Carol May


The biggest news this issue is finding a match between the Edmund Chandler project Y-DNA testees and an Australian with Northern Irish roots.


Our old site, www.edmundchandler.com  is no more. A reminder that our new site can be found at: Chandler Family Association – Genetic Chandler Family #13 – Descendants of Edmund Chandler
born England 1588

There were technical difficulties in getting the files out of the old site, but none have been lost.

Thank you James Campbell, our webmaster, for managing the ECFA web site for 11 years while raising a family, working at a full-time job, and doing missionary work in remote places of the world.

Lastly, our long-time editor, Barb, is retiring for health reasons. Thank you, Barb, for your work as editor. In addition to doing some of the writing, she posted the Courier and found many illustrations for it.

Our founder, James, is helping out by posting the Courier. He of many computer skills and me of so few!

I did have several stories on the Civil War and more on DNA, but have put them off until a future issue to bring you this breaking news.



We have been hoping for an Edmund Chandler DNA match outside of the US, but we thought it would be in England as that is where we, we meaning mostly CFA member Dick our English CFA members, have been looking.  However, the Chandler Y-DNA project is worldwide, with over 500 participants, so our match came from an Australian with Northern Irish roots!

Adding to the mystery is that this new match is not surnamed Chandler but Hale.

Angela Hale, our newest member, is an enthusiastic genealogist who asked her Dad to take the Y-DNA test.   She hoped that he would match a Hale as that is his surname. To her surprise and ours, her father was a 66/67 match with one of our Edmund Chandler testees and a 64/67 match with the remainder of our testees. That’s a very close match and the difference is negligible between the testees.

Thanks to members Angela and Dr. Bob, the tests were upgraded to 111 markers and the match held up with 107 out of 111 markers matching. That’s really close, close enough to warrant a cigar.

In addition to upgrading their Y-DNA marker tests to 111 markers, both Dr. Bob and Angela’s father also tested positive for the U-198 marker (see the U-198 story below).


Her research shows that her 5th great grandfather was William Hale, of Ballymore, Armagh County, which is now in Northern Ireland. His son, Thomas Hale, her 4th great grandfather, married in Tandragee Armagh County and then the couple immigrated to Australia from Ballymore in 1855 on the ship “Glorianna.”

Questions immediately arose.  If he was a Hale why did his descendant match the Edmund Chandler descendants?  At this point it seems geographically impossible or at least very improbable that Thomas Hale descended from Edmund as no Edmund descendants returned to the British Isles that we know about.

If not a descendant of Edmund, that could push the common ancestor of both William Hale and Edmund Chandler back even farther, before the common use of surnames.  That’s 400 plus years ago. That could explain why he was a Hale and Edmund was a Chandler. It is also possible Hales were once Chandlers or vice versa.

Hale is a habitational name of Old English origin meaning hollow or nook. Chandler, as we all know, is an occupational name, originally candle maker.

Was there unofficial adoption somewhere along the line?  Adoptions up until more modern times were usually unofficial. Family members or family friends died and the child was taken in and often given the surname of the adopting family. That’s another way a Chandler could have become a Hale or vice versa.

The Hales were probably not Irish as William Hale was Presbyterian and not Catholic. Hale is a popular name in England and southern Wales.  However, Presbyterians were mostly Scottish. So there is a possibility that William Hale was of Scots origin rather than English.  So

During the reign of King James (1566-1625), Scottish Presbyterians were sent to colonize Northern Ireland driving the Irish chieftains and their followers into the hills and marginal lands. This was the King’s way of taking care of, to him, those troublesome Irish. Those Scots later became known as the Scots-Irish. They were mainly Presbyterian Lowland Scots who moved to Ireland and mainly Church of England Englishmen who also moved to Northern Ireland. More Scots moved to Northern Ireland over time, many more Scots than Englishmen.

It is interesting to note that neither William Hale nor Edmund Chandler were Church of England as Edmund was a Separatist although he was born over 200 years before William Hale, the Presbyterian.

It is also possible that William Hale’s family were more recent immigrants to Northern Ireland as people did move there for work over the ages.

In Australia, Angela also found another descendant of Thomas Hale, the 1855 immigrant from Northern Ireland, to agree to Y- DNA testing.

Here is Angela’s story in brief.

She got as far back as her 5th great- grandfather, William Hale who married Euphemia (Austin?) with her research. They had Thomas Hale (c.1833-1919) who married Jessie Emerson in Tandragee, County Armagh, in now Northern Ireland. The couple migrated from Ballymore, County Armagh to Australia on the ship “Glorianna” in 1855.  The immigration papers indicated that they had no relatives living in Australia at the time they arrived.

From then on they were all Australians.  Their son named William Hale (1858-1926) married Elizabeth Colquhoun. They had Albert Stanley Hale (1892-1965) who married Alice Aldrich who had Ronald Ian Hale (1915-1951) who married Florence Monkley who had Angela’s father, Roger.

If the new testee from Australia also matches our Edmund group, we can research Northern Ireland further, if not, well genealogy is all about solving mysteries.

Plantation of Ulster – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia  More about the colonization of Northern Ireland by command of King James I.

James VI and I – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia  The King of Scotland and England.



As for the origins of our Edmund Chandler, we all know that he was documented as being in Leiden, Holland with the Separatists in the early 1600s.  Our member, Billie, did some further research that indicated that Roger Chandler was his brother and that they lived in Colchester, Essex, England.  Alas, the researchers, authors of books on Pilgrims, who she contacted, did not have the paperwork, just the memory of it!

We do know from Roger’s marriage record that he was listed as being “of” Colchester.  Our fellow CFA members in England are also looking for Chandlers to Y-DNA test. Rochester is another area that is a possibility for Edmund’s origins.

Another question arises, if Edmund could have been “of” Colchester, were his family roots there or were they from elsewhere?



Our Chandler/Hale surprise is not the only DNA news that we have. Two of our members, one being Angela’s father and the other being Dr. Bob, have also joined the U-198 DNA project as they both tested positive for that marker.

Unlike the Y-DNA project that deals in genealogical time which covers the time of surname usage which began about 500 years ago for common people, the U-198 project focuses on deep ancestral research — think tribes and spears.  Their results are also applicable to the rest of the Edmund Chandler Y-DNA project testees.

Below is our member, Dick’s, explanation of haplogroup R1b that Edmund’s descendants belong to and the U-198 project.

Haplogroups are the main branches of the human evolutionary tree, consisting of groups of DNA patterns which are inherited from a common ancestor, and somewhere in their genes a specific genetic mutation unique to that haplogroup.  Edmund descendants belong to haplogroup R1b, the most common European haplogroup, carried by about 70% of English men.  Within that haplogroup, a small percentage (about 2% of that 70%) carry an additional mutation at one specific location – named U-198 – in their Y chromosome.  (The actual mutation is the nucleic acid adenine occurring at that location, where everyone else in R1b has the acid guanine at that location.) Any man, of any surname,  carrying that mutation can join the U-198 project, which aims to establish where and when that additional mutation occurred, probably 4 to 5 thousand years ago in Europe, whereas the R1b identifying mutation occurred about 25,000 years ago.

As you can see, the mutation named U-198 occurred thousands of years before the use of surnames – back in the days of tribes and spears.  However, one of the goals of the U-198 project is to find out the surnames of those who test positive for U-198 and where they can be found in modern times and to see what patterns might emerge. For more information about the U-198 project:





“Genealogy Roadshow” will be back on PBS starting May 17, 2016. Participants from Boston, Miami, Houston, Los Angeles and more will be featured.


More news next time!







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Summer greetings to all! I have been very busy these past months with both genealogy and non-genealogy business. Much has been going on behind the scenes both with our Edmund Chandler Chandler family chapter and at the CFA.


The contents of our ECFA web site are in the process of moving to the Chandler Family Association Edmund Chandler Chapter as we merged with the CFA last year. The Edmund Chandler family was the 13th genetic Chandler family to be recognized, so we are Chapter 13. Our founder, James, and the CFA editor, Claudia, have been working hard making this happen. You can go to our ECFA web site, http://www.edmundchandler.com , where you will find a clickable link for our new CFA Edmund Chandler Chapter 13 site or you can go directly to our new site: Chandler Family Association – Genetic Chandler Family #13 – Descendants of Edmund Chandler born England 1588
With the exception of the Members’ Only section which will be moved in the near future, everything has been moved over to our new site. If you are a paid member and want to access the Members’ Only section and library, you can e-mail me, Carol, at docabye@aol.com for the new password.
Because of the difficulty, impossibility according to Claudia, of creating a Members’ Only section at the CFA web site, most of our library and other Members’ Only material will be available to everyone at our new site. Claudia is the editor of the CFA newsletter, information and computer wrangler. If you wish your Edmund Chandler lineage to be on the public lineage page, Chandler Family Association – Members’ Lineages , you can contact Claudia to have your lineage added to this page. Barb, our Edmund’s Community Courier editor, has already her lineage posted. The databases will be in the CFA library.
A big thank you to Claudia of the CFA and our ECFA, founder James for tackling the enormous project of moving our huge amount of records, maps, photos and information – about 1200 pages in the library alone. As the CFA is a big group (about 700 members worldwide), there are many hands to help with administrative chores so updates to the CFA web site will be frequent.


*O’NEIL FARM A 300 hundred-year-old farm owned only by Chandlers, Averys and O’Neils) will be a part of the 2020 quadricentennial celebrating the landing of the Pilgrims at Plymouth. Your connection to the farm is either as a direct descendant of one of the Chandlers who owned the farm or as a many times removed great nephew or niece.
*JULIA F. CHANDLER BIBLE An 1887 Bible with births, marriages and deaths going back to the 1700s.
*IRVING W. AND WILLIAM (WELLER?!) L. CHANDLER A Chandler brick wall broken down. This one led back to William L. Chandler of Bartlett, New Hampshire
*DNA NEWS We have two new YDNA matches with the Edmund Chandler family. Also, a simple explanation of the several kinds of DNA tests and a simple explanation of how ethnic origins and cousin finding works and whether or not this may pencil out for you.
*SOME CFA NEWS Latest on the 25th anniversary and annual meeting, trip to England and more.


Where was Edmund from? That has been the really big question for years. Our member, Billie, has a hot lead. I am hoping that we can spend time researching that lead further.


Billie has finished writing her book on Joseph Chandler, his land, and some of his descendants. Joseph was Edmund Chandler, the immigrant’s son. The writing is done, next will be adding the maps, photos and illustrations. When that is done it will be published.

THE O’NEIL FARM:History – Historic O’Neil Farm

Avery / O'Neil dairy barn taken around 1890.

Avery / O’Neil dairy barn taken around 1890.

The O’Neil farm, with a rich and deep Chandler history, will represent Duxbury as part of the Plymouth quadricentennial which will be celebrated in 2020.
It is the last working dairy farm in Duxbury and is one of the last historic working farms on the South Shore of Massachusetts. Carl O’Neil, the support of the town of Duxbury, donors and The Wildlands Trust of Southeastern Massachusetts arranged to have the farm permanently preserved as a working farm several years ago. Carl O’Neil, a descendant of Edmund Chandler, the immigrant, still operates the farm.
Part of the farm was first purchased in 1715 by Samuel Chandler (Benjamin>Edmund, the immigrant) and his cousin, Joseph Chandler, (Joseph > Edmund, the immigrant.) Joseph married Martha Hunt and later moved to Maine selling his portion to his son, Philip. Only three families – the Chandlers, Averys and O’Neils have owned the farm over the last three centuries. Past owners of the various portions of the farm include Nathan Chandler, Ira Chandler, Nathaniel Lewis Chandler, Horatio Chandler as well as other Chandlers.

Chandler / Avery / O'Neil Homestead .

Chandler / Avery / O’Neil Homestead .

