marry Mary S. Harlow, but it was a different Charles B. Chandler who married Mary Merrill.  Don’t you just love it when they have the same names!                    

                                                               DNA NEWS

Dick, who is a worldwide tracker of all Chandlers not just Edmund’s line, has been working diligently finding Chandlers both here and abroad to test.  Most recently two Chandlers whose families originated in Kent, England have been tested.  No match with Edmund for the first testee and we are waiting for results for the second testee.  Although one of the testees is Australian and the other is American, they both share Kent roots and will likely match each other.

The Chandlers of Kent are of particular interest to our group for several reasons. There were many Chandlers that resided there and it was also a hotbed of religious descent and Edmund was an epic dissenter having fled to Leiden, Holland for religious reasons. Also, it is believed that Roger Chandler was related to Edmund as they both appeared in Dutch records in Leiden and they probably traveled together to the Plymouth Colony.  Roger married Isabella Chilton on July 21, 1615 in St. Paul’s Canterbury, Kent, England.  No record of Edmund’s marriage, another mystery.

There is no record of Roger’s or Edmund’s birth in Kent; however, researchers continue to look. Along with records being lost or destroyed over the years, dissenters being dissenters, often did not register births in the local parish register. In addition, when Edmund and Roger were born it was at the beginning of parishes keeping birth records, so they may have been born a little too soon to have had their births recorded.As Chandler is an occupational name neither Kent nor any other place in England has been ruled out as Edmund’s potential birth place. So the hunt for the English origins of Edmund Chandler continues through both DNA and written records.

                    THE CHANDLER FAMILY ASSOCIATION MEETING

Dick Chandler’s Presentation at the Chandler Family Association Meeting

No, that’s not us, but is our sister group, The CFA who started out with descendants of John Chandler of 1610 Jamestown, Viriginia, but expanded to include other Chandler families from other areas when they found out not all early southern Chandlers descend from John Chandler of Jamestown.

Our member Cynthia, and also CFA member, attended their meeting on September 16th   Dallas, Texas. She is a rare bird who descends from both Edmund Chandler of Duxbury, Mass and John Chandler of Jamestown Virginia. She met southern distant cousins at the meeting. I am guessing that Cynthia filled them in on our Edmund Chandler of Duxbury, Massachusetts.

They were very well organized with information packets on the Chandler lineage on all of the   participants and even a CFA water bottle!  There were tables full of research material and a copy machine with tables and chairs arranged so people could study and share information. The CFA is a huge group – hundreds of members. Lots and lots of Chandlers in the south! They even have their own store with mouse pads, coffee cups, pens, highlighters, book markers and tote bags. We may be a tiny group by comparison, but we have accomplished a lot in a short time.

Being in Texas, of course they had a Texas barbeque. If they had been Yankees it might have been a clam bake! Our member and also CFA member and head of the Chandler one name study, Dick was there via SKYPE communicating from British Columbia, Canada over the internet answering questions.

                             DISCOVERING TREASURES AT FIND A GRAVE

                                                                by Barb Chandler

Cemeteries provide valuable information to genealogists. My article  about discovering treasures at Find A Grave http://www.findagrave.com/ a worldwide virtual cemetery illustrates this resources riches.

If you know the state/country where your ancestor is buried plug their name into the search engine; and you might find the cemetery where they are buried,  their birth and death date,  an obituary,  and links to memorials of parents and spouse, and a picture of their headstone.

All information on Find A Grave is provided by thousands of contributors who submit new listings, updates, corrections, photographs to the site daily.  

If you decide to become a contributor and create a memorial to a person in your tree. You will need to join Find A Grave (it’s free). Once you’ve joined, and if you know for certain where your ancestor is buried the first thing you will need to do is search  before creating a memorial. This step is to insure that a memorial hasn’t already been created. 

Another way you can add to this resource is by becoming a photo volunteer and  traveling to a nearby cemetery to take pictures of headstones in nearby cemeteries.

When I’ve visited Find A Grave some memorials  that are already created have  just  the birth and death dates with nothing else. If I run across these and know the family members or have an obituary I ask the contributor to add these.

 Rev. Abel. now has a memorial.  Since we do not know where he is buried I created one using the word ‘other’ under burial options. His memorial is at; http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=78673552 

As more genealogists contribute to this valuable resource more free material becomes available to researchers.

                                                                 NEXT ISSUE

Chandler research took over the time and space for this issue so I couldn’t do the stories on the changes at  Familysearch, and researching homesteads, but they will appear in a future issue.
Look for Part 2, and Reuben Chandler and the harsh life that his family led in the 1830’s and 40’s in the next issue.

Have a very Happy Thanksgiving and a Merry Christmas and we should see you sometime in January.

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