FEBRUARY 20, 2015 EDMUNDS COMMUITY COURIER

This edition of the Courier features Captain John Chandler; founder of Chandlersville, Ohio, and his brother Dr. Jesse Chandler.

EMIGRATION AND SETTLEMENT
by Barb Chandler

pioneers4

Inspired by talk how Ohio had rich soil Captain John Chandler(1757-1829), who fought in the Revolutionary War during the battle of Bennington, decided to move his family to Ohio. In 1797 they joined a group of fifteen families led by General Rufus Putnam on their way to Balpre, now known as Newbury township, in Washington county.

Captain Chandler was not satisfied with this location and, after some exploration, moved his family to Salt Creek in the spring of 1799. He was the first pioneer who settled in Salt Creek (later named Chandlersville).

He and his sons set to work clearing the land. They built a cabin, shed for their livestock, prepared the land for cultivation, and started a garden that grew into a productive farm.

Before two years elapsed Captain Chandler had opened and placed under cultivation a large and productive farm. Satisfied that his family were comfortable, Chandler changed begin negotiations with the owners of the Marietta Company, who manufactured salt, for the sale of the Salt Works. He became owner, and the company was known as Chandler’s Salt Works. Chandler and his sons conducted the business of salt manufacturing for six or seven years after they got possession of the works furnishing salt to neighbors for many miles around.

Early pioneers making salt.

Early pioneers making salt.

When Chandler acquired the salt works there were only a handful of families. Over the year’s people begin to settle in the Valley and called it their home, the territory became known as Salt Creek Township.

THE MAKING OF A TOWN

Map_of_Muskingum_County_Ohio_With_Municipal_and_Township_Labels

A blacksmith was essential in pioneer day. A blacksmith mended wagons, made tools and farm equipment. Captain Chandler learned the blacksmithing trade from his father and started a blacksmith shop near his cabin. He taught his boys the trade, which proved of great advantage to them during the years when the settlement was developing.

An important event in the history of the neighborhood was when John Chandler, son of Captain Chandler, erected, or caused to be erected, the first mill in the township. Its site was on the creek about a mile below the salt works. The mill stones were procured in the neighborhood. Its use consisted principally in grinding corn.

Another son of Captain John’s, Zachary Chandler, had the neighborhood in mind, when he started the first tavern. He opened a frame building in 1815. Zach Chandler’s hotel, or tavern, was sought out by the wayfarer, the accommodations were minimal. In those days, straw beds and tallow dip candles were luxuries ; and since Zach had a monopoly in this business, no one complained.

The Post office owes its inception to Captain John Chandler. He was acting Postmaster as
early as 1804, and held that office many years.

The settlement of this village, the only one in the township of Salt Creek, is substantially the same as that of the township itself. It was laid out hy John Stevens, who gave it the name it now bears, in honor of Captain John Chandler, the first settler and a very public-minded person.

OH_16496

Captain John Chandler’s lineage is; Edmund Chandler(1587-1662), Benjamin Chandler(1644-1691), Joseph Chandler(1694-1774), Benjamin Chandler(1727-1777)

A PIONEER DOCTOR

doctor

Many of Captain John’s relatives were early settlers in the area; among them was his brother Dr. Jesse Chandler(1764-1814).

Dr. Chandler earned his degree in Vermont, and practiced medicine for a few years. After the death of his first wife Mary Binham in 1804 Dr. Jesse Chandler moved his family from Tinmouth, Vermont to Springfield in Muskingum County, Ohio, which was just across the river from the town of Zanesville.

His practice extended over all the western part of the county, into the adjoining counties. He traveled on horseback sometimes following trails or bridle paths from house to house. He spent a large part of his time in the saddle, and was always ready to respond to calls. He would often ride a dozen miles, furnish the medicine needed and charge one dollar. Visits in the village were fifty cents.

In the fall of 1809 a bad case of smallpox developed in the town. Some of the older people had been inoculated with with small-pox, but the children and many adults had no protection. They were given diets to follow, and a general inoculation took place. For the most part all did well, but a few young men. Dr. Chandler turned his house into a hospital, took these young men in charging them nothing, and brought them safely though their illness.

In the winter of 1813-14 an unknown epidemic broke out in Putnam. An editorial in the Zanesville Express on January 12, 1814 describes the epidemic and Dr. Chandler’s heroic efforts to save lives.

Suddenly a 12-year-old girl died. People called her disease “prevailing malignant fever.” Panic more terrifying than the excitement of the small pox epidemic of a few years earlier followed her death. Within two weeks 12 other Putnam residents died. Out of about 75 families, with a population of about 300, that was an alarming death rate. Dr. Jesse Chandler, the Putnam physician worked heroically to relieve suffering and save lives. As more settlers arrived, he could not answer all the calls He asked Dr. Isaac Fowler of Rutland, Vt., to come and assist him. In 1814 Dr. Chandler still worked alone in Putnam. One day he came home late at night, exhausted from attending many cases of “prevailing malignant fever.” He was feeling unusually languid and tired when he went to bed. Soon he told his wife that he felt “the sinking chill which characterized the plague’s opening attack.” One hour later he could not speak. After suffering for 34 hours, he died on Jan. 20, 1814.

His obituary in the Zanesville Express January 1814 reads as follows:
Died, at his residence in Springfield (now Putnam) on Thursday the 20th Doctor Jesse Chandler in the 50th year of his age. “He has left a disconsolate family and numerous connections to deplore his loss. In this man were all those qualities which constitute an affectionate husband, a kind and tender parent, and a sincere and ardent friend. He was active and vigilant in the discharge of his professional duties; was indefatigable in his researches after the means by which he could relieve those who were laboring under various maladies to which the human system is subject. It was his study to alleviate the sufferings of his fellow creatures.” The obituary dosed by saying that “Long will the inhabitants of Springfield and its vicinity lament the hour when death separated this invaluable man from them.” SIX DAYS later Dr. Chandler’s son, Zeno Chandler, age 16, died of the plague. Before Dr. Chandler died, the people of the little village of Putnam, then called Springfield, were in a state of fear and trembling. After his death deprived them of a physician, they lived in consternation and terror.

Dr. Jesse Chandler’s lineage is; Edmund Chandler(1587-1662), Benjamin Chandler(1644-1691), Joseph Chandler(1694-1774), Benjamin Chandler(1727-1777)

Feedback-IconWe welcome your feedback if you have any comments, questions,  or ideas for future articles. Send them to; Barb Chandler barb95831@gmail.com

SOURCES

1794 History of Muskingum County, with illustrations and biographical sketches of prominent men and pioneers. http://archive.org/stream/cu31924028848673/cu31924028848673_djvu.txt

Pioneer Physicans of the Muskingham Valley. http://collections.nlm.nih.gov/ocr/nlm:nlmuid-56510690R-bk
Biographical and Historical Memoirs of Muskingum County, Ohio. http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~ohmuski2/saltcreek/saltcreekhist.html

Biographical and Historical Memoirs of Muskingum County, Ohio. http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~ohmuski2/saltcreek/saltcreekhist.html

Leave a comment

Filed under Uncategorized

JANUARY 2015 EDMUND’S COMMUNITY COURIER

EDMUND CHANDLER FAMILY ASSOCIATION NEWS
JANUARY 2015

by Carol May

I am hoping to focus on the New Hampshire Chandlers and the Revolutionary
War in an upcoming issue, but in the meantime, here is a short update on the news –

CHANDLER DNA PROJECT NEWS

by Carol May

Results are still coming in from the Englishmen who took the DNA test after responding to the 500 letter Chandler DNA project mailing. The latest is that a match has been found between the descendants of Roger Chandler, who arrived in Concord, Mass before 1637, and an Englishman. The English testee traced his Chandler line to William Chandler who married in Yorkshire, England in 1763. Yorkshire is in northern England. Roger of Concord’s daughter married a Heald whose roots go back to North Umberland which is also in Northern England.

In the past, it was wondered if Roger Chandler of Concord, Roger Chandler of Duxbury and Edmund Chandler of Duxbury were all related. DNA tests show that descendants of Roger of Concord do not match the descendants of Edmund Chandler so they are not related through the male line.

Roger of Concord was not mentioned in any documents, deeds or birth records showing a connection to Roger of Duxbury and he was not in his will. Also, if the age that was given on Roger of Concord’s gravestone is correct, Roger of Duxbury’s wife, Isabella Chilton, would have been in her early fifties when he was born, not a plausible scenario. Roger Chandler of Duxbury has no known male line descendants as his documented son, Samuel, died without issue so we cannot do a DNA test on his line. With all of that, it seems very unlikely that Roger of Concord was Roger of Duxbury’s son, although it could be possible that they were related.

However, there is a stronger circumstantial link between our Edmund and Roger Chandler of Duxbury. Perhaps they were brothers or cousins. Edmund and Roger of Duxbury were in Leiden, Holland at the same time and both were witnesses on the same legal document. They also both emigrated at about the same time from Leiden, Holland to Duxbury. They both had sons named Samuel, which leads me to my pet theory is that Edmund’s and/or Roger’s father may have been named Samuel – just speculation on my part.

Roger of Duxbury married in Kent which is in the southern part of England. If Roger came from Kent, maybe Edmund also came from Kent. Our member, Dick, has tried to find a connection between Edmund’s other known associates and their English origins without luck.

Some have wondered if Roger and Edmund were brothers, why weren’t their children or grandchildren named Roger? Probably the reason is that most of the Plymouth colonists chose names from the Bible for their children as they were very religious. You see few non-Bible names like Henry, William, Charles or Roger appearing in the second generation of the Plymouth colony. Names from the Bible dominated for over 150 years in the Plymouth colony.

Now onto another New England Chandler whose male line descendants have been on our wish list to test for years, William Chandler of Newbury, Mass. A male line descendant of his has been found and hopefully will be DNA tested soon. Most of the New England Chandlers whose roots are pre-1800 go back to one of four Chandler families – William of Roxbury, the most prolific, Edmund of Duxbury, probably the second most prolific, Roger of Concord, and William of Newbury. I call them the “Big Four.” Will the William of Newbury descendant match any of the other Chandler families, one of the unmatched Chandlers, or possibly an Englishman? We don’t know but hope to find out.

Still on our list to test is a male line descendant of Zebedee Chandler of Plympton, Mass. We think that he is part of the Edmund Chandler family, but are not sure. He was born c. 1711. We want to find out and are still offering a free DNA test for a proven descendant as a match could rule him in or out. If any of you come across a possible candidate for DNA testing let us know.

Also, I am in the hunt for a descendant of a couple of very obscure Chandlers, William Chandler of Portsmouth, New Hampshire and possibly a couple of Boston Chandlers for DNA testing.

The more Chandlers that are tested the better as we may find a match for Edmund in England, which is our main focus now, or anywhere in the world as a distant cousin of Edmund could have had descendants that migrated to even places as far away as Australia. Trace that person’s roots and we might find where Edmund came from.

TV NEWS
“SONS OF LIBERTY”

by Carol May

sons of liberty

As we are currently focusing on the Revolutionary War, it is fortuitous that the History Channel will have a multi-part series beginning on January 25th called the “Sons of Liberty.” This is a dramatic telling of the story of the people who were the prime movers of the American Revolution in New England – Samuel Adams, John Hancock, Paul Revere and others. The Sons of Liberty came together in Boston and their protests and actions — liberty poles, the tea party, bonfires where effigies of English official were burned, and secret meetings in taverns — were mirrored in the other towns of New England and in the actions of our Chandlers. The Committees of Correspondence and Safety sprang (see previous issues of the Courier for Chandler involvement) from these early protesters of taxation and laws inhibiting the freedom of the colonists.
Sons of Liberty meetings were held in secret in Boston’s Green Dragoon Tavern. If you missed the story on Bell Tavern and the role that taverns played in early New England, go to a previous of the Courier to read it.

To show what an influence the Sons of Liberty had, in response to the 1773 Boston Tea Party of which they were the instigators, a committee of men in New Gloucester, Maine paid a visit to Peleg Chandler, owner of the Bell Tavern, to enter a protest and the seize the box of tea he owned. Chandler replied “I bought that box of tea and paid the price and if any man attempts to seize it I will shoot him.” The leader of the committee went back and reported “Peleg Chandler says that he will shoot any man who attempts to take his tea, and by G—he is a man of his word!” The tea was not molested. This was from the Lewiston (Maine) Evening Journal, Aug. 30 1924 sent to me by our member, Steve.