An Avery married a Chandler and an O’Neil married a Chandler further extending the Chandler connection to the farm. It was not a straight line inheritance by one branch of the Chandler family as the land that makes up the farm was bought, inherited, sold and bought again by various Chandlers.
To see pictures and to read more about the history of the farm, which includes more information about the Chandlers, click the link; http://www.historiconeilfarm.org/history.html

Horatio Chandler ( with oxen.

Horatio Chandler ( with oxen.

Today, the farm consists of 145 acres and 40 cows. You can participate in group tours, organized events such as Farm Day, or hike the one mile Chandler trail which includes wild lands. There are also programs for pre-school and school children.
If you have information or a story about the O’Neil Farm, they would appreciate hearing from you.


Lynn Holmes, from Virginia, recently gave a Bible with the inscription, “Julia F. Chandler from Mother, Dec.25th 1887” to the CFA.

It was not her Bible, but part of a collection of antiques owned by her antique store-owning grandparents. The query went out, “Who was Julia F. Chandler?” As the lady lived in Virginia, researching Chandlers from the south seemed the logical place to look first. I mistakenly thought that there was not much chance that they were Edmund Chandler descendants until I got the first real clue that Julia was from Freeport, Maine and that there was a Winslow in the family – lots of Winslows in New England.
When I began reading the names listed in the Bible, I said an out loud “Oh, my gosh!” as there were Chandler names that I recognized as being Edmund descendants. There was Julia’s uncle, Rufus Chandler, who died in Texas, another Rufus and others that we had in our database.
Julia’s mother, who gave her the Bible, was Almira (Webster) Chandler. Although it is very difficult to read it appears that Edward, Julia’s father, died at sea in 1857 the year that Julia was born. Edward does not appear in the 1860 US census which would lend credence to that being the correct date.
Julia’s lineage starting with Julia is: Julia F. Chandler> Edward Chandler+Almira Webster> Rufus Chandler+Abigail Dennison> Jonathan Chandler+Rachel Mitchell> Joseph Chandler+Martha Hunt> Joseph Chandler+Mercy?>Edmund Chandler, the immigrant,+?
The Bible lists Chandler marriages, births and deaths going back to her g-grandfather, Rufus Chandler (born in 1766), his wives Nancy Cushing and Abigail Dennison, and their children. There are also many Websters and some Waites. Claudia, the editor of the CFA newsletter, sent me copies of the pages which she enhanced for easier reading, although some of them are still extremely faded. I will transcribe them and hopefully we can post the transcriptions.
As the Bible was published in 1887 the names and dates were filled in most likely by Julia and she continued to add to it until the early 1900s. Groups like the Mayflower Society and DAR are picky about when Bibles were published as anything entered into a Bible before the date of publication was considered after the fact and not as good as information entered at the time of the event. Nonetheless, the entries in this Bible seem to be fairly accurate, either copied from another source, an older Bible perhaps, or taken from records. Some of the records we already have, although some of them may be exclusive to her Bible as many Maine vital records have been lost.
Julia was born Nov. 4, 1857 in Freeport, Maine. She married Wilbur Allen or Allan (misspelled “Allar” in some records) on June 6, 1896 in most likely her hometown of Freeport, Maine although the marriage was also recorded in nearby Portsmouth, New Hampshire.Freeport is a southern Maine coastal town, probably most famous today for being the home of the L.L. Bean store.
She was 39-years-old when she married and subsequent censuses show no children. We would like to find the nearest living relative of Julia, probably a descendant of one of her nieces or nephews to perhaps reunite them with the Bible. The antique store, owned by Lynn Holmes’ grandparents, was located in Leeds, Maine.
Julia’s siblings were: Mary A., Benjamin W., Augustine W., and Edward H.
If these names ring a bell let me know. I will be working on the transcription of the Bible records.


When it rains it pours. After fruitlessly chasing after so many Chandlers who did not lead back to Edmund, I got two within a couple of months. First, there was finding Julia’s family and then tracing the family of Irving Chandler.
I am on the CFA Genealogy Panel which means that this is where the Chandler brick wall questions go. Queries come in from Chandlers all over the world. Occasionally, I get sent inquiries with a New England and possible Edmund connection.
This time it was Irving W. Chandler, who was born in New York c. 1866. Irving turned out to be the first Edmund Chandler descendant to be born in New York that I have come across. An earlier Edmund Chandler descendant family lived in New York for a while then he and most of his family returned to their home state.
According to the 1870 and 1880 US census Irving was a resident of Ellenburg, Clinton, New York. Clinton County borders Vermont. His father, George, married in Colchester, Vermont, but was born in New Hampshire. Irving worked in the textile industry and ended up living in Methuen, Massachusetts.
Misspellings, frequent moves and apparent early death of George made this family difficult to trace. Irving’s mother was, ”Victoria Robertoh”, “Victra Robardo,” “Victoria Roberts”, and “Victorine Robertold”, possibly Victoria Doe, and finally “Anna” according to various records. I am still not sure about the spelling of her last name. With such a wide variation of names, Familysearch did not pick them up as the same person.
Continuing with the wild spelling I came across “Weller” Chandler recorded as George’s father and Irving’s grandfather. Both Dick and I searched for clues as to who this “Weller” was. Dick found a Weller marrying a Chandler in northern Vermont. I found a Wheeler Chandler, who was also an Edmund descendant, but he was not “Weller”.
The clue that solved the puzzle was where George came from. It was Bartlett, New Hampshire and there was a George of the right age whose father was William L. Chandler in the 1850 and 1860 censuses which we figured somehow had mutated into “Weller” in other records. I didn’t have the original records, only transcripts, so we don’t know if it was bad handwriting, bad spelling or bad transcribing or a combination there of which created “Weller.”
Here is Irving’s lineage starting with Irving:
Irving Chandler> George W. Chandler+Victoria Robertoh> William L. Chandler+Betsey Harriman>Jonathan A. Chandler, Jr.+Ruth Stevens> Capt. Jonathan Chandler+Sarah Pierce> Joseph Chandler+Deborah Bonney> Benjamin Chandler+Elizabeth Buck> Edmund Chandler, the immigrant+?
A more complete account with source links will be in the Genealogy Panel report.
There are a couple of Edmund chapter members who descend from William L. Chandler. Have any of you ever heard of him called “Weller?”
Here is a link to the Bartlett Historical Society which may be helpful:http://www.bartletthistory.org/bartletthistory/collections.html



Another two men who took the YDNA test as part of the Chandler DNA project have found matches with the Edmund Chandler family.
The first testee descends from Edmund’s son, Joseph, through his son also named Joseph and his son Philip. Philip stayed in Duxbury and did not migrate to Maine as did his parents and some of his siblings.
The second testee descends from Edmund Chandler through his son Benjamin and his son Joseph. This Joseph Chandler and family migrated from Duxbury to Connecticut with descendants ending up in Piermont, NH.
Hopefully, a third Edmund descendant is in the works for taking the YDNA test soon.
We still have a standing free offer for a Zebedee Chandler of Plympton, Mass (born c. 1711) descendant to take the test as a match would confirm that this Zebedee did descend from Edmund Chandler.
We are also in the hunt for a descendant of Capt. William Chandler originally of Deptford, Kent, England and later of Portsmouth, New Hampshire to test.
Of course, the hunt still continues in England for testees who would match the Edmund Chandler family.
Also, we at the Chandler DNA project had a big surprise, or shock was more like it, when we got the results back from a descendant of another early New England Chandler family (not Edmund) that matched a southern Chandler family. We are still working on that one. Dick will have a story about it in an upcoming issue of the CFA newsletter.
There are several DNA tests now on the market, YDNA, mitochondrial DNA and autosomal DNA. There is a new YDNA test called “Big Y”, but it is expensive and not for surname projects such as our Chandler YDNA project. “Big Y” is for research that goes much farther back than surnames. YDNA testing has proven to be an excellent way to break down brick walls as the testee either matches members of that family or not. It follows the male line only, which in our culture follows the surname, unless there was an unofficial adoption, name change or event outside the marriage.
The mitochondrial test is for the female line and is only in the beginning stages. Not that many have taken this test as opposed to the YDNA test, so not a lot to compare to. It is much more difficult to trace the female line because the surnames change every generation, although the mitochondrial DNA does not.
Lastly there is the autosomal test which is becoming very popular although it is still in the beginning stage as it tests both the male and female side. It sounds great, but you can end up spending a lot of money and not really find out anything useful, especially if you are searching for ancestors who are farther back than fourth cousins. Once you get to fourth or fifth cousins and even often with them, you can get so many hits it can become meaningless.
The autosomal test is more of a cousin finder and loosely an ethnic origin finder. Children inherit half of their genes from one parent and half from the other parent. It is like reaching into a jar and grabbing a handful of colored marbles (genes) from father and then reaching into another jar and grabbing a handful of colored marbles (genes) from mother. Each jar is filled with different colored marbles (genes) inherited from their parents, grandparents and so on. As it is random we don’t get equal amounts of genes from our grandparents, their parents and so on.
Siblings have close, but not identical DNA. Only identical twins have identical DNA. One sibling might inherit that “light cerulean blue colored marble” (gene) from gggg-grandfather and the other sibling might not inherit that “marble” or may not even inherit any colored “marbles” (genes) from gggg-grandfather.
Although autosomal testing can be very helpful in the right situation as in looking for fairly close relatives, it can also get very expensive if you decide to start testing not only yourself, but siblings and cousins trying to track down an elusive farther back ancestor. It could still end up for naught.
Again that is why YDNA testing is so helpful to genealogists because the male “Y” chromosome is inherited almost unchanged through the generations. Generally you only have to pay for one test. There is no random inheritance of the “Y” chromosome (genes are in the chromosomes). The father will pass it to his son and to his son and so forth.
I took the plunge and took the autosomal test as I had very little information about my Polish grandfather and I wasn’t completely certain about that. I was looking for close relatives not distant ones. It was helpful in that it correctly identified my second cousin although we already had made contact thorough traditional genealogy research.
I did find out that I tested nearly half eastern European with maybe a dab of Finnish/Western Russian which fit into what I thought. No dab of Yakut Siberian reindeer herder for me like my Danish side cousin so no packing my bags for a genealogical excursion to Siberia!
You can’t take the ethnicity part of the test as an exact science as few populations are very “pure.” It can offer clues and can also create confusion with mistakes, but it is kind of fun. People who identify as English often show a lot of Scandinavian or Western European. Those Vikings sure got around!


In September, the 25th Anniversary celebration and annual meeting will be held in Louisville, Kentucky which will include a river boat cruise. There will also be announcements on what the chapters are doing. I will be sending a summary of what has been going on with Edmund Chandler research.
As the CFA is a big, worldwide group, there is a lot of business to take care of regularly. Sometimes small — key chains, no, and sometimes very big – a trip to England, yes! I have been only on the periphery of some of the Chandler administrative and organizational tasks, like the trip to England, but have been involved with others such as the Genealogy Panel and Chandler DNA project.
If you are interested in Chandler emblazoned pens, t-shirts or a nice tote bag click here: Chandler Family Association – CFA Merchandise

If you are a paid member, you probably got the brochure on the trip to England. There is now a waiting list. It will not be an ordinary tourist outing as it is being custom tailored, by both Chandlers here and Chandlers in England with several surprises planned. The tour will hit popular tourist sites as well as specific Chandler such as Wiltshire. Wiltshire is the ancestral home of genetic Group 7 which includes descendants of John Chandler of 1610 Jamestown and George and Jane Chandler of Pennsylvania/Delaware.
Boy, did I wish we knew where in England Edmund came from so that Edmund’s birthplace could have been included on the tour. We are still working on Edmund’s English origins and hopefully, someday Edmund descendants can visit where he came from.

TIPS AND USEFUL LINKS: Chronicling America « Library of Congress

The above came from our member, Bob. It is the Library of Congress digitized newspaper collection. Click on this link to go to the collection: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/newspapers/

Southern California Genealogical Society: Official Web Site
A reminder, if you want inexpensive home computer access to library editions of Fold3, World Vital Records, My Heritage, and webinars you can join the SCGS for $35.00 per year, link above. All of these resources are available online at your home so you don’t need to live in Southern California to benefit. They are also subject to change. You also may be able to get discounts on DNA testing.

If you do live in Southern California, they have a large library, special interest groups, field trips, “lunch and learn” and put on the second largest genealogy convention in the country, the Jamboree available. A couple of their current projects include creating a facsimile of the 1890 census for Los Angeles, California and raising funds for digitizing pension records for the War of 1812.


The Revolutionary War series got put on the back burner while settling into the CFA and researching other Edmund descendants. I hope to work a little more on Edmund’s origins with help and eventually I will get back to the Revolutionary War.
Until next time, happy ancestor hunting!

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May 23, 2015 Edmunds Community Courier


The Generations Project, a television series that explores the family histories of ordinary people airs on BYU television Dish Network channel 9403, DirecTV channel 374, and online. The series  sponsored by Rootsmagic is on the web at; http://www.byutv.org/show/6f62558b-fc6f-49c5-b8c6-2473785a5b44/the-generations-project

If you want to watch the episodes online, click ‘watch’ on the main page.

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by Barb Chandler


We make the following extracts concerning the death of Mr. Rufus Chandler of Freeport, in this state. The account of his brutal murder must be read with poignant feelings of grief by his numerous relatives. The letter is dated “Rusk Texas, September 27, 1849. It is from a friend of the deceased to Captain Joel Chandler, one of the relatives.

Mr. Chandler came to this place about two years ago, or something near that time I think. He came with Hogg, and by his solicitation, from Monterey, shortly after the battle at that place. Hogg was a professed lawyer–he had a license to practice, but no legal attainments. He ascertained the superior legal abilities of Mr. Chandler, and concluded to turn them to his own advantage and profit. He was a man of some property-had been a member of the convention which formed our State Constitution, and also a member of the first Legislature, and he induced Mr. Chandler to believe he was a man of considerable influence, and proposed a partnership with him in the practice of law. Mr. Chandler being penniless and in delicate health, and in a land of strangers accepted his proposition and entered into partnership with him. Hogg was determined to be the big man at the bar, and keep Chandler in the background; so, when they would get a case he would get Mr. Chandler to fix it up for him, point out the law to him, and instruct him how to manage it; and he would appear at the bar while Mr. Chandler must chop wood, build fires, and make fences. Mr. Chandler remonstrated with him as to such a course-and remonstrances doing no good, he dissolved partnership with him. Hogg became exasperated with this and ordered him not only to leave the place, but to leave the Judicial district. Mr. Chandler told him he would consult his own feelings about that. He went into the country a short distance, and taught for a while at a school. Soon, however he got a case in court, upon the management of which the people found he was a man of no common abilities. His practice grew by degrees and he came back to town. In February of 1845 I came here with a printing press; and being a member of the bar entered into partnership with Mr. Chandler in the practice of law. A short time after I came, Hogg met with Mr. Chandler at the bar on the opposite side of the case; if he could not be thus employed, he would volunteer his services. On every occasion Hogg would take it upon himself to get into a personal quarrel with Mr. Chandler and grossly insult him. being so far undone by Mr. Chandler’s skill and ability, he would rave and foam. These occurrences happened frequently, until on last Christmas day, Mr. Chandler and myself attending a case in Probate Court, and Hogg had volunteered on the opposite side. He, as usual took occasion to insult Mr. Chandler, who in defense gave a harsh retort; upon which Hogg drew a pistol, put it within a few inches of his side and snapped it. He threw the pistol at him but missed him. He drew a second pistol and fired at him, burning Mr. Chandler’s face, but the ball missed him and wounded an old man who was in the Court House. Persons interfered at the affair ended at this time. Mr. Chandler acted on the defense all the time, but with cool and deliberate bravery. Steps were now taken to stop the matter before it should go any further. It was proposed that both parties should drop it without it going any further. To this Mr. Chandler agreed, but Hogg would by no means consent. He was envious of Mr. Chandler’s success in the practice of the law-for his business increasing, and he was fast gaining distinction. Finding that Hogg was determined to assassinate him Mr. Chandler met him on the street and shot at him wounding him in the arm and spine, and would no doubt have killed him if Hogg had not run. Hogg then removed about a mile into the country and kept closely confined for about six months, pretending all the while to be near dying. In the meanwhile, the Grand Jury of this County found a found a true bill against him for shooting at Mr. Chandler in the Court house, but refused to find a bill against Mr. Chandler for shooting Hogg afterwards. A day or two previous to Sunday the 10th of June, it was reported that Hogg was about to die. On Saturday night, Hogg came into town to his office with some hired ruffians armed with double barrel shotguns and pistols. Hogg, in the company of two of these ruffians, secreted himself behind a house which Mr. Chandler had to pass in going from his office to his boarding house. When he approached, within about 15 steps of where Hogg and his men were secreted, Hogg shot him down. A gentlemen ran up to prevent Hogg from shooting again, but those with Hogg presented their guns and kept him back. Hogg then fired the other barrel of his gun as Mr. Chandler lay on the ground-and then advanced and fired two pistols at him. He and his men then ran off and stayed in the woods for a while. The hired assassins left the country, and Hogg came in, underwent investigation before the Justice of the Peace and was admitted to bail. On the next term of Court, which will be in about six months, he will undergo a mock trial and be acquitted. Such is the course of law here. Mr. Chandler died about a half hour after he was shot. He spoke but little. He said he was not afraid to die, and requested that relatives might be written to. I could say many things of this truly worthy man, but my sheet is full. He was my friend-I loved him, and revere his memory. “C” Source: Saturday, October 27, 1849, Maine Cultivator and Hallowell Gazette (Hallowell, ME)

Mural of Courthouse in Rusk

Mural of Courthouse in Rusk

Horrid Affair–We are pained to announce that Mr. Rufus CHANDLER was killed on Sunday morning, the 10th, in the street of Rusk, by Gen. Joseph L. HOGG. The Rusk Pioneer furnishes the following account of this lamentable tragedy: “Some five or six months ago, a difficulty occurred here between these two men which came near resulting fatally. From that time until the time of the killing, Gen. HOGG was not known to make his appearance in town. On Sunday morning, just after sunrise, Mr. CHANDLER was passing from his office to the tavern in doing which he had to pass at a right angle with a long row of buildings on the street; just as he passed the back end of these buildings, from a distance of about 30 steps, Gen. HOGG fired upon him with a double barreled shot gun, which felled him to the ground; three other shots were then fired at him as he lay–literally tearing him to pieces. Gen. HOGG, with two or three other men, armed with double barrelled shot guns, and who were with him at the time of the firing, immediately left town. He has since sent word into town that he was willing to give himself up and submit to the law, provided his person could be secure from a mob. He need rest under no such apprehensions, for we do not believe that any portion of this community desires any more from Gen. HOGG than a submission to the laws of the country; indeed, we feel assured in saying that those whom he may esteem as his bitterest enemies would be among the foremost in opposing any thing like mobocracy. “In the death of Mr. CHANDLER, the community has lost a highly esteemed and useful man; and his friends have sustained a loss which cannot be repaired. In point of talent he stood high; in honesty, integrity and morality, he was scarcely excelled. Some two years ago he came to this place, from the army, in Mexico, clothless and penniless, a long way from his native State, (Maine) and in a land of strangers. By a course of untiring perseverance, industry and devotion to his profession as a lawyer, he was fast gaining distinction and reputation at the bar; but he has suddenly been cut off in the morning of life, and now lies beneath the cold sod, with none but stranger friends to mourn over his grave. Source: July 12,1849 Texas Telegraph http://www.genealogybuff.com/tx/tx-harris-obits6.htm

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This edition of the Courier features Captain John Chandler; founder of Chandlersville, Ohio, and his brother Dr. Jesse Chandler.

by Barb Chandler


Inspired by talk how Ohio had rich soil Captain John Chandler(1757-1829), who fought in the Revolutionary War during the battle of Bennington, decided to move his family to Ohio. In 1797 they joined a group of fifteen families led by General Rufus Putnam on their way to Balpre, now known as Newbury township, in Washington county.

Captain Chandler was not satisfied with this location and, after some exploration, moved his family to Salt Creek in the spring of 1799. He was the first pioneer who settled in Salt Creek (later named Chandlersville).

He and his sons set to work clearing the land. They built a cabin, shed for their livestock, prepared the land for cultivation, and started a garden that grew into a productive farm.

Before two years elapsed Captain Chandler had opened and placed under cultivation a large and productive farm. Satisfied that his family were comfortable, Chandler changed begin negotiations with the owners of the Marietta Company, who manufactured salt, for the sale of the Salt Works. He became owner, and the company was known as Chandler’s Salt Works. Chandler and his sons conducted the business of salt manufacturing for six or seven years after they got possession of the works furnishing salt to neighbors for many miles around.

Early pioneers making salt.

Early pioneers making salt.

When Chandler acquired the salt works there were only a handful of families. Over the year’s people begin to settle in the Valley and called it their home, the territory became known as Salt Creek Township.



A blacksmith was essential in pioneer day. A blacksmith mended wagons, made tools and farm equipment. Captain Chandler learned the blacksmithing trade from his father and started a blacksmith shop near his cabin. He taught his boys the trade, which proved of great advantage to them during the years when the settlement was developing.

An important event in the history of the neighborhood was when John Chandler, son of Captain Chandler, erected, or caused to be erected, the first mill in the township. Its site was on the creek about a mile below the salt works. The mill stones were procured in the neighborhood. Its use consisted principally in grinding corn.

Another son of Captain John’s, Zachary Chandler, had the neighborhood in mind, when he started the first tavern. He opened a frame building in 1815. Zach Chandler’s hotel, or tavern, was sought out by the wayfarer, the accommodations were minimal. In those days, straw beds and tallow dip candles were luxuries ; and since Zach had a monopoly in this business, no one complained.

The Post office owes its inception to Captain John Chandler. He was acting Postmaster as
early as 1804, and held that office many years.

The settlement of this village, the only one in the township of Salt Creek, is substantially the same as that of the township itself. It was laid out hy John Stevens, who gave it the name it now bears, in honor of Captain John Chandler, the first settler and a very public-minded person.


Captain John Chandler’s lineage is; Edmund Chandler(1587-1662), Benjamin Chandler(1644-1691), Joseph Chandler(1694-1774), Benjamin Chandler(1727-1777)



Many of Captain John’s relatives were early settlers in the area; among them was his brother Dr. Jesse Chandler(1764-1814).

Dr. Chandler earned his degree in Vermont, and practiced medicine for a few years. After the death of his first wife Mary Binham in 1804 Dr. Jesse Chandler moved his family from Tinmouth, Vermont to Springfield in Muskingum County, Ohio, which was just across the river from the town of Zanesville.

His practice extended over all the western part of the county, into the adjoining counties. He traveled on horseback sometimes following trails or bridle paths from house to house. He spent a large part of his time in the saddle, and was always ready to respond to calls. He would often ride a dozen miles, furnish the medicine needed and charge one dollar. Visits in the village were fifty cents.

In the fall of 1809 a bad case of smallpox developed in the town. Some of the older people had been inoculated with with small-pox, but the children and many adults had no protection. They were given diets to follow, and a general inoculation took place. For the most part all did well, but a few young men. Dr. Chandler turned his house into a hospital, took these young men in charging them nothing, and brought them safely though their illness.

In the winter of 1813-14 an unknown epidemic broke out in Putnam. An editorial in the Zanesville Express on January 12, 1814 describes the epidemic and Dr. Chandler’s heroic efforts to save lives.