Lest anyone think that Peleg had Tory inclinations, he was a fervent patriot and risked life and fortune by serving on the New Gloucester Committee of Safety and later as its chairman. See a previous issue for the full story of Peleg Chandler. He probably figured that once he bought and paid for that box of tea it was his and free of any Tory taint.
Whether or not the TV mini-series “Sons of Liberty” is a stirring story of the Boston patriots or a dramatic dud, I don’t know as I haven’t seen any reviews, but give it a look and then you can decide for yourself.

XND70126

“GENEALOGY ROADSHOW”

by Carol May

This PBS series is back on Tuesday evenings (check your local listing). Unlike the other popular TV genealogy programs, this one focuses on ordinary folks. You submit your story and family genealogical mystery and if your question is persuasive enough, you might get chosen. The lucky picks get top genealogists to crack those cases and the results are shown on TV.

break_thru_brick_wall

Happy New Year and may more brick walls come tumbling down!

Leave a comment

Filed under Uncategorized

WINTER 2014/15 EDMUND’S COMMUNITY COURIER

All articles in this edition of the Courier by Carol May

Finally, we are back with our Revolutionary War series after a very busy, busy year. Our Edmund Chandler Family Association is now a chapter of the Chandler Family Association. The CFA has over 700 members and is worldwide and not Chandlers are all related. Find out more about the merger in this issue.

It was also very busy year for me personally as my brother and I took a trip to the Czech Republic and Austria to see where my grandmother’s family came from. Family tree in hand we visited a lot of villages. You can read about researching ancestors across the pond versus US research in this issue.

Other big news, is that our member, Billie’s, 153 page book will be coming out soon. She is adding the pictures and maps now. Her book will include Joseph, Edmund, the immigrant’s son, and his land, the mystery Chandlers, mystery no longer, Capt. John, Nathaniel, Mercy and some of their descendants, and also Benjamin Chandler. By meticulous research she has been able to correct many long-held mistaken beliefs and incorrect research as well as add to the knowledge about these people. We will keep you posted when the book comes out.

In case some of you missed them, Barb, our editor posted several stories in the last several months on the Civil War and other topics. Member, Susan, and Barb, researched Elbridge Gerry Chandler and his Civil War service. Especially fun was Barb’s story on the Chandler Band, still in existence today and is still playing. If you scroll back through the Courier you can read the stories and see the video clip on the Chandler Band.

Our big research topic this issue is Peleg Chandler, chairman of the Committee of Safety for New Gloucester, Maine during the Revolution, and the owner of Bell Tavern. Also, related stories about Bell Tavern, a lively story taken from his son’s diary chronicling his journey from Bell Tavern to Massachusetts, and the settling of New Gloucester and the block house. If you have Maine ancestors they most likely stayed in Bell Tavern and also find out about what taverns, an essential part of the community, were like.

All this and more! Merry Christmas and Happy New Year!

TABLE OF CONTENTS

*CFA AND EDMUND CHANDLER FAMILY NEWS Including membership news, DNA news and a CFA sponsored trip to England for 2016

*PELEG CHANDLER AND TIMELINE He was also a church warden. Find out what that was. Hint, he had a pole.

*BELL TAVERN The story of Bell tavern and what taverns were like way back then.

* NEW GLOUCESTER AND THE BLOCKHOUSE Find out about block houses and frontier existence.

*PELEG CHANDLER, JR.’S JOURNEY TAKEN FROM HIS DIARY FROM MAINE TO MASS IN 1790

*BIG CHANGES AT ANCESTRY. COM

*TV NEWS

*SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA GENEALOGICAL SOCIETY Join and get free home online access to Worldwide records and Heritage Quest, plus more

*RESEARCHING IS RESEARCHING, BUT WITH TWIST: RESEARCHING IN THE CZECH REPUBLIC

*UPDATES AND CORRECTIONS More on the wives of the Zebedees and the wives of Rev. Abel Chandler.

CFA AND EDMUND CHANDLER CHAPTER NEWS

We will be maintaining our ECFA web site until spring of 2015 as it is paid up until then. After that our Members Only Library, other information and databases will be preserved for the members to access in a new format at the CFA site.

Our formerly ECFA members and now Edmund Chandler chapter members of the CFA, are now getting the award winning CFA newsletter by e-mail although a snail mail paper copy can be requested. We will still have the Courier and the Yahoo Chandler lineage site which are free. Our group originally sprang out of the Chandler lineage site and you can still use it as a searchable resource, although you will find that many of our early posts show that we did a lot of floundering as we looked for answers.

If you wish to join the CFA and the Edmund Chandler chapter you can go to www.edmundchandler.com and click the link about membership or go to the Chandler Family Association web site www. chandlerfamilyassociation.org One year membership is $20 and you don’t have to prove your lineage.

DNA NEWS

With the contribution that the ECFA made, a large mailing was sent out to Chandler men in England for DNA testing and we are getting sign ups as a result. Dick, our EC chapter member and CFA VP, as well as Errol Chandler our CFA VP from England are working hard on this project.

No matches for the Edmund Chandler family yet, but we are hoping. To read more about DNA testing, including a map where many American Chandler families originated from in England, refer to a previous issue of the CFA newsletter.

TRIP TO ENGLAND FROM THE US AND A TRIP FROM THE UK TO THE US

A trip to England is in the planning stages by the CFA for 2016 which will be guided by Englishman Errol Chandler. Several American Chandler families have been traced to English villages and the plan is to visit those sites and other sites of general tourist interest. We still don’t know where Edmund came from. A brochure about the trip will be sent out when the itinerary is worked out. Also, if there is enough interest, a guided trip for UK Chandlers to the US is in discussion. Check with the CFA for more info.

PELEG CHANDLER

April 27, 1735-August 24, 1819

April 27, 1735-August 24, 1819

LINEAGE: EDMUND, THE IMMIGRANT>JOSEPH>JOSEPH>PHILIP

Peleg Chandler was the patriarch of the New Gloucester, Maine branch of the Edmund Chandler family, arriving there prior to 1763. His descendants distinguished themselves in business, the law and architecture as well as other fields. Much has been written about his descendants. Indeed, the amount of shelf space dedicated to his descendants in the Fogler Library can be measured in yards, but not much was known about Peleg. Some of Peleg’s notable descendants include: archictect, Theophilus Chandler and economic historian, Alfred Dupont Chandler, who we have written about previously. Also businessmen, Solomon Hewett Chandler Sr. and Jr. and lawyers like Peleg, Jr. Peleg W. and Charles P. Chandler to name a few of them.

Especially confusing was Peleg’s Revolutionary War service. We had to find the primary evidence that he was a member and later chairman of the Committee of Safety for New Gloucester and not just rely on anecdotal evidence and old books. The Committee of Safety provided the civilian leadership of the local militia, spied on the British, acquired munitions and suppressed Tory or Tory benefitting activities.

After a long search, we queried T.S. Blake, author of the book “New Gloucester” (available from Amazon and also as an e-book) and curator for the New Gloucester Historical Society. Blake searched the old handwritten New Gloucester records and there, dated March 19, 1776, the records show Peleg being appointed to the Committee of Safety.

Peleg’s s first cousin, Ebenezer Mason, son of Jonas Mason and Mary Chandler, also served on the New Gloucester Committee of Safety. In Duxbury, Peleg’s brother, Perez, served on the Committee of Correspondence, the precursor to the Committee of Safety. Perez was profiled in the Winter/Spring 2014 issue of the Courier.

The city of New Gloucester lists Peleg as a Revolutionary War patriot and his name appears on the town monument dedicated to those who served. His descendant Cleaveland Angier Chandler (Horace P.>Peleg W. >Peleg >Joseph>Joseph>Edmund, the immigrant) claimed Peleg as his Revolutionary War ancestor for the Massachusetts Society Sons of the American Revolution in 1897 for serving on the Committee of Safety for New Gloucester, Maine from 1778-1784.

Anecdotally, Mary Chandler Lowell in her book “Chandler-Parsons…,” states that Peleg served on the committee for many years. Also, from the book “Representative Men and Old Families of Southeastern Massachusetts”, Peleg is listed as the chairman of the Committee of Safety, but did not provide documentation. No one has applied for DAR membership as his descendant, but will be able to do so now that primary proof has been found.

memorial

New Gloucester Rev. War Memorial.

PELEG CHANDLER TIMELINE

1735, April 27 Peleg was born in Duxbury. Mary Chandler Lowell speculated in her book, “Chandler-Parsons…”, that Peleg was named after a friend and neighbor of his father, Peleg Wadsworth. The name Peleg comes from the Old Testament and means when the earth was divided, referring to an event at the time. Some scholars also believe the name has something to do with the sea. The Biblical Peleg was the son of Eber. Peleg is a popular last name in Israel.

Mary Chandler Lowell also wrote that Peleg “early on manifested very strong mechanical tastes.” He was handy as he created chairs, the church door and other objects. He was a blacksmith from a long line of blacksmiths as was his father, Philip, his grandfather Joseph and his great grandfather, also named Joseph.

Prior to 1762. Peleg moved from Duxbury to North Yarmouth, Maine. According to Mary Chandler Lowell, Peleg moved to Maine to help his grandfather, but that does not seem likely as Peleg was only 9-years-old when his grandfather, Joseph, died in 1744.

Peleg’s grandfather led the first wave of Chandlers to move to Maine when he moved there in 1729. He was soon followed by his wife and children, with the exception of Peleg’s’ father, Philip, who remained in Duxbury with his family. “It was probably Philip’s intent to move to North Yarmouth as well as he owned land there. Philip must have changed his mind as he bought his father’s homestead farm in Duxbury in 1735 and remained in Duxbury,” according, Lora Altine Underhill in her book, “The Genealogy of Edward Small…”.

Family lore has it that Peleg came with relatives to Maine. His sister, Elizabeth (Betsey), moved to Turner, Maine in 1850 after marrying Ezekiel Bradford. She and Peleg were the only children of Philip to move to Maine. Did Peleg come with them or later on possibly with other relatives? We don’t know.

It does seem logical that Peleg would move to Maine at some point to help as both his father and his grandfather’s heirs had land and business in Maine.

1762, December 9 Peleg marries Sarah Winslow in North Yarmouth, Maine. This is the first record that we have of him in Maine. He and Sarah would have 11 children, eight surviving until adulthood. Sarah became known for her cheerful countenance. He put his wood working skills to use when he carved chairs for his bride using only a knife.

1763 Peleg and his bride leave North Yarmouth for New Gloucester, a distance of 15 miles. They made the journey by ox-cart, “the first wheeled vehicle that had ever been used to perform that journey.” He built a small first house and would later build a large house for his family which would later be also Bell Tavern.

site where bell taven was located

Home of Andrew C. Chandler. On the site where Peleg built his house in 1762, probably to the back and right of this house. Photo by Steve Chandler

While Peleg was not amongst the first settlers of New Gloucester, he would play a key role in the formation of the town. That was the first year that meetings regarding New Gloucester were held in New Gloucester and not in Gloucester, Massachusetts which is where most of the settlers came from and from where the grant was obtained. The proprietors voted to build a school house the next year which was one of the requirements of the grant.

1764 Peleg’s father dies in Duxbury. Philip willed that his land in Duxbury and North Yarmouth be divided amongst his six sons.

1765 Establishing a church was the last remaining key item that remained to be fulfilled in order for New Gloucester’s land grant requirements to be considered officially met. In 1765 the “grant conditions were fulfilled by hiring an Orthodox Congregational minister, Rev. Samuel Foxcroft of Boston, a Harvard College graduate.”

This was an historic moment of which Peleg and his wife, Sarah, played a key part as they were two of the five members who founded the church. It now meant that every legal requirement was met and that land could now be conveyed without worry. New Gloucester had fought off a claim earlier on in the courts that could have ruined the community if the claimants had prevailed, but now they could not be “warned off” by possible future claimants, lose what they had built, or be forced to pay twice for their farms.

It was such a joyous occasion for the town, that the proprietors approved the very large outlay of “26 pounds and thirteen shillings and four pence” for the celebration. Parson Smith, of Portland, Maine, also assisted in the “jolly ordination” and he wrote that “we lost sight of decorum.” If the attending ministers “lost sight of decorum” we can only assume that the eight male members of the church, which included Peleg Chandler, also “lost sight of decorum.” With 26 pounds and change to celebrate, it must have been a real party!

1771, January 1 A proprietors’ meeting was held where Peleg Chandler was voted to be a part of the committee to build a meeting-house (church). Half of the job was bid off by Peleg for 2 pounds 19 shillings and when no one bid on the other half, Peleg bid 3 pounds 1 pence for the other half of the job.

It was voted by the committee that Peleg would receive the money for the sale of the pews. Many members of the community bought pews and Peleg kept pew #34 and also pew #36 which was in the gallery. Like the block house, the church was also multipurpose as gun powder was stored in the closet under the pulpit. It was distributed to the parishioners on Sundays as needed for defense.

While the church was useable, it was not finished because not all those who pledged to pay did so and after several years could no longer afford a full-time minister. There were Baptists and Shakers in the community now who were disinclined to support a Congregationalist church. The proprietors did not press the issue. In 1802 the proprietors voted to relinquish title and it became the property of the First Parish to be used for town meetings and the grounds around it for a training field, pound, stocks, and whipping post.

Congregational church

1838 Congregational church. Photo by Steve Chandler

Peleg, according to a poem, written over a century later, was the church warden. Church wardens were chosen for their exemplary character. They kept the peace within the church, watched over the congregants’ behavior, and punished those who did not attend church without a valid excuse. In the Massachusetts Bay Colony if the church warden caught someone being truant, without a valid excuse, the truant was pilloried and the truant’s ear was nailed to the wood.

Peleg and his fellow church warden did wield poles to wallop those who fell asleep during church services. Whether or not, Peleg nailed ears to wood, we don’t know, but there were stocks and a whipping post nearby. Peleg’s son, Peleg, Jr., was accosted by a church warden for traveling on Sunday in near Hingham, Massachusetts, but talked his way out of it by saying he was going to stop at a nearby inn, which was technically true as he stopped long enough for a mug of cider and continued on his way to stay with his uncle Perez Chandler. Peleg, Jr. was barely 17 when he undertook this trip to teach in Halifax, Mass. to earn enough money to continue his education in law. Perhaps that and being the son of a church warden made him savvy enough to avoid spending the Sunday in the stocks.

From the poem by Jabez H. Woodman A.M., the New Gloucester schoolmaster, on the occasion of the New Gloucester Centennial in 1884:

Josiah Smith and Peleg Chandler

Were wardens then appointed,

To flourish poles on the Sabbath Day

And thus keep things well jointed.”

1773 Peleg builds his large house which would later become Bell Tavern. It was located on a hill at the four corners.

1774, February 8 The Proprietary elected a committee to petition the General Court of Massachusetts for the incorporation of New Gloucester into a town. The Court agreed and New Gloucester became a town. A warrant was issued to Peleg Chandler, by Col. William Allen, for him to call a meeting of the freeholders and others who were qualified to vote. On Sept. 7, 1774, the first board of town officers was chosen.

1775 Upon hearing about the Battle at Lexington, which was fought on April 19, 1775, a town meeting was called in New Gloucester and it was voted to have 20 men ready at the shortest notice to support the colonists against the British. Like Duxbury and many towns in New England, New Gloucester was resoundingly patriot.

1776 Peleg establishes Bell Tavern in his house. The sign outside read:

Bell Tavern. Peleg Chandler. 1776. Entertainment for man and beast”

Success to the Friends of Liberty”

There is only one reference to the phrase ”Success to the Friends of Liberty” so that may require further research.

1776, March 19 A town meeting was held and Peleg Chandler was appointed to the Committee of Safety. He was also voted to be the pound keeper. Pound keepers in those days kept stray livestock until their owners could reclaim them and usually pay a fine.

He later became the chairman of the Committee of Safety, serving until the end of the Revolutionary War. The Committee of Safety, which succeeded the Committee of Correspondence when war broke out, provided recruitment and the civilian leadership of the local militia. They organized spying on the British, acquired munitions and gun powder. They put pressure on the local civilians to buy American and support the war effort. As Peleg was also the owner of Bell Tavern, the militia probably met there.

1776, May 21 The town voted “That if the Honorable Congress should, for the safety of the Colonies, declare them independent of Great Britain they will solemnly engage, with their lives and their fortunes, to support the Congress in the measure”. Two infantry companies were organized with Captains Isaac Parsons and William Harris commanding them.

1784 Several sources say that Peleg was appointed to the General Court of Massachusetts, but we have not found proof. More research needs to be done.

1790, November 30 Peleg, Jr. leaves Bell Tavern to travel to Halifax, Massachusetts where he will teach school in order to earn money to go to college. (Read about his journey in C. Talbot Rogers story taken from Peleg, Jr.’s diary in this issue)

1797 Peleg builds an ell onto the already large Bell Tavern for his son, Peleg, Jr. Peleg Jr.’s mother disapproves of her son practicing law, so he instead provides much needed assistance with his father’s busy, tavern, smithy and large farm. After his parents were gone, Peleg, Jr. did practice law to much success.

1819, August 24 Peleg Chandler died and was buried in the Lower New Gloucester Cemetery. His wife, Sarah, died in 1823. Bell Tavern was sold when he died in 1819.

SOURCES:

Fogler Library: Finding Guide to the Chandler Family Papers

The collection contains the personal and business papers of several generations of the Chandler family of New Gloucester, Maine. It centers primarily on materials of Peleg, Philip, Solomon Hewett (both elder and younger), Charles Parsons, Charles Peleg, and Andrew Campbell Chandler, as well as business records of Bearce & Chandler, a grocery business of Dexter Bearce and Solomon Chandler.

Chandler-Parsons: Edmund Chaundeler, Geoffrey Parsons and Allied Families – Mary Chandler Lowell – Google Books

This is probably the most well-known book about the Chandlers of New Gloucester, including Peleg, her ancestor. She collected information from vital records, old letters and family recollections. Unfortunately, there are some inaccuracies although as brilliant as she was (she was both a doctor and a lawyer), she was occasionally at the mercy of the inaccurate recollections of others. She also lived at a time when most business was conducted by mail or in person.

Maine Society Sons of the American Revolution | Graves

Full text of “The Gray and New Gloucester register, 1905″

History of New Gloucester including Peleg Chandler and Bell’s Tavern

New Gloucester Historical Society

New Gloucester Revolutionary War monument with list of names including Peleg Chandler

Historical Society – New Gloucester, Maine 

Main page

New Gloucester – Thomas P. Blake – Google Books This outstanding book is filled with historical pictures, stories and information about the founding and early days of New Gloucester. If you have any ancestors that came from New Gloucester, not only Chandlers, take a look at this book. Available from Amazon books. It was written in 2009.

History of New Gloucester, Maine

This gazatteer was written in 1886 by George G. Varney who wrote many short histories of Maine towns.

Full text of “A genealogical record of the descendants of Thomas Penney of New Gloucester, Maine”

Source of the poem.

Full text of “The Gray and New Gloucester register, 1905″

Chandler Family Papers, 1831-1890, n.d. (Bowdoin – George J. Mitchell Department of Special Collections & Archives)

BELL TAVERN

Bell Tavern being moved in 1978 down the hill to its present location.  It had been the post office, but after it was moved it became a residence.

Bell Tavern being moved in 1978 down the hill to its present location. It had been the post office, but after it was moved it became a residence.

Taverns and inns played an integral part of early New England towns and Bell Tavern, opened in 1776, was classic example. Taverns were not lowly places on the edge of town away from respectable folks, but were located prominently in the center of town and often, as in the case of Bell Tavern, across from the church. Taverns were considered essential, proper meeting places for social discourse, business and governance and licenses to operate a tavern were issued by the town.

Taverns were where the town folks met after church and work to exchange news, engage in gossip, hold lively debates, pick up mail, make business deals, and conduct town business. The taverns gave congregants a chance to warm up after church because the churches were unheated. Many a lively political debate must have taken place with locals and travelers during the Revolutionary years with most, if not all, the locals railing against the British. Business, both official and unofficial, was a carried on in taverns, militias met and patriots held meetings in secret. The First Continental Congress met in a tavern. Bell tavern supplied lodging for jurors and witnesses for the Court.

Taverns also served as recruitment depots and deployment for militias which is probably one of the reasons why Peleg was chosen as the Chairman of the Committee of Safety for New Gloucester. Free ale was one of the inducements for showing up for militia drills.

If your ancestors were from Maine, most likely they stayed or at least stopped at Bell Tavern as it was strategically located on the crossroads of the coastal road and the road going inland to what would become Poland, Minot, Lewiston, Auburn and Turner, Maine amongst other interior cities.

As many people in those days were illiterate, taverns had signs with pictures on them so people could identify them. Bell Tavern had a picture of a bell and the words:

Bell Tavern

Peleg Chandler. 1776. Entertainment for man and beast”

Success to the Friends of Liberty”

BellTavernSign

Newly painted sign.

Newly painted sign.

Many have speculated about how Bell Tavern got its name. The origin of the names of many taverns is unknown. During the Revolution some taverns had signs which reflected the owner’s political sympathy. Some speculated that the bell signified that the tavern was open for business. As Peleg was known for having the “voice of a Stentor”who could call men in from the fields so it probably did not stand for a dinner bell. Others speculated that it stood for the call for young men to fight for liberty. It did not stand for the actual Liberty Bell as that bell probably did not ring on July 4, 1776 because at that time the steeple was in very poor condition. The first documented reference to it as the “Liberty Bell” appeared in an abolitionist poem written in 1839.

However, the church bells in Boston rang so much over repeals of taxes, and objections to the British before 1776, that people complained. The church bells continued ringing probably throughout the colonies during the Revolution and beyond over important events. So perhaps the bell in Peleg’s sign did stand for recruiting of men for the fight or the church bells that rung for liberty.

JOSEPH CHRISTIAN LEYENDECKER (American, 1874-1951). Ringing theLiberty Bell, preliminary studyAs roads were built, taverns were considered a necessity. In Massachusetts taverns were located every 8 miles so both humans and horses could rest.

News from papers, pamphlets, broadsheets and letters would come to Bell tavern and taverns like it from towns like far-off Boston, Philadelphia and Duxbury. Those who were able to read, would read the news aloud to those who could not. During the Revolutionary era things were happening so fast that people were desperate to read or hear about what was happening because it directly affected them. The taverns were also the first post offices as mail was put on a table and was considered public news for everyone to read before it was picked up or carried on.

The tavern owner’s wife and daughters, even very young ones, worked in the tavern, but all other women were only allowed to buy liquor and then leave. Later on large taverns had a separate area for women. No “tarrying” by women was allowed. Everyone drank in those days, even children, as water was often unsafe to drink. Hard cider made from apples was ubiquitous.

Originally only “fit” men were given licenses to operate taverns, although eventually three quarters of the taverns were run by women, mostly widows, so they would have a source of income so they would not become a burden on the town.

Fit” men were upstanding citizens considered capable of running a tavern. To be a considered a successful “fit” man, he was expected to be married and supporting a well-behaved household where all obeyed him. The reasoning was if a man could not run his household he could not run a tavern. Badly behaved children, wives and even servants were a reflection on that ability. Men could be punished for the transgressions of members of his household. Very patriarchal!

Unmarried men were not considered “fit” and were more or less considered like big children. Peleg certainly filled the requirement of being a “fit” man as he was one of the founders of the local church and all of his children were dutiful and became very successful in their own right.

Tavern owners were expected to keep order in the tavern, like they did in their households, and not allow patrons to become drunk and disorderly. The town leaders determined what could be served and limited the hours when a tavern could be open. For example, they were expected to shut fairly early on Saturday evening presumably to make sure that the patrons would be awake and sober and in church the next day. Peleg, as church warden, would round up those who were missing from church without a valid excuse, and being hung over was not a valid excuse, and put them in the stocks. If the hung-over individual did make it into church but fell asleep, he would give him a wallop with his pole. In fact anyone who fell asleep for any reason could be walloped.

Of course alcohol being what it is and the loosening of the church and its requirements, drunkenness became such a big problem that it prompted the temperance movement, with Maine figuring prominently. The dilemma became how to continue with taverns, where all local politicians and townspeople gathered, but at the same time eliminate drunkenness and the evils that were associated with it? In modern times, one of the solutions has come full circle, with again the tavern keepers being held responsible, or partially so, for keeping its patrons from becoming wildly drunk.