Suddenly a 12-year-old girl died. People called her disease “prevailing malignant fever.” Panic more terrifying than the excitement of the small pox epidemic of a few years earlier followed her death. Within two weeks 12 other Putnam residents died. Out of about 75 families, with a population of about 300, that was an alarming death rate. Dr. Jesse Chandler, the Putnam physician worked heroically to relieve suffering and save lives. As more settlers arrived, he could not answer all the calls He asked Dr. Isaac Fowler of Rutland, Vt., to come and assist him. In 1814 Dr. Chandler still worked alone in Putnam. One day he came home late at night, exhausted from attending many cases of “prevailing malignant fever.” He was feeling unusually languid and tired when he went to bed. Soon he told his wife that he felt “the sinking chill which characterized the plague’s opening attack.” One hour later he could not speak. After suffering for 34 hours, he died on Jan. 20, 1814.

His obituary in the Zanesville Express January 1814 reads as follows:
Died, at his residence in Springfield (now Putnam) on Thursday the 20th Doctor Jesse Chandler in the 50th year of his age. “He has left a disconsolate family and numerous connections to deplore his loss. In this man were all those qualities which constitute an affectionate husband, a kind and tender parent, and a sincere and ardent friend. He was active and vigilant in the discharge of his professional duties; was indefatigable in his researches after the means by which he could relieve those who were laboring under various maladies to which the human system is subject. It was his study to alleviate the sufferings of his fellow creatures.” The obituary dosed by saying that “Long will the inhabitants of Springfield and its vicinity lament the hour when death separated this invaluable man from them.” SIX DAYS later Dr. Chandler’s son, Zeno Chandler, age 16, died of the plague. Before Dr. Chandler died, the people of the little village of Putnam, then called Springfield, were in a state of fear and trembling. After his death deprived them of a physician, they lived in consternation and terror.

Dr. Jesse Chandler’s lineage is; Edmund Chandler(1587-1662), Benjamin Chandler(1644-1691), Joseph Chandler(1694-1774), Benjamin Chandler(1727-1777)

Feedback-IconWe welcome your feedback if you have any comments, questions,  or ideas for future articles. Send them to; Barb Chandler barb95831@gmail.com


1794 History of Muskingum County, with illustrations and biographical sketches of prominent men and pioneers. http://archive.org/stream/cu31924028848673/cu31924028848673_djvu.txt

Pioneer Physicans of the Muskingham Valley. http://collections.nlm.nih.gov/ocr/nlm:nlmuid-56510690R-bk
Biographical and Historical Memoirs of Muskingum County, Ohio. http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~ohmuski2/saltcreek/saltcreekhist.html

Biographical and Historical Memoirs of Muskingum County, Ohio. http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~ohmuski2/saltcreek/saltcreekhist.html

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by Carol May

I am hoping to focus on the New Hampshire Chandlers and the Revolutionary
War in an upcoming issue, but in the meantime, here is a short update on the news –


by Carol May

Results are still coming in from the Englishmen who took the DNA test after responding to the 500 letter Chandler DNA project mailing. The latest is that a match has been found between the descendants of Roger Chandler, who arrived in Concord, Mass before 1637, and an Englishman. The English testee traced his Chandler line to William Chandler who married in Yorkshire, England in 1763. Yorkshire is in northern England. Roger of Concord’s daughter married a Heald whose roots go back to North Umberland which is also in Northern England.

In the past, it was wondered if Roger Chandler of Concord, Roger Chandler of Duxbury and Edmund Chandler of Duxbury were all related. DNA tests show that descendants of Roger of Concord do not match the descendants of Edmund Chandler so they are not related through the male line.

Roger of Concord was not mentioned in any documents, deeds or birth records showing a connection to Roger of Duxbury and he was not in his will. Also, if the age that was given on Roger of Concord’s gravestone is correct, Roger of Duxbury’s wife, Isabella Chilton, would have been in her early fifties when he was born, not a plausible scenario. Roger Chandler of Duxbury has no known male line descendants as his documented son, Samuel, died without issue so we cannot do a DNA test on his line. With all of that, it seems very unlikely that Roger of Concord was Roger of Duxbury’s son, although it could be possible that they were related.

However, there is a stronger circumstantial link between our Edmund and Roger Chandler of Duxbury. Perhaps they were brothers or cousins. Edmund and Roger of Duxbury were in Leiden, Holland at the same time and both were witnesses on the same legal document. They also both emigrated at about the same time from Leiden, Holland to Duxbury. They both had sons named Samuel, which leads me to my pet theory is that Edmund’s and/or Roger’s father may have been named Samuel – just speculation on my part.

Roger of Duxbury married in Kent which is in the southern part of England. If Roger came from Kent, maybe Edmund also came from Kent. Our member, Dick, has tried to find a connection between Edmund’s other known associates and their English origins without luck.

Some have wondered if Roger and Edmund were brothers, why weren’t their children or grandchildren named Roger? Probably the reason is that most of the Plymouth colonists chose names from the Bible for their children as they were very religious. You see few non-Bible names like Henry, William, Charles or Roger appearing in the second generation of the Plymouth colony. Names from the Bible dominated for over 150 years in the Plymouth colony.

Now onto another New England Chandler whose male line descendants have been on our wish list to test for years, William Chandler of Newbury, Mass. A male line descendant of his has been found and hopefully will be DNA tested soon. Most of the New England Chandlers whose roots are pre-1800 go back to one of four Chandler families – William of Roxbury, the most prolific, Edmund of Duxbury, probably the second most prolific, Roger of Concord, and William of Newbury. I call them the “Big Four.” Will the William of Newbury descendant match any of the other Chandler families, one of the unmatched Chandlers, or possibly an Englishman? We don’t know but hope to find out.

Still on our list to test is a male line descendant of Zebedee Chandler of Plympton, Mass. We think that he is part of the Edmund Chandler family, but are not sure. He was born c. 1711. We want to find out and are still offering a free DNA test for a proven descendant as a match could rule him in or out. If any of you come across a possible candidate for DNA testing let us know.

Also, I am in the hunt for a descendant of a couple of very obscure Chandlers, William Chandler of Portsmouth, New Hampshire and possibly a couple of Boston Chandlers for DNA testing.

The more Chandlers that are tested the better as we may find a match for Edmund in England, which is our main focus now, or anywhere in the world as a distant cousin of Edmund could have had descendants that migrated to even places as far away as Australia. Trace that person’s roots and we might find where Edmund came from.


by Carol May

sons of liberty

As we are currently focusing on the Revolutionary War, it is fortuitous that the History Channel will have a multi-part series beginning on January 25th called the “Sons of Liberty.” This is a dramatic telling of the story of the people who were the prime movers of the American Revolution in New England – Samuel Adams, John Hancock, Paul Revere and others. The Sons of Liberty came together in Boston and their protests and actions — liberty poles, the tea party, bonfires where effigies of English official were burned, and secret meetings in taverns — were mirrored in the other towns of New England and in the actions of our Chandlers. The Committees of Correspondence and Safety sprang (see previous issues of the Courier for Chandler involvement) from these early protesters of taxation and laws inhibiting the freedom of the colonists.
Sons of Liberty meetings were held in secret in Boston’s Green Dragoon Tavern. If you missed the story on Bell Tavern and the role that taverns played in early New England, go to a previous of the Courier to read it.

To show what an influence the Sons of Liberty had, in response to the 1773 Boston Tea Party of which they were the instigators, a committee of men in New Gloucester, Maine paid a visit to Peleg Chandler, owner of the Bell Tavern, to enter a protest and the seize the box of tea he owned. Chandler replied “I bought that box of tea and paid the price and if any man attempts to seize it I will shoot him.” The leader of the committee went back and reported “Peleg Chandler says that he will shoot any man who attempts to take his tea, and by G—he is a man of his word!” The tea was not molested. This was from the Lewiston (Maine) Evening Journal, Aug. 30 1924 sent to me by our member, Steve.

Lest anyone think that Peleg had Tory inclinations, he was a fervent patriot and risked life and fortune by serving on the New Gloucester Committee of Safety and later as its chairman. See a previous issue for the full story of Peleg Chandler. He probably figured that once he bought and paid for that box of tea it was his and free of any Tory taint.
Whether or not the TV mini-series “Sons of Liberty” is a stirring story of the Boston patriots or a dramatic dud, I don’t know as I haven’t seen any reviews, but give it a look and then you can decide for yourself.



by Carol May

This PBS series is back on Tuesday evenings (check your local listing). Unlike the other popular TV genealogy programs, this one focuses on ordinary folks. You submit your story and family genealogical mystery and if your question is persuasive enough, you might get chosen. The lucky picks get top genealogists to crack those cases and the results are shown on TV.


Happy New Year and may more brick walls come tumbling down!

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All articles in this edition of the Courier by Carol May

Finally, we are back with our Revolutionary War series after a very busy, busy year. Our Edmund Chandler Family Association is now a chapter of the Chandler Family Association. The CFA has over 700 members and is worldwide and not Chandlers are all related. Find out more about the merger in this issue.

It was also very busy year for me personally as my brother and I took a trip to the Czech Republic and Austria to see where my grandmother’s family came from. Family tree in hand we visited a lot of villages. You can read about researching ancestors across the pond versus US research in this issue.

Other big news, is that our member, Billie’s, 153 page book will be coming out soon. She is adding the pictures and maps now. Her book will include Joseph, Edmund, the immigrant’s son, and his land, the mystery Chandlers, mystery no longer, Capt. John, Nathaniel, Mercy and some of their descendants, and also Benjamin Chandler. By meticulous research she has been able to correct many long-held mistaken beliefs and incorrect research as well as add to the knowledge about these people. We will keep you posted when the book comes out.

In case some of you missed them, Barb, our editor posted several stories in the last several months on the Civil War and other topics. Member, Susan, and Barb, researched Elbridge Gerry Chandler and his Civil War service. Especially fun was Barb’s story on the Chandler Band, still in existence today and is still playing. If you scroll back through the Courier you can read the stories and see the video clip on the Chandler Band.

Our big research topic this issue is Peleg Chandler, chairman of the Committee of Safety for New Gloucester, Maine during the Revolution, and the owner of Bell Tavern. Also, related stories about Bell Tavern, a lively story taken from his son’s diary chronicling his journey from Bell Tavern to Massachusetts, and the settling of New Gloucester and the block house. If you have Maine ancestors they most likely stayed in Bell Tavern and also find out about what taverns, an essential part of the community, were like.

All this and more! Merry Christmas and Happy New Year!


*CFA AND EDMUND CHANDLER FAMILY NEWS Including membership news, DNA news and a CFA sponsored trip to England for 2016

*PELEG CHANDLER AND TIMELINE He was also a church warden. Find out what that was. Hint, he had a pole.

*BELL TAVERN The story of Bell tavern and what taverns were like way back then.

* NEW GLOUCESTER AND THE BLOCKHOUSE Find out about block houses and frontier existence.




*SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA GENEALOGICAL SOCIETY Join and get free home online access to Worldwide records and Heritage Quest, plus more


*UPDATES AND CORRECTIONS More on the wives of the Zebedees and the wives of Rev. Abel Chandler.


We will be maintaining our ECFA web site until spring of 2015 as it is paid up until then. After that our Members Only Library, other information and databases will be preserved for the members to access in a new format at the CFA site.

Our formerly ECFA members and now Edmund Chandler chapter members of the CFA, are now getting the award winning CFA newsletter by e-mail although a snail mail paper copy can be requested. We will still have the Courier and the Yahoo Chandler lineage site which are free. Our group originally sprang out of the Chandler lineage site and you can still use it as a searchable resource, although you will find that many of our early posts show that we did a lot of floundering as we looked for answers.

If you wish to join the CFA and the Edmund Chandler chapter you can go to www.edmundchandler.com and click the link about membership or go to the Chandler Family Association web site www. chandlerfamilyassociation.org One year membership is $20 and you don’t have to prove your lineage.