Taverns also supplied entertainment. Dancing was popular during the Revolution. Cards, gambling and other diversions were also popular, probably more so as the church’s influence began to wane.

Fast food and colonial and Revolutionary times don’t seem to belong in the same sentence, but Americans desire for a quick meal was as strong then as it is today. Fast food is not a modern invention. An English visitor way back then complained about how we (Americans) rushed through our meals in order to get back to work in the fields and farms. Maybe the difference was that here, unlike England in those days, the inhabitants mostly owned their fields and farms.

Taverns had to supply food that could be eaten quickly or on the go in a stage coach. Colonial era fast foods such as johnny cakes, biscuits and hasty pudding were American inventions. Also, popular was potted meat or fish. The meat was boiled then pounded with fat and spices and put into an earthen jar and sealed with hot fat or butter. Sandwiches could be made quickly for stage travelers to take with them by spreading the potted meat on bread for sandwiches. Mincemeat pies were popular both here and in England as they were also handy for travelers to take with them. The poorer folks ate the whole mince meat pie including the crust, while the wealthy ate the filling. “Slow food” like baked beans and Indian pudding were also popular. Slow to cook, but quick and convenient to prepare or re-heat.

The need for speed also changed weights and measures for food. In England ingredients were weighed, here tavern owners relied on spoons and cups as they were faster.

tavernThe quality of the food and accommodations varied widely. Some taverns offered big meals with eggs, steak, sausages, fish, bread and more for breakfast, lunches were more modest, dinner could be another big spread, but others offered little choice and what was available was terrible. Peleg Chandler, Jr. had to scrounge for himself while staying in one ill-run tavern on his journey to Massachusetts. (See accompanying story)

After Peleg Chandler died in 1819, Bell Tavern was sold. With the arrival of the railroad, the need for taverns for travelers declined as trains did not need to rest like horses and oxen. Over the years Bell Tavern served as a dance hall, store, post office and home. The ell that Peleg had built for his son, Peleg, Jr., was moved to 5 Cobb’s Bridge Road. In 1978, Bell Tavern was moved several hundred feet down the hill to 410 Intervale Rd. where it stands today as a beautifully kept house.

This is where the Bell Tavern was originally sited...now a residence. Photo by Steve Chandler

This is where the Bell Tavern was originally sited…now a residence.
                                                                        Photo by Steve Chandler

SOURCES:

New Gloucester – Thomas P. Blake – Google Books

Daily Life of the American Colonies: The Role of the Tavern in Society

Fit Men: New England Tavern Keepers, 1620-1720 | Zach Carmichael – Academia.edu

A Place of Reading: Revolutionary Taverns

Taverns of the Colonial Period related to My Brother Sam is Dead

Liberty Bell Timeline

NEW GLOUCESTER, MAINE AND THE BLOCK HOUSE

4ground block house

Block houses were essential for settling the then frontiers of Maine, New Hampshire and other New England states. The settling of New Gloucester was probably very similar to the settling of many New England frontier towns.

The first settlers were given a grant from the parent town of Gloucester, Massachusetts, hence the name New Gloucester, in 1735. There were conditions that they had to meet in order to get full ownership.

It was rough going for the townspeople as not only they had to endure all of the hardships of creating a settlement they were driven out, as were most of the colonists in Maine, during the French and Indian War. Their log houses and sawmill were destroyed. After five years most of the New Gloucester settlers returned.

For defense, they built a block house which was completed in 1754. It had large second story windows that swung inward on hinges so that the inhabitants could fire their guns if under attack. The block house was 50’x50’ and the stockade was 110’ on each side made up of a palisade of 10-12’ logs topped with sharpened points. For several years the 12 families who inhabited the settlement lived within the fortress with only the men and their large dogs venturing out during the day.

The New Gloucester block house was fortified with two swivel guns, 25 pounds of powder and 75 pounds of lead and for several years soldiers were garrisoned there to defend it. The block house served as the settlers’ home, fort and church until the French were driven out of Canada in 1760 and they could rebuild their log homes and begin building a church about a decade later which Peleg was heavily involved. The block house, no longer needed, was sold in 1787 for seven bushels of corn and was used for the very mundane purpose of housing hogs.

SOURCES:

Full text of “The Gray and New Gloucester register, 1905″

http://www.mainegenealogy.net/individual_place_record.asp?place=new_gloucester or New Gloucester, Cumberland County, Maine | Maine Genealogy

History and list of books about early New Gloucester, Maine

Peleg Chandler

By C. TALBOT ROGERS

T HIS is the story of a “Journey to

Hallifax”-a journey which covers

but a relatively few miles, and

only a few days in the early life of a

young man from Maine; a young man

of courage and ambition, who in spite of

disappointment and frustration achieved

better than average success in his chosen

profession, and whose son in turn went

even further to become nationally known

in that same profession.

The journey began from the steps of

the old Bell Tavern, in the then-busy

and thriving town of New Gloucester.

The date was Monday, November 30,

A.D. 1790, at one of the clock; and in a

handwritten, carefully sewn booklet,

well preserved, the story of that trip is

easily and simply told. This booklet, now

in the files of the Historical Society of

New Gloucester, is done in the characteristic

penmanship of the day, with the

old-fashioned “s” in the middle of words,

and the front and back covers embellished

with well-formed flourishes. The

front cover states simply: “Peleg Chandler’s

Journal from New Gloucester to

Hallifax,” while on the back cover the

writer identifies himself as follows:

Peleg Chandler Jr is my name. New

Gloucester is my Native Place. Written

at Hallifax the 12th day of February,

1791, A.D.”

It was not an extremely hazardous

trip, even in that day. The threat from

hostile Indians had passed ; possible bounty

was not worth the risk to highwaymen ;

and surely young Chandler was safe from

those present-day threats to life, limb,

and property, drivers who pass on the

right, cut in from the left, and weave

from lane to lane, driving on a mixture

of gasoline and alcohol-from whom

may the good Lord preserve us all! Even

so, it was by no means a pleasure jaunt,

and few of us would willingly attempt it

today under the same conditions and circumstances.

For a boy barely beginning

his seventeenth year, it was a major undertaking.

Before starting with him on this journey,

let us look for a moment at the background

of this lad. His father, Peleg

Chandler, Sr., born in 1735, had married

Sarah Winslow of North Yarmouth,

in 1762; and the journey which that

young couple undertook deserves mention.

According to the story, their wedding

trip from North Yarmouth to New

Gloucester was made in an oxcart, the

first two-wheeled vehicle that had ever

been over the road. Since the wedding

was on December 9, it is surmised that

it must have been a very open winter indeed,

unless the trip was postponed until

later in the spring; and at any time at all

it must have been a rough bumpy journey

over a road nothing at all like Interstate

95, or even old-fashioned U. S. I.

Peleg Chandler, Sr., is described as

an “honest citizen, a blacksmith by trade,

and a good one”; and evidently his skills

were not limited to the smithy. One of

the founders of the “Orthodox” First

Parish Church, he served as Town Warden;

during the Revolution he was one

of a committee to fix prices, for many

years he was a member of the Committee

of Safety, and in I 784 he was Representative

to the General Court of Massachusetts.

About I 7 73 he built the Bell Tavern,

45

46 Old-Time New England

which today houses the United States

Post Office, and here as host to jurors and

witnesses in a busy shire town he was well

known throughout the county, and indeed

through all of Massachusetts, since

many of the family, including his father,

Philip, had remained in and around Duxbury,

where the first Chandler had settled.

In that same year, I 773, young Peleg,

Jr., was born; so that when in 1790 he

began this journey to Halifax he had

passed his seventeenth birthday by a scant

three months. Of course, at seventeen

many a lad had left home for college ; but

Peleg, Jr., was not going forth as a student.

He was, at that tender age, about

to become a schoolmaster, to help earn

his way through college.

Halifax is a long, long way from Cumberland

County, Maine–even today in a

modern car over modern highways-and

one wonders why the people of Nova

Scotia had to come all the way to New

Gloucester to find a schoolmaster. Of

course, by ship from Portland to Halifax

would be an easy trip, but it proved by

no means as simple as that. Somehow, as

the journey progressed, he seemed to be

heading always in the wrong directionuntil

finally it developed that there was

-and still is-another Halifax, in Massachusetts,

some thirty miles or so south

of Boston.

However, let the lad speak for himself.

Let us start with page one of his journal.

November the 80th A.D. 1790 Monday at

one of the clock set out to go to Hallifax to

keeping school. Went as far as Moses Haskell

that night. In the morning Moses and myself

set out together. We rode as far as Elwells and

stopped and drank a mug of cider. We then put

on as far as Hammons in Stout Water [Stroudwater?]

and then stopped and bated our horses;

then put on for Bradbury’s Tavern in Pepperlsburough

[now Saco], and got there about dark.

Put up our horses and called for our suppers;

and in about half an hour had it. We drank six

dishes apiece and eat as much toast as we could.

Then went to playing checkers with the landlord,

beat him 5 or 6 times and then went to

bed.

This was his first night on the road,

after staying in the home of his friend

Haskell, and so far the journey had not

been arduous. In fact the next day was

not too bad.

In the morning we got up, paid our reckoning

as quick as possible and set out. We arrived

at Sauce Bridge a little after sunrise and after

long debate with the tollman went over. We

rode till about one of the clock . . . stopped and

bated our horses and roasted our turkey and eat

it with the help of a mug of cyder and after

suitable refreshment we set out again. Rode

very fast all the afternoon and about dark arrive

at Capt. Shannons in Dover near the

bridge, put up our horses and called for supper

and had it brought to us, consisting of chocolate

and biscuit toast. We drank 8 cups apiece

and as much toast as possible and after suitable

time to settle it, we retired into a warm bed

where we prostrated our languid limbs till the

ensuing morning.

Service in the tavern was not so good

next morning; certainly not up to modern

standards set by Howard Johnson or

Holiday Inn motel chains.

In the morning about an half an hour betwixt

break of day and sunrise got up, went

into the kitchen, and sat down over an handful1

of coals. We sat awhile but nobody appeared;

then to fly round and make as much noise as

possible. By and by along comes a negro as

black as the D—l and made up a fire big

enough to roast an ox. We sat down awhile but

no landlord appeared. We asked the negro

whether the landlord laid abed till noon commonly.

He went and called him and we got

away as quick as possible (it being cold enough

to freeze one). We rode till about z of the

clock in the afternoon which brought us to

Capt. Sanborns in Hampton. Stopped and bated

our horses and set out again about sunset. We

got to the Newberry ferry but could not get

over till about dark.

And now it was that I had to part with my

friend Haskell. Nobody can tell what I felt

when I had to leave him at his uncles and seek

Peleg Chandler 47

for a tavern, not knowing where to find one,

and being almost froze standing so long at the

ferry awaiting for the D—d ferry man, he being

almost intoxicated.

soon as possible, it being Saturday morning

and I having about 80 miles to go before I got

to Duxborough.

But I got off on the old mare and drove on

for dear life. I had gone about a mile when I

beheld a sight which excited a great deal of

joy to think that I had got home for that night.

Went in and got the old mare taken care of.

But how do you think that I felt to see it look

likely to storm before morning . . . and being

so near to Haskell and was not agoing to stay

with him.

Very understandably the seventeenyear-

old lad was beginning to feel the

pangs of homesickness, and no wonder.

But as the night wore on, things got

worse :

About seven of the clock I thought I would

go to bed not having any stomach to eat any

supper so I drank half mug of cyder and went

to bed. About midnight the storm came on and

sure such a storm I never saw. It snowed,

rained, hailed all together as hard as ever it

did in the world. But that ain’t the worse of it.

I like to frozed to death for the want of bedclothes.

I got up and put on my clothes but it

could not keep me warm. About dav or a little

before up I got and down I goes and sat down

where the fire should be. Bv and bv thev began

to get up and glad was I, but could not get out

doors the wind blew so hard. About 9 of the

clock I called for some breakfast and soon had

it but could not eat any of it, hardly, feeling

so like the Old Boy.

Perhaps it was not food that he needed,

so much as the sight of a familiar face, or

a friend, for

At ten o’clock I thought I would go and see

Haskell, it being so stormy that I could not

ride, so I went and dined with him at his uncle?.

After dinner I wished him good by and left

him in a good harbour, and set out, it being

about z of the clock. I needed but a little more

sail to go as fast as the wind would convey me.

However, I rode about ten miles which brought

me to Ipswige, went in to the ale house and got

some ale and then drove on about a mile and

put up just over the bridge.

About 12 of the clock at night it cleared

away pleasant and calm which caused me sweet

repose. In the morning I arose and set out as

Duxborough was the town now known

as Duxbury, not many miles from Plymouth,

where Edmond, the first of the

Chandler family in this country, had settled

in the 1630’s. The old family home

was now his immediate destination, but

with 80 miles to go, young Peleg had at

least one more night on the road. And

so, leaving “Ipswige,”

I put on as fast as I could and about z of the

clock arrived at a tavern about IO miles out of

Boston. There I bated myself and horse and

then set out for Boston where I arrived about

q of the clock. .

Went to see Greene and he avowed that I

should stop with him all night and play checkers,

so I consented. We walked all over town

together. About dark we went to his lodgings,

he ordered a fire built in one of the chambers

and it was done, so we went to playing checkers.

We had not played so long before along

comes Sam with his bottle of wine, so we drank

wine and played checkers till about 3 of the

clock in the morning. I told them it was almost

meeting time and I wished to go to bed.

We slept till about sunrise at which time I

got up and told them I must be going. They

swore I should not stir till I had drunk half

pint of wine so I drank it and left them, got

my horse and set out, it being Sunday morning.

The old saying, “the better the day,

the better the deed,” was never accepted

by our Puritan ancestors; and our hero

was soon in trouble with the law.

Rode as far as Arnolds in Brantry and called

and got mug of cyder. I then put on and met a

Warden agoing home from the forenoon meeting.

He t>d me I must not ride there Sunday.

I told him I would put up at the tavern just

ahead. So I did put, long enough to drink a

mug of cyder and then put on and rode along

till I came to Hingham meeting house.

Meeting was just done as I got by the meeting

house. The people being acold ran as fast

as they could and so overtook me. The Warden

told me it was against the law to travel Sunday

there. I told him I would put up at Cathmores,

so he let me go and I did put up long

48 Old-Time New England

enough to drink some cyder and then put on

again and about sunset arrive at Uncle Perez’s.

This was not by any means young

Chandler’s only journey from New

Gloucester. He must have gone over the

same roads again when in 1792 he entered

Rhode Island College, now Brown

University, as a member of the sophomore

class, 1795.

Uncle Perez must have lived in Duxbury,

the ancestral home of the Chandler

family. Our hero was now among friends,

the worse of the journey over.

Monday I went to Kingstown [Kingston]

and stayed till about 9 of the clock. Tuesday

then to Duxborough again and Wednesday

went to Halifax.

Called to Watermans to inquire for the

Committee and the house was chock full people

and there I found the committee. We went in

to a chamber and agreed with me, which was

the 9th day of December.

So I went to Gideon Soule’s and kept school

in his house one week till the Schoolhouse was

fixed, then to Thad Torrv and boarded there

one week. January the 12th went to Ephraim

Tinkham’s where I am now this day, which is

the 12th day of February.

And so the journey to Halifax was

safely completed, after six nights on the

road. Today we could leave Bell Tavern

at one of the clock and be in Duxbury

in time for supper; an easy trip, over modern

turnpikes and expressways. No need

to be starting at dawn or before or to put

up with drowsy landlords who sleep till

noon,.nor need we fear the wardens, if

it happens to be the Sabbath when we

make our journey.

After graduation from college he returned

home, anxious to study law, but

his mother’s wishes, and his father’s need

for help with the farm-blacksmith shoptavern

enterprises caused him to put aside

his ambitions. Peleg, Jr., never gave up,

however; and the time came when he

was at last free to take up his chosen profession

first in New Gloucester then in

Bangor. Of these later years his son, Peleg

Whitman Chandler, has written:

Coming upon the stage at so late a day (after

the birth of to children, and well into his forties)

he could not of course expect to take the

highest position. But he was a man of marked

ability, of great wit and humor, fairly read in

the law, and an advocate of more than average

success. In t 8 I 9, before the separation of Maine

from Massachusetts, he was appointed a Judge

of the Court of Sessions. holding the office for

several years after Maine became a State and

until his removal to Bangor. He continued in

the profession until his death in 1848, at the

age of 74.

FNMA-ChangesBIG CHANGES AT ANCESTRY.COM

Ancestry.com has eliminated several of their programs, but will continue with autosomal DNA testing. NONE OF THIS AFFECTS OUR CHANDLER DNA PROJECT AS OUR PROJECT IS WITH THE FTDNA AND OUR CHANDLER PROJECT IS UNDER OUR CONTROL.

Gen Forum, which probably many of you have used, became READ ONLY September. That means you will no longer be able to post or answer questions on the Gen Forum boards such as the Chandler board. Family Trees stored there will also be READ ONLY. Sad to lose the Gen Forum Chandler board, but Rootsweb is still alive and kicking so it is business as usual for their boards and family trees.

Of course we are always here for your Chandler questions.

Ancestry and other genealogy sites were hacked in the early summer, but were back and working after being off for a few days. One nifty site that I found to check if a site is down or the problem is at your end is: Is It Down Right Now? Website Down or Not?

TV NEWS

This past year, new episodes of “Who Do You Think You Are?” on TLC and “Finding your Roots” on PBS were aired. If you missed them, you might be able to catch them in re-runs. As they are popular shows they should be back with new episodes in 2015. PBS’ “Genealogy Roadshow”, which features ordinary folks, will be coming back. Check the PBS site to see if they’re still accepting submissions if you are interested.

For Revolutionary War buffs, the AMC series “Turn” has been renewed for 2015. This show was inspired by the true story of the first Patriot spy ring known as the Culper Ring. It is set mostly in New York.

Here is the official site and current schedule:

TURN: Washington’s Spies – AMC

SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA GENEALOGICAL SOCIETY

If you live in other parts of the Country, you probably are thinking what could the SCGS have possibly anything to do with me?

If you join you will get free access on your home computer, wherever you are located, to Heritage Quest and World Vital Records. They also have webinars where you can watch lectures and demonstrations by experts from your home computers.

If you are in the LA area, you can visit their library and access Ancestry.com, Fold3 beginning in January, and other resources through their library computers. You can also order Family History microfilm from the LDS.

I attended the Southern California Genealogical Society’s annual Jamboree in June. It is held at the Marriott Hotel in Burbank next to the airport and is the second largest genealogy conference in the country. In addition to the commercial booths (Ancestry, NEHGS, RootsMagic, FTDNA, etc.) many genealogical societies also have booths such as the Jamestown Society, DAR, Mayflower Society, Civil War groups and many more. World renowned experts gave lectures on a variety of topics.

It was free to visit the booths and go to the Genealogical Roundtables on Friday morning. The big prize at the raffle was a trip to the Mormon library in Salt Lake.

I did my part by bringing flyers for the Chandler Family Association, which now includes us, for the freebie literature table. I only brought 20 flyers as I thought how many Chandlers can there be? All of the flyers were gone before noon the next day! Next year I will bring more flyers.

Southern California Genealogical Society: Official Web Site

RESEARCHING IS RESEARCHNG BUT WITH A TWIST:

RESEARCHING IN THE US AND CZECH REPUBLIC

Eventually, you may want to jump the pond and research ancestors there. Hopefully, we will be able to do that for Edmund Chandler one day.

My brother and I were finally able to make a long-held family dream come true to visit the Czech Republic where my grandmother and her family came from. My first trip abroad! No Chandlers involved, but here is a comparison of US vs. Czech research and of course this was also going to be a genealogy trip.

I had a place to begin my research as I had family documents—marriage and birth and couple of town “citizenship” documents. “Citizenship” for lack of a better word, meant that the town had to take of the citizen if he or she became indigent.

As in New England it was not easy to become a “citizen” of a town that you were not born in. In early New England newcomers could be “warned out” even if they had money so in case they ever became indigent the new town would not have to take care of them.

Historical research began at home online just as I would for US research. I studied history, old maps and new maps. Was I thrilled to find my ggg-grandfather listed in a directory as the forester for an estate!

Carol at the gate to her grandmother's house.

Carol at the gate to her grandmother’s house.

I was even able to find my grandmother’s house on a satellite map with a street view for this small Czech village as Czech online maps show house numbers. Empress Maria Theresa decreed that houses should have numbers in the 1700s and those same numbers are used today unless a house burned down and was replaced.

Carol in front of the house where her grandmother was born in the Czech Republic

Carol in front of the house where her grandmother was born in the Czech Republic

Right on the christening certificates, etc. were the parents and grandparent names, addresses and occupations.

A genealogist’s dream, except the documents were in Czech, German or Latin or a combination! Czech is not an easy language as the nouns can change endings as well as the verbs. Also some letters are interchangeable. My brother and I only knew a few Czech words, mostly foods, and the words – dobre pes – good dog!

Just like with US research, I encountered bad handwriting, bad spelling and antique words which slowed down the online dictionary translation. Also, like the US, town, district, area names and boundaries, and countries changed over the years. Many of the names switched back and forth from German to Czech.

I did as much as I could with the records that I had, but then it became time to hire a professional Czech genealogist in order to research archival records. I have not attempted researching Czech records online yet as they are not indexed, even though they can be looked up by region, town and year. Fortunately, most Czech records were not destroyed during the war. It cost me $190 to have one part of my Czech family researched and it was money well spent as I made a list of the ancestral towns and we visited most of them. So much for the idea of one ancestral village! Dobre pes!

RESEARCH TIPS

CEMETERY SYMBOLISM

Our founder, James, sent this handy link explaining some of the meanings behind gravestone symbols.

http://www.atlasobscura.com/articles/a-graphic-guide-to-cemetery-symbolism

WHY WAS MY ANCESTOR BORN IN MORE THAN ONE PLACE?

We know that is impossible, but why do I find multiple birth places for my ancestor?

In New England traveling ministers would record the baptisms they performed as they traveled from town to town. Towns would then take the entire list, not just the ones that were from their town, and include them in their vital records. That’s how one of my ancestors came to be “born” in three different towns in two different states.

Sometimes, when people migrated, their children could be recorded in two different states, or the state they migrated to even though the children were born in the old state. In the case of Jonathan and Rebecca (Packard) Chandler’s family, the grandchildren, or at least some of them, were born in Duxbury, but their births were recorded much later on in Maine. Delayed recording of vital records by ministers and towns also contributed to mistakes because of faulty memories.

The censuses are another source of birth place mistakes. The enumerator could have been asking anyone in the household or a neighbor the questions and they often were mistaken, but those mistakes often hold clues. One man had his birth place listed in three different states on three different censuses across the country. One was correct, but he had resided in all of those states.

UPDATES AND CORRECTIONS

The mystery of the wives of the Zebedee Chandlers and wives of Rev. Abel Chandler is very gradually, being solved, but as some mysteries are being solved new mysteries arise. The saga of the wives could make either a soap opera or a mystery — “In Search of the Wives.”

With the Zebedees it seems that Betsey Briggs is no longer a mystery, but now Mrs. Mary J. Wheeler is. Did Mary marry Zebedee #3 or Zebedee #2?

With Rev. Abel Chandler the mystery is did he marry, divorce, and then remarry Phebe Matney?

Or are there mistakes in the records?

THE ZEBEDEE CHANDLERS

Our last update on the Zebedees of Plympton, Mass and environs was in the July 2010 issue of the Courier. As a refresher there was the original Zebedee and his son and grandson all named Zebedee. Since the last update pictures have been posted on Find A Grave of Lakenham Cemetery, Carver, Plymouth County Massachusetts where Zebedee #3 and two of his wives are buried.

Here is the timeline for the marriages of Zebedee #3 and maybe #2:

July 1, 1804 marriage intentions were filed (from Plympton vital records) for Zebedee #3 and Ruth Cole. She died on August 27, 1834 and is buried in Lakenham Cemetery.

Sept.12, 1838 a Zebedee Chandler marries Bathsheba J. Burt (AKA Bert) from Carver from Massachusetts vital records. She probably married Zebedee #3 as she was between 40 and 50 on the 1840 census and Zebedee #3 was between 50 and 60 and Zebedee #2 was between 70 and 80. We haven’t been able to find a gravestone for her.