With the contribution that the ECFA made, a large mailing was sent out to Chandler men in England for DNA testing and we are getting sign ups as a result. Dick, our EC chapter member and CFA VP, as well as Errol Chandler our CFA VP from England are working hard on this project.

No matches for the Edmund Chandler family yet, but we are hoping. To read more about DNA testing, including a map where many American Chandler families originated from in England, refer to a previous issue of the CFA newsletter.


A trip to England is in the planning stages by the CFA for 2016 which will be guided by Englishman Errol Chandler. Several American Chandler families have been traced to English villages and the plan is to visit those sites and other sites of general tourist interest. We still don’t know where Edmund came from. A brochure about the trip will be sent out when the itinerary is worked out. Also, if there is enough interest, a guided trip for UK Chandlers to the US is in discussion. Check with the CFA for more info.


April 27, 1735-August 24, 1819

April 27, 1735-August 24, 1819


Peleg Chandler was the patriarch of the New Gloucester, Maine branch of the Edmund Chandler family, arriving there prior to 1763. His descendants distinguished themselves in business, the law and architecture as well as other fields. Much has been written about his descendants. Indeed, the amount of shelf space dedicated to his descendants in the Fogler Library can be measured in yards, but not much was known about Peleg. Some of Peleg’s notable descendants include: archictect, Theophilus Chandler and economic historian, Alfred Dupont Chandler, who we have written about previously. Also businessmen, Solomon Hewett Chandler Sr. and Jr. and lawyers like Peleg, Jr. Peleg W. and Charles P. Chandler to name a few of them.

Especially confusing was Peleg’s Revolutionary War service. We had to find the primary evidence that he was a member and later chairman of the Committee of Safety for New Gloucester and not just rely on anecdotal evidence and old books. The Committee of Safety provided the civilian leadership of the local militia, spied on the British, acquired munitions and suppressed Tory or Tory benefitting activities.

After a long search, we queried T.S. Blake, author of the book “New Gloucester” (available from Amazon and also as an e-book) and curator for the New Gloucester Historical Society. Blake searched the old handwritten New Gloucester records and there, dated March 19, 1776, the records show Peleg being appointed to the Committee of Safety.

Peleg’s s first cousin, Ebenezer Mason, son of Jonas Mason and Mary Chandler, also served on the New Gloucester Committee of Safety. In Duxbury, Peleg’s brother, Perez, served on the Committee of Correspondence, the precursor to the Committee of Safety. Perez was profiled in the Winter/Spring 2014 issue of the Courier.

The city of New Gloucester lists Peleg as a Revolutionary War patriot and his name appears on the town monument dedicated to those who served. His descendant Cleaveland Angier Chandler (Horace P.>Peleg W. >Peleg >Joseph>Joseph>Edmund, the immigrant) claimed Peleg as his Revolutionary War ancestor for the Massachusetts Society Sons of the American Revolution in 1897 for serving on the Committee of Safety for New Gloucester, Maine from 1778-1784.

Anecdotally, Mary Chandler Lowell in her book “Chandler-Parsons…,” states that Peleg served on the committee for many years. Also, from the book “Representative Men and Old Families of Southeastern Massachusetts”, Peleg is listed as the chairman of the Committee of Safety, but did not provide documentation. No one has applied for DAR membership as his descendant, but will be able to do so now that primary proof has been found.


New Gloucester Rev. War Memorial.


1735, April 27 Peleg was born in Duxbury. Mary Chandler Lowell speculated in her book, “Chandler-Parsons…”, that Peleg was named after a friend and neighbor of his father, Peleg Wadsworth. The name Peleg comes from the Old Testament and means when the earth was divided, referring to an event at the time. Some scholars also believe the name has something to do with the sea. The Biblical Peleg was the son of Eber. Peleg is a popular last name in Israel.

Mary Chandler Lowell also wrote that Peleg “early on manifested very strong mechanical tastes.” He was handy as he created chairs, the church door and other objects. He was a blacksmith from a long line of blacksmiths as was his father, Philip, his grandfather Joseph and his great grandfather, also named Joseph.

Prior to 1762. Peleg moved from Duxbury to North Yarmouth, Maine. According to Mary Chandler Lowell, Peleg moved to Maine to help his grandfather, but that does not seem likely as Peleg was only 9-years-old when his grandfather, Joseph, died in 1744.

Peleg’s grandfather led the first wave of Chandlers to move to Maine when he moved there in 1729. He was soon followed by his wife and children, with the exception of Peleg’s’ father, Philip, who remained in Duxbury with his family. “It was probably Philip’s intent to move to North Yarmouth as well as he owned land there. Philip must have changed his mind as he bought his father’s homestead farm in Duxbury in 1735 and remained in Duxbury,” according, Lora Altine Underhill in her book, “The Genealogy of Edward Small…”.

Family lore has it that Peleg came with relatives to Maine. His sister, Elizabeth (Betsey), moved to Turner, Maine in 1850 after marrying Ezekiel Bradford. She and Peleg were the only children of Philip to move to Maine. Did Peleg come with them or later on possibly with other relatives? We don’t know.

It does seem logical that Peleg would move to Maine at some point to help as both his father and his grandfather’s heirs had land and business in Maine.

1762, December 9 Peleg marries Sarah Winslow in North Yarmouth, Maine. This is the first record that we have of him in Maine. He and Sarah would have 11 children, eight surviving until adulthood. Sarah became known for her cheerful countenance. He put his wood working skills to use when he carved chairs for his bride using only a knife.

1763 Peleg and his bride leave North Yarmouth for New Gloucester, a distance of 15 miles. They made the journey by ox-cart, “the first wheeled vehicle that had ever been used to perform that journey.” He built a small first house and would later build a large house for his family which would later be also Bell Tavern.

site where bell taven was located

Home of Andrew C. Chandler. On the site where Peleg built his house in 1762, probably to the back and right of this house. Photo by Steve Chandler

While Peleg was not amongst the first settlers of New Gloucester, he would play a key role in the formation of the town. That was the first year that meetings regarding New Gloucester were held in New Gloucester and not in Gloucester, Massachusetts which is where most of the settlers came from and from where the grant was obtained. The proprietors voted to build a school house the next year which was one of the requirements of the grant.

1764 Peleg’s father dies in Duxbury. Philip willed that his land in Duxbury and North Yarmouth be divided amongst his six sons.

1765 Establishing a church was the last remaining key item that remained to be fulfilled in order for New Gloucester’s land grant requirements to be considered officially met. In 1765 the “grant conditions were fulfilled by hiring an Orthodox Congregational minister, Rev. Samuel Foxcroft of Boston, a Harvard College graduate.”

This was an historic moment of which Peleg and his wife, Sarah, played a key part as they were two of the five members who founded the church. It now meant that every legal requirement was met and that land could now be conveyed without worry. New Gloucester had fought off a claim earlier on in the courts that could have ruined the community if the claimants had prevailed, but now they could not be “warned off” by possible future claimants, lose what they had built, or be forced to pay twice for their farms.

It was such a joyous occasion for the town, that the proprietors approved the very large outlay of “26 pounds and thirteen shillings and four pence” for the celebration. Parson Smith, of Portland, Maine, also assisted in the “jolly ordination” and he wrote that “we lost sight of decorum.” If the attending ministers “lost sight of decorum” we can only assume that the eight male members of the church, which included Peleg Chandler, also “lost sight of decorum.” With 26 pounds and change to celebrate, it must have been a real party!

1771, January 1 A proprietors’ meeting was held where Peleg Chandler was voted to be a part of the committee to build a meeting-house (church). Half of the job was bid off by Peleg for 2 pounds 19 shillings and when no one bid on the other half, Peleg bid 3 pounds 1 pence for the other half of the job.

It was voted by the committee that Peleg would receive the money for the sale of the pews. Many members of the community bought pews and Peleg kept pew #34 and also pew #36 which was in the gallery. Like the block house, the church was also multipurpose as gun powder was stored in the closet under the pulpit. It was distributed to the parishioners on Sundays as needed for defense.

While the church was useable, it was not finished because not all those who pledged to pay did so and after several years could no longer afford a full-time minister. There were Baptists and Shakers in the community now who were disinclined to support a Congregationalist church. The proprietors did not press the issue. In 1802 the proprietors voted to relinquish title and it became the property of the First Parish to be used for town meetings and the grounds around it for a training field, pound, stocks, and whipping post.

Congregational church

1838 Congregational church. Photo by Steve Chandler

Peleg, according to a poem, written over a century later, was the church warden. Church wardens were chosen for their exemplary character. They kept the peace within the church, watched over the congregants’ behavior, and punished those who did not attend church without a valid excuse. In the Massachusetts Bay Colony if the church warden caught someone being truant, without a valid excuse, the truant was pilloried and the truant’s ear was nailed to the wood.

Peleg and his fellow church warden did wield poles to wallop those who fell asleep during church services. Whether or not, Peleg nailed ears to wood, we don’t know, but there were stocks and a whipping post nearby. Peleg’s son, Peleg, Jr., was accosted by a church warden for traveling on Sunday in near Hingham, Massachusetts, but talked his way out of it by saying he was going to stop at a nearby inn, which was technically true as he stopped long enough for a mug of cider and continued on his way to stay with his uncle Perez Chandler. Peleg, Jr. was barely 17 when he undertook this trip to teach in Halifax, Mass. to earn enough money to continue his education in law. Perhaps that and being the son of a church warden made him savvy enough to avoid spending the Sunday in the stocks.

From the poem by Jabez H. Woodman A.M., the New Gloucester schoolmaster, on the occasion of the New Gloucester Centennial in 1884:

Josiah Smith and Peleg Chandler

Were wardens then appointed,

To flourish poles on the Sabbath Day

And thus keep things well jointed.”

1773 Peleg builds his large house which would later become Bell Tavern. It was located on a hill at the four corners.

1774, February 8 The Proprietary elected a committee to petition the General Court of Massachusetts for the incorporation of New Gloucester into a town. The Court agreed and New Gloucester became a town. A warrant was issued to Peleg Chandler, by Col. William Allen, for him to call a meeting of the freeholders and others who were qualified to vote. On Sept. 7, 1774, the first board of town officers was chosen.

1775 Upon hearing about the Battle at Lexington, which was fought on April 19, 1775, a town meeting was called in New Gloucester and it was voted to have 20 men ready at the shortest notice to support the colonists against the British. Like Duxbury and many towns in New England, New Gloucester was resoundingly patriot.

1776 Peleg establishes Bell Tavern in his house. The sign outside read:

Bell Tavern. Peleg Chandler. 1776. Entertainment for man and beast”

Success to the Friends of Liberty”

There is only one reference to the phrase ”Success to the Friends of Liberty” so that may require further research.

1776, March 19 A town meeting was held and Peleg Chandler was appointed to the Committee of Safety. He was also voted to be the pound keeper. Pound keepers in those days kept stray livestock until their owners could reclaim them and usually pay a fine.

He later became the chairman of the Committee of Safety, serving until the end of the Revolutionary War. The Committee of Safety, which succeeded the Committee of Correspondence when war broke out, provided recruitment and the civilian leadership of the local militia. They organized spying on the British, acquired munitions and gun powder. They put pressure on the local civilians to buy American and support the war effort. As Peleg was also the owner of Bell Tavern, the militia probably met there.

1776, May 21 The town voted “That if the Honorable Congress should, for the safety of the Colonies, declare them independent of Great Britain they will solemnly engage, with their lives and their fortunes, to support the Congress in the measure”. Two infantry companies were organized with Captains Isaac Parsons and William Harris commanding them.

1784 Several sources say that Peleg was appointed to the General Court of Massachusetts, but we have not found proof. More research needs to be done.