April 4, 1841 a Zebedee Chandler marries Mrs. Mary J. Wheeler from Middleborough vital records. Did she marry Zebedee #2 or #3. We don’t know. If she married Zebedee #3 she only lasted a few months. Also, we have not found a gravestone for her.

Sept. 17, 1841 Zebedee Chandler #3 marries Betsey H. Briggs of Freetown, Bristol County, Mass from Massachusetts Vital Records. No marriage intentions were filed. Betsey is buried in Lakenham cemetery as is their daughter, Abby Marie Chandler. Betsey’s gravestone reads: “In memory of Betsey H. Chandler wife of Zebedee Chandler who died May 12, 1845 in 35th Year.” Zebedee died in 1849 and is also buried in Lakenham cemetery.

Vital Records of Plympton, Massachusetts to the year 1850, Deaths, p. 457
Chandler, Zebedee, widr, farmer, b. P. [dup. h. Zeruiah (d. Benjamin Cushman and Zeruiah), s. Lt. Zebedee and Repentance (second w.), dropsy, Jan. 23, 1844, a. 79y 9m 1d in P. [Jan. 24, C.R. Jan. 23, G.R.1] 

REV. ABEL CHANDLER

It appears now that it was Abel Chandler, Jr. who was enumerated in the 1850 census for Jersey, Jersey Co. Illinois and not his father, Rev. Abel. Our editor, Barb, figured that out as the age was difficult to read. Enumerated with Abel, Jr. were wife Xoa (AKA Zoa), their children, and most likely brother, Alvin Chandler. We don’t know what happened to the young children enumerated in the 1840 US census for Hebron, Maine with Rev. Abel. Rev. Abel also moved to Illinois but could not be found in the 1850 US census.

Abel, Jr. probably died prior to the 1860 US census, because only Alvin, Xoa and her son Charles B. Chandler were enumerated in the 1860 US census and not in Ohio, but back in Maine. One daughter probably died young and the other daughter, although I couldn’t find her in the 1860 census, survived and was found in later censuses.

An Abel Chandler in a household of four was enumerated in the 1855 Illinois state census in Morgan County, Illinois. This was probably either Rev. Abel or his son Abel, Jr.

Rev. Abel married Phebe Matney in Howard County, Missouri in 1846 as he was in Howard County writing a letter to probably his brother Elihu Chandler on Dec. 31, 1857. He wrote that “I have not been keeping house again for over two years, neither do I know as I ever shall. About this, I do not mean to worry, for all that, would not add to my happiness or any one else.” He wrote that he was enjoying success with his circuit riding preaching and would continue with it.

There was a Phebe Chandler enumerated with presumably her daughter, in the 1860 US census in Morgan, Illinois. Assuming that this was the same Phebe, she is obviously not dead and neither is Rev. Abel as he shows up again in the 1880 US census.

So what happened to Phebe Matney?

It is possible that they divorced. Divorce, surprisingly, became very popular in Illinois during that time. Many of Abraham Lincoln’s legal cases during that time were divorces. With Rev. Abel being constantly on the move, maybe that was too much for Phebe.

However, that was apparently not the end for Rev. Abel and Phebe as there is another marriage record for Abel Chandler and Phebe(y) Matney(Motney) that occurred later in that same year (1860) after the census was taken. This was 12 years after their marriage was recorded in Missouri. Did they remarry? Was this a clerical mistake? We don’t know. According to Schuyler County, Illinois records, an Abel Chandler and Mrs. Phebey Matney obtained a license in Schuyler County Illinois on November 1860. Their marriage was announced in “The Schuyler Citizen.”

If they did re-marry what happened to her? As always with Rev. Abel Chandler there is always another mystery.

Sources:

The marriage license was issued November 29, 1860 in Schuyler, Illinois.  Barb found the marriage in Illinois Marriage Records, the official online records for Illinois. Matney was probably transcribed incorrectly as “Motney.”

The marriage of “Able” Chandler and Mrs. Phebe Matney on November 29, 1860, was also announced in “The Schuyler Citizen” 

Leave a comment

Filed under Uncategorized

DECEMBER 7, 2014 EDMUND’S COMMUNITY COURIER

 SARAH ODIORNE CHANDLER’S HEADSTONE UNCOVERED

 When Ed Avis of Litchfield, Maine was researching the history of his new home for the town’s centennial he found a deed that read his home was built circa 1790 and that a portion of the property be reserved as a burial ground;

DESCRIPTION OF THE GRAVEYARD

by Ed Avis

“After the death of Thomas and Elizabeth MORGRIDGE, the property was divided into eight portions among their surviving children.  William MORGRIDGE was appointed by the other heirs as their attorney to sell the property.  The original probate records are still on file at the Probate Court in Augusta, folder number M6.  The house and 108 acres (the northerly 6/8 portion of the property) were sold to Charles K. ALLEN on 22 SEP 1853.  Of particular interest is a section of the deed which reserved “one fourth acre of land for a Burying Ground, with the right to pass to and from the same to be laid out in nearly a square Southerly of the gully where the graves now are so as to include all the graves and the trees on the South side of the gully so that the graves shall be protected from washing out“.  This same phrase appears in other deeds, the last being in 1870.  All mention of the graveyard disappears in later deeds and the site was lost to memory.  Checks with local historians, people who have lived in the house this century, town office records, and the Maine Old Cemetery Association revealed no records that the graveyard existed.  After several months of searching, the graveyard was located in September 1995.  To date, four inscribed headstones have been located.  The oldest is a small fieldstone inscribed “B.M. 1803“, which is almost certainly the grave of Thomas and Elizabeth’s daughter, Elizabeth (Betsey), who died at age 14 on 26 JUN 1803.  A second small fieldstone is simply inscribed “M.B.“, and likely stands for “Morgridge Baby” since there are no known names associated with the house with those initials.  The third marker is a commercially produced marble headstone inscribed “Sacred to the memory of ELIZABETH M. ROBINSON, Wife of Benj. Robinson, who died Oct. 19, 1854“.  Elizabeth was the daughter of Thomas and Elizabeth Morgridge and the second of their children to bear that name (the first Elizabeth, mentioned above, had died prior to the second Elizabeth’s birth).  The last stone located was an unexpected find.  It is also a commercially produced marble marker inscribed “SARAH A., wife of E.G. CHANDLER, died May 2, 1857“.  This was apparently Sarah (Odiorne) Chandler, who lived nearby and may have been related to the Jack family who owned the house at the time of Sarah’s death.  In addition to the four identified markers, there are three or four large fieldstones without inscriptions that likely mark other graves.  A best guess as to others buried there includes (at least) Thomas MORGRIDGE (d. 1838), Elizabeth MORGRIDGE (d. 1840), their son, Timothy MORGRIDGE (d. 1818), plus Benjamin ROBINSON (d. 1859) and Mary S. {    } JACK (d. 1869). “

KENNEBEC JOURNAL NOVEMBER 21, 1995

KJ Article - Page 1-5KJ Article - Page 2

SARAH ODIORNE CHANDLER’S HEADSTONE

Sarah Chandler headstone

SARAH A. WIFE OF E.G. CHANDLER DIED May 2, 1857 AGED 27 Yrs. 6 Mos. She sleeps in Jesus and is blessed, How sweet her slumbers are. [From suffering] and from sin released And free from every care.

 

Leave a comment

Filed under Uncategorized

NOVEMBER 24, 2014 EDITION OF EDMUND’S COMMUNITY COURIER

thanksgiving

TIDBITS ABOUT THE LIVES OF OUR ANCESTORS

by Barb Chandler

john foster

John Foster (1921-2003)

Like many men after the bombing at Pearl Harbor John I. Foster joined the Air Force. He enlisted in 1942, After training he was assigned to the 14th Air Force with the “Flying Tigers,” and was sent overseas in 1943. He returned to the United States in 1946.

In 1943 the 14th Air Force was established by a special order from the President. Prior to this date the squadron was made up of volunteers, the American Volunteer Group (AVG), chosen from active duty servicemen. Their mission was to reorganize China’s Air Force and to provide aid to China in the form of airplanes.

“The Flying Tigers of 14th AF conducted fighter and bomber operations along a wide front that stretched from the bend of the Yellow River and Tsinan in the north to Indochina in the south, from Chengtu and the Salween River in the west to the China Sea and the island of Formosa in the east. Members of the 14th AF were also instrumental in supplying Chinese forces through the airlift of cargo across “The Hump” in the China-Burma-India theater.” Source: 14th Air Force Flying Tigers, http://www.military.com/HomePage/UnitPageFullText/0,13476,703323,00.html

John’s lineage is: Edmund Chandler <b 1587 ENG >Joseph Chandler<b 1646 MA >Edmund Chandler <b 1670 MA> Capt. John Chandler<b 1696 MA> Jonathan Chandler<b 1731 MA>Ichabod Chandler<b1762 MA>Elihu Chandler<b 1795 ME>James Chandler<b 1836 IA>Sophronia Jane Chandler<b 1857 IA>+John “Smiley Foster<b 1855 IA>Clarance “Cap” Foster< b 1886 IA>

everett chandler1

Everett R. Chandler (1910-2012)

Everett Chandler worked at the post office since 1939, when he enlisted in 1942 he served in the Naval Fleet post office out of San Francisco until his discharge in 1945.

After Pearl Harbor, when wartime secrecy shrouded the movement of ships, it became necessary to have a central distribution point. Two main Navy post offices were established – one in San Francisco, California and one in New York City. All mail for ships and stations in the West or Pacific Ocean was directed to San Francisco. Mail for East Coast Stations and the Atlantic Ocean went to New York City. In this manner the locations of ships and stations remained unknown to all with the exception of those charged with routing the mail.” Source: United States Fleet Post Office http://www.history.navy.mil/library/online/fposf.htm

Everett’s lineage is: Edmund Chandler <b 1587 ENG >Joseph Chandler<b 1646 MA >Edmund Chandler <b 1670 MA> Capt. John Chandler<b 1696 MA> Jonathan Chandler<b 1731 MA>Ichabod Chandler<b1762 MA>Sylvanus Chandler<b 1799 ME>Elbridge Gerry<b 1827 ME>Vestel Noah Chandler<b 1869 IA>

patchFloyd Chandler(1919-1988) served with the Army in India, Burma and China during World War II. He enlisted in the Army in 1942 and was discharged in 1945.

Floyd’s lineage is; Edmund Chandler <b 1587 ENG >Joseph Chandler<b 1646 MA >Edmund Chandler <b 1670 MA> Capt. John Chandler<b 1696 MA> Jonathan Chandler<b 1731 MA>Ichabod Chandler<b1762 MA><Rev. Abel Chandler b 1796 ME>Abel Chandler Jr.<b 1821 ME>Charles B. Chandler<b 1840 ME>Charles Aubrey Chandler<b 1877 ME>

patch

During World War II Harvey S. Dartt, Jr(1908-1997)was a member of the Seabees in Okinawa.

The Seabees played a key role in the last big operation of the island war, the seizure of Okinawa. The main invasion forces landed on Okinawa’s west coast Hagushi beaches on Easter Sunday, 1 April 1945. Off the amphibious landing craft and over pontoons placed by the 130th Naval Construction Battalion went the 24th Army Corps and Third Amphibious Corps. Right beside them were the 58th, 71st and 145th Naval Construction Battalions. A few days later, two additional Naval Construction Battalions, the 44th and 130th, landed. The fighting was heavy and prolonged, and organized resistance did not cease until 21 June 1945. The Seabees’ task on Okinawa was truly immense. On this agrarian island, whose physical facilities a fierce bombardment had all but destroyed, they built ocean ports, a grid of roads, bomber and fighter fields, a seaplane base, quonset villages, tank farms, storage dumps, hospitals, and ship repair facilities.Nearly 55,000 Seabees, organized into four brigades, participated in Okinawa construction operations. By the beginning of August 1945, sufficient facilities, supplies, and manpower were at hand to mount an invasion of the Japanese home islands.” Source: Seabee History: Formation of the Seabees and World War Two http://www.history.navy.mil/faqs/faq67-3.htm

Harvey’s lineage is;  Edmund Chandler <b 1587 ENG >Joseph Chandler<b 1646 MA >Edmund Chandler <b 1670 MA> Capt. John Chandler<b 1696 MA> Jonathan Chandler<b 1731 MA>Ichabod Chandler<b1762 MA>Elbridge Gerry Chandler<b 1827 ME>Sarah Newella Mae Chandler(Adopted by Mr. and Mrs. Howard Hanworth)+Harvey Dartt, Sr<b 1866 WI>

ATTENTION CIVIL WAR ENTHUSIASTS

charles h chandler

Charles Harrison Chandler(1821-1899)

There are Civil War records for two men who have the name Charles H. Chandler. One is listed as a private in the 2nd Maine Calvary, and the second is listed as a Lieutenant Colonel with the 6th Maine Infantry. Neither man has a birth date listed on the military records on Ancestry. Can any of you tell by the uniform if this is an officer or enlisted man?