1790, November 30 Peleg, Jr. leaves Bell Tavern to travel to Halifax, Massachusetts where he will teach school in order to earn money to go to college. (Read about his journey in C. Talbot Rogers story taken from Peleg, Jr.’s diary in this issue)

1797 Peleg builds an ell onto the already large Bell Tavern for his son, Peleg, Jr. Peleg Jr.’s mother disapproves of her son practicing law, so he instead provides much needed assistance with his father’s busy, tavern, smithy and large farm. After his parents were gone, Peleg, Jr. did practice law to much success.

1819, August 24 Peleg Chandler died and was buried in the Lower New Gloucester Cemetery. His wife, Sarah, died in 1823. Bell Tavern was sold when he died in 1819.


Fogler Library: Finding Guide to the Chandler Family Papers

The collection contains the personal and business papers of several generations of the Chandler family of New Gloucester, Maine. It centers primarily on materials of Peleg, Philip, Solomon Hewett (both elder and younger), Charles Parsons, Charles Peleg, and Andrew Campbell Chandler, as well as business records of Bearce & Chandler, a grocery business of Dexter Bearce and Solomon Chandler.

Chandler-Parsons: Edmund Chaundeler, Geoffrey Parsons and Allied Families – Mary Chandler Lowell – Google Books

This is probably the most well-known book about the Chandlers of New Gloucester, including Peleg, her ancestor. She collected information from vital records, old letters and family recollections. Unfortunately, there are some inaccuracies although as brilliant as she was (she was both a doctor and a lawyer), she was occasionally at the mercy of the inaccurate recollections of others. She also lived at a time when most business was conducted by mail or in person.

Maine Society Sons of the American Revolution | Graves

Full text of “The Gray and New Gloucester register, 1905”

History of New Gloucester including Peleg Chandler and Bell’s Tavern

New Gloucester Historical Society

New Gloucester Revolutionary War monument with list of names including Peleg Chandler

Historical Society – New Gloucester, Maine 

Main page

New Gloucester – Thomas P. Blake – Google Books This outstanding book is filled with historical pictures, stories and information about the founding and early days of New Gloucester. If you have any ancestors that came from New Gloucester, not only Chandlers, take a look at this book. Available from Amazon books. It was written in 2009.

History of New Gloucester, Maine

This gazatteer was written in 1886 by George G. Varney who wrote many short histories of Maine towns.

Full text of “A genealogical record of the descendants of Thomas Penney of New Gloucester, Maine”

Source of the poem.

Full text of “The Gray and New Gloucester register, 1905”

Chandler Family Papers, 1831-1890, n.d. (Bowdoin – George J. Mitchell Department of Special Collections & Archives)


Bell Tavern being moved in 1978 down the hill to its present location.  It had been the post office, but after it was moved it became a residence.

Bell Tavern being moved in 1978 down the hill to its present location. It had been the post office, but after it was moved it became a residence.

Taverns and inns played an integral part of early New England towns and Bell Tavern, opened in 1776, was classic example. Taverns were not lowly places on the edge of town away from respectable folks, but were located prominently in the center of town and often, as in the case of Bell Tavern, across from the church. Taverns were considered essential, proper meeting places for social discourse, business and governance and licenses to operate a tavern were issued by the town.

Taverns were where the town folks met after church and work to exchange news, engage in gossip, hold lively debates, pick up mail, make business deals, and conduct town business. The taverns gave congregants a chance to warm up after church because the churches were unheated. Many a lively political debate must have taken place with locals and travelers during the Revolutionary years with most, if not all, the locals railing against the British. Business, both official and unofficial, was a carried on in taverns, militias met and patriots held meetings in secret. The First Continental Congress met in a tavern. Bell tavern supplied lodging for jurors and witnesses for the Court.

Taverns also served as recruitment depots and deployment for militias which is probably one of the reasons why Peleg was chosen as the Chairman of the Committee of Safety for New Gloucester. Free ale was one of the inducements for showing up for militia drills.

If your ancestors were from Maine, most likely they stayed or at least stopped at Bell Tavern as it was strategically located on the crossroads of the coastal road and the road going inland to what would become Poland, Minot, Lewiston, Auburn and Turner, Maine amongst other interior cities.

As many people in those days were illiterate, taverns had signs with pictures on them so people could identify them. Bell Tavern had a picture of a bell and the words:

Bell Tavern

Peleg Chandler. 1776. Entertainment for man and beast”

Success to the Friends of Liberty”


Newly painted sign.

Newly painted sign.

Many have speculated about how Bell Tavern got its name. The origin of the names of many taverns is unknown. During the Revolution some taverns had signs which reflected the owner’s political sympathy. Some speculated that the bell signified that the tavern was open for business. As Peleg was known for having the “voice of a Stentor”who could call men in from the fields so it probably did not stand for a dinner bell. Others speculated that it stood for the call for young men to fight for liberty. It did not stand for the actual Liberty Bell as that bell probably did not ring on July 4, 1776 because at that time the steeple was in very poor condition. The first documented reference to it as the “Liberty Bell” appeared in an abolitionist poem written in 1839.

However, the church bells in Boston rang so much over repeals of taxes, and objections to the British before 1776, that people complained. The church bells continued ringing probably throughout the colonies during the Revolution and beyond over important events. So perhaps the bell in Peleg’s sign did stand for recruiting of men for the fight or the church bells that rung for liberty.

JOSEPH CHRISTIAN LEYENDECKER (American, 1874-1951). Ringing theLiberty Bell, preliminary studyAs roads were built, taverns were considered a necessity. In Massachusetts taverns were located every 8 miles so both humans and horses could rest.

News from papers, pamphlets, broadsheets and letters would come to Bell tavern and taverns like it from towns like far-off Boston, Philadelphia and Duxbury. Those who were able to read, would read the news aloud to those who could not. During the Revolutionary era things were happening so fast that people were desperate to read or hear about what was happening because it directly affected them. The taverns were also the first post offices as mail was put on a table and was considered public news for everyone to read before it was picked up or carried on.

The tavern owner’s wife and daughters, even very young ones, worked in the tavern, but all other women were only allowed to buy liquor and then leave. Later on large taverns had a separate area for women. No “tarrying” by women was allowed. Everyone drank in those days, even children, as water was often unsafe to drink. Hard cider made from apples was ubiquitous.

Originally only “fit” men were given licenses to operate taverns, although eventually three quarters of the taverns were run by women, mostly widows, so they would have a source of income so they would not become a burden on the town.

Fit” men were upstanding citizens considered capable of running a tavern. To be a considered a successful “fit” man, he was expected to be married and supporting a well-behaved household where all obeyed him. The reasoning was if a man could not run his household he could not run a tavern. Badly behaved children, wives and even servants were a reflection on that ability. Men could be punished for the transgressions of members of his household. Very patriarchal!

Unmarried men were not considered “fit” and were more or less considered like big children. Peleg certainly filled the requirement of being a “fit” man as he was one of the founders of the local church and all of his children were dutiful and became very successful in their own right.

Tavern owners were expected to keep order in the tavern, like they did in their households, and not allow patrons to become drunk and disorderly. The town leaders determined what could be served and limited the hours when a tavern could be open. For example, they were expected to shut fairly early on Saturday evening presumably to make sure that the patrons would be awake and sober and in church the next day. Peleg, as church warden, would round up those who were missing from church without a valid excuse, and being hung over was not a valid excuse, and put them in the stocks. If the hung-over individual did make it into church but fell asleep, he would give him a wallop with his pole. In fact anyone who fell asleep for any reason could be walloped.

Of course alcohol being what it is and the loosening of the church and its requirements, drunkenness became such a big problem that it prompted the temperance movement, with Maine figuring prominently. The dilemma became how to continue with taverns, where all local politicians and townspeople gathered, but at the same time eliminate drunkenness and the evils that were associated with it? In modern times, one of the solutions has come full circle, with again the tavern keepers being held responsible, or partially so, for keeping its patrons from becoming wildly drunk.

Taverns also supplied entertainment. Dancing was popular during the Revolution. Cards, gambling and other diversions were also popular, probably more so as the church’s influence began to wane.

Fast food and colonial and Revolutionary times don’t seem to belong in the same sentence, but Americans desire for a quick meal was as strong then as it is today. Fast food is not a modern invention. An English visitor way back then complained about how we (Americans) rushed through our meals in order to get back to work in the fields and farms. Maybe the difference was that here, unlike England in those days, the inhabitants mostly owned their fields and farms.

Taverns had to supply food that could be eaten quickly or on the go in a stage coach. Colonial era fast foods such as johnny cakes, biscuits and hasty pudding were American inventions. Also, popular was potted meat or fish. The meat was boiled then pounded with fat and spices and put into an earthen jar and sealed with hot fat or butter. Sandwiches could be made quickly for stage travelers to take with them by spreading the potted meat on bread for sandwiches. Mincemeat pies were popular both here and in England as they were also handy for travelers to take with them. The poorer folks ate the whole mince meat pie including the crust, while the wealthy ate the filling. “Slow food” like baked beans and Indian pudding were also popular. Slow to cook, but quick and convenient to prepare or re-heat.

The need for speed also changed weights and measures for food. In England ingredients were weighed, here tavern owners relied on spoons and cups as they were faster.

tavernThe quality of the food and accommodations varied widely. Some taverns offered big meals with eggs, steak, sausages, fish, bread and more for breakfast, lunches were more modest, dinner could be another big spread, but others offered little choice and what was available was terrible. Peleg Chandler, Jr. had to scrounge for himself while staying in one ill-run tavern on his journey to Massachusetts. (See accompanying story)

After Peleg Chandler died in 1819, Bell Tavern was sold. With the arrival of the railroad, the need for taverns for travelers declined as trains did not need to rest like horses and oxen. Over the years Bell Tavern served as a dance hall, store, post office and home. The ell that Peleg had built for his son, Peleg, Jr., was moved to 5 Cobb’s Bridge Road. In 1978, Bell Tavern was moved several hundred feet down the hill to 410 Intervale Rd. where it stands today as a beautifully kept house.

This is where the Bell Tavern was originally sited...now a residence. Photo by Steve Chandler

This is where the Bell Tavern was originally sited…now a residence.
                                                                        Photo by Steve Chandler


New Gloucester – Thomas P. Blake – Google Books

Daily Life of the American Colonies: The Role of the Tavern in Society

Fit Men: New England Tavern Keepers, 1620-1720 | Zach Carmichael – Academia.edu

A Place of Reading: Revolutionary Taverns

Taverns of the Colonial Period related to My Brother Sam is Dead

Liberty Bell Timeline


4ground block house

Block houses were essential for settling the then frontiers of Maine, New Hampshire and other New England states. The settling of New Gloucester was probably very similar to the settling of many New England frontier towns.

The first settlers were given a grant from the parent town of Gloucester, Massachusetts, hence the name New Gloucester, in 1735. There were conditions that they had to meet in order to get full ownership.

It was rough going for the townspeople as not only they had to endure all of the hardships of creating a settlement they were driven out, as were most of the colonists in Maine, during the French and Indian War. Their log houses and sawmill were destroyed. After five years most of the New Gloucester settlers returned.

For defense, they built a block house which was completed in 1754. It had large second story windows that swung inward on hinges so that the inhabitants could fire their guns if under attack. The block house was 50’x50’ and the stockade was 110’ on each side made up of a palisade of 10-12’ logs topped with sharpened points. For several years the 12 families who inhabited the settlement lived within the fortress with only the men and their large dogs venturing out during the day.

The New Gloucester block house was fortified with two swivel guns, 25 pounds of powder and 75 pounds of lead and for several years soldiers were garrisoned there to defend it. The block house served as the settlers’ home, fort and church until the French were driven out of Canada in 1760 and they could rebuild their log homes and begin building a church about a decade later which Peleg was heavily involved. The block house, no longer needed, was sold in 1787 for seven bushels of corn and was used for the very mundane purpose of housing hogs.