 

We welcome tidbits about the lives of your ancestors, pictures with clips giving the lineage of your ancestor, genealogy tips, or anything you believe pertains to genealogy or Chandler history.

Leave a comment

Filed under Uncategorized

OCTOBER 10, 2014 EDITION OF EDMUND’S COMMUNITY COURIER

CHANDLER BAND – UPDATE

by Barb Chandler

After I posted the article on the Chandler Band, I received these pictures from Rory McNeil who has a friend who plays the in the band. He reported that the Band continues to be active, and that they are very discerning about the quality of musicians.

drum

band

hat

ANNIE JUMPER BROWN – POET

by Barb Chandler

pen

Only child of Dr. Nicholas and Huldah Chandler Jumper was born in Minot, Maine April 17, 1824, and died in Auburn, Maine January 1881. When five years old her family removed to Parkman, Maine where he died in 1834. The wife and daughter soon returned to Minot. Anna showed a great fondness for books, and not finding the school privileges needed, Rev. Elijah Jones, a rare scholar, offered the orphan girl the privilege of studying with his own daughters, whom he had educated chiefly at home. Anna’s taste for poetry and her fondness for writing verses of rare sweetness attracted the attention of her friends. She wrote a parody of Hood’s “Song of the Shirt,” entitled “Song of the Shoe,” which was printed in the Maine Farmer. Sometimes teaching, sometimes working in other ways, her girlhood drifted, not carelessly onto womanhood. She was, for a long time, a pupil in Lewiston Falls Academy, under E.P. Weston, and it was during her school days there that she met her future husband. She was a regular correspondent of a Boston journal, and contributed poems to Arthur’s Magazine and other periodicals, sometimes writing sketches and stories as well as verse. She was married to Mr. Oliver H. Brown of Raymond, Maine March 1851. From this time Mr. Brown became a resident of Minot until 1854, when he removed to Auburn, Maine. Mrs. Brown possessed a symmetrical Christian character. She read human nature well, and rarely bestowed her friendship upon unworthy persons. Whom she trusted it was safe for others to trust. Naturally reserved yet possessing a quiet dignity that won the love and respect of her associates. An ardent lover of nature, she drew inspiration from nature. Her most intimate friends were scarcely aware of her gift of song for she had hidden herself behind a nom de plume, and when detected, would assume another. From a large collection of MSS, and printed verses, the following may convey some idea of her gifts as a poet. From: Poets of Maine

Several of her poems are online at; Poets of Maine; Annie Jumper Brown http://books.google.com/books?id=pwguAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA416&lpg=PA416&dq=annie+jumper+brown+maine+poet&source=bl&ots=Om5A91fSVe&sig=R4gqgiKUxRXna-UPKy98i7dheLo&hl=en&sa=X&ei=j14YVMOnB6aM8QGcpYCAAg&ved=0CCsQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=annie%20jumper%20brown%20maine%20poet&f=false

Ann Susan “Annie” Jumper Brown’s lineage is: Edmund Chandler b 1587 ENG >Joseph Chandler b 1646 MA >Edmund Chandler b 1670 MA> Capt. John Chandler b 1696 MA> Jonathan Chandler b 1731 MA>Avira b 1767 MA>Huldah Chandler b 1789 ME+Dr. Nicholas Jumper b 1787 ME

**CORRECTION: Two pictures of soldiers whose names are unknown were removed since they were not of Elbridge Gerry Chandler.

ELBRIDGE GERRY CHANDLER

elbridge

Elbridge Gerry Chandler – Photo contributed by Darlene Jones and William Chandler and donated to Courier by Susan Silva .

by Susan Silva  and Barb Chandler

I saw behind me those who had gone, and before me those who are to come. I looked back and saw my father, and his father, and all our fathers, and in front to see my son, and his son, and the sons upon sons beyond.
And their eyes were my eyes.

Richard Llewellyn

My journey begin in the spring of 2013 when my husband and I visited friends in Washington D.C. I thought it would be nice to drive to Point Lookout state park, where the Potomac meets Chesapeake Bay. I wasn’t aware of any historical significance of that location and just thought it would be a beautiful drive.” Susan said, “When we arrived, I realized there had been a large military camp and prison there during the civil war. Our trip was awesome and when I started working on my genealogy, when I read Elbridge’s transcript of injury a chill went down my back. I was astounded to learn that this location was where he had been at the General Hospital for several months! That fact along with the fact that he saw Robert E. Lee surrender at Appomattox just made my heart sing! Is that why I was so drawn to that area? Who knows? But it is pretty amazing to think of all those ancestor’s who went before us. History truly does live in all of us!”

Born 18 May 1827 in Foxcroft Maine, Elbridge Gerry was the son of Sylvanus and Sarah Harlow Chandler. On November 27 1854 he married Sarah Annie Odiorne in Richmond, Maine. They had one child, Sarah E., born about 1857 in Maine. Sarah A. Odiorne Chandler died May 5 1857, on the 7th of May 1858 Elbridge married Caroline T.S. Foote. The couple had two sons, Elmer Augusta Chandler born Jan.10, 1860 and George Franklin Chandler born Sept 3 1861 before Elbridge answered the call of his country.

Elbridge Gerry Chandler - Photo contributed by Darlene Jones and William Chandler and donated to Courier by Susan Silva Heffelfinger.

Elbridge Gerry Chandler – Photo contributed by Darlene Jones and William Chandler and donated to Courier by Susan Silva.

On August 13, 1862 Elbridge enlisted in Company E, Maine 1st Cavalry Regiment. His unit number was 10141014. He served with distinguished service. He was involved in battles of Antietam Md., Gettysburg Pa., Richmond, Va., Spotsylvania Court House, Va., Malvern Hill, Va., and Sailors Creek, Va. On May 29th 1865 Elbridge mustered out having the rank of full corporal, and returned to his family in Maine.

He was disabled after sustaining injuries due to his service, and applied for a pension.

Transcript of Injury–Elbridge G Chandler 4-10-1883:

In a charge was thrown from my horse by his falling and my back was

so badly hurt that I was sent to the Hospital at City Point while

there was taken with cronic diareah [sic] after staying there from

foor[sic] to six weeks was then trasfered to Point Lookout, Maryland

where I was treated for 3 to 4 months was examined and marked for the

Condemned Yankee Corps but would not go there so I was sent forward

for duty and I went through the last of the campaign and was glad to

see Lee surrinder was discharged by Special Order don’t remember—

number and after my discharge was treated by Doctor Russell of

Wilton, Franklin County Maine-and that the first year after my

discharge was confined to my bed about one half of my time and under

medical treatment all the time during said year, and that since that

time have been continually with the cronic diareah neuralgia and the

piles, and previous to my enlistment was free from all of said

disabilities and that since my discharge have not been able to

perform more than one third of manuel labor of a well man. And it is

impossible to make the required Proof for the following reasons to

wit: Because was absent from my command at the time of my hurt. and

was sent to the Hospital by officer that were unknown to me. and

that my Captain was killed a few days before the surrender of Lee.

9-27-1883:

Sometime in July 1863 I was taken sick while on detached duty the

Doctor called it intermittant fever and was sent from there to

Washington and remained in the hospital 2 or 3 days, then was sent to

the dismounted camp in Washington. Was kept there sometime can’t say

positively how long. The was sent to my regiment at Coal Harbor.

That in the spring of 1864 after the Command had made it first Rode.

Then I was tetailed to 30 with it sick and wounded to White House

landing was then mounted and with about 175 men of our command and

was ordered to Melvern Hill to take it works and while in Battle line

there was some 12 or 15 of the left wing where I was stationed. I

was cut off by the Rebel Cavalry. My horse fell and hurt my back and

was sent to City Point Field Hospital put under its charge of some

Doctor don’t remember the name. While there took the cronic diareah

and was sent from there to Point Lookout, Maryland to the General

Hospital was treated there some three months and was then sent from

there at my own request to City Point dismounted Camp from there

returned to my Regiment and after the surrender of Lee was discharged

by Special Order for all soldiers whose terms expired sometime in

August. That the first Physician that I was treated by was D.L.

Russel of Wilton, Maine who was the examining surgeon of that

District in 1865. I made an application for Pension at that time by

his advise and he sent his certificate at that time to the

Department. Since I came west was treated by Dr Phipps of El Dorado

Springs Missouri have also been treated by Dr Hayes of Cambridge

Story County Iowa also by Dr Crammer of Newell Iowa Buena Vista

County also Horace M Stevens of Cambridge Mass was my Regiment

Surgeon whose affidavit is on file in the Department. Source: Pension file NARA.

Elbridge moved his family to Iowa. Where six children were born: Henry Hartman Chandler born 1867, Vestal Noah Chandler born 1869, Charles Chandler born 1870, Clara A. born 12 October 1871, Sarah Newella Mae Chandler born 7 June 1873 (was adopted by the Haworth family) and, Arthur Elmer Chandler born October 1876.

Caroline Adora Foote died on Dec. 31, 1879. Elbridge married his first cousin Medora Elizabeth Chandler, daughter of William and Phebe Mason Chandler, on 3 Feburary, 1886. The couple had a daughter; Golden O. Chandler born 19 January, 1888.

Elbridge Gerry Chandler died 10 October, 1901. His obituary, written by his sister Sarah H. Chandler Miller was published in the Maxwell Tribune October 24, 1901: Died in his home in Pleasantville, Iowa, October 10th, Elbridge G. Chandler aged seventy-four years and six months. Mr. Chandler was born in Foxcroft Maine, in which state he continued to reside until the Civil war, when in response to his country’s call he enlisted in the first Maine cavalry where he remained for some time. About thirteen years ago he removed to Pleasantville. He has been in very poor health since he returned from the war, and death came as a happy release. He was a sincere Christian and to him death had no terrors, and although death came suddenly, being confined to his bed only a few days, yet it found him ready. His wife and daughter Clara, from Arizona, came with the remains to Cambridge, October 15th, and the morning of the 16th a short service was held at the home of his brother, after which he was laid to rest in the Cambridge Cemetery. Cambridge dispatch. The subject of the above sketch was the eldest brother of Mrs. J. H. Miller, of this place. She went from here to Cambridge to be present when his remains were brought to that city and to attend the funeral. Mrs. Miller has the sympathy of many friends in her sorrow.

I believe Elbridge’s war injury affected the remainder of his life and I think it was a struggle for him. He had buried two wives and I believe he had difficulty supporting his family. He adopted out a younger daughter, as he wasn’t able to care for her. His chronic ill health probably gave him a poor quality of life. His obituary explains it well when it says “death came as a happy release”. Whoever wrote that gave us an inside view that perhaps he was suffering and he was glad to “go home to his maker, Susan stated.”

Susan Silva’s lineage is; Edmund Chandler b 1587 ENG >Joseph Chandler b 1646 MA >Edmund Chandler b 1670 MA> Capt. John Chandler b 1696 MA> Jonathan Chandler b 1731 MA>Ichabod Chandler b 1762 MA>Silvanus Chandler b 1799 ME>Eldridge Gerry Chandler b 1827 ME>Elmer Augustus Newell Chandler b 1860 ME>Dearl Chandler b 1896 Idaho>Peggy Chandler b 1931 WA+John Silva Jr. b 1930 Colorado

SOURCES

1st Maine Calvalry; http://www.mainecav.org/

Point Lookout State Park and Civil War Museum; http://www.civilwar.org/civil-war-discovery-trail/sites/point-lookout-state-park-and-civil-war-museum.html

HANNAH CHANDLER ROPES CIVIL WAR NURSE AND SOCIAL REFORMER

by Barb Chandler

hannah ropes

Hannah Chandler Ropes (1809-1863)

When her husband, William, left Hannah Chandler Ropes  to raise their two children Alice (1841-1918) and Edward (1837-1931). Her life changed dramatically.