Full text of “The Gray and New Gloucester register, 1905”

http://www.mainegenealogy.net/individual_place_record.asp?place=new_gloucester or New Gloucester, Cumberland County, Maine | Maine Genealogy

History and list of books about early New Gloucester, Maine

Peleg Chandler


T HIS is the story of a “Journey to

Hallifax”-a journey which covers

but a relatively few miles, and

only a few days in the early life of a

young man from Maine; a young man

of courage and ambition, who in spite of

disappointment and frustration achieved

better than average success in his chosen

profession, and whose son in turn went

even further to become nationally known

in that same profession.

The journey began from the steps of

the old Bell Tavern, in the then-busy

and thriving town of New Gloucester.

The date was Monday, November 30,

A.D. 1790, at one of the clock; and in a

handwritten, carefully sewn booklet,

well preserved, the story of that trip is

easily and simply told. This booklet, now

in the files of the Historical Society of

New Gloucester, is done in the characteristic

penmanship of the day, with the

old-fashioned “s” in the middle of words,

and the front and back covers embellished

with well-formed flourishes. The

front cover states simply: “Peleg Chandler’s

Journal from New Gloucester to

Hallifax,” while on the back cover the

writer identifies himself as follows:

Peleg Chandler Jr is my name. New

Gloucester is my Native Place. Written

at Hallifax the 12th day of February,

1791, A.D.”

It was not an extremely hazardous

trip, even in that day. The threat from

hostile Indians had passed ; possible bounty

was not worth the risk to highwaymen ;

and surely young Chandler was safe from

those present-day threats to life, limb,

and property, drivers who pass on the

right, cut in from the left, and weave

from lane to lane, driving on a mixture

of gasoline and alcohol-from whom

may the good Lord preserve us all! Even

so, it was by no means a pleasure jaunt,

and few of us would willingly attempt it

today under the same conditions and circumstances.

For a boy barely beginning

his seventeenth year, it was a major undertaking.

Before starting with him on this journey,

let us look for a moment at the background

of this lad. His father, Peleg

Chandler, Sr., born in 1735, had married

Sarah Winslow of North Yarmouth,

in 1762; and the journey which that

young couple undertook deserves mention.

According to the story, their wedding

trip from North Yarmouth to New

Gloucester was made in an oxcart, the

first two-wheeled vehicle that had ever

been over the road. Since the wedding

was on December 9, it is surmised that

it must have been a very open winter indeed,

unless the trip was postponed until

later in the spring; and at any time at all

it must have been a rough bumpy journey

over a road nothing at all like Interstate

95, or even old-fashioned U. S. I.

Peleg Chandler, Sr., is described as

an “honest citizen, a blacksmith by trade,

and a good one”; and evidently his skills

were not limited to the smithy. One of

the founders of the “Orthodox” First

Parish Church, he served as Town Warden;

during the Revolution he was one

of a committee to fix prices, for many

years he was a member of the Committee

of Safety, and in I 784 he was Representative

to the General Court of Massachusetts.

About I 7 73 he built the Bell Tavern,


46 Old-Time New England

which today houses the United States

Post Office, and here as host to jurors and

witnesses in a busy shire town he was well

known throughout the county, and indeed

through all of Massachusetts, since

many of the family, including his father,

Philip, had remained in and around Duxbury,

where the first Chandler had settled.

In that same year, I 773, young Peleg,

Jr., was born; so that when in 1790 he

began this journey to Halifax he had

passed his seventeenth birthday by a scant

three months. Of course, at seventeen

many a lad had left home for college ; but

Peleg, Jr., was not going forth as a student.

He was, at that tender age, about

to become a schoolmaster, to help earn

his way through college.

Halifax is a long, long way from Cumberland

County, Maine–even today in a

modern car over modern highways-and

one wonders why the people of Nova

Scotia had to come all the way to New

Gloucester to find a schoolmaster. Of

course, by ship from Portland to Halifax

would be an easy trip, but it proved by

no means as simple as that. Somehow, as

the journey progressed, he seemed to be

heading always in the wrong directionuntil

finally it developed that there was

-and still is-another Halifax, in Massachusetts,

some thirty miles or so south

of Boston.

However, let the lad speak for himself.

Let us start with page one of his journal.

November the 80th A.D. 1790 Monday at

one of the clock set out to go to Hallifax to

keeping school. Went as far as Moses Haskell

that night. In the morning Moses and myself

set out together. We rode as far as Elwells and

stopped and drank a mug of cider. We then put

on as far as Hammons in Stout Water [Stroudwater?]

and then stopped and bated our horses;

then put on for Bradbury’s Tavern in Pepperlsburough

[now Saco], and got there about dark.

Put up our horses and called for our suppers;

and in about half an hour had it. We drank six

dishes apiece and eat as much toast as we could.

Then went to playing checkers with the landlord,

beat him 5 or 6 times and then went to


This was his first night on the road,

after staying in the home of his friend

Haskell, and so far the journey had not

been arduous. In fact the next day was

not too bad.

In the morning we got up, paid our reckoning

as quick as possible and set out. We arrived

at Sauce Bridge a little after sunrise and after

long debate with the tollman went over. We

rode till about one of the clock . . . stopped and

bated our horses and roasted our turkey and eat

it with the help of a mug of cyder and after

suitable refreshment we set out again. Rode

very fast all the afternoon and about dark arrive

at Capt. Shannons in Dover near the

bridge, put up our horses and called for supper

and had it brought to us, consisting of chocolate

and biscuit toast. We drank 8 cups apiece

and as much toast as possible and after suitable

time to settle it, we retired into a warm bed

where we prostrated our languid limbs till the

ensuing morning.

Service in the tavern was not so good

next morning; certainly not up to modern

standards set by Howard Johnson or

Holiday Inn motel chains.

In the morning about an half an hour betwixt

break of day and sunrise got up, went

into the kitchen, and sat down over an handful1

of coals. We sat awhile but nobody appeared;

then to fly round and make as much noise as

possible. By and by along comes a negro as

black as the D—l and made up a fire big

enough to roast an ox. We sat down awhile but

no landlord appeared. We asked the negro

whether the landlord laid abed till noon commonly.

He went and called him and we got

away as quick as possible (it being cold enough

to freeze one). We rode till about z of the

clock in the afternoon which brought us to

Capt. Sanborns in Hampton. Stopped and bated

our horses and set out again about sunset. We

got to the Newberry ferry but could not get

over till about dark.

And now it was that I had to part with my

friend Haskell. Nobody can tell what I felt

when I had to leave him at his uncles and seek

Peleg Chandler 47

for a tavern, not knowing where to find one,

and being almost froze standing so long at the

ferry awaiting for the D—d ferry man, he being

almost intoxicated.

soon as possible, it being Saturday morning

and I having about 80 miles to go before I got

to Duxborough.

But I got off on the old mare and drove on

for dear life. I had gone about a mile when I

beheld a sight which excited a great deal of

joy to think that I had got home for that night.

Went in and got the old mare taken care of.

But how do you think that I felt to see it look

likely to storm before morning . . . and being

so near to Haskell and was not agoing to stay

with him.

Very understandably the seventeenyear-

old lad was beginning to feel the

pangs of homesickness, and no wonder.

But as the night wore on, things got

worse :

About seven of the clock I thought I would

go to bed not having any stomach to eat any

supper so I drank half mug of cyder and went

to bed. About midnight the storm came on and

sure such a storm I never saw. It snowed,

rained, hailed all together as hard as ever it

did in the world. But that ain’t the worse of it.

I like to frozed to death for the want of bedclothes.

I got up and put on my clothes but it

could not keep me warm. About dav or a little

before up I got and down I goes and sat down

where the fire should be. Bv and bv thev began

to get up and glad was I, but could not get out

doors the wind blew so hard. About 9 of the

clock I called for some breakfast and soon had

it but could not eat any of it, hardly, feeling

so like the Old Boy.

Perhaps it was not food that he needed,

so much as the sight of a familiar face, or

a friend, for

At ten o’clock I thought I would go and see

Haskell, it being so stormy that I could not

ride, so I went and dined with him at his uncle?.

After dinner I wished him good by and left

him in a good harbour, and set out, it being

about z of the clock. I needed but a little more

sail to go as fast as the wind would convey me.

However, I rode about ten miles which brought

me to Ipswige, went in to the ale house and got

some ale and then drove on about a mile and

put up just over the bridge.

About 12 of the clock at night it cleared

away pleasant and calm which caused me sweet

repose. In the morning I arose and set out as

Duxborough was the town now known

as Duxbury, not many miles from Plymouth,

where Edmond, the first of the

Chandler family in this country, had settled

in the 1630’s. The old family home

was now his immediate destination, but

with 80 miles to go, young Peleg had at

least one more night on the road. And

so, leaving “Ipswige,”

I put on as fast as I could and about z of the

clock arrived at a tavern about IO miles out of

Boston. There I bated myself and horse and

then set out for Boston where I arrived about

q of the clock. .

Went to see Greene and he avowed that I

should stop with him all night and play checkers,

so I consented. We walked all over town

together. About dark we went to his lodgings,

he ordered a fire built in one of the chambers

and it was done, so we went to playing checkers.

We had not played so long before along

comes Sam with his bottle of wine, so we drank

wine and played checkers till about 3 of the

clock in the morning. I told them it was almost

meeting time and I wished to go to bed.

We slept till about sunrise at which time I

got up and told them I must be going. They

swore I should not stir till I had drunk half

pint of wine so I drank it and left them, got

my horse and set out, it being Sunday morning.

The old saying, “the better the day,

the better the deed,” was never accepted

by our Puritan ancestors; and our hero

was soon in trouble with the law.

Rode as far as Arnolds in Brantry and called

and got mug of cyder. I then put on and met a

Warden agoing home from the forenoon meeting.

He t>d me I must not ride there Sunday.

I told him I would put up at the tavern just

ahead. So I did put, long enough to drink a

mug of cyder and then put on and rode along

till I came to Hingham meeting house.

Meeting was just done as I got by the meeting

house. The people being acold ran as fast

as they could and so overtook me. The Warden

told me it was against the law to travel Sunday

there. I told him I would put up at Cathmores,

so he let me go and I did put up long

48 Old-Time New England

enough to drink some cyder and then put on

again and about sunset arrive at Uncle Perez’s.

This was not by any means young

Chandler’s only journey from New

Gloucester. He must have gone over the

same roads again when in 1792 he entered

Rhode Island College, now Brown

University, as a member of the sophomore

class, 1795.

Uncle Perez must have lived in Duxbury,

the ancestral home of the Chandler

family. Our hero was now among friends,

the worse of the journey over.

Monday I went to Kingstown [Kingston]

and stayed till about 9 of the clock. Tuesday

then to Duxborough again and Wednesday

went to Halifax.

Called to Watermans to inquire for the

Committee and the house was chock full people

and there I found the committee. We went in

to a chamber and agreed with me, which was

the 9th day of December.

So I went to Gideon Soule’s and kept school

in his house one week till the Schoolhouse was

fixed, then to Thad Torrv and boarded there

one week. January the 12th went to Ephraim

Tinkham’s where I am now this day, which is

the 12th day of February.

And so the journey to Halifax was

safely completed, after six nights on the

road. Today we could leave Bell Tavern

at one of the clock and be in Duxbury

in time for supper; an easy trip, over modern

turnpikes and expressways. No need

to be starting at dawn or before or to put

up with drowsy landlords who sleep till

noon,.nor need we fear the wardens, if

it happens to be the Sabbath when we

make our journey.