DEVELOPING SELF-RELIANCE

Shortly after her divorce she moved with her daughter from their home in Waltham, Massachusetts, to Kansas to join her son who was homesteading in near Lawrence. She had become very interested in the abolitionist movement. Anti-abolitionist raiders caused Hannah and her family to take up arms to protect themselves against constant attack. Many in the community became sickened with malaria and typhoid and asked Hannah to nurse them. Eventually, she contracted malaria. After her recovery Hannah and her children returned to Massachusetts in 1859.

NURSE AND SOCIAL REFORMER

In 1862 Hannah’s son enlisted in the 2nd Massachusetts regiment. His enlistment motivated her to offer her nursing skills to the Union, and was named Head Matron of the Hotel Hospital in Georgetown. In one of the letters to her mother Hannah confessed that her work in the hospital wards was maternally inspired, as her patients reminded her of her son, Edward, “…and it seemed as though these patients were he, in fifty duplicates.”

Her workload was heavy and the hectic pace, unrelenting. In addition to bathing and feeding the patients and disinfecting the wards. She provided palliative care to the sick and injured, working to relieve their pain and symptoms.

Hannah wrote to her mother in the fall of 1862: “I can’t go back (home) unless you need me more than the soldiers do… I have given myself up to this work, not for salary and laziness, but for love of country.”

The conditions in the Union Hotel Hospital where Hannah worked were far from ideal. It was described as a tavern converted into use as a military hospital after the original area hospitals could no longer handle the ever increasing casualties. The dilapidated building was poorly lit with few windows, and outfitted with antiquated plumbing supplying water to the kitchen and the adjacent toilets. Louisa May Alcott, who worked with Hannah, described the squalid surroundings in her journals. “It was well-ventilated for five panes of glass had compound fractures…,” she wrote. “Poke up the fire…for a more perfect pestilence box than this house I never saw…cold, damp, dirty, full of vile odors from wounds, wash-rooms & stables.”

Hannah criticized the lack of sanitation, the indifference and cruel treatment of soldiers. She often butted heads with military physicians who resented the presence of women in the hospital. But her strong sense of justice kept her from backing down and she fearlessly reported on incompetent surgeons, uncaring ward physicians and bullying orderlies. She even turned in a hospital steward who was pilfering the money budgeted for the hospital’s laundry soap. The hospital matron’s high professional standards and diligence earned her the admiration of Union Secretary of War Edwin Stanton, who reviewed her written exposes of unfair practices at the hospitals.

On January 9, 1863, Hannah wrote in her last letter to her son, briefly mentioning that she and Miss Alcott had “worked together over four dying men and saved all but one…we both took cold…and have pneumonia and have suffered terribly.”

On January 20, 1863, Hannah Ropes lost her bout with typhoid pneumonia, and died.

Ropes’ good friend and supporter, Senator Charles Sumner of Massachusetts eulogized Hannah’s life and contributions in a letter: “Mrs. Ropes was a remarkable character, noble and beautiful and I doubt if she has ever appeared more so than when she has been here in Washington, nursing soldiers.”

hannah ropes

Hannah Chandler Ropes lineage is; Edmund Chandler b 1587 ENG >Joseph Chandler b 1646 MA >Joseph Chandler Jr. b 1672 MA>Phillip Chandler b 1702 MA>Peleg Chandler b 1735 MA>Peleg Chandler Jr. b 1773 MA

SOURCES

Civil War Primer by Pat Granstra; http://www.civilwarprimer.com/2012/03/hannah-ropes-the-other-woman-behind-little-women/

Hannah Ropes Union Civil War Nurse; http://civilwarwomenblog.com/hannah-ropes/

The Oregon Herald, 150th Anniversary of Nurse Hannah Rope’s Death and Oregon’s Civil War Nurses;

http://www.oregonherald.com/oregon/local.cfm?id=2897

Do you have an idea for a story you’d like to see? Or, a Chandler ancestor you’d like to have featured. Please contact Barb Chandler at barb95831@gmail.com

Leave a comment

Filed under Uncategorized

SEPTEMBER 13, 2014 EDITION OF EDMUND’S COMMUNITY COURIER

CHANDLER BAND

by Barb Chandler

Chandlers-Band-Cushings

Bands come and go, but Chandler’s band continues to make music today.

In 1833 the Chandler band, known as the Portland band, had its start. When D.H. Chandler became the conductor in 1843 it was renamed the Chandler Band. Under Chandler’s leadership the band became one of the finest performing bands of its kind.

In 1861 at the request of General Francais Fessenden the members of the Chandler’s band were mustered into service of the Union Army serving until the end of the Civil War and have received accolades for their musical talent:

A COMPLIMENT TO CHANDLER AN HIS BAND

“The band of the 10th Maine Regiment is composed of musicians residing in Portland and vicinity, and its leader is Mr. D.H. Chandler of this city. In the Martinsburg Virginia we find the following in relation to this band: The 10th Maine Regimental band came up from Harper’s Ferry to attend the Union meeting Saturday night last. For this kindness they have the unfeigned thanks of our citizens. They discoursed the most excellent music to the delight of all who heard them. After the meeting adjourned they serenaded the venerable Judge Pendelton, now in his 84th year, though weak and feeble physically his patriotism has suffered no decay with accumulating years. They also complimented Com. Boarman, one of our leading Union citizens, with a serenade. We hope they will visit us again.” Source: Wednesday, April 30, 1862, Portland Daily Advertiser, Page 2  

After the war the band played at both public and private venues. Since 1875 it has played for Bowdoin College commencements, led this country’s Centennial Celebration Parade in 1876, playing at the Bicentennial Celebration Parade in 1976 at Concord, Mass.

Chandlers-Band-Cushings

Chandler’s Band, Portland, 1898 – Maine Historical Society

Click on this link https://archive.org/details/VeteransMemorialBridgeDedicationCeremony to watch the Chandler Band play during the dedication ceremony of the new Veterans Memorial Bridge connecting Portland and South Portland in 2012.

The founder and conductor, Daniel H. Chandler(1818-1902) who was born in New Hampshire and is the son of Daniel(1754-?) and Sarah Danforth Chandler(1784-1860) is probably not in the Edmund Chandler line.

Source: Chandler’s Band http://www.chandlersband.com/

PRIVATE SETH CHANDLER WELCH

by Barb Chandler

Seth Welch(1839-1862), son of Thomas and Angerona Chandler Welch, enlisted in Company B 11th Infantry Regiment Maine on 8 November 1861. He died in June 1862 at Savage Station Virginia.

According to a document found on Fold 3 Seth became sick while on duty near Chicken-howling Railroad Bridge in Virginia and was taken to the regimental hospital in the Bradley house being very sick with pneumonia and inflammation of the lungs. On the 27th or 28th of June he was sent to Savage Station where he was captured by the enemy and soon after died.

battleDuring the Civil War Savage Station was a field hospital, located in Henrico County Virginia on what was the Richmond and York River Railroads. A battle between Union and Confederate soldiers was fought there on June 29, 1862. Union forces were overwhelmed and withdrew abandoning supplies and more than 2, 5000 wounded soldiers in the field hospital. More than likely Seth was one of the soldiers who were abandoned. He was taken prisoner and died at Savage Station, Virginia.

After Battle of Savage's Station.png. Savage Station, Va. Field hospital after the battle. (Gibson, James F., photographer).

Savage Station, Va. Field hospital after the battle. (Gibson, James F., photographer).

Seth’s lineage is; Edmund Chandler>Joseph Chandler>Capt. John Chandler>Jonathan Chandler>Ichabod Chandler>Ichabod Chandler,Jr.>Angerona Chandler Welch

MERCY CHANDLER TYLER

by Barb Chandler

Overlooking the Siskyou mountains, in a tree-lined meadows with an abundant water supply Thomas Stephen(1810-1880) and Mercy Chandler Tyler(1812-1899) made their home. They lived on a farm in Tyler Gulch in of Scott’s Valley, Siskyou, California.

Scott Valley California

                                           Scott Valley California

Thomas and their oldest son, Justin, worked on the farm, and tended the apple orchard while Mercy probably raised vegetables for the family garden as part of her household chores.

Both Thomas and Mercy had New England roots. Thomas was born in Massachusetts and Mercy was born in Maine. They were married at Turner Maine in 1833. Their first two children, Justin Spalding Tyler(1834-1906) and Elizabeth Ober Tyler Sperry(1836-1876) were born in Maine.

The family moved to Illinois in 1837 where the rest of their children were born; Sarah Jane(1839-1851), Julia Ann Tyler Wike(1844-1915), Charles Alonzo “Charley” Tyler(1858-1931), Alvira “Vi” Tyler Thomas(1844-1910), Emma Urania Tyler(1851-1924), and Harriet Marie “Hattie” Tyler Thomas(1852-1881).

The Tyler’s traveled from their home in Illinois to California in 1867 with three of their children and joined their oldest son Justin who had moved to the state during the gold rush.

Mercy died 17 April 1899:

THE LATE MRS. MERCY TYLER

Mrs Mercy Tyler, the deceased, was born in Minot, State of Maine, on the 19th day of February, 1812. Her maiden name was Chandler, and she was the third of a family of eleven children. Her parents were of American birth, and her father during her infancy was a soldier in the war of 1812.

For 21 years her home was in Minot. Then she went to Turner, Maine, where in 1833, she was married to Mr. Thomas S. Tyler by Rev. Mr. Greely. In 1837 she removed with her husband and two children to Griggsville, Ill., where they lived until 1869. During their residence in Illinois six children were born into their home. In 1869, accompanied by three of their children, they removed to California and located with their oldest son on the property now owned by Mr. Wm Grider in Sciad Valley, and from there they in 1871 removed to Scott Valley. Mr Tyler died January 4, 1880, since which time Mrs Tyler made her home with her youngest son Charles Tyler, a few miles from Fort Jones.

Of the eight children of the deceased, five still live, i.e. Mr J.S. Tyler, Mrs J. Wike of Illinois, Mrs Thomas of Shasta Valley, Mrs A. Milne of Scott Bar and Mr Charles Tyler of our own community. Four of the surviving children are with us today. She leaves behind thirty-seven grand children and twenty great grandchildren.

For years, or since the age of 19, she has been a devoted member of the Methodist Episcopal Church, having joined the church at Bath, Maine, in 1831. From Bath she received a certificate of membership, and was transferred to the church at Griggsville, Ill., and by letter from Griggsville, she became a member of the M.E. Church in Fort Jones. As her Pastor, it has been for me to pray with her in her late home, and her sightless eyes would fill with tears as she unite with me before the Father’s throne. She rested from her labors on April 17th, 1899, in Shasta Valley, where she was visiting her daughter.

Mrs Tyler’s remains were taken from the home of her daughter Mrs Alvira Thomas in Shasta Valley, near Montague, to the Methodist Church in Fort Jones, followed by her children, grand children and great grandchildren, and many friends, and laid in the Fort Jones cemetery by the side of her husband who died January 4th, 1880.” Source: April 26, 1899 Scott Valley News.

Mercy’s lineage is;

Mercy Chandler>Jonathan Chandler+Mercy Hall>Nathaniel Chandler>Ruth Fish>>Jonathan Chandler+Rebecca Packard>Capt. John Chandler+Bethiah Rickard>Edmund Chandler+Elizabeth Alden**>Joseph Chandler+Mercy unknown>Edmund, the immigrant+unknown.

Anthony and Emma Taylor Milne

Anthony and Emma Taylor Milne – Picture donated by Rory McNeil

Milne Family

                         Milne Family – Picture donated by Rory McNeil

Wilke and Tyler's

Top: George Washing Wilke and Julia Tyler Wilke Bottom: Thomas Stephen Tyler and Mercy Chandler Tyler

george and lola tyler

George and Lola Tyler. – Picture donated by Rory McNeil

Mercy Chandler Tyler—>Charles Alonzo Tyler—>Thomas George Tyler—>Rita Tyler McNeil—>Rory

Thanks to Rory McNeil for providing the information and pictures that appeared in this article. Mercy is her great great grandmother. If you would like to connect with another Mercy ancestor Rory’s email is; rorymc@snowcrest.net

 Do you have an idea for a story you’d like to see? Or, an ancestor you’d like to have featured. Please contact Barb at barb95831@gmail.com

Leave a comment

Filed under Uncategorized