After graduation from college he returned

home, anxious to study law, but

his mother’s wishes, and his father’s need

for help with the farm-blacksmith shoptavern

enterprises caused him to put aside

his ambitions. Peleg, Jr., never gave up,

however; and the time came when he

was at last free to take up his chosen profession

first in New Gloucester then in

Bangor. Of these later years his son, Peleg

Whitman Chandler, has written:

Coming upon the stage at so late a day (after

the birth of to children, and well into his forties)

he could not of course expect to take the

highest position. But he was a man of marked

ability, of great wit and humor, fairly read in

the law, and an advocate of more than average

success. In t 8 I 9, before the separation of Maine

from Massachusetts, he was appointed a Judge

of the Court of Sessions. holding the office for

several years after Maine became a State and

until his removal to Bangor. He continued in

the profession until his death in 1848, at the

age of 74.


Ancestry.com has eliminated several of their programs, but will continue with autosomal DNA testing. NONE OF THIS AFFECTS OUR CHANDLER DNA PROJECT AS OUR PROJECT IS WITH THE FTDNA AND OUR CHANDLER PROJECT IS UNDER OUR CONTROL.

Gen Forum, which probably many of you have used, became READ ONLY September. That means you will no longer be able to post or answer questions on the Gen Forum boards such as the Chandler board. Family Trees stored there will also be READ ONLY. Sad to lose the Gen Forum Chandler board, but Rootsweb is still alive and kicking so it is business as usual for their boards and family trees.

Of course we are always here for your Chandler questions.

Ancestry and other genealogy sites were hacked in the early summer, but were back and working after being off for a few days. One nifty site that I found to check if a site is down or the problem is at your end is: Is It Down Right Now? Website Down or Not?


This past year, new episodes of “Who Do You Think You Are?” on TLC and “Finding your Roots” on PBS were aired. If you missed them, you might be able to catch them in re-runs. As they are popular shows they should be back with new episodes in 2015. PBS’ “Genealogy Roadshow”, which features ordinary folks, will be coming back. Check the PBS site to see if they’re still accepting submissions if you are interested.

For Revolutionary War buffs, the AMC series “Turn” has been renewed for 2015. This show was inspired by the true story of the first Patriot spy ring known as the Culper Ring. It is set mostly in New York.

Here is the official site and current schedule:

TURN: Washington’s Spies – AMC


If you live in other parts of the Country, you probably are thinking what could the SCGS have possibly anything to do with me?

If you join you will get free access on your home computer, wherever you are located, to Heritage Quest and World Vital Records. They also have webinars where you can watch lectures and demonstrations by experts from your home computers.

If you are in the LA area, you can visit their library and access Ancestry.com, Fold3 beginning in January, and other resources through their library computers. You can also order Family History microfilm from the LDS.

I attended the Southern California Genealogical Society’s annual Jamboree in June. It is held at the Marriott Hotel in Burbank next to the airport and is the second largest genealogy conference in the country. In addition to the commercial booths (Ancestry, NEHGS, RootsMagic, FTDNA, etc.) many genealogical societies also have booths such as the Jamestown Society, DAR, Mayflower Society, Civil War groups and many more. World renowned experts gave lectures on a variety of topics.

It was free to visit the booths and go to the Genealogical Roundtables on Friday morning. The big prize at the raffle was a trip to the Mormon library in Salt Lake.

I did my part by bringing flyers for the Chandler Family Association, which now includes us, for the freebie literature table. I only brought 20 flyers as I thought how many Chandlers can there be? All of the flyers were gone before noon the next day! Next year I will bring more flyers.

Southern California Genealogical Society: Official Web Site



Eventually, you may want to jump the pond and research ancestors there. Hopefully, we will be able to do that for Edmund Chandler one day.

My brother and I were finally able to make a long-held family dream come true to visit the Czech Republic where my grandmother and her family came from. My first trip abroad! No Chandlers involved, but here is a comparison of US vs. Czech research and of course this was also going to be a genealogy trip.

I had a place to begin my research as I had family documents—marriage and birth and couple of town “citizenship” documents. “Citizenship” for lack of a better word, meant that the town had to take of the citizen if he or she became indigent.

As in New England it was not easy to become a “citizen” of a town that you were not born in. In early New England newcomers could be “warned out” even if they had money so in case they ever became indigent the new town would not have to take care of them.

Historical research began at home online just as I would for US research. I studied history, old maps and new maps. Was I thrilled to find my ggg-grandfather listed in a directory as the forester for an estate!

Carol at the gate to her grandmother's house.

Carol at the gate to her grandmother’s house.

I was even able to find my grandmother’s house on a satellite map with a street view for this small Czech village as Czech online maps show house numbers. Empress Maria Theresa decreed that houses should have numbers in the 1700s and those same numbers are used today unless a house burned down and was replaced.

Carol in front of the house where her grandmother was born in the Czech Republic

Carol in front of the house where her grandmother was born in the Czech Republic

Right on the christening certificates, etc. were the parents and grandparent names, addresses and occupations.

A genealogist’s dream, except the documents were in Czech, German or Latin or a combination! Czech is not an easy language as the nouns can change endings as well as the verbs. Also some letters are interchangeable. My brother and I only knew a few Czech words, mostly foods, and the words – dobre pes – good dog!

Just like with US research, I encountered bad handwriting, bad spelling and antique words which slowed down the online dictionary translation. Also, like the US, town, district, area names and boundaries, and countries changed over the years. Many of the names switched back and forth from German to Czech.

I did as much as I could with the records that I had, but then it became time to hire a professional Czech genealogist in order to research archival records. I have not attempted researching Czech records online yet as they are not indexed, even though they can be looked up by region, town and year. Fortunately, most Czech records were not destroyed during the war. It cost me $190 to have one part of my Czech family researched and it was money well spent as I made a list of the ancestral towns and we visited most of them. So much for the idea of one ancestral village! Dobre pes!



Our founder, James, sent this handy link explaining some of the meanings behind gravestone symbols.



We know that is impossible, but why do I find multiple birth places for my ancestor?

In New England traveling ministers would record the baptisms they performed as they traveled from town to town. Towns would then take the entire list, not just the ones that were from their town, and include them in their vital records. That’s how one of my ancestors came to be “born” in three different towns in two different states.

Sometimes, when people migrated, their children could be recorded in two different states, or the state they migrated to even though the children were born in the old state. In the case of Jonathan and Rebecca (Packard) Chandler’s family, the grandchildren, or at least some of them, were born in Duxbury, but their births were recorded much later on in Maine. Delayed recording of vital records by ministers and towns also contributed to mistakes because of faulty memories.

The censuses are another source of birth place mistakes. The enumerator could have been asking anyone in the household or a neighbor the questions and they often were mistaken, but those mistakes often hold clues. One man had his birth place listed in three different states on three different censuses across the country. One was correct, but he had resided in all of those states.


The mystery of the wives of the Zebedee Chandlers and wives of Rev. Abel Chandler is very gradually, being solved, but as some mysteries are being solved new mysteries arise. The saga of the wives could make either a soap opera or a mystery — “In Search of the Wives.”

With the Zebedees it seems that Betsey Briggs is no longer a mystery, but now Mrs. Mary J. Wheeler is. Did Mary marry Zebedee #3 or Zebedee #2?

With Rev. Abel Chandler the mystery is did he marry, divorce, and then remarry Phebe Matney?

Or are there mistakes in the records?


Our last update on the Zebedees of Plympton, Mass and environs was in the July 2010 issue of the Courier. As a refresher there was the original Zebedee and his son and grandson all named Zebedee. Since the last update pictures have been posted on Find A Grave of Lakenham Cemetery, Carver, Plymouth County Massachusetts where Zebedee #3 and two of his wives are buried.

Here is the timeline for the marriages of Zebedee #3 and maybe #2:

July 1, 1804 marriage intentions were filed (from Plympton vital records) for Zebedee #3 and Ruth Cole. She died on August 27, 1834 and is buried in Lakenham Cemetery.

Sept.12, 1838 a Zebedee Chandler marries Bathsheba J. Burt (AKA Bert) from Carver from Massachusetts vital records. She probably married Zebedee #3 as she was between 40 and 50 on the 1840 census and Zebedee #3 was between 50 and 60 and Zebedee #2 was between 70 and 80. We haven’t been able to find a gravestone for her.

April 4, 1841 a Zebedee Chandler marries Mrs. Mary J. Wheeler from Middleborough vital records. Did she marry Zebedee #2 or #3. We don’t know. If she married Zebedee #3 she only lasted a few months. Also, we have not found a gravestone for her.

Sept. 17, 1841 Zebedee Chandler #3 marries Betsey H. Briggs of Freetown, Bristol County, Mass from Massachusetts Vital Records. No marriage intentions were filed. Betsey is buried in Lakenham cemetery as is their daughter, Abby Marie Chandler. Betsey’s gravestone reads: “In memory of Betsey H. Chandler wife of Zebedee Chandler who died May 12, 1845 in 35th Year.” Zebedee died in 1849 and is also buried in Lakenham cemetery.

Vital Records of Plympton, Massachusetts to the year 1850, Deaths, p. 457
Chandler, Zebedee, widr, farmer, b. P. [dup. h. Zeruiah (d. Benjamin Cushman and Zeruiah), s. Lt. Zebedee and Repentance (second w.), dropsy, Jan. 23, 1844, a. 79y 9m 1d in P. [Jan. 24, C.R. Jan. 23, G.R.1] 


It appears now that it was Abel Chandler, Jr. who was enumerated in the 1850 census for Jersey, Jersey Co. Illinois and not his father, Rev. Abel. Our editor, Barb, figured that out as the age was difficult to read. Enumerated with Abel, Jr. were wife Xoa (AKA Zoa), their children, and most likely brother, Alvin Chandler. We don’t know what happened to the young children enumerated in the 1840 US census for Hebron, Maine with Rev. Abel. Rev. Abel also moved to Illinois but could not be found in the 1850 US census.

Abel, Jr. probably died prior to the 1860 US census, because only Alvin, Xoa and her son Charles B. Chandler were enumerated in the 1860 US census and not in Ohio, but back in Maine. One daughter probably died young and the other daughter, although I couldn’t find her in the 1860 census, survived and was found in later censuses.

An Abel Chandler in a household of four was enumerated in the 1855 Illinois state census in Morgan County, Illinois. This was probably either Rev. Abel or his son Abel, Jr.

Rev. Abel married Phebe Matney in Howard County, Missouri in 1846 as he was in Howard County writing a letter to probably his brother Elihu Chandler on Dec. 31, 1857. He wrote that “I have not been keeping house again for over two years, neither do I know as I ever shall. About this, I do not mean to worry, for all that, would not add to my happiness or any one else.” He wrote that he was enjoying success with his circuit riding preaching and would continue with it.

There was a Phebe Chandler enumerated with presumably her daughter, in the 1860 US census in Morgan, Illinois. Assuming that this was the same Phebe, she is obviously not dead and neither is Rev. Abel as he shows up again in the 1880 US census.

So what happened to Phebe Matney?

It is possible that they divorced. Divorce, surprisingly, became very popular in Illinois during that time. Many of Abraham Lincoln’s legal cases during that time were divorces. With Rev. Abel being constantly on the move, maybe that was too much for Phebe.

However, that was apparently not the end for Rev. Abel and Phebe as there is another marriage record for Abel Chandler and Phebe(y) Matney(Motney) that occurred later in that same year (1860) after the census was taken. This was 12 years after their marriage was recorded in Missouri. Did they remarry? Was this a clerical mistake? We don’t know. According to Schuyler County, Illinois records, an Abel Chandler and Mrs. Phebey Matney obtained a license in Schuyler County Illinois on November 1860. Their marriage was announced in “The Schuyler Citizen.”

If they did re-marry what happened to her? As always with Rev. Abel Chandler there is always another mystery.


The marriage license was issued November 29, 1860 in Schuyler, Illinois.  Barb found the marriage in Illinois Marriage Records, the official online records for Illinois. Matney was probably transcribed incorrectly as “Motney.”

The marriage of “Able” Chandler and Mrs. Phebe Matney on November 29, 1860, was also announced in “The Schuyler Citizen” 

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